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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
Antimicrobial Activity of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge Extract and Its Effects on Quality Characteristics in Sulgidduk
Choi, Hae-Yeon ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 321~331
In this study, Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge(Danshen) powder was extracted with ethanol, and its antimicrobial activity was investigated. The ethanol extract of the Danshen had antimicrobial activity against Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, and Staphylococcus aureus. The inhibition zones of the Danshen extract(3 mg/disc) against B. subtilis, E. coli and S. aureus were 13, 12 and 8.5 mm, respectively. To test the food preservation effect of Danshen and determine the optimal ratio of the Danshen extract in a formulation, Sulgidduk samples were prepared with substitutions of 0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75 and 1% Danshen extract, and then their quality characteristics were investigated over 4 days of storage. According to the results, total cell counts showed a decreasing trend with an increasing amount of added Danshen extract. Moisture contents were not significantly different among the Sulgidduk samples. As the content of Danshen extract increased, the L-values of samples decreased and the a- and b- values increased. For the textural characteristics, the hardness, gumminess, and chewiness of the Sulgidduk samples decreased as the amount of Danshen extract increased; however, they increased with the progression of storage time. In the sensory evaluation, the control group had significantly higher scores for color, flavor and after-taste as compared to the Danshen extract-added groups. With increasing Danshen extract contents, flavor and overall acceptability decreased, while Danshen flavor, bitterness and off-flavor increased. Chewiness was not significantly different among the samples. In conclusion, the results indicate that substituting 0.5% Danshen extract in Sulgidduk is optimal for quality and provides a product with reasonably high overall acceptability.
Quality Characteristics of Kimchi with Added Houttuynia cordata
Kwak, Hee-Jung ; Jang, Jae-Seon ; Kim, Soon-Mi ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 332~337
This study was performed to investigate the physiochemical and sensory characteristics of Kimchi with added Houttuynia cordata Thunb(HC). According to measurements for physicochemical characteristics, the three groups of tested Kimchi(HC juice, HC powder, control) did not show any significant differences in pH and hardness. However, the acidity of the Kimchi with added HC juice was found to be significantly higher. Regarding lightness, L values were not different among the three groups, while a and b values showed significant decreases. In descriptive analysis, Kimchi redness was lowest in the HC juice group, and difference in redness was identified between the HC juice and powder groups. One survey indicated that the Kimchi with added HC juice had a unique odor, but no difference was found between the HC powder group and the control group. Also, a survey on preference characteristics indicated there were no differences between the three groups. For the saltiness and acidity of the Kimchi with added HC, there was a significant negative correlation(p<0.05), in which stronger saltiness lower acidity. On the other hand, acidity and HC odor showed a significantly positive correlation(p<0.05). Furthermore, the L value showed a significantly negative correlation(p<0.05) with HC odor.
Consumers' Willingness to Pay for Price Increases by the Expansion of GMO Labeling
Han, Jae-Hwan ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 338~344
This study analyzed consumers' willingness to pay for price increases to avoid the purchase of GM foods by the expansion of GMO labeling. The subjects were asked about their knowledge of GM, concerns of potential hazards, and sources of obtained GM information. The logit model was employed and marginal effects were calculated to interpret the results. The results showed that consumers who perceived the safety of GM technology were less likely to pay for price increases, while consumers who had concerns about GM foods were more likely to pay. In addition, the study demonstrated that consumers residing in urban areas and with low levels of education and income were also less likely to pay for price increases.
Effect of Seasoning Condition and Fruit Extracts Level on the Quality Characteristics of Venison Jerky
Yang, Cheul-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 345~351
The principal objectives of the experiments in this study were to assess the quality of venison jerky made from Elk deer (female, weight; 380 kg, age; 15 old years) in accordance with various seasoning sauce and mixture fruit extract level. Salinity, saccharinity and acidity values of the seasoning sauces were all high(VJ-1; 3.72%), (VJ-3; 3.95%), (VJ-1; 0.35%). The salinity range of the venison jerky products was 5.65~5.92%, the saccharinity range was 3.75~4.18%, and the seasoning sauce samples resulted in a significant difference in acidity values(p<0.05). Crude protein, fat and ash contents of the venison jerky products satisfied the Korean jerky standard value, but the moisture content range was 36.18~38.59%, and this was also in excess of the jerky standard level. The manufacturing yield was 42.24~44.48%, with VJ-1 at lowest levels followed by VJ-2 and VJ-3. The pH value of VJ-1 was high, but not significantly higher than the other samples(p>0.05). The water activity value range was measured at 0.68~0.71, and the lightness(L) and redness(a) value evidenced marked increases with increased amounts of added sodium nitrite(p<0.05), and the yellowness(b) values did not significantly differ(p>0.05). The overall sensory acceptance scores ranged between 5.53~7.49, in the order VJ-3, VJ-2, VJ-1(p<0.05).
Simple Rapid Quality Estimation Method in Black and White Pepper Grounds by Determination of Volatile Oil Content
Lee, Mi-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 352~356
In this study, we evaluated black pepper seed and white pepper seed for the following compounds: piperine content was determined by HPLC, and volatile oil content was determined via the Soxhlet method in before/after heat-treated samples, and total volatile material contents were determined via the SDE(Linkens-Nikens type simultaneous steam distillation and extraction apparatus) method. As a result, differences were noted in the black and white pepper seeds according to the constituent components, growing district, and whether the species was indigenous to Indonesia or India. We concluded that the differences in taste were attributable to the differences in the volatile material contents in black and white peppers. We also assessed these three determination results, and found that they were directly correlated. The volatile oil contents were determined by the Soxhlet method, which was a rapid, simple, and accurate method. We concluded that this method should prove to be an effective determination method in the quality control of black and white peppers.
The Relationship Between Plasma Antioxidant Levels and Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors in Male Workers
Cho, Sang-Woon ; Paek, Yun-Mi ; Kang, Ji-Yeon ; Park, Yoo-Kyoung ; Choi, Tae-In ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 357~366
The principal objective of this study was to evaluate the association between plasma antioxidant levels and metabolic syndrome in male workers, and to provide basic information regarding the control and prevention of metabolic syndrome. We analyzed 163 male workers who had participated in annual medical examinations from January to December 2007. The subjects were classified into normal and metabolic syndrome groups according to the NCEP-ATP III criteria and the Asia-Pacific criteria for waist circumference. Anthropometric parameters, lifestyles, blood lipid profiles, and antioxidant levels were evaluated. As compared to the normal group, the metabolic syndrome group evidenced significantly higher plasma levels of
- tocopherol(p<0.05) and retinol(p<0.05), but significantly lower plasma levels of lycopene(p<0.05) and
-carotene(p<0.05). This tendency was found to be predominantly attributable to increases in the number of metabolic syndrome components. In our simple regression analysis, higher plasma levels of
=0.001, p<0.01) and retinol(
=0.021, p<0.001) were associated with significantly higher risks of metabolic syndrome, but lycopene(
=-1.499, p<0.01) and
=-0.048, p<0.01) were associated with significantly lower risks of metabolic syndrome. Retinol(
=0.013, p<0.05) and
=-0.044, p<0.01) were associated significantly with metabolic syndrome, when adjusted for age and BMI. These data indicate that the plasma levels of
-tocopherol, retinol, lycopene, and
-carotene are associated with metabolic syndrome. Specifically, low lycopene and
-carotene levels in the plasma appear to increase the risk of metabolic syndrome. Therefore, proper nutritional education programs for male workers are required to increase dietary intakes of antioxidant vitamins. Further studies will be necessary to determine whether antioxidant levels can be utilized as a predictive or a preventive factor.
Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities of Ethyl Acetate Extract from Scutellaria baicalensis
Kim, Yong-Hyun ; Paek, Jong-Yoon ; Kwon, Hyun-Jung ; Lee, Jae-Woo ; Yoon, Ok-Hyun ; Han, Man-Deuk ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 367~376
This study aimed to determine the antioxidant and antibacterial effects of solvent extracts from Scutellaria baicalensis. The S. baicalensis was successively extracted with 5 kinds of solvents. The obtained samples were as follows; hexan fraction (IPK-1), chloroform fraction(IPK-2), ethyl acetate fraction(IPK-3), butanol fraction(IPK-4), and water fraction(IPK-5). These extracts were determined to process antibacterial effects using a paper disc method against 18 species of human pathogenic bacteria, antioxidant activity using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) method and inhibiting ability of linoleic acid autoxidation. Extracts of S. baicalensis has shown selective antibacterial effects on various strains of bacteria. Ethyl acetate fraction(IPK-3) showed the highest antimicrobial activity against selective bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus 285, S. aureus 503. In antioxidant activity test, free radical scavenger activity of IPK-3 fraction was 92% compared with BHA at the same concentration, while lipid peroxidation inhibition was 48%. These results suggest that IPK-3 fraction of S. baicalensis could be suitable in development of antimicrobial and antioxidant agents.
Effects of the Low Temperature and Low Salt Solution on the Quality Characteristics of Salted Chinese Cabbage
Lee, Seog-Won ; Cho, Sun-Rae ; Han, Sung-Hee ; Rhee, Chul ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 377~386
The principal objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of temperature and salt concentration on the physicochemical properties of salted Chinese cabbage. Salted Chinese cabbage samples were prepared with various concentrations of salt(4, 5, 6 and 7%), and were stored for 10 days at three temperatures(8, 14, and
). The salting ratio of Chinese cabbage evidenced a decreasing trend regardless of the salting temperature and salt concentration, and their decrement appeared relatively high as the salting temperature increased. The period required to achieve a critical salting ratio(85%) decreased with increases in the salt concentration at
, and a similar trend was observed at lower temperatures(8 and
). The salinity of all samples evidenced an increasing trend during the salting period, and at
, in particular, a continuous increment was observed. At salt concentrations of 4%, the critical salinity(2.2%) was not achieved regardless of the temperature and salting period. The pH of salted Chinese cabbage achieved critical pH in 3 days at a salting temperature of
, but the critical pH 5.5 of samples at 8 and
appeared after a long period of approximately 4 to 10 days. The average hardness values of salted Chinese cabbage at a salting ratio of 85% were approximately 1.49 MPa, 1.87 MPa, and 1.97 MPa, respectively, at three temperatures(
). The initial reducing sugar content of cabbage juice was 11.8 mg/
, and this value decreased substantially to 3 to 5 mg/
on day 1.
Effect of Heat Treatment Conditions on the Characteristics of Gel Made from Arrowroot Starch in Korea Cultivars
Lee, Seog-Won ; Kim, Hyo-Won ; Han, Sung-Hee ; Rhee, Chul ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 387~395
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of starch concentrations and heating conditions on the gel characteristics of arrowroot starch. Arrowroot starch gels with various pHs, and starch concentrations, were prepared using different temperatures and heating times, and then stored for 24 hrs at
. The hardness of sample gels made at pH 2.0 and 4.0 increased as the starch concentration increased from 7% to 10%, with the maximum value of 94 N being obtained when the gel was prepared at pH 4.0 with a starch concentration of 10%. The maximum hardness of samples prepared with concentrations of starch ranging from 7~9% appeared at
, regardless of the heating temperature and time. Furthermore, the hardness of samples prepared at greater than
was relatively lower than that of samples prepared at other temperatures. When a starch concentration of 8% was used, the degree of gelatinization(DR) increased as the heating temperature increased, with the maximum value of DR being about 76% at
, regardless of heating time. After storage for 24 hrs, the hardness of samples prepared at
appeared to decrease, while that of samples prepared at
increased. The correlation between hardness and the degree of gelatinization or retrogradation was very high when samples were prepared at
with a starch concentration of 9%, as indicated by a correlation coefficient of greater than 0.95. Overall, the microstructures of freeze-dried arrowroot starch gel were composed of a continuous network of amylose and amylopectin with fragmented ghost structures in an excluded phase, but these ghost structures were more evident after storage and with increased heating temperature.
Identification of Microorganisms from Eggs in Hypermarket in the Northern Gyeonggi Area
Chun, Myoung-Sook ; Hong, Seung-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 396~401
Microorganisms or their toxins can be transferred to eggs and cause food poisoning in humans. Therefore, this study was conducted to detect microbial contamination of eggs and to identify microorganisms in any contaminated eggs. Four different brands of eggs were collected from hypermarkets in the northern Gyeonggi area. The total bacterial counts on the shells of the eggs varied greatly between brands. In addition, various bacterial species including Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas mendocina, Alcaligenes xylosoxidans, Alcaligenes faecalis, and Enterobacter cloacae were identified on eggshells. Furthermore, mean of total bacterial counts of four brands was
and E. coli was detected on the eggshell of one brand egg. However, Salmonella was not identified on all brands of collected eggs. We also demonstrated that the E. coli isolated from the eggshell was not pathogenic based on the absence of pathogen-specific gene expression patterns. Taken together, the result of this study indicate that strict quality control and improved distribution controls are required to decrease microbial contamination and improve human health.
Quality Characteristics of Sulgiddeok with Different Commercial Rice Flours
Han, Sook-Kyoung ; Rho, Jeong-Ok ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 402~408
The study assessed the quality characteristics of Sulgiddeok with self-made and commercially-available rice flours during a 1-day storage at ambient temperature(
). The nutritional components, color value, physical tests, internal structure as revealed by scanning electron microscopy SEM, and sensory evaluation of Sulgiddeok were determined. Sulgiddeok prepared with self-made rice flour and two commercial rice flour were designated as sample A, B, and C, respectively. Moisture content, crude protein, crude lipid, and pH did not differ significantly among the preparations. Sweetness was highest in sample B(p<0.01) and crude ash was highest in sample A(p<0.001). L color, a value, and b value was highest in sample B, C, and C, respectively. Texture property analysis showed that hardness, gumminess, and chewiness tended to decrease during the 1-day storage, while adhesiveness, springiness, and cohesiveness tended to increase. Sensory characteristics of color, flavor, chewiness, gumminess, externals, and overall quality of sample A were superior to samples B and C. However, softness was highest in sample B. The internal structure of Sulgiddeok was preserved in sample A. It is concluded that rice flour B can make Sulgiddeok comparable to that prepared using self-made rice flour.
Evaluation of the Recognition and Intake of Trans Fat by Middle School Students in the Ulsan Area
Jeong, Eun-Young ; Park, Sun-Byeong ; Seo, Ok-Jin ; Song, Jae-Chul ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 409~415
This study was conducted to determine how well middle school students in the Ulsan area recognize trans fat and the amount of these compounds that they consume in their daily life. Students who recognized trans fat well could also identify trans fat contents on the nutrition label. However, recognition of trans fat was not associated with its intake. Students who thought it was necessary to learn about trans fat in school showed a tendency to consume less trans fat or to make more efforts to reduce its intake. Additionally, a preference for snacks had a significant influence on recognition and intake of trans fat. The overall, the following conclusions could be drawn from this study: 1) It is necessary for continuous efforts to teach students how to take snacks correctly and help them form good dietary habits both at home and school. 2) Both development of basic educational materials and the systematic education about trans fat at home and school are urgently needed to instill good dietary habits regarding trans fat. 3) It is highly recommended that the school meal service should take students' preferences into consideration and provide them with good nutrition and a balanced diet, and efforts should be made to contribute to the formation of good dietary habits.
Effect of Pork Meat Oligopeptides as a Foodstuff for Experimental Hepatitic Rats
Kim, Jong-Hee ; Hong, Soon-Kwang ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 416~420
A formula diet based on pork meat oligopeptides(pork meat protein hydrolysates) was designed for experimental hepatitic rats. The rats were given D-galactosamine for 6 days. During this period, the rats were provided with a 12% casein diet or the formula diet which was low in aromatic amino acids and rich in branched chain amino acids. The formula diet was prepared using pork meat oligopeptides as the principal nitrogen source. The hepatitic rats given the formula diet had lower plasma GOT and GPT concentrations. Additionally, the fischer ratio of the plasma was significantly lower in those rats. However, there was no significant difference in the plasma insulin-like growth factor-I concentration before and after acid-ethanol extraction among groups. These results suggest that the formula diet was better for the animals than the casein diet. Furthermore, these findings suggest that pork meat oligopeptides are an excellent material for preparation of formula diets for patients suffering from hepatitis.
The Study on Blood Lipid Levels according to the Food Habits and Food Intake Patterns in Korean Elderly
Kim, Ok-Sun ; Ryu, Hye-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 421~429
The purpose of this study was to analyze the eating habits and food intake patterns to elucidate the relationship between on blood lipid levels. The subjects based on the nutrition counseling data of medical health examination. The subjects were 774 adults(448 males and 326 females). Survey samples were divided by age
years. The subjects were 774 adults(448 males and 327 females). Survey samples were divided by age
years. Blood samples were analyzed for total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides(TG), LDL-cholesterol. The results showed there were significant difference frequency of overeating meal and total cholesterol(p<0.05), meal frequency, regularity of meals, frequency of meal out, eating breakfast, speed of meal et eating habits and blood lipid levels not significant difference. However, food intake patterns were significant difference in some kind of food such butter and cream bakery but there were not significant relationships between eggs, cod roe, Chinese foods, fried foods, Gal-bi-tang, Sun-ji-soup and blood lipid levels. Eating habits and food intake patterns was do not seem to be cause for blood lipid level in Korean elderly.
Evaluation of Nutrient Intake and Bone Status of Female College Students according to the Calorie Consumption from Coffee Containing Beverage
Yeon, Jee-Young ; Bae, Yun-Jung ; Kim, Myung-Hee ; Jo, Hye-Kyung ; Kim, Eun-Young ; Lee, Ji-Sun ; Kim, Mi-Hyun ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 430~442
This study was designed to investigate the relationship between the dietary intake according to calorie intake from a coffee containing beverage and the bone health status of 189 female collegians. The study was conducted through questionnaires, anthropometric checkup, 3-days food records and ultrasound measurement of calcaneus bone mineral density. Subjects were divided into three groups: students not drinking coffee(non-coffee group, N=56), students consuming <100 kcal daily from coffee(low-calorie coffee group, N=84), and students consuming
kcal of their total daily calories from coffee(high- calorie coffee group, N=49). There were no significant differences in weight, height, body mass index, body fat and calcaneus bone mineral density among the three groups. The low-calorie coffee group usually drank black coffee or instant coffee mix, and the high-calorie coffee group habitually drank coffee with milk or sugar syrup. There were no significant differences in the mean daily energy and food intake among the three groups. However, vitamin
(p<0.05) and calcium (p<0.01) intake in the high-calorie coffee group were higher than in the non-coffee group. Also, mean intake of sugars, fish and shellfishes, milks and beverages in the high-calorie coffee group were also significantly higher than in non coffee group(p<0.05). There was no significant difference in the Korean Dietary Diversity Score(KDDS) among the three groups. The main calcium source was milk in all three groups, and milk intake(total and included with coffee) was highest in the high-calorie coffee group. Although no significant difference was apparent between the high-calorie and non-coffee groups concerning anthropometric factors and calcaneus bone mineral density, consumption of coffee may have influenced food and nutrient intake. The results suggest that consumption of milk-supplemented coffee may be of nutritional benefit.
Effect of Sweeteners on the Quality Properties of Kakdugi
Pak, Hee-Ok ; Sohn, Chun-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 443~448
In this study, we investigated the effects of sweeteners on the quality of Kakdugi through the addition of 1.8% sugar, 0.006% sodium saccharin or 0.006% stevioside using a physicochemical test and sensory evaluation during fermentation at
. The addition of sugar to Kakdugi resulted in the lowest pH and the highest total acidity relative to the control and experimental groups during the fermentation period. The number of lactic acid microorganism gradually increased and then decreased. The sensory evaluation revealed that the addition of sodium saccharin to Kakdugi resulted in the highest sweet smell and taste followed by the addition of stevioside. The addition of sodium saccharin to Kakdugi showed the highest sweet taste and the best texture, and the sweetness compensated for the sour smell and taste.
The Quality and Potential of DHEA Formation after the Addition of Diosgenin of Yam(Dioscorea spp.) during the Fermentation of Soybean Paste
Jang, Sang-Moon ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 449~455
The principal objective of this study was to determine the quality and potential of DHEA formation after the addition of diosgenin of yam(Dioscorea spp.) during the fermentation of soybean paste. All samples were divided into three groups based on the variety of yam. In sample A, the soy source was not separated from soybean paste and in sample B, the soybean source was separated from soybean paste. The range in salt concentration in the samples was as follows : sample A: 10.5~11.8%, samples B: 7.9~8.8%. However, no substantial differences between the two samples, in terms of salt content, were observed. The crude protein and crude lipid content were found to decrease with the fermentation time of soybean paste(passage of 30 days: 26.4~32.3% and 4.45~5.90%, passage of 60 days: 24.5~28.5% and 3.95~4.90%, respectively). As the fermentation time of soybean paste increased, the nitrogen from amino compounds increased(passage of 30 days: 531.9~687.7 mg%, passage of 60 days: 551.3~706.8 mg%). In regards to color and preference, sample B, where the soy source was separated from soybean paste, was better than sample A, where the two components were not separated. After a soybean paste fermentation time of 60 days, the diosgenin of yam, which was added to the soybean paste, was not detected in tested samples, and the contents of DHEA formation in soybean paste were as follows: sample A:
, sample B:
Extracts of Adlay, Barley and Rice Bran have Antioxidant Activity and Modulate Fatty Acid Metabolism in Adipocytes
Park, Tae-Sik ; Lee, Su-Yeon ; Kim, Hyun-Jin ; Kim, Kyung-Tack ; Kim, Young-Jun ; Jeong, In-Hye ; Do, Wan-Nyo ; Lee, Hye-Jeong ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 456~462
Adlay, barley and rice bran were extracted using various concentrations of methanol(10% and 80%) and chloroform : methanol(2 : 1) to examine the biological activities of these raw grains. Extraction with 80% methanol resulted in high Vitamin C Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity(VCEAC), in the order of barley > rice bran > adlay, as determined by DPPH and ABTS assays. In addition, the extracts of adlay and rice bran showed high cellular antioxidant activity in HepG2 cells possibly due to the presence of polyphenol glycosides in these grains. We examined the expression of glucose/fatty acid metabolizing genes in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocyte cells. Glut1 was downregulated after treatment with rice bran and no changes in the expression of Glut4 was observed. In contrast, genes involved in fatty acid metabolism, CD36 and aP2, were upregulated. Since these physiological changes were matched with peroxisome proliferator activating receptor
) agonism, we suggest that the extracts from adlay, barley and rice bran may play preventive roles against aging and diabetes via antioxidant activity and increased uptake of fatty acids by adipocytes.
Perception and Preference of Korean Gruel among Housewives
Nam, Hae-Won ; Pyun, Jin-Won ; Hyun, Young-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 463~469
This study was carried out to investigate the perception and preference of the Korean gruels. The survey was conducted among housewives living in Seoul and Gyeonggi province using a questionnaire during September 2008. The responses of 313 housewives were analyzed by SPSS program. The results were as follows. The gruel served as a dainty or therapeutic diet. Among the subjects, 37.2% liked gruel because of 'special treat' or 'easy to digest', The reason of dislike of gruel was absence of chew or cumbersome cooking. They usually cooked gruel at home, and considered that goods on the market were expensive or unsanitary. The highly perceptive gruel was Potjook, Dakjook, Hobakjook. Jeonbokjook, Hobakjook, Dakjook were mostly preferred in order. Socio-demographic factors didn't affect the awareness of gruel, but there were significant correlations between the preference of gruel and the state of employment or monthly income. It is necessary to develop various and convenient to cook gruels to be consumed, riding on the trend of well-being and slow-food.
Evaluation of Quality of Glazed Spanish Mackerel in Teriyaki Sauce Added Lemon and Ginger Juice by Sous vide Cook-Chill System - Focus on the Physicochemical and Sensory Quality -
Kim, Heh-Young ; Ko, Sung-Hee ; Lee, Kyung-Yeoun ; Park, Hwa-Yyun ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 470~477
In this study, we evaluated the physicochemical and sensory quality of Glazed Spanish Mackerel in Teriyaki sauce containing added lemon juice and ginger juice using a Sous vide Cook-Chill method. The products were stored at below
and then its physicochemical and sensory quality was estimated after varous storage periods(0, 5, 10, 15 days). Measured extent of 40.91~52.04% in extent and reheating after of 42.35~54.40% when moisture content and did not significant by storage period in all sample are until save 15 days. The VBN was increased as the storage period increased. A similar trend was observed after reheating, and while lemon juice additions was significantly low on 15 days(p<0.01). Based on the results of the sensory evaluation, the Teriyaki sauces containing the added lemon juice additions were evaluated that had a better sensory quality is excellent in external appearance, flavor, taste, texture, and acceptability than the control group, and while were the evaluated excellently in overall flavor and taste in occasion of were found to be excellent after the addition of ginger juice.