Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
Hypoglycemic Effect of Eriobotrya japonica(E. japonica) in db/db Mice
Kim, Eun ; Kim, Min-Sook ; Rhyu, Dong-Young ; Min, Oh-Jin ; Baek, Hum-Young ; Kim, Yung-Jae ; Kim, Hyeon-A ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 159~165
E. japonica is a well-known medicinal plant in Japan. The leaves of E. japonica were reported to have a hypoglycemic action. However, seeds of E. japonica are discarded and not used. To elucidate for anti-diabetic effects of E. japonica, Type 2 diabetic mice were allocated to control group, E. japonica leaf, and seed extract group. Animals were fed a 2018S Teklad global 18% protein rodent diet. Animals were received daily oral injections of E. japonica leaf or seed extract at a dose of 200 mg/kg body weight for 6 weeks. Body weight, food intake and water intake, and total adipose tissue weight of animals were significantly reduced by feeding of E. japonica leaf extract. All E. japonica extract groups significantly decreased fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin levels, size of adipocytes and serum adiponectins. However, they did not have a beneficial effect on the serum triglyceride and cholesterol in the diabetic animals. These results suggest that E. japonica seed and leaf extracts have a antidiabetic effect by controlling of blood glucose and decrease of size of adipocytes in db/db mice and seed extract is more effective in hypoglycemic action than leaf extract.
Analysis of Dietary Education Status and the Demand of Child Center Teachers in Masan
Her, Eun-Sil ; Jung, So-Hye ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 166~176
This study was performed to develop dietary education programs for children, by researching the actual conditions of dietary education and its demand aimed at teachers in child centers in Masan. Most of the interviewed teachers were in their 20s(71%) with under 5 years teaching experiences(56.8%), and working in a kindergarten environment(34.9%). The rate of doing dietary education on mealtime was 96.4%. The main items taught pertained to 'not leaving food(20.6%)' and 'washing hands before meals(20.5%)'. The primary teaching method for students with unbalanced eating habits was 'eating after teaching them to understood(76.8%). The primary reward for good behavior was 'using food(76.8%)', usually as 'candy'(50.8%) or 'cookies'(25.8%). The desirable dietary education type was 'during spare moments(52.6%)' and 'at mealtime (23.5%)'. The concepts taught were 'balanced eating(23.2%)' and 'food hygiene(21.2%), and the students were interested in 'the roles of foods and nutrients'(34.5%), 'balanced eating(20.9%)', and 'food hygiene(19.1%)'. Educational activities encompassed 'pictures and drawing(25.7%)', 'fairy tales(23.4%)', 'songs(19.4%)', and 'play(14.1%)'. Also, the activities of most interest were 'fairy tales(29.4%)', 'play(24.4%)', and then 'songs(23.1%)'. The greatest difficulties during dietary education were 'attracting interest from the children(37.8%)' and 'making and purchasing materials(33.9%)'. Approximately, 44.2% of the teachers had experiences in dietary education, and 96.4% stated teachers had the intention to participate in dietary education. They want to address 'child meal direction(23.0%)', 'health problems(22.7%)', and then 'child nutrient requirements (17.3%)'. Also the majority wanted it two times per year(57.6%) or one time per year(30.9%). This study indicated that proper dietary education must be established in child centers by developing various practical dietary education programs and then implementing them.
A Study on Weight Control Behavior by Female Consumers Eating Life Styles
Han, In-Kyung ; Ha, Ae-Wha ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 177~184
The study investigated the eating lifestyles of female consumers and whether they influenced weight control behavior. The findings of the study can be summarized as follows. First, the eating lifestyles of the subjects were presented four types: 'active eating life pursuit type', 'safe economical type', 'gourmet type' and 'passive negligence type'. In general, most cases were of the 'passive negligence type'. Second, weight control behavior was analyzed according to eating lifestyle. The results of the analysis indicated that the female consumers of the 'active eating life pursuit type' and 'safe economy type' had high behavior levels in each aspect of weight control attitude, subjective regulation, perceived behavior control, and behavior intention. Third, the 'gourmet type', with a strong preference for taste, and the 'passive negligence type', with fewer eating considerations in general, showed weaker attitudes towards weight control and the recognition of pressure from people around them. As such, the level of consideration for food or eating was correlated with weight control. These findings impliedy that the more active, safer, and economical women are in their general eating style, the stronger they perceive weight control issues.
The Effects of Wheat Flour Addition on Retarding Retrogradation in Korean Rice Cakes(Karedduk)
Kim, Sang-Sook ; Chung, Hae-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 185~191
This study investigated the effects of adding hard and soft wheat flour to Korean rice cakes(Karedduk) to retard retrogradation, by examining texture properties and descriptive sensory qualities after 2 and 24 hrs of storage at
. The hard and soft wheat flour were combined with dry rice flour at levels of 0, 5, 10, and 20%. The texture properties, as analyzed by a Texture Analyzer, revealed that the springiness, cohesiveness, and adhesiveness of the rice cakes containing wheat flour were similar to those of the control, while chewiness, gumminess, and hardness were lower compared to the control. Also, in sensory analyses, hardness was significantly different in the rice cakes containing wheat flour compared to the control after 24 hrs of storage at
. Overall, the instrumental texture properties were highly correlated with the sensory characteristics. These results suggest that adding hard and soft wheat flour to Korean rice cakes(Karedduk) is effective at retarding retrogradation.
Comparison of Vitamin Contents and Organoleptic Characteristics in Powdered Cheongkukjang Dried by Different Drying Methods
Yang, Hak-Ryul ; Park, Sang-Soon ; Lee, Jang-Woo ; Lee, Keun-Bo ; Han, Myung-Kyu ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 192~198
Cheongkukjang is a traditional fermented soybean food in Korea that is used in the manufacture of functional foods. This study was conducted to assess vitamin contents and sensory qualities of powdered Cheongkukjang dried by oven drying, far-infrared drying and freeze drying. Vitamins
, E, niacin and pantothenic acid were detected using all drying methods. However, vitamin D was not detected in the oven drying samples, and was most prevalent(
/100 g) in the far-infrared drying samples. The sensory characteristics included color, off flavor, salty taste, bitter taste, sweet taste, roasted taste and after-taste. Oven drying and freeze drying samples exhibited highest and lowest color scores(5.62 and 2.0, respectively). Oven drying samples also exhibited the highest roasted taste score(4.76), although not significantly different from far-infrared drying samples(4.0, p<0.05), while the score of freeze drying samples(2.38) was significantly different from the other methods(p<0.05). It is concluded that freeze drying is most suitable.
Effects of Steam- and Dry-processing Temperatures on the Benzo(a)pyrene Content of Black and Red Ginseng
Jo, Eun-Jung ; Kang, Shin-Jung ; Kim, Ae-Jung ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 199~204
For the purpose of developing a safe & hygienic manufacturing method to acquire low levels of benzo(a)pyrene in black and red ginseng products, this study investigated the effects of steam- and dry-processing temperatures on benzo(a)pyrene production in ginseng. By the red ginseng with a fix dry-process temperature of
and setting the steam-process temperature between
, an extremely small amount(0.1 ppb) of benzo(a)pyrene was produced, indicating there was no relationship between the steam-temperature and benzo(a)pyrene production. On the other hand, when the red and black ginseng were steamed at the fixed temperature of
and dried at various temperatures between
, the amount of benzo(a)pyrene produced was closely connected with the dry-temperature, and increased with higher drying temperatures. Upon repeating the steam and dry process nine times, in which the steam-temperature was set at
and the dry-temperature at
, higher amount of benzo(a)pyrene were produced in red and black ginseng, respectively, with increasing steam- and dry-processing time. However, the level of benzo(a)pyrene still remained extremely small(below 0.12 ppb), showing a maximum amount in the black ginseng that was steamed and dried nine times. This suggests that the fine root of ginseng may be carbonized by increasing the number of times it is steam- and dry-processed. From the above results, this study determined that the optimum temperatures for manufacturing red and black ginseng products with safe levels of benzo(a)pyrene would be a temperature between 80 and
for steaming and a temperature less than
Recognition of Body Weight and Body Part Satisfaction in Female College Students
Kim, Mi-Ok ; Eun, Jong-Geuk ; Chang, Un-Jae ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 205~214
Diet is an important focus in solidifying the fundamentals of health; thus, it is necessary to offer and manage accurate and correct information. This study examined the effects of body part satisfaction and attitude on diet, in female college students, who are known to be very interested in their appearances and tend to have a strong propensity to consume. The data were gathered using questionnaires answered by 101 female college students living in Daegu City, after classifying the women into normal weight and overweight groups, respectively. According to the analyzed results, there were no significant differences in satisfaction by body part between the normal weight and overweight groups, however, both groups were found to be dissatisfied with the following body parts, in the order of: thighs > legs > and hips. The motivation factors for weight control were found to be in order: not having a boyfriend > lacking of confidence > seeing slender entertainment stars, and there were no significant differences between the two groups. Finally, the main reasons for weight control were in order: appearance > health > getting a job. It is anticipated that these results will contribute to preparing systematic solutions to promote healthy diets and body satisfaction in society, and will help bring a desirable change in perceptions about diet.
Studies on the Satisfactions of Eldery Welfare Professionals in the Northern Gyeonggi-do Area
Choi, Byung-Bum ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 215~222
The principal objective of this study was to assess the demands and satisfactions of silver welfare professionals for elderly individuals residing in the Northern Gyeonggi-do area. To this end, a survey was conducted to investigate elderly individuals and employees related with them in terms of their recognition, interest, and involvement in a labor training program. The sources of health information the subjects received included mass media(50%) and health professionals(41%), and they tended to trust the information they received from health professionals(64%) and the mass media(26%). In the case of health professionals working at silver care facilities, the sources of health information to which they had access were: mass media (51%), health professionals(20%), internet(14%), reliable health professionals(56%), mass media(22%), and books related to health(18%). Elderly subjects' reasons for satisfaction with the facilities were as follows: access to meals(32%), elderly communities(24%), and good facilities(22%), whereas the reason subjects reported dissatisfaction with social difficulties(68%), bad facilities(20%), and programs(12%). The degrees of satisfaction of the respondents with the facility's employees were reported as follows: life manager(28%), nurse(16%), and social worker(15%), whereas the subjects reported some degree of dissatisfaction with: nurses(29%), care helpers(17%), and facilities officers(13%). The priorities of the elderly welfare-related information were: disease and health(49%), daily life support(17%), nursing(11%), welfare facilities(8%), and the principal issues they reported as being relevant to elderly individuals were: palsy(16%), arthritis(14%), diabetes (12%), hypertension(10%), dementia(6%). They reported that the most important personnel for elderly in the future would be care managers(44%) and care helpers(21%). Via this developmental program of silver health care professionals, a variety of new job opportunities may be provided in the future, and a program related to the silver service industry must be established as soon as possible.
Contents of Nutritional Ingredients and Diosgenin in the Tubers of Different Dioscorea spp.
Jang, Sang-Moon ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 223~228
The principal objective of this study was to determine the available components in different varieties of Discorea spp. The Discorea spp. samples were divided into three groups by variety. The three groups were divided into Jangma(D. batatas Decaisne), Danma(D. japonica Decaisne), and Doonggunma(D. opposita Thumb), and then assessed with regard to the content of proximate compositions, minerals, sugars, crude saponin, and diosgenin. No substantial differences were noted to exist among samples in terms of carbohydrate and crude protein contents. The crude lipid contents were detected in the following order : Danma(D. japonica Decaisne,
) > Jangma(D. batatas Decaisne,
) > Doonggunma (D. opposita Thumb,
). The Danma(D. japonica Decaisne) samples were determined to harbor the highest K(
mg/kg) and Zn(
mg/kg) contents among all tested samples. The predominant sugar components in all samples were mannose(
) and sucrose(
). The crude saponin and diosgenin contents for Jangma(D. batatas Decaisne), Danma(D. japonica Decaisne) and Doonggunma(D. opposita Thumb) varieties were :
Quality Characteristics of Seolgiddeok added with Broccoli(Brassica oleracea var. italica Plen.) Powder
Cho, Kyung-Ryun ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 229~237
Physical, textural and sensory properties of Seolgiddeok prepared with different amounts of broccoli(Brassica oleracea var. italica Plen.) powder were investigated during 3 days of storage. Moisture content decreased gradually during storage and was less in broccoli powder-amended samples. The color L value decreased significantly with increasing broccoli powder, whereas both redness and yellowness increased. Texture analyses revealed that hardness, chewiness, gumminess, adhesiveness and fracturability of Seolgiddeok tended to decrease in proportion to the amount of broccoli powder in the formula. Seolgiddeok gelatinization was investigated using amylographing. Break down and setback were low in broccoli powder Seolgiddeok. Sensory evaluations revealed that, Seolgiddeok prepared with broccoli powder was superior in flavor, chewiness, softness to unamended samples. Seolgiddeok prepared with 3% broccoli powder showed the highest overall acceptability score. Use of broccoli powder in Seolgiddeok preparation improves sensory characteristics and delays retrogradation.
Effect of Salts on the Hardness of Cubed White Radish
Pak, Hee-Ok ; Jang, Jae-Seon ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 238~245
The principal objective of this study was to investigate the association of variable salts with the hardness of cubed white radish. We analyzed the contents of domestic sun-dried salt, Chinese sun-dried salt, domestic refined salt, Australian rock salt and Australian industrial sun-dried salt in the radish samples. Our assessment of the water content of variable salts showed that domestic refined salt was highest(7.27%) and Australian rock salt was lowest(0.16%). The NaCl contents of variable salts were as follows : 93.23% in refined salt, 93.76% in Australian rock salt, 87.85% in domestic Shinan sun-dried salt and 87.98% in Chinese sun-dried salt. The content of insoluble matter in water were
in all salts except 0.85% in Australian industrial sun-dried salt. The pH values of salts were as follows : 8.93 in domestic sun-dried salt, 8.62 in Chinese sun-dried salt, 6.69 in refined salt, 5.83 in Australian rock salt and 6.41 in Australian industrial sun-dried salt. Regarding the mineral component content assays, domestic salt was found to harbor lower Na content but far higher Mg, K, Ca contents than other salts. In our evaluation of the hardness of cubed white radish, we detected a continuous increase in the hardness of cubed white radish soaking in a 4% salt solution of domestic Shinan natural salt, but an initial increase followed by a decrease in the hardness of cubed white radish soaking in a 4% solution of the other salts.
Hypoglycemic Effect of Angelica gigas Naki Extract in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats
Park, Man-Jong ; Kang, Shin-Jyung ; Kim, Ae-Jung ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 246~251
This study examined the possible hypoglycemic effects Angelica gigas Naki extracts in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats(STZ+50%, STZ+100% EtOH and STZ+water). The studies showed that administration of the Angelica gigas Naki extract decreased high blood glucose levels(more than 300 mg/
) to a normal level(104 mg/
) in the STZ+50% EtOH group. Liver glucokinase levels were significantly increased in STZ+50% EtOH and STZ+100% EtOH groups compared to the STZ group. Moreover, the liver acetyl CoA carboxylase level was significantly increased in STZ+50% EtOH, STZ+100% EtOH and STZ+water groups compared to the STZ group. These results suggest that the Angelica gigas Naki extract in the STZ+50% EtOH group exerted an ameliorable effect and can be used as an anti-diabetic substance, either as a dietary supplements or as a new drug.
Study on the Notifications of WTO/SPS - Focused on Food Safety Measures -
Shin, Seong-Gyun ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 252~260
According to Article 7 and Annex B of the World Trade Organization(WTO) Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary(SPS) Measures, WTO members are required to notify their newly established or amended SPS measures that might affect international trade. This study analyzed SPS notifications from 1995 to 2008 to identify international trends for food safety measures. The notifications were collected from the SPS information management system and the official document distribution system of WTO. The 153 WTO members represented 37 developed countries, 84 developing countries and 32 least developed countries. The number of overall notifications was 9,820. The annual notifications increased from 198 in 1995 to 1,264 in 2008. The monthly average notifications were from 44.8 in December to 69.5 in June; however, there were no statistical differences among them. The six leading Members in terms of notification submissions were United States(U.S.), Brazil, New Zealand, Canada, European Community and Korea. Among the regular and emergency notifications, 62.7% notifications were concerned with food safety, followed by animal and plant protections. Among animal protection notifications, 54.8% were emergency situations. Of the 4,821 food safety notifications, 60.4% were from developed countries, and 39.3% were from developing countries. Measures concerning pesticide residues and risk assessments were mainly from developed countries. In contrast, 77.5% of the measures concerning zoonoses were from developing countries. However considering the numbers of developing and developed countries, the average number of measures for each country was similar. Food safety measures were mainly involved pesticide residues followed by food additives, zoonoses, new regulations, labeling. As the overall notifications, zoonosis measures were mainly emergency notifications. Measures concerning pesticide residues, food additives, zoonoses, new regulations, veterinary drugs, and labeling were submitted most often by the U.S., Korea, Albania, U.S., Australia, and U.S., respectively. Identifying the exact trends of food safety measures was complicated by a number of factors. However, WTO notifications might be useful tool in providing a general view of international trends.
Current Status of Applied Korean Patents Regarding the Deep Sea Water
Chung, Kap-Taeck ; Lee, Sang-Hyun ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 261~271
Deep sea water exists at depths of over 200m under the sea. As no sunlight reaches it, photosynthesis does not take place within it, and it contains no organic matter. In addition, its temperature is maintained at a stable low level throughout the year, so it does not get mixed with the sea water on the surface. It contains a large amount of nutritious salts, whose cleanness is maintained. It is a marine resource that has matured for a long period of time. Research into deep sea water, which started in the 1970s, has been made around the whole world, including the USA and Japan. In Korea, research has been active in this area since 2000. As there has been a good amount of research into industrial applications for deep sea water, since 1993, patents for the relevant technologies have been applied. This paper intends to provide a resource to researchers of deep sea water, by summarizing of all domestic deep sea water-related patents applied with Korean Intellectual Property Office from 1993 to 2008. This research was conducted using a computer and KIPRIS Database owned by the Korea Institute of Patent Information. 'Deep sea water' was used as the search keyword. A total of 222 Korean patents relating to deep sea water have been registered on the basis of IPC. Of these, 126 patents relate to the manufacturing and the treatment of foods, foodstuffs, or non-alcoholic beverages(A23L), while 50 patents relate to the production for medical, dental, or cosmetic purposes(A61K). 38 patents relate to water purification, treatment of wastewater, sewage and sludge (C02F), while 8 patents relate to fishery and farming(A01K). In summary, it was found that studies for the practical use of deep sea water have been conducted in relation to the manufacturing and the treatment of foods, foodstuffs, beverages, and cosmetics.
Physicochemical Characteristics of Fermented Milk Containing Mulberry Leaf Extract
Ahn, Chang-Soon ; Yuh, Chung-Suk ; Bang, In-Soo ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 272~278
This study was carried out to evaluate the physicochemical characteristics of fermented milks containing mulberry leaf extract. The mulberry leaf extracts were added to fermented milk at
. The pH, acidity, numbers of viable cells, chemical composition and color values of fermented milk preparation were analyzed, and these samples were subjected to a taste test panel. As the ratio of mulberry leaf extract increased, the pH value of the fermented milk decreased proportionally and acidities increased significantly. The numbers of viable cells was highest in the fermented milk sample containing 0.5% mulberry leaf extract. In the chemical composition analyses, increases in the concentration of mulberry leaf extract led to a significant increase in crude protein, crude fat, and crude ash contents and a significant decrease in lactose content. Ca, Mg and K in the fermented milk were also significantly increased with the addition of mulberry leaf extract. As mulberry leaf extract amount increased, the lightness and redness values decreased, while the yellowness value increased. From the sensory evaluation of the fermented milk containing mulberry leaf extract, color, taste, texture and overall acceptability of the fermented milk sample containing 1% mulberry leaf extract was found to be much better than those of the other groups.
A Study on the Antioxidation and Antimicrobial Effect of "Megmoondong(Liriope platyphylla Wang et Tang)" Water Extracts
Lee, Sook-Kyung ; Park, Jong-Ho ; Kim, Youn-Tae ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 279~285
Antioxidant and antimicrobial efficiency were investigated for: i) water extract of green tea(Camellia sinensis), ii) water extract of middle drying megmoondong(Liriope platyphylla Wang et Tang) and iii) water extract of drying megmoondong. The electron donating ability of the green tea(Camellia sinensis) and drying megmoondong(Liriope platyphylla Wang et Tang) extract were 88 and 79, respectively, while that of the middle drying megmoondong extract showed low levels. The relative inhibitory abilities against lipid peroxidase were: green tea(Camellia sinensis) extract > drying megmoondong(Liriope platyphylla Wang et Tang) extract > middle drying megmoondong extract. The green tea(Camellia sinensis) extract showed the strongest antimicrobial effect against Staphylococcus aureus. The middle drying(Liriope platyphylla Wang et Tang) and drying megmoondong extracts showed no antimicrobial effect against Staphylococcus aureus. The green tea(Camellia sinensis) extract had the strongest antimicrobial effect against Escherichia coli. The middle drying megmoondong(Liriope platyphylla Wang et Tang) and drying megmoondong extracts showed no antimicrobial effect against Escherichia coli.
A Pilot Study of the Effects of an 8-week School-Based Weight Loss Program on Obesity, Shape Satisfaction, and Shape Esteem in Obese Children
Nam, Jung-He ; Kim, Soo-Kyung ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 286~292
This study was conducted to examine the effects of an 8-week weight loss program, on body composition, body shape satisfaction, body shape esteem in 15 obese children. This program included nutritional education and regular physical fitness. After completion of this program, height and body weight increased slightly but body compositions changed. BMI, degree of obesity, and body fat levels dropped slightly, however these differences were not significant. After the 8-week program body weight increased from
, degree of obesity and BMI decreased from
, respectively, and the percentage of body fat decreased slightly from
. There were slight changes in weight of body muscle and lean body mass from
, respectively. LBM and amount of muscle were higher after this weight loss program. The body shape esteem score increased from
. There was no significant difference in body shape satisfaction before and after the program, and the participants also wanted to be leaner. Finally, body weight, BMI, and body fat showed negative correlations to body shape esteem.
Quality Characteristics of Injeulmi Containing Different Ratios of Citrus Mandarin Powder
Kim, Chul-Woong ; Song, Eun ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 293~301
The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality characteristics of Gamgyul-Injeulmi containing different ratios of Citrus mandarin powder(0, 3, 6, 9 and 12%). The moisture content of the control group was 45.37%. As the ratio of Citrus mandarin powder increased, moisture content decreased. The water holding capacity of glutinous rice flour with Citrus mandarin powder decreased gradually in proportion to the amount of Citrus mandarin powder added. An analysis of Hunter's color values for Gamgyul-Injeulmi indicate that the addition of Citrus mandarin powder leads to lower L value and higher a and b value compared to the control. Textural analysis of Gamgyul-Injeulmi showed that the hardness, cohesiveness, gumminess and chewiness increased as Citrus mandarin powder was added, whereas adhesiveness and springiness decreased. According to the sensory evaluation of Gamgyul-Injeulmi, as the ratio of Citrus mandarin powder was increased, the flavor, sweetness and hardness all increased. Gamgyul-Injeulmi with 6% Citrus mandarin powder was rated as the best in terms of color and for overall preference in the sensory evaluation.
Effect of Dioscorea rhizome on the Activity of Intestinal Disaccharidases in Diabetic db/db mice
Lee, Tae-Ho ; Son, Mi-Won ; Choi, Sang-Zin ; Ha, Sang-Keun ; Lee, Pyeong-Jae ; Kang, Dong-Ho ; Kim, Sun-Yeou ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 302~307
The present study was designed to clarify the antidiabetic activity and mechanism of Dioscorea rhizome in diabetic db/db mice. Mice were administered Dioscorea rhizome and rosiglitazone orally for 7 weeks and the effects of these compounds on fasting blood glucose, glucose tolerance and intestinal disaccharidase activity in db/db mice were evaluated. The fasting serum glucose of the D. rhizome treated group was reduced when compared with that of the db/db control group. In addition, the disaccharidase activities in homogenates of the proximal, middle and distal segment of the small intestine were significantly decreased response to D. rhizome treatment, especially in the middle segment. These results suggest that D. rhizome decreases blood glucose via a decrease in the activity of disaccharidase in the mucosa of the middle region of the small intestine in db/db mice.
Antineoplastic Effect of Low Molecular Weight Chitooligosaccharide on Various Tumor Cell Lines
Park, Heon-Kuk ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 308~312
In this study, the effects of low molecular weight chitooligosaccharides were assessed. Low molecular weight chitooligosaccharide evidenced no cytotoxicity in in vitro trials with the normal cell line, Vero E6(Africa green monkey kidney cell). The
of low molecular weight chitooligosaccharide was
. Low molecular weight chitooligosaccharide exhibited in vitro antineoplastic activity in five human tumor(lung carcinoma, bladder carcinoma, colon carcinoma, stomach carcinoma, breast carcinoma) cell lines. The
values of low molecular weight chitooligosaccharide on A549, J82, SNU-C4, SNU-1 and ZR75-1 were
Effect of S-Allyl Cysteine(SAC) on the Proliferation of Umbilical Cord Blood(UCB)-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells(MSCs)
Park, Ran-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 313~319
To improve the growth of human mesenchymal stem cells(hMSCs) under general cell culture conditions(20%
), we examined the effect of s-allylcysteine(SAC), which is known as an antioxidant and the main component of aged-garlic extract, on hydrogen peroxide-induced cellular stress in hMSCs. We found that SAC blocked hydrogen peroxideinduced cell death and cellular apoptosis, but that SAC did not improve the growth of hMSCs during short-term culture. To evaluate the protective effect of SAC, we examined the endogenous expression of the antioxidant enzymes catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase(SOD), and glutathione peroxidase(Gpx) in hMSCs. Hydrogen peroxide was found to downregulate the expression of CAT, SOD, and Gpx at the protein level. However, in the pre-treatment group of SAC, SAC inhibited the hydrogen peroxide-induced down-regulation of CAT, SOD, and Gpx. Unfortunately, treatment with SAC alone did not induce the up-regulation of antioxidant enzymes and the cell proliferation of hMSCs. Surprisingly, SAC improved cell growth in a single cell level culture of hMSCs. These results indicate that SAC may be involved in the preservation of the self-renewal capacity of hMSCs. Taken together, SAC improves the proliferation of hMSCs via inhibition of oxidative-stress-induced cell apoptosis through regulation of antioxidant enzymes. In conclusion, SAC may be an indispensable component in an in vitro culture system of human MSCs for maintaining self-renewal and multipotent characterization of human MSCs.