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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Conjugated Linoleic Acid(CLA) Supplemented to Different Fat Sources on Fat Depositions and Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase l(SCDl) Gene Expression in Mice
Lee, Se-Na ; Kang, Keum-Jee ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 245~252
This study investigated the effects of conjugated linoleic acid(CLA) on the fat deposition, triglyceride levels and the expression of stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1(SCD1) in the livers of male ICR mice that were fed with either soybean oil or beef tallow supplemented with CLA. Mice weighing
g were divided into four groups; soybean oil(SBO), and SBO supplemented with 1% CLA(SBOC), beef tallow(BT) and BT supplemented with 1% CLA(BTC). Each group consisted of 10 mice that were fed the experimental diets for 4 weeks. The experimental diets consisted of 64% carbohydrate, 20% protein, and 16% fat in terms of their contributions to total calories. All other nutrients were identical in the diets. Triglyceride measurements were completed using a kit. Fatty acid compositions were analyzed in the liver using gas chromatography. The levels of SCD1 expression were analyzed by RT-PCR in the liver. No significant differences were found for food intake level, body weight and food efficiency among the experimental groups. However, the weights of epididymal fat pads and plasma triglyceride levels were significantly lower in SBOC and BTC(p<0.05) compared to the SBO and BT groups. These effects were similar in the CLA supplemented groups. The expression level of SCD1 gene and
desaturase index were not significantly different, regardless of the fat used for CLA supplementation. Based on these results, addition of CLA showed decreasing effects on the fat depots weight and the concentration of triglyceride regardless of the fat sources. The SCD1 gene expression and
desaturase index were not influenced by the types of fats with respect to the CLA effects.
Anti-Tumor Metastasis Activity by Extracts of Inonotus obliquus
Yoon, Taek-Joon ; Moon, Won-Kook ; Lee, Kwang-Ho ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 253~258
In experimental lung metastasis of colon26-M3.1 carcinoma cells, we found that the prophylactic or therapeutic admini-stration of Inonotus obliquus extracts significantly inhibited lung metastasis. In an in vitro cytotoxicity analysis, the extracts did not affect colon26-M3.1 cell growth at concentrations up to 1000
. Peritoneal macrophages that were stimulated with the extracts produced
. These data suggest that Inonotus obliquus extract has antitumor activity to inhibit tumor metastasis, and its antitumor effects are partially associated with macrophages activation.
The Effects of Zingiber officinale Roscoe Extracts on Mouse
and IL-10 Production
Ryu, Hye-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 259~264
Ginger(Zingiber officinale Roscoe) has been used as a raw material in many various traditional preparations since the ancient times. As a component of traditional health products, ginger is known to be effective as an appetite enhancer, and has anti-cold and anti-inflammatory activities. This study was performed to investigate the immunomodulative effects of Zingiber officinale Roscoe in mice, using ex vivo experiments. In order to elucidate ginger's immunomodulative effects of Ginger, water extracts were orally administered to mice, and isolated macrophages were used as the experimental model. To identify the ex vivo effects, six to seven week old Balb/c mice were fed a chow diet ad libitum and the ginger water extracts were administered orally every other day for two or four weeks at two different concentrations(50 and 500 mg/kg b.w.). The results show that IL-IO and
were detected in the 500 mg/kg b.w. supplemented group with LPS stimulation in all cases. Also, the
/IL-10 ratio ranged from 3~5 with mitogen stimulation such as Con A and LPS. In conclusion, this study suggests that ginger extracts may enhance the immune function by regulating the cytokine(IL-10 and
) production capacity of activated macrophages in mice.
The Effects of Dough with Added Silkpeptide Powder on the Physicochemical Characteristics of Bread during Breadmaking
Yoon, Seong-Jun ; Kim, Young-Ho ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 265~275
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dough with added silkpeptide powder on the physicochemical characteristics of bread during breadmaking, where the physicochemical properties of the bread dough containing silkpeptide were investigated. The protein content of the silkpeptide was 90.83%. In the amino acid analysis of the silkpeptide flour, glycine content was highest at 18,760.04 mg%. Alanine, serine, and tyrosine were much higher in the silkpeptide flour than in wheat flour. In the amino acid analysis of the wheat flour, glutamic acid was determined to be 4,046.16 mg%, which was the highest content, followed by aspartic acid, glycine, leucine, and tryrosine respectively. The pH of the control dough sample was 5.94 and in the dough with added silkpeptide powder it was 5.94~5.96 after mixing. The pH of the test dough, in which 0.2% lactic acid was added, was lower than the control at 5.88. There was no difference in pH between the control and the other samples after fermentation for 30 minutes. The pH of the control was 5.68 and that of the dough with 1.0% silkpeptide was 5.73 after fermentation for 60 minutes. The sucrose content of both the control sample and the sample with added silkpeptide was 3,080 mg% after mixing, while that of the control sample was 550 mg% and that with silkpeptide was 780 mg% after prooping. Sucrose content tented to decrease greatly as it was consumed during the fermentation process and the dough with added silkpeptide had a slower sucrose consumption speed than the control dough.
The Quality Characteristics of Mulberry Fruit Wine by Two Different Manufacturing Methods
Kim, Mi-Won ; Kim, Ae-Jung ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 276~281
Oddi is a mulberry fruit that has anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects. This study was carried out to investigate the quality characteristics of mulberry fruit wines manufactured by two different methods. Where they were processed according to the traditional Korean fruit wine methodology(A) or a modified(B). Sensory qualities, physiochemical characteristics, and biochemical activities of the Oddi wines were analyzed. From the results of the sensory evaluation, manufacturing method A showed higher acceptability. However, the two different methods was not significantly different overall. The method A wine had higher brightness(L)(77.65) redness(a), and yellowness(b). As for the antioxidant activities and ACE(angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitory abilities of the wines manufacturing method A had greater values.
The Quality Characteristics of Cookies Prepared with Different Forms of Shredded Garlics
Choi, Duck-Joo ; Shin, Jung-Hye ; Lee, Soo-Jung ; Lee, Hyun-Ji ; Kwon, O-Chen ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 282~288
The quality characteristics of cookies between fresh shredded garlic(FSG) and heat-treated(
, 5 min) shredded garlic (HT-SG) were comparatively analyzed based on different content additions. The levels investigated were 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 6% for both shredded garlics. Dough pH was lower in the FSG-added cookies than in the HT-SG-added cookies. The spread factor decreased with the addition of shredded garlic compared to the control(
), but differences were insignificant within each group. Cookies hardness was highest at 2% garlic content, and it was higher for HT-SG than FSG. Compared to the measured L-value of the control, the L-values of the test samples decreased with increasing garlic contents. With increasing garlic contents, the a-value increased, but the b-value remained mostly unchanged, with less significant difference compared to the control. The color of the HT-SG group tended to be brown as the garlic content increased. The degree of browning was more pronounced for HT-SG than FSG. Surface cracking of the cookies tended to be higher in the FSG samples than in HT-SG. Compared to the control, garlic taste and flavor increased remarkably with increasing garlic content, and they were stronger for the FSG cookies. The overall acceptability of HT-SG was relatively high, and it was highest for the HT-SG cookies with a 0.5~2% garlic contents than for the control cookies.
A Study on Manufacturing Black Soybean Yogurt
Bang, Byung-Ho ; Jeong, Eun-Ja ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 289~294
For the purpose of developing a functional yogurt, a new type of yogurt was prepared. To manufacture this new yogurt, 12% skim milk was added to the hot water extract of black soybeans. The yogurt was then evaluated for its acid production(pH and titratable acidity), number of viable cells, viscosity, quality-retention properties, and sensory properties. The titratable acidity of the yogurt with the added 5% black soybean hot-water extract was higher(2.07%) than that of the yogurt without the added extract(1.80%). The viscosity of the yogurt made by adding 5% black soybean hot-water extract was higher(5,040 cps) than that of the yogurt made with only skim milk(2,740 cps). Lactic acid bacteria propagation was stimulated by the addition of the 5% black soybean hot-water extract. When the yogurt prepared with the black soybean hot-water extract was kept at
for 14 days, its quality-retention was comparatively good. Finally the overall sensory score of the yogurt made with the added 5% black soybean hot-water extract was slightly lower than that of the yogurt made with only skim milk.
Quality Evaluation of Fresh-cut Market Products by Season
Cho, Sun-Duk ; Youn, Soo-Jin ; Kim, Dong-Man ; Kim, Gun-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 295~303
As a result of life-style changes, consumer's concerns of food have shifted from calories and nutrition to health and convenience. Fresh-cut products are one such new direction for fruit and vegetable consumption. In this study, the vitamin C, mineral, and pesticide contents of various fresh-cut products were analyzed. According to sensory evaluations, the key reason for a lower than expected overall acceptability of many fresh-cut products is that they are likely to have browning and can easily lose their freshness. Also, the sensory evaluation showed that shriveling, the degree of browning, softening around the cut edge, and off-flavors were the primary factors affecting the quality of fresh-cut products. As a nutritional factor of quality, vitamin C content was not practical with regard to fresh-cut lettuce because the level was very low. For product safety, residual pesticides were detected in the fresh-cut products, but the results showed that all items were under permitted levels and considered safe. In evaluation of the microbial levels of the fresh-cut market products, the levels of viable cells, mold, yeast, coliform bacteria, and enterobacteriaceae were not significantly different based on the summer and winter seasons. The levels of S. aureus and Listeria spp. in the products were higher during the summer season than the winter.
Quality Characteristics of Restructured Pork Jerky according to Addition of Sliced Cheese
Yang, Cheul-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 304~310
This study was carried out to evaluate the phsicochemical, rheological and sensory characteristics of the restructured pork jerky with the addition of sliced cheese(4, 8 and 12%). The TC-1, TC-2 and TC-3 samples had lower moisture contents than the control, Crude protein and fat contents were significantly difference among all treatment (p<0.05). The crude ash and salinity values of TC-1, TC-2 and TC-3 were higher than the control. With the addition of sliced cheese(l2%), the manufacturing yield and water absorption ability were high among all the different treatments, but the control showed significantly higher values than TC-1, TC-2 and TC-3. The pH ranged from 5.62-6.01 in all treatments and the TC-3 sample had the highest pH, The water activity range was 0.70 - 0.74, and the various treatments had slightly higher than the control. The hardness of the TC-3( J 2%) treatment was the lowest among all the treatment. The strength values increased according to increases in sliced cheese, but there were no significant differences(p>0.05). The sensory evaluation for color and flavor received the highest scores in working males 6.96(TC-2) and student males 7.50(TC-2), respectively. The texture scores ranged from 7.07-7.63 and were the highest of all sensory evaluation factors, For overall acceptance the highest scores were received from student males(TC-3), student females(TC-2), working males(TC-2) and working females(TC-l), respectively.
The Development of Yellow Layer Cake with Cuttlefish Ink
Kim, Ae-Jung ; Lim, Young-Hee ; Kim, Moung-Hee ; Kim, Mi-Won ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 311~316
This study was performed to develop a functional yellow layer cake with added cuttlefish ink, by evaluating its physiochemical properties and sensory qualities. Viscosity tended to increase, and height decrease, with the addition of cuttlefish ink. The sensory evaluation revealed the addition of cuttlefish ink in the cake. Specifically, at the 0.3% level color, flavor, and gumminess were enhanced. The brightness(L) of the crumb was highest in the in the control group, at 72.76, and decreased with increasing amounts of cuttlefish ink. The crust of the yellow layer cake was highest in the control group. Furthermore, redness(a) of the crumb was lowest in the control group. but for the crust, it was highest in the control group at crust. Yellowness(b) decreased with increasing amounts of cuttlefish ink for both the crumb and crust. The hardness, cohesiveness, gumminess, and chewiness of the yellow layer cake was highest in the control group.
The Health Related Major College Students' Nutrition Knowledge and Practices toward Dietary Fat
Won, Hyang-Rye ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 317~324
This study examined students' nutritional knowledge on fat, the quantity of fat in food, and their dietary practices with regard to fat. The subjects were junior & senior students majoring in food and nutrition(n=188), Korean Oriental medicine(n=236), and physical education(n=13), respectively. The score for nutritional knowledge of fat was
for food & nutrition majors,
for Korean Oriental majors, and
for physical education majors, with significant differences between groups(p<0.0l). The correct answer percentages were 65%, 52%, and 38% respectively, out of a total 13 items, and significant differences were observed between the majors. The score for knowledge on the quantity of fat in food was
for food & nutrition majors,
for Korean Oriental medicine majors, and
for physical education majors, with significant differences between the groups. The correct answer percentages were 60%, 60%, and 50% respectively. The number of correct answers was significantly different in 7 out of a total of 9 food items depending on major. For dietary practices regarding fat there were significant differences in 10 out of a total of 12 items depending on major. The total scores were
, respectively, showing no significant differences between the groups. Regarding the scores on nutritional knowledge about fat, the students majoring in food & nutrition received the highest scores, and on knowledge about the quantity of fat in food, students majoring in food & nutrition and Korean Oriental medicine attained higher scares than the students majoring in physical education. However, there were no significant differences between the groups regarding their dietary practices toward fat.
A Study on Weight Concerns and Their Control on Behavior in Female University Students Living in Jeonju
Rho, Jeong-Ok ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 325~333
This study was conducted to investigate the weight concerns of female university students living in Jeonju, as well as their control on behavior. Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 285 students. Statistical data analysis was completed using the SPSS v. 11.0 program. The results are summarized as follows: The average weight, height, and BMI of the subjects were 21.43 kg, 161.93 cm, and 19.8, respectively. With regard to body image, most were dissatisfied with their figures, especially the hips and thighs. About 42% of the students estimated their figures as 'slightly fat', while 5.4% stated 'very fat', even though their BMI classified as 'normal'. Four percent of the underweight students described themselves as being 'fatty'. Approximately 93% of the students had strongly pursued weight control, and 45.3% reported wanting to lose about
kg. Almost 73% of the respondents had weight loss experience. The primary reason for weight control was to improve self-confidence. Only 19.6% had succeeded in losing weight, while nearly 48% had stopped dieting. To reduce weight, about two thirds of the students ate less(e.g. no snacks, no sweets). Fifty percent tried to reduce weight by more physical activity(e.g. sports). Television(50.9%), friends(48.4%), and newspapers/magazines(40.4%) were essential sources of pertinent information. In conclusion, the results show that female students in Jeonju have a great interest in weight reduction. Thus, the majority are willing to try several methods for weight reduction, which however, are not promising and not based on a lasting nutritional change. Therefore, it's necessary to increase cooperation among those concerned(e.g. dietitians, teachers, parents, media) and to develop weight-control programs that take into consideration lifestyle and daily habits, as well as combine physical activity, nutrition, and behavioral and personality training.
A Study on Effect of Silver Consumer's Lifestyle on Purchase Satisfaction and Repurchase Intention of the Health Functional Foods
Choi, Soo-Il ; Kwak, Jong-Hyung ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 334~340
The purpose of this study is to analyze silver consumers' life style, and whether silver consumers ’ life style have an effect on purchase satisfaction and repurchase intention of the health functional foods. To this end, a survey was conducted from May 28 to June 20 in 2007, among silver consumer aged in over 50s, on their purchase experience of the health functional foods. The survey was conducted with 326 subjects, and the statistical analysis methods were frequency analysis, factor analysis, and multiple regression analysis. According to the result of this study, First, the silver consumers' life style factors were determined to be health and leisure pursuit, material pursuit, family pursuit, and outgoing challenge pursuit. And purchase satisfaction factors of the health functional foods were determined to be taking after dosage and service, function and purchase, appearance of health functional foods. Second, silver consumers' family pursuit life style and outgoing challenge life style had an effect on taking and service satisfaction, appearance and products satisfaction of the health functional foods. Third, purchase satisfaction had an effect on repurchase intention of the health functional foods. Therefore, this study is significant in that it clarifies the relation of silver consumers' life style and purchase satisfaction and repurchase intention of the health functional foods.