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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Dec 1992
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jun 1992
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A Studies on the Chemical Composition of Apricot Seed
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 5, issue 1, 1992, Pages 1~6
For the effective utilization of apricot seed resources of food protein and lipid, the general composition, amino acid composition and chemical characteristics were analysed. The skinned and non-skinned apricot seed contained 53.9% and 48.0% of crude lipid, 24.7% and 26.8% of crude protein, respectively. There were no significant difference in the amino acid composition among skinned and non-skinned apricot seed, The major amino acids were glutamic acid, aspartic acid, alanine, tyrosine and threonine, holding 14.6 to 16.9%, 12.4 to 13.7%, 9.2 to 12.1%, 7.2 to 7.5% and 7.0 to 7.2% of total amino acid content, respectively. The sum of these ammo acids occupied about 50% to total amino acids. While the quantities of methionine, histidine, and Lysine were poor content. The essential amino acids occupied about 30% to total amino acids. The acid, iodine and saponification value of apricot seed oil were 0.7 to 7.1, 80.8 to 107.5 and 182.7 to 208.4, respectively. These values were significant difference in skinned and non-skinned apricot seed.
Inhibitory Activity of Acidic Polysaccharides of Korean Red Ginseng on Lipolytic Action of Toxohormone-L from Cancerous Ascites Fluid
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 5, issue 1, 1992, Pages 7~12
This study was devised to observe the inhibitory effect of 7 kinds PG(PG1, PG2, PG3, PG4, PG5, PG6 and PG7) and of 5 kinds PG4(PG41, PG42, PG43, PG44 and PG45) of the acidic polysaccharide fraction from Korean red ginseng on a lipolytic action of Toxohormone-L. Toxohormone-L is a lipolytic factor, found in ascites fluid. of sarcoma-180 bearing mice and of patients with hepatoma. A substance that inhibited the lipolytic action of toxohormone-L was isolated from red ginseng powder. This substance was an acidic polysaccharides In vitro test showed that the inhibitory effect of PG4 and PG43 fraction of the lipolysis by Toxohormone-L was highest percent among other treatments at concentration of 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1,000ug/ml of reaction mixture. And total inhibitory activity(units) of PG1 and PG4, and PG4 s was highest among other treatments at the same concentration.
A Study on the Growth Inhibition of Human Colon Cancer Cells by Eucommial Lea Extract
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 5, issue 1, 1992, Pages 13~22
This study was divised to observe the inhibitory effect of growth rate of human colon cancer cells by Eucommial leaf extract, in vitro. Three species of human colon cancer cells, HRT-18, HCT-48 and HT-29, were used for the experiment. Each extract of Eucommial leaf was prepared by extraction with water, 95% alcohol, acetone, chloroform and petroleum ether, and then the inhibitory effect of each extract on the growth rate of cells was compared with control group and each other. The experimental results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. Inhibitory effects on growth rate of human colon cancer fells were strongest in the petroleum ether extract and next in the chloroform extract. 2. Inhibitory effects on the growth rate of the cancer cells by extracts of water, 95% alcohol and acetone were weaker than that of petroleum ether and chloroform. 3. Inhibitory effect of each extract on the cancer cell growth was shown most strong activity in HT-29, and was in order of HRT 18 and HCT-48. In view of the results, it could be suggested that inhibitory effects of non-polar solvent's extracts against the cancer cell growth were more stronger than that of polar solvents and the effects were indicated difference according to the species of the cells.
Necleophilic Substitution Reaction of Dansyl, Bansyl, Dabsyl Chloride
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 5, issue 1, 1992, Pages 23~32
Kinetic studies of nucleophilic substitution reactions of dansyl, bansyl, dabsyl chlorides with pyridines have been investigated at
in a range of methanol-acetonitrile binary solvent mixtures. The order of magnitude for reactivity of substrates with pyridines in the same reaction condition is dabsyl chloride>dansyl chloride> bansyl chloride. The value of
n(-2.29~ -4.66) and
(0.537~0.901) associated with a change substituent in the nucleophile are large and indicate a relatively advanced bond formation in the transition state. Solvatochromic correlations were predicted the increase of bond formation transition state according to the increasing MeCN contents, showing the greater contribution of polarity polarizability (
*) than hydro-gen bond donar acidity(
). We conclude that the reactions of dansyl, bansyl, dabsyl chlorides with pyridines proceed via associative Sn2 type reaction mechanism.
A Study on the Sex Bias in the Nutrition Knowledge, Food Preference and Food Roles in the Family
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 5, issue 1, 1992, Pages 33~40
This research was attempted to investigate the sex bias in nutrition knowledge, food preference and food roles in the family. 152 couples living in Seoul, Cheonan in the 205∼605 were selected for this research as subjects from October 1 to December 20, 1991. The data analysis was made by way of ire quency, percentage, X2-test using SPSS package. The summarized results are as follows. 1. The survey on the sex bias in nutrition knowledge related heart disease on the subjects showed that there were no significant differences between men and women. But women had a relatively good nutrition knowledge than men. Especially women had a good nutrition knowledge that low sodium diet and exercise are efficient on preventing heart disease. 2. On the food preference, the subject showed significant difference between men and women. Men showed a relatively highest preference for protein food just as pork, fish, and tofu. Women showed a relatively highest preference for bread, fruit and vegetable. 3. On the food roles, the subjects showed that gender difference in household labor regarding food preparation still exit. Food-related activities are clearly still the domain of women in most families. Husbands and wives in younger families tended to think the husbands showed increase their efforts in food related activities.
Isolation of Megaplasmids from Azospirillum spry. Isolated from Korean Paddy Field and Their Homology to nod ABC Gene from Rhizobium meliloti
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 5, issue 1, 1992, Pages 41~48
Megaplasmids of Azospirillum strains isolated in the Korean paddy field were identified. Five megaplasmids were identified from Azospirillum lipoferum AS192. Homology between nod ABC gene of Rhizobium meliloti and megaplasmids of Azospirillum lipoferum AS192 and Azospirillum brasilense AS112 was found. This observation might have reflected a common mechanism in the early process of soil bacterial association with plants.
Physicochemical Properties and Baking Studies of Yam(Dioscorca aimadoimo) in Korea
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 5, issue 1, 1992, Pages 49~54
In an attempt of develop composite flours, D. aimadoimo of yams in Korea was investigated with respect to its physicochemical properties and sensory analysis with baking bread. The results are summarized as follows ; 1. Yam had 73.21% of water, 21.65% of carbohydrate, 3.3% of crude protein, 0.25% of fat, 1.60% ash and 20.3%of starch. 2. Sucrose was 78% of the total free sugars in yam flour. It was contained which 67% of total free amino acids were serine, arginine & alanine and 23.6% of total amino acids was glutamic acid. 3. As the yam flour level in amylogram patterns (8% dry basis) was increased, the initial pasting temperature was increased and the viscosity decreased. 4. Replacement of yam flour with 10% wheat flour was the bests in sensory evaluation of the products.