Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Changes of Quality Characteristics of Salt-Fermented Shrimp Prepared with Various Salts
Cho, Sun-Duk ; Kim, Gun-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 291~298
We has been researched physicochemical, sensory and microbiological characteristics of salt-fermented shrimps after making them with different kinds of salts such as domestic or imported and purified or solar salt. Physicochemical characteristics of salt-fermented shrimps on color, salinity and pH which was made by 6 kinds of salt did not show any difference in the overall processing. However, in case of amino-N content, it showed the higher level of its contents at the process of Korean solar salt comparing to other. In case of microbiological, the total viable cells was detected most from the Australian solar salt during the initial stage of fermentation, but after 12-week of fermentation, the Chinese solar salt showed the largest number of total viable cells. Also, it found the Korean solar salt contained the lowest level of coliforms, while it found the highest level of coliforms contents in Chinese solar salt. However, there were no significant differences of microbiological characteristics from the salt-fermented shrimp made with 6 kinds of salt(p<0.05). As a result of sensory quality on salt-fermented shrimps, domestic salts was higher than imported. But there were no significant difference of sensory quality from the salt-fermented shrimps made with 6 different kinds of salt(p<0.05).
Antimicrobial, Antioxidant and SOD-Like Activity Effect of Jubak Extracts
Kim, Tae-Young ; Jeon, Tae-Woog ; Yeo, Soo-Hwan ; Kim, Sang-Bum ; Kim, Jin-Sook ; Kwak, Joon-Soo ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 299~305
The purpose of this study was to investigate antimicrobial, antioxidant, DPPH radical scavenging and SOD-like activity effect of Jubak(AFC) extract using hot water and ethanol solvent. All extracts from Jubak(AFC) had antimicrobial activities in the Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. Antioxidant activities of the Jubak(AFC) using soybean oil emulsion was confirmed to be higher in the extract using ethanol and hot water than control and the antioxidant was practically effective when concentration of the Jubak was 200 ppm. Scavenging effect of DPPH radical of Jubak extracts showed inhibition effect was above 80%. SOD-like activity were higher in hot water extracts than in ethanol extracts. If keeping up Jubak's study, it could have potential as a cosmetic raw material. Additionally, Jubak could be expected as functional material in food by different extract method.
Protective Effect of Co-treatment of Lutein and Fucoidan Against AAPH-Induced Damage in THP-1 Cells
Lee, Keyong-Ho ; Yoon, Won-Ho ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 306~310
This study was designed to investigate the protective effect of the combination of fucoidan and lutein against AAPH-induced oxidative stress in THP-1 cells. The combination of fucoidan and lutein existed significant antioxidant effect on AAPH-damaged THP-1 cells by using lipid peroxidation and cellular antioxidant capacity assay. Fucoidan(
) and lutein(
) did not affect at all the viability of THP-1 cells, but protected the AAPH-damage of THP-1 cells at the same concentration. The viability of THP-1 cells was 0% with 1 mM AAPH alone, the protective effect of fucoidan(
) and lutein(
) was 37% and 36%, respectively. The combination of fucoidan(
) and lutein(
) exhibited significant inhibitory effect of lipid peroxidation using TBARS assay and cellular antioxidant capacity using DCFH-DA assay. In lipid peroxidation, the TBARS value of 1 mM AAPH alone was
MDA, its of the combination of fucoidan(
) and lutein(
MDA. In cellular antioxidant capacity, the combination of fucoidan(
) and lutein(
) exhibited significant cellular antioxidant capacity of 76%, whereas quercetin(
) as positive control exhibited the cellular antioxidant capacity of 32%. These results indicate that the cotreatment of fucoidan and lutein protects against AAPH-induced THP-1 cell damage by inhibiting lipid peroxidation, increasing cellular antioxidant capacity.
Effects of Paprika (Capsicum annuum L.) on Serum Lipid Profile and
-Tocopherol Concentration in Rats Fed a High-Cholesterol Diet
Park, Jae-Hee ; Noh, Sang-K. ; Kim, Chang-Soon ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 311~317
In conclusion, rats were fed diets containing either NC, HC, HC-FDP, HC-WEP, or HC-EEP for 6 weeks. At the 6th week, increases in body weight and visceral fat were lower in the paprika fed groups as compared to the HC group. Serum levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and atherogenic index values were significantly lower in the paprika diet fed groups than the HC group (p<0.05). In particular, the lipid lowering effects in the HC-EEP group were superior among the paprika fed groups. Also, serum
-tocopherol levels were lower in the control group compared to the paprika fed groups. The supplementation of paprika may exert lipid lowering effects and saving effect of
-tocopherol in the serum of high-cholesterol diet fed rats. However, it should be noted that the results are based on very small sample numbers and a short experimental period.
Screening of a Potent Antidementia Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitor-containing Fruits and Optimal Extraction Conditions
Lee, Eun-Na ; Song, Jung-Hwa ; Lee, Jong-Soo ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 318~323
Studies on the Changes in the Extraction of Phenolics and Color Characteristics by the Enzyme Treatment of Red Grape(Muscat Bailey A) Wine during Fermentation
Lee, Jeung-Yun ; Chae, Soo-Kyu ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 324~331
This study was designed to test the effects of enzyme treatments on the extraction of total phenolic compounds and on color characteristics in wines from domestic MBA(Muscat Bailey A) grapes. The total phenolic compound content of the MBA grape wine was
at 10 days of fermentation. Furthermore, MBA wines treated with 2%(v/v) of Pectinex and Viscozyme had 14.5%(p<0.05) and 3.8% increase, respectively, in total phenolic compound content by 10 days of fermentation. Pectinex treatment was more effective for phenolic levels than Viscozyme treatment. The L, a and b values of the MBA grape wine were 7.4, 9.2 and -1.2, respectively, by 10 days of fermentation. The values in case of Pectinex enzyme treatment were 7.0, 10.6 and -0.8, respectively, and these values were significantly different according to Pectinex treatment(p<0.05). But the values in case of Viscozyme enzyme treatment were 7.2, 9.8 and -1.1, respectively, and these values were not different according to Viscozyme treatment. The hue and color intensity values of the MBA grape wine were 0.492 and 0.785, respectively, by 10 days of fermentation. The values in case of Pectinex enzyme treatment were 0.460 and 0.881, respectively. And as a result of the Pectinex treatment, the hue value of wine was decreased and color intensity was increased slightly(p<0.05). But the values in case of Viscozyme enzyme treatment were 0.482 and 0.805, respectively, and these values were not different according to the Viscozyme treatment.
The Quality Characteristics of Fermented and Soaked Jujube Wine
Kim, Soon-Jin ; Chun, Myoung-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 332~341
The chemical composition characteristics of jujube wine using different preparation methods including extraction in -soju (25%) and fermentation were investigated. The jujube wine was prepared by soaking in soju using- whole fruit(WJ-S1) or seed-removed fruit(WJ-S2). Fermentations of the jujube wine were started by using whole fruit(WJ-F1), seed-removed fruit(WJ-F2) or extracts of whole fruit(WJ-F3) after adding 24% sucrose. The pH of all samples decreased from a range of 4.92~5.42 at the start time to 3.66~4.97 after 100 days. The treatment WJ-F3 showed the lowest pH among all treatments. Total acid content was 0.67~1.01% at the initial stage and then changed to 0.51~0.88% after 100 days. Total sugar and reducing sugar contents were 1.20~13.8% and 0.50~4.45% at initial stage and then changed to 1.53~4.52% and 1.75~3.82% after 100 days respectively. These sugars decreased during the preparation and fermentation of the jujube wine. The amounts of free sugars including fructose, glucose, and sucrose ranged from 1.53~4.52% and treatment WJ-F3 showed the highest amount(1.95~13.64%) compared the other treatment. Glucose level were high in treatment WJ-S1 and WJ-S2, and fructose was increased in treatments WJ-F1, WJ-F2, and WJ-F3 after 60 days. Amino nitrogen content was 0.02~0.11% after 20 days and 0.07~0.14% after 40 days respectively. Solid content was 2.68~7.76% at the initial fermentation stage and changed to 4.81~9.73% after 100 days. Hunter color(L values) were 88.45~96.74 at the initial stage and then changed to 92.62~100.45 after 100 days. Preference tests a significant difference between the two types (extraction and fermentation) of jujube wine. And treatment WJ-S2 received the highest preference scores among the all treatments.
A Study on the Dietary Behaviors of Day-Care Center Teachers and Their Meal Attitude Education during Meal Time in Jeonju Area of Korea
Rho, Jeong-Ok ; Lee, Suk-In ; Lee, Jin-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 342~351
This study was conducted to investigate the dietary behavior of day-care center teachers and their meal attitudes during meal time in Jeonju area. Self administered questionnaires were collected from 266 day-care center teachers who worked in a national(public) or private day-care center. The Statistical data analysis was conducted using SPSS v. 12.0. All subjects were women, and 64.7% were married(p<0.001), over more than 60% were junior college graduates(p<0.05), and 73.7% had salaries greater than 1,000,000 won(p<0.001). The breakfast skipping ratio of the subjects was very high, and about 66.5% of the respondents had irregular meals. The snack intake ratios of the subjects in private day-care centers were higher than the subjects in national(public) day-care centers(p<0.001). Approximately 56% of the subjects responded that education about eating is very important for providing balanced nutrition to young children. About 84% of subjects had no experience with the continuing-education program for teachers(p<0.01), and they wanted to know more about balanced nutrition. The meal attitude education score during meal time was
. The relationship between meal attitude education and the dietary behavior of day-care teachers was significantly different based on the "frequency of overeating"(p<0.05) and "self-recognition of eating habit"(p<0.05). These findings suggest that a nutrition education program for day-care center teachers should be developed so that they can effectively manage meal attitude education for young children and provide good nutrition for themselves.
Quality Properties of Appenzeller Cheese Containing Sasam(Codonopsis lanceolate) Wine
Choi, Hee-Young ; Park, En-Ha ; Yang, Chul-Ju ; Choi, Kap-Sung ; Kim, Hoi-Gyung ; Bae, In-Hyu ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 352~360
This study was performed to develop a Korean natural cheese with traditional medical wine, making it different from foreign natural cheese. The effects of cheese with Sasam(Codonopsis lanceolate) wine(CLW) on the quality properties during the ripening period of natural cheese were investigated. The properties investigated were growth of lactic acid bacteria, characteristics of ripening, and sensory characteristics. Four vats of cheese were made on the same day from the same tank of fresh milk. Cheese samples were prepared with CLW at 2.0%, 4.0% and 6.0% of raw milk. Changes in gross composition, viable cell counts, pH, water soluble nitrogen(WSN), non casein nitrogen(NCN), non protein nitrogen(NPN), and proteolysis during maturation were measured. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis(PAGE) patterns were determined with control cheese. Viable cell counts of control and CLW cheese were not significantly different. The pH of CLW cheese increased gradually during maturation, and saponin levels and levels of NPN, NCN, and WSN were higher in CLW cheeses than control cheese. For most compositional data, the 4.0% CLW cheese was most similar to the control cheese. The PAGE pattern of cheese caseins indicated that the CLW cheeses degraded more rapidly than the control cheese. Control and 2.0% CLW cheese had good sensory scores, while scores for 4.0% and 6.0% CLW cheese were lower. However, sensory data depreciated with added levels of CLW, especially at a level of 4.0% or more. Further studies on levels of CLW and processing methods are required to improve sensory quality.
Lipid Modulatory Functions of Cysteine Compounds Found in Genus Allium Plants in Diabetic Mice
Choi, Seong-Hee ; Park, Jeong-Ro ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 361~367
In this study, cysteine compounds found in genus Allium plants, including N-acetyl cysteine(NAC), S-allyl cysteine(SAC), S-ethyl cysteine(SEC), and S-methyl cysteine(SMC), were examined for effects on blood glucose, glucose tolerance, and plasma lipid concentrations in streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetic mice. In the mice, the ingestion of these cysteine compounds did not affect blood glucose levels significantly. However, their ingestion did improve the diabetic symptoms of polydipsia, polyphagia, polyuria, and weight loss. Glucose tolerance was also found to be improved in the STZ diabetic animals by feeding the cysteine compounds. Treatment of the compounds also caused a slight decrease in plasma concentrations of total cholesterol along with increases in HDL-cholesterol and slight decreases in LDL-cholesterol, resulting in a significant decrease in the atherogenic index of plasma in the diabetic animals. They also showed reductions of liver triglyceride content to relieve diabetic fatty liver syndrome. In summary, the cysteine compounds such as NAC, SAC, SEC, and SMC, found in genus Allium plants, had certain beneficial effects on blood glucose metabolism along with preventing abnormalities in lipid metabolism, a complication of diabetes, by improving the atherogenic index of plasma and fatty liver in STZ-induced diabetic mice.
A Study on Body Image and Dietary Habits by the Body Mass Index of Middle School Students in Chungnam
Cho, Hyun-Sun ; Choi, Mi-Kyeong ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 368~375
The purpose of this study was to provide basic informations for educating juveniles on desirable body image recognition by examining their body image recognition and comparing and finding problems according to gender and body mass index (BMI) in middle school students. The average age of the subjects was 15, their average height was 162.5 cm, their average weight was 53.5 kg, and their average BMI was
. Male students wanted to gain weight and female students wanted to lose weight. As for body shape, female students thought that they were fat more often than male students. Also the more overweight the students were, the higher their concerns and experiences toward weight control. Among weight control methods, exercise scored highest in all BMI groups. Over 80% of the respondents answered that their weight control effort were not systematic such as via professional counseling. As for the frequency of eating breakfast and dinner in female students, the more a student was overweight, the lower their frequency of eating breakfast and dinner. Many respondents answered that a typical meal time was '10~20 minutes'. The average eating habit score for all subjects was 38.0. The eating habit scores of male students were significantly higher than those of female students, and there were no significant differences among BMI groups. Eating habit score of 'I have more than two meals with rice everyday' in female overweight group was significantly higher than those of other two groups. These results indicate that the female students' degree of preference for a slim body shape were higher than those of male students. In addition, weight control by students is not systematic through professional counseling; instead they attempt to control their weight by themselves such as a meal skip, which lead to potential danger that they may lose weight carelessly. Therefore, correct body image recognition is greatly needed, and families and schools should make ceaseless efforts to help students properly control their weight and have correct eating attitudes.
Contents of Nucleic Acids(Nucleosides and Mono-Nucleotides) in Extracts of Pleurotus ostreatus, Agaricus bisporus and Flammulina velutipes
Kim, Myoung-Sook ; Kim, Gun-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 376~380
Mushrooms(Pleurotus ostreatus, Agaricus bisporus and Flammulina velutipes) are popular food sources in Korea, and have been reported as therapeutic foods, useful for preventing various diseases. In this study we researched HPLC conditions for the determination of nucleic acids in extracts of the three type of mushrooms. The method for nucleic acids analysis of mushrooms was developed using HPLC with UV detection. To determine the nucleic acids, mushroom extracts were extracted in hot water at
by reflux extraction for 1 hr. Then, the extracts were hydrolyzed by enzymes RP-1G and 50000G. The HPLC conditions were simple, rapid, and sensitive, and were applicable for the analysis of 4 nucleosides(cytidine, uridine, guanosine and inosine) and 3 mono-nucleotides(5'-CMP, 5'-UMP, and 5'-IMP) in the mushrooms. The nucleic acids in the mushrooms were cytidine, guanosine, inosine, uridine, 5'-CMP, 5'-IMP, and 5'-UMP. The analysis results for total nucleic acids in the mushroom extracts(Pleurotus ostreatus, Agaricus bisporus, and Flammulina velutipes) indicated levels of 25.28, 27.75, and 19.87 mg/g, respectively. In conclusion, this method can be used successfully for qualitative and quantitative analysis of nucleic acids in Pleurotus ostreatus, Agaricus bisporus, and Flammulina velutipes.
Lipid Composition and Differences in Crude Fat Contents in Wheat Flour and Dry Noodles according to Determination Methods
Lee, Mi-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 381~385
Five types of determination methods including the Soxhlet method as well as 3 kinds of extraction solvents, were used for the determination of accurate crude fat contents in wheat flour and 5 kinds of dry noodles. According to the results, crude fat contents were 0.09~1.37% in the wheat flour and 0.07~1.36% in the dry noodle samples. This variation resulted from the types of lipids in the wheat flour and various kinds of dry noodles. Nutrition facts labels showing crude fat contents in the 5 kinds of domestic dry noodle samples indicated levels of 0~1.5%. Lipid composition and content were determined in order to investigate these differences. The results indicated free lipid at 1.02% and bound lipids at 0.21% in the wheat flour, and free lipids at 0.95~1.01% and bound lipid at 0.21~0.25% in the wheat flour. Polar and nonpolar lipid contents were also measured in all samples. Neutral lipid, glycolipid and phospholipid contents in the free lipid were 58.5%, 33.6%, and 8.6% in the wheat flour, and 49.2~58.2%, 33.3~41.6%, and 8.5~9.3% in the dry noodle samples, respectively. For bound lipids, amounts were 16.7%, 33.5%, and 49.5% in the wheat flour, and 13.2~15.3%, 35.6~45.7%, and 41.6~49.4% in the dry noodle samples, respectively. Based on these results, an acid hydrolysis methods should be used to determine accurate crude fat contents in wheat flour and dry noodles.
Quality Characteristics of Sulgidduk Added with Black Ginseng Extracts
Kim, Ae-Jung ; Shin, Seung-Mee ; Jung, Jung-Suk ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 386~391
Sulgidduk samples containing control, 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2% black ginseng extracts and a control were examined for moisture content, color, textural characteristics, and sensory qualities to determine the optimal ratio of black ginseng extracts in the formulation. The moisture content of sulgidduk added with black ginseng extracts was 37~40%. Additionally, the lightness decreased and the redness and the yellowness increased as the black ginseng extracts content increased. Hardness, springiness, gumminess and chewiness increase with the addition of black ginseng extracts. however, adhesiveness did not differ significantly among the groups. Sulgidduk containing 1% black ginseng extracts received the highest scores for color, flavor, texture and overall preference. Based on the above results of sensory and texture analyses, sulgidduk containing 1% black ginseng extracts had the highest quality for commercialization.
Improvements Caused by Silk Sericin Extract Derived from Silkworm in Blood Glucose and Lipid Concentration in Diabetic Rats
Kim, Han-Soo ; Seong, Jong-Hwan ; Lee, Young-Guen ; Xie, Cheng-Liang ; Shin, Ji-Moon ; Yoon, Ho-Dong ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 392~398
The objective of this study was to assess improvements caused by silk sericin extract in blood glucose and lipid concentrations in the sera of streptozotocin(STZ, 55 mg/kg B.W., I.P. injection)-induced diabetic rats fed on experimental diets for 5 weeks. Serum concentrations of blood glucose, total cholesterol, atherosclerotic index, LDL, LDL-cholesterol, free cholesterol, cholesteryl ester ratio, triglyceride(TG) and phospholipids(PL) were remarkably higher in the diabetic group(group BSW) and STZ(I.P.)-plus-silk sericin extract group(group ESS) than in the control group(group CG, basal diet-plus-water). However, the serum concentrations of blood glucose, total cholesterol, atherosclerotic index, LDL, LDL-cholesterol, free cholesterol, cholesteryl ester ratio, TG and PL were lower in the ESS group than in the BSW group, whereas the ratio of HDL-cholesterol concentration to total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol concentration in the ESS group were higher than in the BSW group. The activities of alkaline phosphatase(ALP) and aminotransferase(AST, ALT) in serum were lower in the ESS group than in the diabetic BSW group. The results shown above suggested that silk sericin extract effectively improves blood glucose and lipid concentrations in the sera of STZ-induced diabetic rats.
Effects of Culture Conditions of Rhizopus sp. ZB9 on the Production of Protease during Preparation of Rice Koji
So, Myung-Hwan ; Lee, Young-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 399~404
This study was conducted to determine the influence of culture conditions such as temperature, time, water content, koji-thickness, and agitation on the production of protease by Rhizopus sp. ZB9, isolated from Korean Nuruk, during the preparation of rice koji, which is used in brewing the Korean rice wines, Takju and Yakju. Rice koji was made under different culture conditions, and the proteolytic activity of each koji was tested. The temperature range suitable for the production of protease was
. Based on the protease and color, 60 hours of cultivation at
was shown to produce optimum results. The production of protease increased in proportion to the increase in water content of steamed rice from 25% to 35%. An increase in koji-thickness induced no adverse effects on the production of protease, and agitation during cultivation showed beneficial effects.
Effect of Microwave Treatment on Korean Ginseng
Lee, Jae-Hag ; Kum, Jun-Seok ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 405~410
The effect of microwave treatment on Korean ginseng was studied by measuring the changes in moisture, crude lipid, crude ash, crude protein, total dietary fiber and saponin contents, as well as changes in density, color and microstructure. Korean ginseng was treated with 100 or 200 watts of microwaves for 1 or 3 hrs, respectively, followed by drying using an oven at
for 96 hrs. The moisture contents decreased to 13.12~10.77% from an initial 76.26%. The amounts of lipid and ash were reduced in proportion to the time of microwave treatment and level of microwave power. The amount of protein in ginseng after microwave treatment did not significantly change. The amount of total dietary fiber increased after microwave treatment and the color of dried ginseng became dark. The amounts of ginsenoside-
, Rc, Rd, Re, Rf,
were reduced after treatment with 100 watts of microwave radiation for 1 and 3. The amounts of ginsenoside-
, Rd, Re, Rf,
after treatment with 200 watts of microwave radiation for 1 and 3 hr also reduced. On the other hand, the amounts of ginsenoside-
and Rc after treatment of ginseng with 200 watts of microwave radiation for 1 and 3 hrs were increased.
A Case Study on Quality Improvement of Employee Foodservice in Hospital, Seoul - Focused on Cost Control by the Quantity of Non-Offered Meal -
Lee, Seung-Lim ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 411~418
The objective of this study was to analyze the effects of non-offered meal on waste reduction in foodservice. To this end, the quantity of non-offered meal before and after Quality Improvement(QI) activity was analyzed, and employee satisfaction with foodservice was investigated. Statistical data analyses can be summarized as follows: The daily quantity of non-offered meal decreased significantly after QI(p<0.001)(
before QI and
after QI). Among 7 items related to employee satisfaction, kindness of meal service staffs improved significantly after QI(p<0.05)(
before QI and
after QI). No significant difference was found in the variety of menus, or cooking/seasoning of food, and there seemed to be greater satisfaction with taste of food after QI.
Physicochemical Properties of Freeze-dried Corn Starch Sponge Matrix
Han, Kyung-Hoon ; Kim, Doh-Hee ; Song, Kwan-Yong ; Lee, Kye-Heui ; Yoon, Taek-Joon ; Yang, Sung-Bum ; Lee, Seog-Won ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 419~427
The focus of the current study was to investigate the physicochemical properties of a corn starch-sponge matrix prepared at a low concentration below gel forming by freeze-drying. The effect of variables(starch concentration, heating temperature, and heating hold time) on the physicochemical properties of the samples was analyzed by response-surface methodology. Regression models on the properties of samples such as hardness, springiness, and water solubility index(WSI) showed high correlation coefficients(r>0.95) and significant F values, but regression models for the other properties(swelling power, apparent viscosity, reducing sugar content, and digestibility) showed them to have relatively low significance. Sample hardness of sample showed the highest value at condition of
and 5%, whereas springiness was at a maximum at
and 5%. Also, at 1% of starch concentration, mechanical properties were greatly decreased as the relative humidity increased, compared with the 3% and 5%, especially in the hardness of samples. The WSI showed an increasing trend with heating temperature regardless of starch concentration. Overall, the physicochemical properties of freeze-dried corn starch-sponge matrix were influenced much more by starch concentration and heating temperature than by heating hold time. The results of this study show that the basic properties of freeze-dried corn starch-sponge matrix can be used for the specific food applications or as a functional material for its stability.
Effect of Storage Temperature on the Quality of Tomato
Kim, Jin-Hee ; Gu, Jeong-Ry ; Kim, Geong-Hwan ; Choi, Sung-Rak ; Yang, Ji-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 428~433
Tomato were stored at different temperatures(
, room temperature and
) for 5 days. During the storage period, Brix, pH, color, texture, vitamin C, lycopene were analyzed. Brix and pH had a little change. Texture force of tomato decreased with storage time and we could see a softening for tomato stored at
for 1 day. Addtional, the
(yellowness) decreased and
(redness) increased with storage time. Addtionally, content of vitamin C increased up to 9.08 mg/100 g~17.82 mg/100 g after 5 days storage according storage temperature, whereas content of lycopene increased up to 3.81 mg/kg~34.56 mg/kg after 5 days storage according storage temperature. Optimal mature temperature for tomato was room temperature.