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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Study on the Nutritional Components of Non-Fermented Rice Bran and Fermented Rice Bran
Choi, Hyun-Im ; Lee, Bok-Kyu ; Kim, Soo-Jung ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~7
In this study, nutritional analysis was done on regular rice bran and fermented rice bran toward increasing their availability and use. Regular and fermented rice bran were extracted 10 times at
for 4 hours each with water, extracted with 60% ethanol at
for 4 hours, then concentrated and extracted twice by freeze-drying. When rice bran was fermented, moisture, protein, and ash contents increased, while fats and carbohydrates decreased. Out of fatty acids, the saturated fatty acid content of regular rice ran was found to be 17.7%, and 20.5% when fermented while the unsaturated fatty acid components of rice ran and fermented rice bran were found to be 82.3 and 79.5%, respectively. In both kinds of bran, palmitic acid, oleic acid and linoleic acid represented over 90% of the fatty acid content. In rice bran the fatty acid composition was 15.1% palmitic acid, 40.6% oleic acid and 39.5% linoleic acid, while that of fermented rice bran was 13.2% palmitic acid, 43.2% oleic acid and 31.3% linoleic acid. Out of free sugars fermented rice bran contained 0% fructose, 0.0099% glucose, 0.0039% maltose and 0.3233% sucrose. These results with which those of regular rice bran were silmilar were according to the normal sugar composition of rice in general. The vitamin C content of rice bran was 53 mg/100 g and that of fermented rice bran 7 mg/100 g. In neither kind of rice bran was vitamin A detected. Out of 18 minerals analyzed, Ca, K, Mg, and Mn were the most abundant minerals in both kinds of rice bran. Fermented rice bran had a higher K content with 3,163 mg/100 g, than normal rice bran, Mg content was 1,178 mg/100g. Fermented rice bran had a higher total mineral content.
Rheological Properities of Bread Dough Made from Cordyceps militaris Powder
Kim, Chang-Seob ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 2010, Pages 8~14
This study was carried out to develop an optimum baking formula and baking process for a new bread raw material with added Cordyceps militaris powder, which has been known to prevent various adult diseases and cancers. The rheological properities of dough made from Cordyceps militaris powder-wheat flour with 0, 1, 2, and 3% Cordyceps militaris powder added-were investigated. A farinogram showed that the water absorption and weakness value of dough increased with added Cordyceps militaris powder, but development time and dough stability were decreased. An extensogram showed that resistance to extension was increased in bread with 1% Cordyceps militaris powder, but decreased in bread with 2% and, 3% powder. Extensibility decreased fermentation progressed. An amylogram showed that gelatinization point was increased but maximum viscosity was decreased with added Cordyceps militaris powder. With increased amounts of powder dough volume during fermentation was reduced. The change in pH values of dough after mixing, fermentation, and proofing decreased with increased amounts of added powder.
Functional Activities of Ethanol Extracts from Flammulina velutipes
Oh, Se-In ; Lee, Mee-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 2010, Pages 15~22
This study was conducted to evaluate the antioxidative effect and antimutagenic capacity of ethanol extracts of Flammulina velutipes by employing biological and biochemical assays. The
of MDA with BSA conjugation reaction, lipid peroxidation and scavenging effect on DPPH radical in ethanol extracts of Flammulina velutipes was found to be 28.39 mg/assay, 9.33 mg/assay and 144.61 mg/assay respectively. Therefore, the most effective antioxidative capacity of ethanol extracts of Flammulina velutipes was
-induced linoleate peroxidation, among the method used this study. The indirect and direct antimutagenic effects of the ethanol extracts of Flammulina velutipes were examined by the Ames test using Salmonella typimurium TA98 and TA100. The inhibition rates on indirect mutagenicity mediated by 2-anthramine and on direct mutagenicity mediated by sodium azide in Salmonella typimurium TA100 and mediated by 2-nitrofluorene in Salmonella typimurium TA98 were 0%, respectively. These findings indicate that ethanol extracts of Flammulina velutipes have no effects on indirect and direct mutagenicity. Based on these results, it believed that the ethanol extracts of Flammulina velutipes has antioxidative capacities, and is a the candidate for the prevention and dietetic treatment of chronic diseases and the development of antioxidative functional food.
Extraction of Natural Red Color Pigment Concentrate and Manufacturing Characteristics of Pigment Powder from Purple-Fleshed Sweet Potato
Koo, Bon-Soon ; Song, Dae-Sik ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 2010, Pages 23~29
Pigment concentrates with violet-red color and sweet taste were obtained from purple-fleshed sweet potato(PFSP) using ethyl alcohol and water. Extract from general potato(GP) were used as a control. The relative stability of PFSP pigment concentrate(PFSPPC) in a storage test over 15 days was confirmed in the order of dark > fluorescence > sun-light irradiation. The relative stability of GP pigment concentrate(GPPC) in a storage test over 15 days was confirmed in the order of sun-light > fluorescence > dark storage. The RRP of PFSPPC was higher than that of GPPC, but the color strength of GPPC was 1/2 that of PFSPPC. Treatment of PFSPPC with aluminum potassium sulfate(0.2~0.3%, w/w) best improved its stability. The improved RRPs of PFSPPC were 45.16~47.31% in sun light irradiation, 55.91~60.22% in fluorescence irradiation, and 76.34~75.97% in dark storage conditions. In substituting aluminum potassium sulfate for chitosan, an amount of 0.2~0.3%(w/w) was suitable, giving similar results in improving pigment stability for all concentrates tested. Also, freeze-dried PFSPPC powder was manufactured as a substitute for dextrin, and also as a substitute for chitosan to the extent of 0.25%(w/w). The results of storage stabilite for freeze-dried PFSPPC and GPPC powder over 15 days, irradiation were, PRRs of 74.47~89.36% and 61.54~76.92%, respectively. The stability improving effect of freeze dried PFSPPC powder was confirmed by the results of storage experiments at various conditions. The use of freeze-dried PFSPPC powder was therefore confirmed to be an effective treatment for general foods.
The Effects of Vitamin C on the Activity of Liver Enzymes and Hepatic Damage in Rats Treated with Radiation and Aflatoxin
Kang, Jin-Soon ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 2010, Pages 30~38
This study was conducted to determine the effects of vitamin C on the activity of liver function enzymes and electromicrographic changes in white rats treated with aflatoxin
or X-ray and
. Six week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups: a control group,
treated group with vitamin C, X-ray and
co-treated group, X-ray and
co-treated group with vitamin C. On the first day of the experiment, only one dose of X-rays was exposed to the entire liver at 1,500 cGy. Next, vitamin C was injected at 10 mg/kg body weight by intraperitoneal injection, followed 1 hr later by the administration of 0.4 mg/kg of
by intraperitoneal injection. These treatments were then administered every three days over a period of 15 days. On the 16th day of treatments, the animals were sacrificed. Analysis of the activity of the liver function enzymes, GOT, ALK phatase and LDH, in the sera of rats revealed that they were somewhat increased by
treatment, X-ray and
co-treatment when compared to the control group. Furthermore, the activity of these enzymes decreased in response to administration of vitamin C. Especially, the levels of GOT were remarkably decreased in the
treated group treated with vitamin C when compared to the group treated with
alone(p<0.001). Electromicrographic analysis revealed cloudy swelling, necrosis, vesicular degeneration and fat accumulation of hepatocytes in response to treatment with
or co-treatment with X-ray and
. However, the destruction of hepatic cells was considerably lower in the vitamin C-treated group. These results indicate that vitamin C had ameliorating effects on the hepatic cell damage.
Retarding Retrogradation of Korean Rice Cakes(Karedduk) with a Mixture of Trehalose and Modified Starch Analyzed by Avrami Kinetics
Kim, Sang-Sook ; Chung, Hae-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 2010, Pages 39~44
Retarding retrogradation of Korean rice cakes(Karedduk) with a mixture of trehalose and Sun-Tender added, after 0, 24, and 48 hr of storage at
, was analyzed by Avrami kinetics. A central composite design was used for arrangement of treatment. The two independent variables selected for retarding retrogradation analysis were amounts of trehalose(x) and Sun-Tender(y). Trehalose was added at 0, 3, 6, 9, and 12% levels, and Sun-Tender added at 0, 0.3, 0.6, 0.9, and 1.2% levels, to dry rice flour. The Avrami exponent(n) for the mixtures of 9% trehalose and 0.3% Sun-Tender, and 9% trehalose and 0.9% Sun-Tender were lower than in the control. The time constant(1/k) for the mixture of trehalose and Sun-Tender was higher than in the control. The effect of retarding retrogradation of Korean rice cakes with added mixtures of trehalose and Sun-Tender showed an increasing trend as the amount of trehalose increased. These results suggest that adding a mixture of 9% trehalose and 0.3% Sun-Tender, or 9% trehalose and 0.9% Sun-Tender to Korean rice cakes(Karedduk) is effective for retarding retrogradation.
Soluble Characteristics of Deer Young Antler, Deer antler, Oystershell, Crabshell and Eggshell to Organic Acid
Ann, Yong-Geun ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 2010, Pages 45~51
The 2%, 3% of deer young antler, deer antler, oystershell, crabshell, eggshell were add into the 5%, 10%, 15% solution of glacial acetic acid and vinegar and after incubating it for 4 days at
respectively, solubility was analyzed. The result shows the difference was minute between glacial acetic acid and vinegar. In the 2% content of deer young antler, solubility was 42~47%, in the 3% content of it, solubility was 41~47%, with the acid concentration becoming higher, solubility increased slightly. In the 2% content of deer antler, solubility was 59~63%, in the 15% content of acid, solubility rather decreased. In the 2% content of oystershell, solubility was 85~96%, in the 3% content, solubility was 95~98%, in the 15% of acid density, it decreased. In the 2% content of crabshell, solubility was 79~88%, in the 3% content, solubility was 81~95%, and in case that acid density was high, solubility increased rather slightly. In the 2% content of eggshell, solubility was 84~96%, in the 3% content, solubility was 84~93%. When young deer antler and deer antler were heated for two hours at
, solubility increased 19~24%, and in the case of crabshell, 10~11% increased. The above result and condition, and the result of pH and acidity don't have much influence on solubility. Thus, the 5% of acidity was enough to melt the 3% of sample. Highest were glacial acetic acid and vinegar in solubility to the various organic acid, and wax gourd vinegar melted the 85% of oystershell, the 78% of crabshell, the 28% of the deer young antler, and in the precipitation was made. Citric acid melted the 57% of deer antler, but it was precipitated with all other samples. Ascorbic acid melted the 92% of eggshell, and did the 37~54% of other samples.
A Study of College Students' Actual Conditions of Using Coffee Shops and Choice Attributes - Focused on Seongnam Area -
Park, Kum-Mi ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 2010, Pages 52~62
This study investigated college students' patterns of visiting coffee shops which are formed by students' preferences. This study surveyed 300 college students in Seongnam. The subjects were consisted of 45.2% males and 54.8% females and the average age was 20.8 years. 41.3% of subjects visited coffee shops once or twice a month and 42.4% of subjects visited coffee shops on a random basis. 26.7% of subjects stayed in coffee shops for 1~1.5 hours. The main purpose of going to coffee shops was to enjoy specialty coffee. The subjects' first favorites was coffee with various kinds of syrups and second one was Americano. When the female subjects in Seongnam chose the coffee shops, they focused more on variety factors than the male subjects. The group of subjects who had monthly expenses of less than 400,000 won focused on price factors more than the group of subjects who had monthly expenses more than 400,000 won. Moreover, environmental factors were heavily related to the usage rate and staying time of the coffee shops. Above all, price factors and promotion factors affected subjects' choice of the coffee shops in Seongnam.
Screening and Optimal Culture Conditions of Antibiotic-Producing Actinomycetes B-51 for Multidrug Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii
Rhee, Moon-Soo ; Kim, Gwan-Pil ; Bang, Byung-Ho ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 2010, Pages 63~69
With the increase of the use of antibiotics and invasive procedures, infections caused by multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii(MRAB) are increasing. We screened the antibiotic producing strain B-51 for antibacterial activity against MRAB from the soils and studied the effects of culture medium on the antibiotic production of B-51. The medium conditions for maximum antibiotic productivity of B-51 was 2% glycerol, 0.5% soybean meal, 0.01%
at an initial pH of 6.0, at
for 76 h.
Effects of Culture Conditions of Rhizopus sp. ZB9 on the Production of Organic Acid During the Preparation of Rice Koji
So, Myung-Hwan ; Lee, Young-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 2010, Pages 70~75
This study was conducted to determine the influence of culture conditions such as temperature, time, water content, koji-thickness and agitation on the production of organic acid by Rhizopus sp. ZB9 isolated from Korean Nuruk during the preparation of rice koji, which is used in brewing the Korean rice wines, Takju and Yakju. Rice koji was made under different culture conditions, and the acidity of each koji was tested. The temperature range suitable for the production of organic acid was
, and 36~48 hours of cultivation at that temperature range seemed to produce the optimum results. The production of organic acid increased in proportion to the increase in water content of steamed rice from 25% to 60%. An increase in koji-thickness induced no adverse effects on the production of organic acid, and agitation-work during cultivation showed very beneficial effects.
Sensory Characteristics and Consumer Acceptance with Cookies Made with Chrysanthemum indicum L. Powder
Lee, Hye-Yeon ; Bae, Hyun-Joo ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 2010, Pages 76~83
This study was conducted to analyze sensory characteristics and consumer acceptance with cookies made using various levels(0, 2, 4, 6 and 8% w/w) of Chrysanthemum indicum L. powder. Ten panels assessed sensory characteristics using a 15-point hedonic scale and forty-five consumers evaluated their acceptance based on a 7-point hedonic scale and best-worst scaling. The descriptive analyses reveled that cookie flavor did not differ significantly between the 2% added sample and the control. Cookie color and after taste increased significantly, while hardness, roasted taste, and sweetness taste decreased significantly according to increasing Chrysanthemum indicum L. powder concentration. In addition, the results of consumer acceptance showed that the overall acceptability, appearance, color, flavor, and taste decreased significantly in response to increasing Chrysanthemum indicum L. powder concentration. However, color, flavor, taste and overall acceptance with cookies did not differ significantly differ between the 2% and 4% sample. Additionally, among the cookies made with Chrysanthemum indicum L. powder, the 2% sample received the highest scores. In conclusion, the sensory optimal ratio of Chrysanthemum indicum L. powder was 2% based on the descriptive analysis of sensory characteristics and the consumer-acceptance testing.
Efficient Storage of Gorosoe(Acer mono Max.) Sap by Gamma Irradiation
Seo, Sang-Tae ; Oh, Hye-Young ; Kang, Ha-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 2010, Pages 84~87
Effects of gamma irradiation on microbiological changes of Gorosoe sap were characterized during a post-irradiation storage at
. The aseptically collected sap was irradiated and stored at
for 0 to 60 days and analysed for standard plate counts and 16S rDNA. There were significant differences in the total number of colony forming units(CFUs) of bacteria between irradiated and non-irradiated control sap. Bacteria of non-irradiated sap were present at levels of
, whereas no viable microbial cells were detected in sap after 10 kGy of irradiation during storage. According to the 16S rDNA sequence analysis, bacterial community structures decrease with time and the most abundant strain was Pseudomonas species. Our results suggested that gamma irradiation can be used to enhance the shelf-life of Gorosoe sap.
Quality Characteristics of Brown Rice Dasik using Modified Potato Starch
Kim, Ae-Jung ; Joung, Kyung-Hee ; Han, Myung-Ryun ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 2010, Pages 88~93
The principal objective of this study was to evaluate the physicochemical characteristics of brown rice Dasik prepared with different 5 levels(0, 25, 50, 75, 100%) of modified potato starch powder. We assessed the general compositions, Hunter's color values, the mechanical characteristics, and conducted a sensory evaluation analysis of brown rice Dasik at room temperature(
). The more modified potato starch powder composition was increased, the content of ash, protein and fat were significantly decreased(p<0.05). We noted that the luminance of samples were increased the more modified potato starch powder composition was increased, but in Hunter's a and b values were decreased. With regard to the mechanical properties of the Dasik samples, we noted significant differences in hardness, gumminess, chewiness but no differences in springiness, cohesiveness and adhesiveness were detected. The more modified potato starch powder composition was increased, the more the score of hardness, gumminess and chewiness were higher. The results of sensory evaluation showed that there were significant differences on the color, sweetness, mouth-feel, chewiness, overall quality of the Dasik samples(p<0.05). The score of brown rice Dasik with 50%(w/w) modified potato starch(BM2) in color, mouth-feel, chewiness, overall quality were significantly increased than those of other samples.
Concept Mapping Analysis of Customers' Cafe Experience
Shin, Seo-Young ; Cha, Sung-Mi ; Chung, Ji-Yoon ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 2010, Pages 94~101
Concept mapping was used to understand the structure of customer's cafe experience. In January and February, 2009, interviews were conducted with 26 subjects residing in the Seoul-Gyeonggi area. One hundred-two statements describing cafe experience were extracted from the interview transcripts, and were sorted and rated for their importance. Concept mapping software was used to generate a concept map denoting seven dimensions of cafe experience('comfort', 'place of my own', 'pleasant atmosphere', 'personal coffee preference', 'service', 'uniqueness', and 'value'). The results provided meaningful dimensions of cafe customers' experience, which ought to be considered when planning a cafe.
A Survey of Dietary Behavior and Meal Balance of Preschool Children with ADHD Dispositions
Kim, Nam-Hee ; Kim, Mi-Hyun ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 2010, Pages 102~113
This study was conducted to investigate the relationship among dietary behavior, meal balance, and clinical symptoms related nutritional status and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) in preschool children. The survey was conducted using questionnaires and the subjects were 3~6 years old preschool children in Samcheok. Subjects were divided into an ADHD dispositions group(n=88) and a normal group(n=129) based on assessments conducted by the children's mother using the Abbreviated Conners's Parent Rating Scale. There was no significant difference in meal frequency, meal speed, meal regularity or meal balance between children with ADHD dispositions and the normal groups. The ADHD disposition group had a higher proportion of children with picky eating(p<0.05), too much snacking(p<0.05) and over eating (p=0.05) habits than the normal group. In addition, the ADHD dispositions group had a higher frequency of clinical symptoms such as 'breathlessness when going up stairs', 'sleeplessness', 'anxiety' and 'tiredness'. Overall, there was a significant relationship between ADHD disposition and dietary problems and clinical symptoms related to poor nutritional status in preschool children. Therefore, to prevent and treat ADHD in preschool children, proper dietary management such as correcting of picky eating, over snacking and overeating is needed.
Changes in Physicochemical Properties of Rice Extrudate Due to Added Isolated Soy Protein
Lee, Chan ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 2010, Pages 114~117
The effects of isolated soy protein(ISP) content on the physicochemical properties of extrudates from rice flour produced by a single-screw extruder were evaluated. The integrity index(II), nitrogen solubility index(NSI), rehydration ratio(RR), and density were measured as indices of the changes of physicochemical properties of rice extrudates. Increased amounts of ISP resulted in increased II but decreased RR and density. There was no change in the NSI value. It was concluded that the addition of ISP to the raw material could be helpful in texturization of rice extrudate.
Effects of Scutellaria baicalensis Extracts on Tyrosinase Gene Expression in B16 Melanoma Cells
Cho, Nam-Chul ; Bai, Suk ; Chin, Jong-Eon ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 2010, Pages 118~123
To estimate the regulatory effects of Scutellaria baicalensis extracts on melanin biosynthesis, we evaluated the regulatory effects of the tyrosinase gene on B16 melanoma cells. The results revealed that methanolic extracts of Scutellaria baicalensis resulted in a high increase in the expression of the tyrosinase gene. Specifically, treatment with extracts at concentrations of
resulted in increases in tyrosinase gene expression rates of approximately 231% and 256%, respectively, when compared to the control. Moreover, the solvent fraction layers(methylene chloride, ethyl acetate, butyl alcohol, water) improved the expression of the tyrosinase gene, but to a lesser degree than the methanolic extracts. An MTT assay revealed, that the methanolic extract exhibited very low cytotoxicities at
. Taken together, the results of this study indicated that the methanolic extracts of Scutellaria baicalensis was a very effective positive regulator of tyrosinase gene expression.
The Effect of Dogmeat Eating on Sanitation and Food Waste Consumption
Ann, Yong-Geun ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 2010, Pages 124~133
The total number of the dogs bred in Korea as of 2007 was 1,917,709, and among them, 77%, 1,476,776 dogs were edible dogs. Dogmeat has been legalized edible as food from Choseon dynasty, Daehan imperial state, Japan-occupied era till the present Korea. Dogs had been included in the article 2, Enforcement Ordinance of Processing and Disposal Rule of Livestock and Its Products until the end of Jan. 1979, but it was crossed out by the Notification No 3,005(Feb. 1 1979 effective) of the Minister of Agriculture and Marine Products, and as a result, the obligation that dogs should be slaughtered at the slaughtering ground was defunct. Thus, the arbitrarily dog slaughtering was empowered. As a matter of fact, the new law was not legalized in order to ban dogs from being slaughtered. The waste amount of slaughtered edible dogs amounts to 7,282 tons annually, and most of its waste from the arbitrarily-slaughtered dog is being illegally dumped without proper management and supervision. Edible dogs defecate 292,509 tons(calculates urine as dung) annually, but it is sanitarily disposed according to the Law of Management and Use of Livestock's Dung and Urine which took effective from Sep. 2009. Annual sales amount of edible dogs comes to 590 billion won on the basis of the shipment at breeding ground, but after passing through various level of marketing, and being processed as Gaesoju, and Boshintang, it forms 4 trillion won market when it reaches customers. The amount of food waste in Korea in 2007 came to 5,274,944 tons, and 633 billion won was spent for its disposal cost. Korean edible dogs of 1,476,776 heads consumed 1,266,705 tons, the 24% of total food waste. Edible dogs are the most effective means to convert food waste into food for man, not entailing the cost of disposal. On the other hand, pet dog culture brought about disposal cost, and the 51,188 dogs were abandoned at 2007, while 7 billion won was spent for the protection, euthanasia of them and the disposal of their dead bodies.