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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Effect of Sodium Butyrate on Blood Glucose, Serum Lipid Profile and Inflammation in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Mice
Yun, Jung-Mi ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 171~177
DOI : 10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.171
Sodium butyrate is a short-chain fatty acid derivative found in foods, such as Parmesan cheese and butter and is produced by anaerobic bacteria fermentation of dietary fibers in the large intestine. There have been reports that butyrate prevented obesity, protected insulin sensitivity, and ameliorated dyslipidemia in dietary obese mice. This study investigated the effects of sodium butyrate on fasting blood glucose level and serum lipid profile in streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetic mice. Male C57BL/6 mice were fed AIN-93G for four weeks prior to intraperitoneal injections with STZ (100 mg/kg body weight). Diabetic mice had supplements of 5% sodium butyrate for four weeks. The 5% sodium butyrate diet significantly improved fasting blood glucose level and lipid profile in STZ-induced diabetic mice. Inflammation has been recognized to decrease beta cell insulin secretion and increase insulin resistance. Circulating cytokines can directly affect beta cell function, leading to secretory dysfunction and increased apoptosis. Thus, anti-inflammatory therapies represented a potential approach for the therapy of diabetes and its complications. In this animal study, the 5% sodium butyrate supplementation also inhibited inflammatory cytokine production in STZ-induced diabetic mice. These results suggested that sodium butyrate can be a potential candidate for the prevention of diabetes and its complications.
Association of Interpersonal Relationships with Preference and Intake Frequency of Snack with a Focus on Obesity Index and Snack Preparations in Upper Grade Elementary School Students
Her, Eun Sil ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 178~188
DOI : 10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.178
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of interpersonal relationships with snack preference and the intake frequency of snacks with a primary focus on obesity index and snack preparations in upper grade (5~6th) elementary school students. A total of 719 students in Gyeongsangnam-do province were recruited and a questionnaire-based survey was conducted. Data were analyzed using the SPSS V18.0. The results were as follows : A total score of interpersonal relationships was 94.5 (full marks 125), and the scores of 7 factors consisting interpersonal relationships were over 3.50(full marks 5.00). Overweight group had the lowest score in interpersonal relationships (p<0.01) and purchase group by oneself had a low score than the other groups in snacks preparation (p<0.001). Most favorite snacks were ice cream. Additionally, the snack purchase group showed higher scores than the cook group by family in 8 types of snack and a total score of preference (p<0.05~p<0.001). Milk and dairy products had the highest score in frequency of snack intake. And purchase group by oneself or family was a higher than cook group by family (p<0.01). Interpersonal relationships showed a positive effect on preference and intake frequency of milk and dairy products but their explanation powers (
) were very low. The findings of this study provide fundamental information impact factor in snack preference and frequency of snack intake.
Development of Easily Chewable and Swallowable Stir-fried Anchovy for Elderly
Kim, Soojeong ; Joo, Nami ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 189~195
DOI : 10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.189
Failure of the functions involved in ingestion leads to, not only loss of enjoyment of eating, but also protein-energy malnutrition. Dysmasesis and difficulty of swallowing occurs in various diseases, but aging is a major cause. In the aging society, the proportion of elderly people with dysmasesis and difficulty of swallowing is expected to increase rapidly. Developing foods for the elderly that are easy to chew and swallow is thus required. This study was conducted to develop easily chewable and swallowable foods for the elderly who can crush foods and ingest with their own tongues, but occasionally have difficulty in drinking fluids such as water and tea. Various foods for the elderly with chewing and swallowing difficulties were used for sensory assessment. The sensory panel consisted of 10 dietitians (10 women) in nursing care facilities. The sensory optimal composite recipes were determined by central composite design (CCD). The sensory measurements were significantly different in saltiness (p<0.05), sweetness (p<0.05), and overall quality (p<0.05). The optimum formulation of stir fried anchovy calculated by numerical and graphical methods was 3.74 g of soy sauces and 30.17 g of oligo-saccharides. Stir fried anchovy had a moisture content, hardness and adhesiveness of 76.52%, 2.10, and -1.57, respectively.
Antioxidant Component and Sensory Evaluation of Mixed Cereals
Lee, Kyung-Haeng ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 196~201
DOI : 10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.196
To improve functionality of rice, we manufactured mixed cereals and mixed cereals with taste materials and evaluated their antioxidant component (ascorbic acid, tocopherols, polyphenols and flavonoids) contents and sensory evaluation. Ascorbic acid content in water extract of the control was 6.68 mg%, and mixed cereals were 18.23 and 21.84 mg%, respectively. Ascorbic acid content in methanol extract of the control was lower than those of mixed cereals too.
-Tocopherol was the only tocopherol detected in the control. However, tocopherols detected in mixed cereals were
-tocotrienol, with a highest content of
-tocopherol. Total tocophenols content of the control was 1.26 mg%, whereas, those of mixed cereals were 19.24 and 39.32 mg%, respectively. Polyphenols contents in water extract of the control was 2.20 mg%, and mixed cereals were 14.38 and 21.91 mg%, respectively. In addition, polyphenols contents in methanol extract of mixed cereals were higher than that of the control, too. Flavonoids were undetected in water extract of the control, but flavonoids contents of mixed cereals were 42.45 and 32.54 mg%, respectively. In methanol extracts, flavonoids contents of the control and mixed cereals were not significantly different. The sensory parameters including taste, flavor, color, texture and overall acceptance of control were lower than those of mixed cereals. Especially, mixed cereals with taste materials was the highest acceptance.
Study on the Imported Food Safety Measures against the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Accident
Shin, Seonggyun ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 202~218
DOI : 10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.202
Many countries have introduced new imported food safety measures, following the accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. This study was conducted to evaluate the measures contents and effects on food trades values. Eight percent of members were notified the introduced measures to the World Trade Organization. The measures' contents were banning imports, enhancing inspection and adding certification requirement. The covered regions were some prefectures, entire Japan or all affected countries. European Union introduced a measure that subjecting foods originating from 12 prefectures to import at designated ports with required certification. The measures were amended 8 times until March 2014 to apply listed foods from 15 prefectures. The trade value of fishery products and miscellaneous foods were affected. Australia introduced a measure that required additional inspection of dairy, fishery and plants products from 13 prefectures with subsequent amendments. The trade value had no effect in tested foods. Chinese Taipei introduced a temporary import ban for all foods from 6 prefectures. Trade values for fruits were affected. The United States issued an import alert for detention without examination for listed prefectures and goods without introducing new measures. Although no specific products were affected, trade values for all foods were affected.
Dietary Life related to Sodium of Participants in Hypertension and Diabetes Preventive Education at the Public Health Center
Pak, Hee-Ok ; Sohn, Chun-Young ; Park, Jung-Hwa ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 219~227
DOI : 10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.219
This study was designed to investigate dietary life related to sodium of participants in hypertension and diabetes preventive education at the public health center located in Incheon Metropolitan City. Subjects were comprised of 301 adults (males: 102, female: 199) of age 50 years and above. The questionnaire for dietary life and salty taste assessment were performed on the subjects. Data were analyzed using SPSS package (ver. 18.0). According to the result of questionnaire for dietary behavior, 70% of the subjects were in the low salt intake group (p<0.001). In the result of questionnaire for dietary frequency, all ages groups were in the low salt intake group (p<0.01). The data of questionnaire for dietary behavior showed that the subjects of age above 75 years preferred salted seafood, soup, and kimchi (p<0.01). The data of questionnaire for dietary frequency showed that the subjects of age between 65 and 74, least chose fried kimchi, noodle, and soybean paste soup with clams (p<0.05), and the healthy adult groups chose kimchi stew, ssam and ssamjang (p<0.05). The score for dietary behavior in male subjects was higher than female subjects (p<0.01). In particular, the score for dietary frequency was the lowest in the subjects of age between 65 and 74 (p<0.01). The mean value of salty taste assessment in the subjects was 0.41% which is higher than the ideal value of 0.3% (p<0.01). Offering more nutrition education and continuous feedback of healthcare center may be needed to improve the health status of the adults.
A Study on the Blood Health Status and Nutrient Intake in Elderly Women Dwelling in Longevity Region in Jeonla Province according to Bone Mineral Density
Oh, Se In ; Kwak, Chung Shil ; Lee, Mee Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 228~240
DOI : 10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.228
This study was conducted to investigate the dietary and other factors affecting bone mineral density (BMD) in older Korean women. A total of 340 women aged 65 to 74 were recruited from the Kugoksoondam area (Kurye, Goksung, Soonchang and Damyang counties), known as the longevity-belt region in Jeonla province, Korea. They were categorized into two groups according to bone status by T-score : a nonosteoporotic group and an osteoporotic group. Demographic characteristics were collected, as well as information on physical measurements, blood tests for biochemical indicators, health status health-related life style, dietary behavior, favorite food groups, nutrient intake and mini nutrition assessment (MNA). The results are as follows: The mean age of 185 nonosteoporotic women was 69.6 years and that of 155 osteoporotic women was 70.9 years (p<0.001). The mean T-score of the nonosteoporotic group was
and that of theosteoporotic group was
(p<0.001). Height and body weight in the nonosteoporotic group were significantly higher than in the osteoporotic group (p<0.001, respectively). There was no significant difference in BMI, although the BMI in the nonosteoporotic group was slightly higher. Waist and hip circumferences in the nonosteoporotic group were significantly higher than in the osteoporotic group (p<0.01, respectively), and the mid upper arm and calf circumferences were also significantly higher than in the osteoporotic group (p<0.001, p<0.01, respectively). The 5 m walking ability was significantly superior compared to the osteoporotic group. Serum levels did not show any significant differences between the groups and were within normal range. The serum total protein, albumin and Insulin-like growth factor (IGFs) levels of the nonosteoporotic group were significantly higher than those of the osteoporotic group (p<0.05, p<0.05, p<0.001, respectively). IGF was 104.7 ng/mL for the nonosteoporotic group and 88.1 ng/mL for the osteoporotic group. Physical activity and appetite in the nonosteoporotic group were significantly higher (p<0.01, p<0.05, respectively). The favorite food groups of the nonosteoporotic group comprised more meats and fish than those of the osteoporotic group (p<0.05, respectively). Nutrient intake was not significantly different, with the exception of niacin intake (p<0.05), but the nutrient intake of the nonosteoporotic group was slightly higher than that of the osteoporotic group. The niacin intake of the nonosteoporotic group and the osteoporotic group were 11.4 mgNE and 10.0 mgNE, corresponding to 103.6% and 90.9% of the Korean EAR, respectively. The MNA score of the nonosteoporotic group was significantly more favorable than for the osteoporotic group. In conclusion, it is necessary to maintain adequate body weight and muscle mass. Habitual physical activity may have a beneficial effect on BMD for older women. Dietary factors, such as meat and fish, higher intake of niacin rich foods and nutrient status for older women also appear to have favorable effects on bone mineral density.
Ameliorate Effect of Black Ginseng on HepG2 Cell transplanted in BALB/c Nude Mice
Kang, Shin-Jyung ; Han, Jung-Soon ; Kim, Ae-Jung ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 241~246
DOI : 10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.241
The aim of this study was to examine the ameliorating effect of black ginseng on the growth of the HepG2 cell transplanted tumor in BALB/c nude mice. 27 male BALB/c nude mice (all six weeks old) were randomly divided into three groups: the control group, the first treatment group (HepG2300RG, using 300 mg/kg red ginseng), and the second treatment group (HepG2300BG, using 300 mg/kg black ginseng). The HepG2300BG in the HePG2 cells showed increased mean survival time than that of red ginseng group. The size and volume of the tumor in the 300BG group showed significant reduction compared to those of the HepG2300RG group (p<0.05). The body weight and liver weight of the HepG2300RG group was not significantly different with control and HepG2300BG group. The serum levels of ALT and AST in the HepG2300RG and HepG2300BG group were significantly lower than those of the control group. In conclusion, these results suggest that the black ginseng may have possible anti-tumor activities.
Antioxidative Activities and Inhibitory Effects on Tyrosinase and Elastase by Water Extracts of Allium sp.
Jia, Yuan ; Yang, Ming ; Park, Inshik ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 247~252
DOI : 10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.247
Three different Allium plants, including wild garlic (Allium monanthum Max; AMM), onion (Allium cepa L.; ACL) and green onion (Allium fistulosum L; AFL), have been widely used as spicy food in daily life. This study was attempted to investigate the properties of antioxidant, whitening and anti-wrinkle activities in water extracts in Allium plants. The antioxidant, whitening and anti-Wrinkle activities were evaluated by performing DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities, inhibitory effects on tyrosinase, and elastase, respectively. The water extract (10 mg/mL) of onion, wild garlic and green onion exhibited DPPH radical scavenging activities of 28.46%, 28.45%, and 15.91%, respectively. The inhibitory effects of tyrosinase activities by wild garlic, green onion, and onion were increased by heating the extracts at
. Additionally, the wild garlic extract showed higher elastase inhibitory activity than those of other plant extracts. These results suggest that water extracts of Allium plants may be useful as potential sources of beauty foods due to higher antioxidant, anti-melanin and anti-wrinkle activities.
Enhancing Effect of Acanthopanax senticosus Extracts on Mouse Spleen and Macrophage Cells Activation
Ryu, Hye-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 253~257
DOI : 10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.253
Acanthopanax senticosus is an herb that has been used as a traditional remedy and medicine source. Its anti-inflammatory and, anti-oxidative effects have been reported in previous studies. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Acanthopanax senticosus water extracts on mouse macrophage cell in vitro. Mouse splenocyte proliferation increased after application of Acanthopanax senticosus water extract supplement of 5, 10, 50, 100, 250, 500,
after 48 h pre-treatment with a mitogen (ConA or LPS). The production of cytokines secreted by LPS and non LPS stimulated macrophages was detected by ELISA assay using a cytokine kit. Cytokine production (IL-2, IFN-
, and TNF-
) increased after water extract supplementation. The result of this in vitro study, showed that splenocyte proliferation and cytokine production by activated peritoneal macrophages were increased after Acanthopanax senticosus water extract in the range of
. Thus, it is suggested that supplementation with Acanthopanax senticosus water extracts may enhance immune function by regulating splenocyte proliferation and enhancing cytokine production by activated macrophage.
Fad Diet Status of Male and Female Collegians
Kim, Mi-Hyun ; Kim, Yeonjin ; Chung, Jinshil ; Yeon, Jee-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 258~268
DOI : 10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.258
The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of fad dieting as a method to lose weight among male and female college students. A total of 710 students participated in this study. Fad dieting was surveyed using a questionnaire about 11 fad diet methods. The mean age of the subjects was 21.4 years for males and 20.4 years for females. The proportion of students who had experience trying to lose weight was 52.8% for males and 78.6% for females (p<0.001). The diet method employed by the highest number of participants was the half meal diet (27.6% for males, 43.9% for females), followed by the cereal diet (8.8% for males, 43.9% for females), fasting (9.9% for males, 21.4% for females), and the chicken breast diet (13.1% for males, 9.2% for females). The female students were more likely than the males to try fad diets other than the chicken breast diet and the Atkins diet. The most frequent side effect of fad dieting was the yo-yo effect, followed by binge eating, weakness, anemia, and so on. The proportion of students who indicated that nutrition education is needed for healthy dieting was 39.1% for males and 45.4% for females. From these results, we concluded that a high percentage of college students attempt to lose weight through fad diets, with some gender differences. Therefore, in the future, nutrition education programs should focus more attention on providing healthy dieting methods to young college students to help them lose weight.
Study on Differences in Dietary Habits, and Nutrients Status of Lacto-Ovo Vegetarian and Non-Vegetarian University Students
Je, Haejong ; Shin, Kyung-Ok ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 269~280
DOI : 10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.269
The purpose of this study was to investigate the dietary habits, health status, and nutrients status of male college students in Seoul according to vegetarian habits. The heights of lacto-ovo vegetarian and non-vegetarian students were not significantly different. However, body weight was significantly higher in the non-vegetarians. The lacto-ovo-vegetarians were vegetarians for religious reasons, and indicated 86.0% satisfaction with their meals. However, the lacto-ovo vegetarian and non-vegetarians showed concerns about low nutrient intakes. Lacto-ovo vegetarians displayed a higher proportion of meal regularity and daily breakfast as compared to non-vegetarians. In addition, their favorite food when eating out was Korean food. Lacto-ovo vegetarians showed higher intakes of milk or other dairy products (yogurt, etc.), vegetables, and fruit, as well as more regular eating habits. In contrast, the non-vegetarians showed higher intakes of high-protein foods (eggs, beans, tofu, etc.) and fatty foods. Lacto-ovo vegetarians showed lower intakes of total energy, as well as vitamins
, and niacin. Non-vegetarians showed in sufficient dietary fiber intake. In conclusion, lacto-ovo-vegetarians need a meal plan to consider the intake of other nutrients, while non-vegetarians should try to prevent the occurrence of health problems due to excessive intake of nutrients.
Survey on Body Image Perception, Dietary Habits and Nutrient Intakes according to Interest Level in Health of Female University Students in Gyeongnam Area
Seo, Eun-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 281~294
DOI : 10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.281
This study was conducted using a self boarding questionnaire survey to investigate body image perception, dietary habits and nutrient intakes according to interest level in health of female university students in Masan area (n=302). The subjects were divided into 2 groups according to interest level in health ('High' group, n=101, 'Low' group, n=201). Body image according to BMI was significantly different regardless of interest level in health (p<0.001). The answer percentage indicated that the purpose of weight control is health, regular use of the scale, and regular exercise were significantly higher in the high group (p<0.05). Nutrient knowledge score (p<0.01) and food frequency score (p<0.001) were significantly higher in the high group (p<0.01). There were no significant differences in nutrient intake, but intake, NAR and INQ of vitamin C were significantly higher in the high group (p<0.001). Nutrition knowledge score (p<0.01), food intake frequency score (p<0.01), and INQ and NAR of vitamin C (p<0.01) were positively correlated with the interest level in health. These results will be useful as a basis for the development of effective nutrition education programs in order to increase interest level in health and apply well in real life what have learned through the correct nutrition knowledge.
Physiological Activities of Ethanol Extracts from Different Parts of Allium hookeri
Lee, Youn Ri ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 295~301
DOI : 10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.295
Biological compounds such as crude saponin and total polyphenol were determined in Allium hookeri roots and leaves. In addition, activities of DPPH radical scavenging activity, hydroxyl radical scavenging activity,
-amylase inhibition activity and nitrite scavenging were detected in concentrates of 70% ethanol extracts of Allium hookeri roots and leaves. The crude saponin content of the roots and leaves were 4.28 mg/g, and 4.17 mg/g, respectively. Total polyphenol and total flavonoid content was higher in leaves than roots. Furthermore the DPPH radical scavenging activity and hydroxyl radical scavenging activities of leaves was higher than roots. For
-glucosidase inhibitory activity, 70% ethanol extracts of Allium hookeri roots and leaves showed 60% activity inhibition at a 10 mg/mL concentration. Nitrite scavenging abilities under acidic conditions were most effective for Allium hookeri leaves extracts. These results suggested that Allium hookeri leaves might be used as the components of health functional food.
Comparison of the Effectiveness of Dietary Intervention between Calorie Restriction Diet and Food Selective Method according to Yin and Yang Constitution in Obese Woman
Sim, Seon-Ha ; Hur, Bons-Soo ; Hong, Kyung Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 302~312
DOI : 10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.302
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of constitutional diets in comparison with general low calorie diets in obese women. The subjects were 52 adult obese women that participated in a calorie restriction diet program (control group, n=16) or a constitutional diet program (experimental group, n=36) for 8 weeks. The subjects in the experimental group were classified as negative (Yin) or positive (Yang) constitution. The obesity management program focused on the calorie restriction diet (300~400 kcal reduction per day) for the control group, whereas, for a constitutional diet without calorie restrictions was allowed for the experimental group. Daily intakes of nutrient and food were assessed using a 24 hr recall method. Body measurements and blood biochemical parameters were measured at baseline and after 8 weeks. After the intervention, weight, body fat, BMI, waist circumference and hip circumference decreased significantly in both the control and experimental group. Energy intake increased from 1,679.6 kcal to 1,810.6 kcal along with significant increase in protein, carbohydrate, fiber, calcium, phosphorus, iron, zinc, vitamin A, vitamin
, niacin and vitamin C in the experimental group. Calcium intake increased from 54.0% to 72.4% of DRI in the experimental group. Hemoglobin concentrations were significantly decreased in the control group, but were increased in the experimental group. In addition, blood glucose, serum total cholesterol and triglyceride were significantly decreased in the experimental group. In conclusion, consumption of a constitutional diet without calorie restrictions for 8 weeks was effective for weight reduction with improvement of blood glucose, serum cholesterol and triglyceride.
Quality Characteristics of Tarakjuk (Milk Porridge) prepared with Red Yeast-Rice
Kim, Se-Han ; Park, Beam-Woo ; Kim, Jae-Hwan ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 313~319
DOI : 10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.313
This study encouraging the consumption of rice. The Tarakjuk in which red yeast rice was added showed the highest water content 78.31%. The viscosity of RRT20, which had the largest amount of red yeast rice, was the lowest for 4,125.50, and pH was the highest in RRT0 The sugar content of Tarakjuk with red yeast rice was the highest in RRT0 for. lightness (L) was lowest in RRT20 which had the largest amount of red yeast rice for, and its red and yellow lighteners were also the highest for respectively. storage at
, no microorganism found for 0 to 1 day of storage but found in every group. The group showed the smallest of microorganism for
. On the 7 day, microorganism also found 40% added showed the smallest of microorganism for
. The color of the 20% added group, 6.74, was higher than that of the control group, 4.87, but the difference was not significant. The flavor was the in the 30% added group for 5.90, and taste was the in the 20% added group for 6.01 The control group showed the lowest preference for 4.91. The after taste was the in the 30% added group for 5.48. The viscosity of the 40% added group was higher for 5.39 than that of the control group for 5.06, no significant difference. The overall preference was rated highly, and the 20% added group showed the highest preference for 5.57.
Antioxidant Activity of Rosa rugosa Thunberg and Effect on Serum Lipid Level in High Fat Diet-induced Mice
Choi, Kyung-Soon ; Kim, Yong-Hwan ; Lee, Ki-Won ; Shin, Kyung-Ok ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 320~327
DOI : 10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.320
Since Korean ancient times, powder of Rosa rugosa Thunberg has been used as a folk remedy. This study was conducted to verify the effects of Rosa rugosa Thunberg powder on in vitro antioxidant properties and serum lipid levels of high-fat diet-induced mice from a nutritional viewpoint. In the case of Rosa rugosa Thunberg powders, measurement of TPC, ABTS radical scavenging activity of trolox, DPPH radical scavenging activity, and measured value of FRAP were higher in ethanol extract than water extracts. For LDL-cholesterol concentration, mice fed 10% powder of Rosa rugosa Thunberg with high-fat diets showed a high numerical value compared with other groups (p<0.05). When testing for triglyceride concentrations in blood, mice fed 10% and 20% powder of Rosa rugosa Thunberg with high-fat diets showed the lowest numerical values (p<0.05). When testing for blood insulin concentrations, the high-fat diet group showed higher levels than compared to the control group (p<0.05). When testing for blood leptin concentrations, the high-fat diet group was
, whereas mice fed 10% powder of Rosa rugosa Thunberg with high-fat diets showed a blood leptin level of
(p<0.05). Therefore, results prove that powder of Rosa rugosa Thunberg reduces triglyceride concentrations in the blood, and could be used as an excellent natural antioxidant in the future.
Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities of Various Berry Juices
Nam, Jin-Sik ; Han, Young-Jin ; Yeo, Soo-Min ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 28, issue 2, 2015, Pages 328~334
DOI : 10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.328
This study was performed to evaluate and compare the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of various berry juices (cherry, grape, blueberry, aronia, cranberry, and raspberry). The cherry, aronia, and cranberry juices included higher levels of total polyphenol than the other berry juices. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of various berry juices increased according to the juices concentration. The scavenging activity of DPPH radicals by the aronia, cranberry, and raspberry juices was higher than those of other samples and was in the following order: aronia > cranberry > raspberry. The FRAP values of 100% aronia juice was the highest among the samples, which was more than five times higher than grape juice at a concentration of 25%. The cranberry and raspberry juices exhibited a strong inhibitory effect against important food-borne bacteria, and in general, the berry juices inhibited the growth of Gram-negative bacteria more than that of Gram-positive bacteria. The cranberry and raspberry juices exhibited high antimicrobial activities against important food-borne bacteria at a concentration of 100% and 75%, however, they did not affect food-borne bacteria at a concentration below 10%. These results suggest that aronia, cranberry, and raspberry may be used effectively as natural additives and as functional foods due to their high antioxidant and antimicrobial activities.