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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 1993
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 1993
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 1993
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 1993
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A Study on Correlation among Physical Fitness, Diet Intakes and Serum Lipid in Middle Aged Women.
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 6, issue 4, 1993, Pages 255~267
This study was performed to investigate the correlations among physical anthropometric measurement, diet intakes, physical fitness test, and serum lipids in eight sedentary women(control group), and twenty seven exercising women(aerobic groups), aged 35~45 years. The results of the study are as follows : 1) systolic blood pressure(SBP) and diastolic blood pressure(DBP) of aerobic groups were lower than serf entary. Pulse rate was decreased according to the length of aerobic periods. Muscular endurance and jump power of all subjects were stronger than standard range, and those of aerobic exercising groups were stronger than control group. Muscular power of the upper half of the body In all subjects were lower than standard range. 2) Daily calorie intakes of all subjects were in the ring: of recommended dietary allowances (RDA) for Koreans. But daily protein Intakes were higher than RDA. daily cholestrol intakes of all subjects were slightly less than 200~300 mg: which is normal consumption of Koreans. 3) There was a significant positive correlation between serum 7G and daily protein intakes. It was considered that excessive protein intake converted to serum 7G. There was not a significant correlation between serum TC and dietary TC. Therefore, dietary TC seemed to have not much effect on serum TC. Physical fitness was negatively related to serum TG, TC, LDL-C, but positively related to HDL-C, HDL-C /TC. It was found that the serum lipids could be changed better according to improving the physical fitness. There were significant positive correlations between SBP and serum TC, LDL-C. (According to this results), the higher SBP, the higher serum TC, LDL-C tended to be. There was a significant positive correlations between sit up and weightloss nth exercise r=0.7(p<0.001), push ups and weightless with exercise r=0.5(p<0.001). It was considered that muscle strength could be improved according to the weightloss. 4) The purpose of exercise in aerobic groups was rather promoting health than reducing body fatness. Most of al1 subjects (83.2%) drank caffeine-contained beverage therefore, we should concern about that absorption of Fe could be Interrupted and blood pressure could be elevated by caffeine.
Production of High Fructose Syrup by Flocculated Actinoplanes missouriensis KCTC 1780
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 6, issue 4, 1993, Pages 268~275
The whole cells of Actinoplanes missouriensis KCTC 1780 which produce glucose isomerase was immobillized by flocculation method for the effective production of high fructose syrup using packed-bed bioreactor system. Among the flocculation methods used In this study, the glucose Isomerase activity of flocculated cells using 5% polyethylenimmine and 0.2% glutaraldehyde was the highest as 46.3 unit, and the flocculant was 10.3g(wet weight) per 100m1 of broth, and the residual activity was 92.5%. In the batch operation of glucose isomerization using the flocculated cells, the optimum pH, temperature and isomerization ratio were 7.0, 75
and 31%, respectively. The optimum concentration of Mg2+ which was activator on the glucose isomerization of flocculated cells was 0.1M, and glucose isomerase activity was increased by about 40% compared to none of Mg2+. In the packed-bed bioreactor system with 1.2 hour of residence time at 7
, the reaction stability maintained until 96 hour without toss of activity, and the equilibrium was kept up to 120 hours of the operation.
Changes of Heavy Metal Contents of Commercial Canned Fruits
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 6, issue 4, 1993, Pages 276~280
Analytic data on the content of Pb and Sn from twenty five samples of fruit canned In the open market is as follows. The content of Pb and Sn from twenty five samples of fruit canned In the open market was less than Korean laws of food hygiene. The content of Pb and Sn increased In the long time of self life. In comparison with fruit flesh and nectar, nectar showed a tendency to less content.
Preparation and Quality Properties of the Jam Aroma- recovered
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 6, issue 4, 1993, Pages 281~286
Strawberry pulp was separated into serum and Insoluble pulp by centrifugation. The serum was concentrated in vacuo at 55~58
and 10% aroma recovered. Two folds concentrated strawberry pulp was prepared by mixing concentrated serum, aroma fraction and Insoluble pulp. To develop aroma-rich jam, the strawberry jam was prepared by filling mixture of concentrated pulp, sucrose, citric acid and pectin into retortable pouches and by heating them after heat-seating. The color and flavor quality of the jam prepared by new method were better than the jam prepared by conventional method, as Indicated by GC, GC/MS data, surface color and anthocyanin contents. These results were confirmed by the sensory evaluations. Flavor off-flavor, color intensity and overall acceptance were superior to the conventional method.
Cultural Conditions for the Production of Organic Acid During
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 6, issue 4, 1993, Pages 287~293
This study was carried out to investigate the influences of cultural conditions of koji on the production of organic acid during rice-koji making by Aspergillus awamori var. kawachii which is now widely used as koji-mold in brewing Takju and Yakju in Korea. The optimum temperature for the germination of the conidia of the mold was 35'8, and the time required for germination at this temperature was 8 hours. Rapid germination occurred when the water content of steamed rice was above 40%, but germination retardation occurred markedly below 35%. The optimum cultural temperature for the production of organic acid was 32
, and the production of organic acid was markedly restricted at 36
. It was effective for the high production of both saccharogenic amylase and organic acid to shift the cultural temperature from initial 36
after 20~25 hours of cultivation. Initial water content suitable to the production of organic acid was 40% in steamed rice, but its production was markedly restricted below 30% of water content. When the quantity of conidial inoculation was too small, the production of organic acid was low in initial phase, but it was retrived at later period. Acid production was markedly restricted together with the increase in koji thickness.
Cultural Conditions for the Production of Saccharogenic Amylase During Rice-Koji Making by Aspergillus awamori var. kawachii
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 6, issue 4, 1993, Pages 294~300
This study was carried out to investigate the influences of cultural conditions of koji on the production of saccharogenic amylase during rice-koji making by Aspergillus awamori var. kawachii which is now widely used as koji-mold in brewing Tikju and Yakju in Korea. The optimum cultural temperature for the production of saccharogenic amylase by this mold was 36
, and at this temperature it needed 40 hours of cultivation for maximum production of this enzyme. It was favorable for high production of both organic acid and saccharogenic amylase to shift the cultural temperature form initial 36
after 20~25 hours of cultivation. The production of saccharogenic amylase was low when the water content of steamed rice was below 35%, but its production was high at 40~60% of water content. When the quantity of conidial inoculation was too small, the production of saccharogenic amylase was low in initial phase, but it was retrived after 40 hours of cultivation. When koji-thickness was over 3cm, the production of saccharogenic amylase was markedly restricted. The saccharogenic amylase of this koji was stable at pH 2~7, and showed high activity at pH 2~5.
Effects of Pressure and Pressing Time on the Properties of Isolated Soy Protein-Tofu During Compressing Process
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 6, issue 4, 1993, Pages 301~306
Effects of pressure and pressing time of soyprotein-CaSO4 coagulates on the yield, water holding capacity and textural characteristics of SPI (soy protein isolated) tofu were investigated. The tofu was prepared by addition of CaSO4 into SPI suspension at 9
and then compressed. As the compressing pressure increased from 8.66g /cm2 to 49.43g /cm2, the volume yield and moisture absorbed on filter paper were decreased and the textural properties of hardness, adhesiveness, cohesiveness and gumminess were increased. Increase in hardness and gumminess were more significant at high pressure than those at low pressure.
Purification and Some Physicochemical Study of Bacillus cereus
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 6, issue 4, 1993, Pages 307~313
-amylase was purified by Sephadex G-100 gel filtration, CM Sephadex C-50 ion exchange chromatography and CM Sephadex C-50 ion exchange rechromatography The purified enzyme showed 871 unit/mg of specific activity. The purified enzyme was identified as homogenious by disc PAGE, SDS-PAGE and analysis of reaction product. The purified enzyme showed optimum pH 7.0. optimum temperature 5
, and was stable at 0~5
and at pH range of 6~10.
Bacillus cellulyticus K-12 Crystalline Cellulose-Degrading Avicelase Gene and Expression in Eschterichia coli
Cheorl-Ho Kim ; Woo ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 6, issue 4, 1993, Pages 314~321
We have cloned the Bacillus cellulyticus K-12 avicelase (Avi, E.C.188.8.131.52) gene (ace A) In E. coli. This was accompanied by using the vector PT7T3U 19 and Hind W -Hind m libraries of Bacillus cellulyticus K-12 chromosomal inserts created in 5.cofi. The Libraries were screened for the expression of avicelase by monitoring the immunoreaction of the anti-avicelase (immunoscreening). Positive clones (Ac-3, Ac-5, and Ac-7) contained the identical 3.5kb Hind III fragment as determined by restriction mapping and Southern hybridization, and expressed avicelase efficiently and constituvely using its own promoter in the heterologous host. From the immunoblotting analysis, a polypeptide which showed a CMCase activity with an Mr of 54000 was detected.
Yellow Pigment from Rhodospirillum rubrum by Acetone Extraction
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 6, issue 4, 1993, Pages 322~328
A study of general characteristics of acetone extracted pigment from the cell mass of Rhodospirillum rusrum DSM 467 was carried out for the development of natural food colorant. Through visible absorption scanning, it showed seven absorption peaks at 355, 410, 529, 624, 680 and 747nm, and it was shown to be yellow color. In acidic and neutral conditions, the color was yellow, while in the alkaline condition it was greenish yellow. This pigment was stable at pH range between 3.0~10.0, and below 4
. In the presence of light and oxygen, the stability of pigment rapidly degraded and it became unstable in the presence of metal ions such as Cu2+, Al3+ and Fe3+. Through TLC analysis, it was shown to be composed of seven color fractions.