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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
Effects of Codonopsis lanceolata Extracts on Mouse Immune Cell Activation
Ryu, Hye-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 21, issue 3, 2008, Pages 263~268
Codonopsis lanceolata has long been used as a seasonal food and as a traditional tonic medicine with anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidation properties. The present study investigated the in vitro effect of Codonopsis lanceolata extracts on immune function in mice. After preparing a single cell suspension splenocyte proliferation was determined by the MTT(3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-y]-2,5-diphenyl terazolium bromide) assay. The cytokines IL-1
, IL-6, and TNF-
were not secreted by macrophages stimulated with or without LPS as determined by an ELISA cytokine kit assay. After a 48-hr incubation with the mitogens ConA or LPS there was an increase in splenocytes proliferation and in the production of IL-1
, IL-6, and TNF-
in the suspensions supplemented with 50, 100, 250, 500
Codonopsis lanceolata water extract. The results suggest Codonopsis lanceolata water extract may enhance immune function by regulating splenocyte proliferation and stimulating cytokine production.
Studies on the Effects of Water Extract from Mixture of Pine Needles, Sedum sarmentosum Bunge, Hijkiaorme, Buckwheat and Perlla Leaves on the Immune Function Activation
Ryu, Hye-Sook ; Kim, Hyun-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 21, issue 3, 2008, Pages 269~274
Plants have long been used as a food source in Korea. In this study, we investigated the combined immunomodulative effects of a water extract mixture of(pine needles, Sedum sarmentosum Bunge, hijkiaorme, buckwheat and Peril a leaves) on Balb/c mice
weeks old. The mice were fed a chow diet ad libitum and the plant extract was orally administered every other day for four weeks at two different concentrations(50 and 500 mg/kg BW). After preparing the single-cell suspension, splenocyte proliferation was determined by the MTT(3-[4,5-di-methylthiazol-2-y]-2,5-diphenyl terazolium bromide) assay. After 48hrs of incubation with the mitogens(ConA or LPS) splenocyte from the mice groups administered 50 and 500 mg/kg BW of the plant extract showed a significant increased in proliferation compared to the control group. A hemolytic plague forming cell assay was used to indicate antibody production against sheep red blood cells(SRBC). The number of antibody-secreting cells T-dependent antigen. The result of this study suggest that supplementation with this plant extract may regulate immune function by increasing splenocyte proliferation and the number of plaque forming cells.
Effect of Water Extracts from Root of Taraxacum officinale on Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses in Mice
Yoon, Taek-Joon ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 21, issue 3, 2008, Pages 275~282
) and cold-water(
) extracts of Taraxacum officinale root were assessed for the effects of innate and adaptive immune responses in mice. Hot water extracts(TO-100) and cold water extracts(TO-4) did not affect the viability of macrophages at concentrations below to 18 mg/ml and 8 mg/ml, respectively. The thioglycollate-induced macrophages cultured with TO-100 and TO-4 produced a significantly higher quantity of various cytokines, such as IL-6 and IL-12, than those treated with medium. This shows that the extracts potently stimulated the innate immune response. When mice were subcutaneously immunized(sc) with OVA+FIA(Freund's incomplete adjuvant)-emulsified TO-100, TO-100 did not affect the production of IgE, but enhanced the production of IgG1, IgG2a and IgG2b. The culture supernatant obtained from the splenocytes of mice treated with OVA+FIA-emulsified TO-100 also evidenced elevated levels of both OVA-specific Th1-type(IFN-
) and Th2-type cytokines(IL-4, IL-6 and IL-10). These results suggested that TO-100 can modulate the immune responses to allergens in mice.
The Quality Properties of Hongsamdasik with Added Red Ginseng Powder
Lee, Mi-Young ; Kim, Hyun-Oh ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 21, issue 3, 2008, Pages 283~287
The principal objective of this study was to assess the quality characteristics of Hongsamdasik prepared with the addition of red ginseng powder(0%, 2%, 4%, 6%, 8%). The moisture content of Hongsamdasik did not significantly differ between the added red ginseng powder group and control group. The following Hunter color values are not part of the sensory evaluation testing in the results obtained with Hongsamdasik, decreased, whereas the a and b values increased with increasing amounts of added red ginseng powder. The bitter taste was evaluated as improving with increased amounts of red ginseng powder. Hongsamdasik with 2% red ginseng powder had the highest acceptability value. On our mechanical evaluation, the hardness recording, which increased from the control value with increased amounts of red ginseng powder, and significantly so(p<0.05). In conclusion, the Hongsamdasik with up to
added red ginseng powder would be a useful method for the production of Dasik with its traditional high quality.
A Study on Kimchi Development Using Device-Mashed Vice Materials
Jeong, Eun-Ja ; Seo, Jeong-Sook ; Bang, Byung-Ho ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 21, issue 3, 2008, Pages 288~292
To save cost and time in Kimchi manufacture, the use of raw red-pepper paste and device-mashed vice materials, in place of dried red-pepper powder, was examined. Two kinds of Kimchi were prepared: One with dried red pepper powder and device-not mashed vice materials and the other with raw red pepper paste and device-mashed vice materials. Then pH, total acidity, total viable cell counts, total lactic acid bacteria and sensory characteristics were evaluated. Comparisons of the two Kimchis, indicated that changes in pH, total acidity, the total number of viable cells and total lactic acid bacteria were similar between the two groups. The acceptability score of the Kimchi made using the raw red pepper paste and device-mashed vice materials was slightly lower than that of Kimchi made using the dried red-pepper powder. This color was indistinctly changed since the vice materials were mashed and mixed. In conclusion, the results indicate that when manufacturing Kimchi using device-mashed vice materials, Kimchi of better quality can be made by adding dried red-pepper powder.
Quality Characteristics of Sulgidduk with Prepared Glutinous Corn Flour
Hyun, Young-Hee ; Nam, Hae-Won ; Pyun, Jin-Won ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 21, issue 3, 2008, Pages 293~299
This study was conducted to investigate the effective ratio of Sulgidduk to glutinous corn flour. We measured the moisture content, color differences, and texture of Sulgidduk with glutinous corn flour and conducted a sensory test. There was a significant difference between the moisture content of the glutinous corn Sulgidduk batches with added glutinous corn flour and the control group. As the proportion of glutinous corn flour increased, the lightness(L) significantly decreased, whereas the redness(a) and yellowness(b) significantly increased. When the amount of glutinous corn flour increased, there was a significant increase in the hardness and adhesiveness, but a significant decrease in the cohesiveness. The results of the sensory evaluation showed that roughness increased significantly when the amount of glutinous corn flour was increased. The moisture and softness decreased significantly as the glutinous corn flour concentration increased. These results indicated that adding
corn flour to the glutinous corn Sulgidduk produced the best quality.
Quality Characteristics of Cookies with Added Enteromorpha intenstinalis
Lim, Eun-Jeong ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 21, issue 3, 2008, Pages 300~305
This study evaluated the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of cookies containing various concentrations(0, 3, 5, 7 and 9%) of Enteromorpha intenstinalis powder. Cookies containing E. intenstinalis powder were significantly lower in L value than of the control. The L value of brightness decreased significantly when E. intenstinalis powder was added to the cookie formula. The a and b values also decreased significantly with the addition of E. intenstinalis powder. The loss and leavening rates were significantly higher when 5% E. intenstinalis powder was added to the samples. The spread ratio increased proportionally with the amount of E. intenstinalis powder added to the cookie formulation The hardness decreased significantly according to the amount of E. intenstinalis powder. A sensory evaluation of acceptability(appearance, flavor, color, texture and overall quality) indicated that adding a 5% E. intenstinalis powder was most the acceptable treatment compared to the other treatments.
Effect of Bread with Added Silkworm Powder and Cholesterol on Lipid Metabolism of Rat
Kim, Young-Ho ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 21, issue 3, 2008, Pages 306~311
The principal objective of this study was to assess the effects of bread supplemented with silkworm powder and cholesterol on the lipid metabolism in rats. When the rats were fed on bread supplemented with silkworm powder and cholesterol, their net weight tended to decrease as compared with the controls. Although the rats' food intake was increased, it did not increase significantly, but the feed efficiency ratio was substantially reduced. The levels of total and LDL-cholesterols were reduced, but the levels of HDL-cholesterol were increased. The HDL-cholesterol to total cholesterol ratio and level of triglyceride level were increased substantially. The atherogenic index was reduced when rats were fed on bread supplemented with silkworm powder, and thus we concluded that the bread caused an improvement in symptoms associated with high-cholesterol.
Quality Characteristics of Maejakgwa with Added Herb Extracts
Kim, Kyoung-Suk ; Choi, Sun-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 21, issue 3, 2008, Pages 312~319
The principal objective of was to assess the effects of herb extracts on the antioxidant activity and quality characteristics of Maejakgwa. The total phenolic and flavonoid contents were found to be the highest by a significant degree in the rosemary, lavender, thyme, lemon balm and olive samples, in order. With regard to electron donating ability, increasing concentrations of added herbs resulted in a more significant rise in the DPPH radical scavenging effect in a range of concentrations of between
. In particular, the rosemary, lavender, and thyme samples were shown to be lower in antioxidant activity than ascorbic acid, but higher than a-tocopherol, thus the antioxidant activities detected in the rosemary, lavender, and thyme samples were considered to be excellent. With regard to reducing ability, increases in the concentration of added herb extract resulted in significant growth. However, the anti-oxidative activity detected in the rosemary extract was indicated to be superior even to that of
-tocopherol when added to concentrations of
. In our assessment of external appearance, color, flavor, texture, and overall quality, the highest preference was seen in the control group and in the group with 2% added rosemary extract. The lowest score was earned in the group with a 5% addition of rosemary. The functional ingredients and antioxidant activities of the samples were excellent. Our results appear to indicate that rosemary has some value as a natural antioxidant that can prevent oxidation in food.
The Effect of Herbs on Storage Characteristics of Maejakgwa
Kim, Kyoung-Suk ; Choi, Sun-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 21, issue 3, 2008, Pages 320~327
The principal objective of this study was to assess the storage characteristics of the maejakgwa to which herb extracts had been added. Moisture was highest in the rosemary sample, and significantly so. Ash and crude fat levels were highest to a significant degree in the olive and rosemary samples. Crude protein was shown to be significantly high in the rosemary and lavender samples. With regard to our mineral analysis, the rosemary sample evidenced the highest mineral levels, at 1,143.6 mg/100g. In the case of rosemary, lavender, thyme, lemon balm and olive-added samples, the Ca, K and P contents were found to be the highest. A total of 16 amino acids was detected. The rosemary sample had the highest levels, at 9,897.8 mg/100g. With regard to free sugar content, glucose, fructose and sucrose levels were significantly higher. As the result of our measurements of the storage period. However, the rising tendency resulted in a significant difference observed 6 days later. When we assessed changes according to the quantity of herbs added, the acid value was shown to be significantly lower in the group with a 2% addition than in the control, which suggested that the storage characteristics in herbs could be enhanced. With regard to the change in TBA, according to the passage of the storage period, the TBA value increased significantly in all the groups with added herbs. When we assessed the changes according to the amount of herbs added, much lower values were observed in the group with addition than the control, which suggests that the storage characteristics could be enhanced by the addition of herbs. In particular, a high level of anti-oxidative activity was observed in the group to which 2% herbs had been added.
Effects of Chitosan Oligosaccharide Supplementation on Blood Glucose, Lipid Components and Enzyme Activities in Hyperglycemic Rats
Kim, Han-Soo ; Seong, Jong-Hwan ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 21, issue 3, 2008, Pages 328~335
The principal objective of this study was to assess the effects of chitosan oligosaccharide supplementation on the improvement of blood glucose, lipid components and enzyme activities in the serum of streptozotocin(STZ, 55 mg/kg B.W., I.P. injection)-induced hyperglycemic rats fed on experimental diets for 5 weeks. The concentrations of blood glucose, total cholesterol, atherosclerotic index, LDL, LDL-cholesterol, free cholesterol, cholesteryl ester ratio, triglycerides(TG) and phospholipids(PL) in serum were remarkably higher in the hyperglycemic group(group BSW) and STZ(I.P.)+chitosan oligosaccharide supplementation group(group ECW) than those in the control group(group BW, basal diet+water). However the concentrations of blood glucose, total cholesterol, atherosclerotic index, LDL, LDL-cholesterol, tree cholesterol, cholesteryl ester ratio, TG and PL in serum were lower in the ECW group than in the BSW group, whereas the ratio of HDL-cholesterol concentration to total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol concentration in the ECW group were higher than in the BSW group. The activities of alkaline phosphatase(ALP) and aminotransferase(AST, ALT) in serum were lower in the ECW group than in the hyperglycemic BSW group. The results shown above suggested that chitosan oligosaccharide supplementation effectively improves blood glucose, lipid composition and enzyme activities in the sera of STZ-induced hyperglycemic rats.
The Effects of Caffeine on Lipid and Mineral Content in the Serum of Rats
Kim, Myung-Hee ; Kim, Yong-Ran ; Lee, Jong-Wan ; Park, Byung-Kwon ; Kim, Min-Kyu ; Choi, Mi-Kyeong ; Kim, Ae-Jung ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 21, issue 3, 2008, Pages 336~343
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of caffeine on lipid and mineral content in the serum of rats given a caffeine free diet(FC), a low caffeine diet(LC), a medium caffeine diet(MC), a high caffeine diet(HC) or a super-high caffeine diet(SHC) for 5 weeks. Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats(body weight,
g) were blocked into 5 groups and fed diets with or without pure caffeine. Caffeine intake models showed a lower mean-weight gain, food intake and food efficiency in the high caffeine diet groups(MC, HC and SHC groups) than the groups receiving a caffeine free or low caffeine diet(FC and LC groups). Serum total lipid, total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol levels decreased, but the serum HDL-cholesterol level increased according to the increase in caffeine intake. Serum total lipid, HDL-cholesterol and serum triglyceride were significantly lower in the HC and SHC groups than the FC group. All of the serum minerals decreased as caffeine intake increased. Serum iron, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus significantly decreased in the HC and SHC groups compared to the FC group. Caffeine intake was associated with less weight gain and reduced serum total cholesterol, triglyceride and total lipid. The results suggest that rats fed high amounts of caffeine may be susceptible to osteoporosis due to their low levels of calcium, magnesium and phosphorus.
A Study on the Traditional Korean Rites Foods for the Construction of a Traditional Korean Food Data Integration System
Shin, Seung-Mee ; Sohn, Jung-Woo ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 21, issue 3, 2008, Pages 344~354
The traditional ritual foods of Korea have developed with for many years, and differ by locality, family customs and religious characteristics. In an efforts to establish the database on that addresses the difficult issue of a classification system for traditional Korean foods, we have conducted a survey of a traditional Korean ritual foods. In the database, typical 10 rites are represented, covering birth to death, these are birth, the hundredth day after birth, the first birthday, the commemoration of finishing books(graduation), the coming of age ceremony, marriage, the birthday feast for an old man, the 60th wedding anniversary, the funeral, and the memorial service. For each rite, the appropriate traditional Korean foods are classified into 6 categories-main dishes, side dishes, tteok lyou, hangwa lyou, eumchung lyou and the others. Some of these have varied considerably with the passage of time, and some have since disappeared. This database provides a basis for generational transmission, preservation and development of traditional Korean ritual foods as one of the components traditional Korean culture.
The Status and the Actual Sanitation Management Conditions of Food Services within the Metropolitan Area
Woo, In-Ae ; Hwang, Yoon-Kyung ; Lee, Yoon-Shin ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 21, issue 3, 2008, Pages 355~365
The purpose of this study was to investigate the food sanitation awareness and performance of foodservice industry employees. Based on a literature review, a questionnaire was developed to identify the food sanitation education, experience, knowledge, and food sanitation practices of the employees. A total of 376 Korean food industry employees participated, and there were 344 usable questionnaires. In the analysis of food sanitation knowledge, the statements "clip fingernails short and do not use nail polish", and "if feeling sick, even with a minor cold, speak to your supervisor immediately", had the highest and lowest percentages of correct answers, respectively. In assessing employee sanitary management practices, many correctly acknowledged "clip fingernails short and do not use nail polish" and "wash hands after using the toilet", which received high scores; however, "use hands to pick up ice" and "if feeling sick, even with a minor cold, speak to your supervisor immediately" had low scores. The sanitary knowledge and practice levels of the employees were not significantly different according to gender, age, work area, job title, or duration of duty. Among the surveyed industries, employees of special restaurants had the least sanitary knowledge(p<0.05) and practice scores(p<0.001). Employees who had worked for
years presented the least sanitary management practice level scores(p<0.05).). In addition, college students and participants without hygiene educational experience showed the least levels of sanitary knowledge(p<0.01). Scores for sanitary management practice were higher when hygiene education was regularly conducted more than once per month. Employees showed significantly higher knowledge and sanitary management practice levels when they were required to use a sanitary checklist(p<0.001), and employees who were trained in HACCP had significantly higher sanitary checklist scores(p<0.05). In foodservices that applied HACCP, the employees showed higher knowledge and sanitary management practice levels(p<0.001).
Survey on Elementary School Student's Perception and Preference of Chungkukjang in Seongnam Area
Mok, Eun-Kyung ; Nam, Eun-Sook ; Park, Shin-In ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 21, issue 3, 2008, Pages 366~373
The principal objective of this study was to assess perceptions and preferences of chungkukjang in elementary school children who used a school foodservice. In this investigation, 583 elementary school students(300 boys, 283 girls) in the Seongnam area were surveyed via questionnaire, and the collected data were analyzed using the SAS package. The results demonstrated that 82.0% of students responded that they were aware of chungkukjang. Female students were more aware of chungkulgang than were male students, and children of the nuclear families were more aware of those of the extended family. With regard to the origins of their interest in chungkulgang, 51.8% of the subjects answered 'through home education' and 35.5% learned about chungkukjang 'through mass media'. Most students recognized chungkulgang as a 'healthy food' and a 'Korean traditional food'. Approximately 44% of the students ate chungkukjang in the school foodservice once per month, and 41.7% preferred this menu. Therefore, in order to increase elementary school students' knowledge and intake of chungkulgang, the school should attempt to foster the quality of chungkulgang in nutrition education, to serve chungkukjang frequently in school foodservices, and to develop recipes for tastier chungkukjang foods for children.
A Study of the Street-food Purchasing Behavior of Culinary Major and Non-major University Students in the Daejeon Area
Choi, Young-Sim ; Yu, Jin-Hyun ; Park, Hae-Won ; Choi, Eun-Jeong ; Chung, Hea-Jung ; Chae, Kyung-Yeon ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 21, issue 3, 2008, Pages 374~385
The principal objective of this study was to determine the street-food needs of culinary major and non-major university students. University students in Daejeon were assessed by surveys conducted between November 20, 2007 and November 25, 2007. The results of the surveys were as follows; 1. The reason for street-food usage: mainly snacks(37.4%). 2. Primary factor considered when choosing street-food: taste of the food(48.52%). 3. The frequency of street-food purchase: 2 times/month(52.4%) 4. The mean cost for the one-time purchase of street-food:
won(62.4%). The Importance-Performance Analysis(IPA) used for obtaining information from the culinary major and non-major university students suggested that the attributes of street-food with fair to poor performance but high importance were as follows: sanitary quality in chicken skewers, soondae, ddeokbokki and fried foods and price and nutrition for hamburgers.
Effects of Glycine maxim Extract on the Activity of Tyrosinase Promoter
Chin, Jong-Eon ; Kim, Kwan-Chun ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 21, issue 3, 2008, Pages 386~390
The methanolic extract of Glycine maxim increased the expression of the promoter in B16 mouse melanoma cells harboring a tyrosinase promoter. Extract concentrations of 10
resulted in tyrosinase promoter expression rates of approximately 113% and 184%, respectively, as compared to the control. The fraction layers consisting of butyl alcohol and methylene chloride improved expression effects on the tyrosinase promoter. In particular, the butyl alcohol fraction evidenced a high expression rate at 100
. In the MTT assay, the methanolic extract did not evidence cytotoxicity at concentrations under 500
. Therefore, the results observed with the extract of Glycine maxim showed that the substance exerted a positive effect on the tyrosinase promoter.