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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Dec 1994
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Sep 1994
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
Selecting the target year
Isolation and Characterization of Acidic Polysaccharides Activating Complement System from the Hot Water Extracts of Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum
O, Byeong-Mi ; Gwon, Mi-Hyang ; Na, Gyeong-Su ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 3, 1994, Pages 159~168
From the hot water extract of bracken(Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum), a Korean win edible plant, anti-complementary acidic polysaccharides were Isolated. Crude polysaccharide fraction(HPA-1) was obtain ed by methanol reflux, ethanol precipitation, dialysis, and lyophilization. HPA-1 contained 81.80% of total sugar, 30.40% of uronic acid, and 15.60cA of protein. HPA 1 was purified consecutively by cetavlon fractionation and chromatography including ion exchange nth DEAE-Sepharose CL 6B and gel permeation with Sephadex G-100 and Sepharose CL-6B. HPA-2- IVa and HPA-Va-2 were nearly homogeneous on HPLC and had 500,000 and 560,000 daltons of molecular weights, respectively. HPA-2-Wa consisted of fucose, galacturonic acid, and glucuronic acid at the molar ratio of 1.40 : 0.97 : 1.88. HPA-2-Va 2 was composed of rhamnose, galactose, and galacturonic acid at the molar ratio of 1.00 : 1.38 : 1.39. The polysaccharides were found to activate the C3 component both In the presence and In the absence of Ca2+ through the crossed-immunoelectrophoresis suggesting that those Involved in both classical and alternative complement pathway.
Free Radical Scavenging and Antioxidative Activities by Ethanol Extract from Capsella bursa-pastoris
Hong, Jeong-Il ; Na, Gyeong-Su ; Yang, Han-Cheol ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 3, 1994, Pages 169~176
Screening was performed on edible natural sources to examine superoxide radical scavenging activities by using the method of superoxide dismutase assay. Among 47 kinds of samples, the extract of Capsella bursa-pastoris showed a potent superoxide radical scavenging activity of 11.6 unit / mg solid and was selected for further studies. In order to select optimal extraction solvent system, Cappella bursa-pastoris was extracted with various solvents and the electron donating abilities and inhibitory effects on lipid peroxidation of linoleic acid were measured. Among them, the ethanol extract of Capsella bursa-pastoris possessed the highest level of activities. The ethanol extract of Cappella bursa-pastoris was found to have an inhibitory effect on autoxidation of soybean oil at 5
from peroxide value, conjugated diene value and refractive index. In the soybean oil containing 0.2% of ethanol extract, induction period was increased 2 times in comparison with control.
Effect of Phosphate and Citrate Salts on the Emulsion Stability of Soy Protein Isolate in the Presence of Calcium
Kim, Yeong-Suk ; Yeom, Dong-Min ; Hwang, Jae-Gwan ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 3, 1994, Pages 177~182
The effect of phosphate salt (NafHP04) and sodium citrate on the emulsion stability of soy protein isolate (SPI) in the presence of calcium was investigated in terms of salt concentration and addition order. Both phosphate and citrate salts decreased the solubility of SPI despite their pH enhancing effects. Addition of calcium chloride (CaCl2) significantly decreased ES, which showed nearly negligible at more than 3 mM CaCl2 concentration. When Na2HP04 were added in the presence of 5 mM Cac12, 55 greatly increased up to 20mM concentration, above which however ES decreased. It was found that the addition order of Na2HPO4 and CaCl2 affected ES. The addition of phosphate and subsequent CaCl2 exhibited the higher 55 than the reverse order. In both cases, the overall ES profile was found to be nearly similar to the solubility profile of SPI, indicating the positive relationship between solubility and emulsion stability of SPI in the presence of calcium. Similar trend to the phosphate effect on ES was also observed for sodium citrate in the presence of calcium.
A Study on Contents of Salt in Stored Foods Which Homemakers Prepared and Their Urine in Chon-buk Province
Kim, In-Suk ; Seo, Eun-Suk ; Jeon, Sun-Yeong ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 3, 1994, Pages 183~191
This study was conducted to find out the contents of salt in stored foods and urine of housewives. The contents of sodium in soy sauce, kochujang and kimchi was significantly higher in rural than urban area. The contents of potassium In soy sauce and kimchi was significantly higher in rural than urban area but that of soybean paste was significantly higher in urban than rural area. The level of NaCl in soy sauce, hochujang and kimchi was significantly higher in rural the urban area. The excretion amount of Na, K and NaCl in urine was significantly higher In rural than urban area. The between of blood pressure and the contents of Na in urine had a high correlation.
Effects of Rapeseed Oil Diet on Serum and Liver Lipid Levels in Rats
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 3, 1994, Pages 192~202
The fatty acid composition of a rapeseed oil being on the market was analyzed and the effect on gain of the body weight and lipid levels in serum and liver tissue of male rats of Sprague-Dawely strain fed the diet containing the rapeseed oil were studied. The fatty acid components of marketed rapeseed oil was oleic acid 29.4%, erucic acid 26.52%, linoleic acid 20.39% and linolenic acid 8.68%. The contents of total lipid in serum W3S Significantly higher in RSO20 group than Contr01 group(P< 0.01) . But that in the liver tissue did 001 show significant differences. The contents of triglyceride in serum was control group 84.14mg/dll, RSO15 group 100.33mg 141 and RSO20 group 122.00mg 141 and showed significant difference between each group, but that in the livertissue did not show significant differences. The contents of phospholipid in serum did not show significant differences. But that in the liver tissue showed significant difference between the control group 8.42mg /g and Rs02o group 7.34mg /g(p<0.001). The contents of total-cholesterol and free-cholesterol in serum and liver tissue of the RSO20 group showed the highest levels compared with control group, but there did not show significant differences. The contents of ester-cholesterol in serum showed significant.
Identification of Coliform Bacteria Isolated from Nangmyun-Broth in Korea and Psychrotrophic Character
O, Myeong-Hwan ; Kim, Mi-Yeong ; Lee, Jin-Yeong ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 3, 1994, Pages 203~212
The nangmyun is a Korean iced noodle made by putting buckwheat-noodles into cold broth. Seven samples of nangmyun-broths were collected from Korean restaurants in Bucheon during July 1994. The contamination levels of nangmyun-broths by coliform bacteria were determined, and then the 40 colonies of coliform bacteria, isolated randomly from 4 samples of nangmyun-broths, were identified at genus or species level with the additional test for psychrotrophic character The coliform counts in nangmyun-broths were 6.0x102-6.5
104%). Among the 40 strains of isolates, 27 strains(67.5%) were identified as the genus Klebsiella, 9 strains(22.5%) as the genus Enterobacter, 2 strains(5.0%) as the genus Citrobacter and 2 strains (5.0%) as the genus Escherichia. Among 27 strains of Klebsiella, 11 strains (40.8%) were identified as K planticola, 4 strains(14.8%) as K. pneumoniae, 2 strains(7.4%) as K. ozaenae and 2 strains(7.4%) as K. terrigena, but 8 strains(29.6%) of a typic\ulcorner1 Klebgiella could not be Identified at species level. All the 40 strains of coliform bacteria were psychrotrophs showing slow growth at 1
, and 18 strains(45%) grew at 5
. It was thought to be a good basic data In describing the reason for too high coliform counts in nangmyun-broths that all coliform bacteria tested In this study were psychrotrophs.
Measuring Firmness of Bread with a Simple Proximity Sensor Method
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 3, 1994, Pages 213~218
Quality Changes of Cold Cuts Prepared from Pork and Chicken during Storage
Lee, Hye-Jeong ; Park, Hui-Ok ; Kim, Yu-Gyeong ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 3, 1994, Pages 219~222
Cold cuts were prepared from the pork and chicken with polyphosphate salt and spices. Microorganism was more proliferated and acid value was more decreased In pork cold cut rather than chicken cold cut. Otherwise TBA value of chicken cold cut was more increased than that of pork cold cut. Textures of springeness and cohesiveness were not significantly different in both cold cuts. From sensory evaluation, color, appearance and odor were significantly different, but texture, flavor and total acceptability were not significantly different. From these results, if we could study some antioxidants furthermore. we think it possible to manufacture cold cut from chicken.
The Effects of Processed Garlic on Gastric Mucosa Injury in Rats
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 3, 1994, Pages 223~231
This study was designed to investigate the effects of Garlic Jug A Jii, a popular processed food for Korean was given of HCI-ethanol in rats as experimental Model. Oral administration HCI-ethanol to fasted rats produced extensive necrosis in the gastric mucosa. Pretreatment with garlic juice and 3 week stored Garlic Jang A Jii juice prevented such necrosis and the effects were dose-dependent. The effects of garlic Jang A Jii juice comparing with raw garlic juice were reduced but statiscally significant differences were not found. 5 week-stored Garlic Jang A Jii was inhibited the formation of gastric mucosal injury. Comparing with garlic Jug A Jii for 3 weeks, while garlic Jang A Jii juice and 1 : 10 diluted garlic Jang A Jii juice did not show significant shifts but the effects of 1 100 diluted garlic Jang A Jii was decreased. Oral administration of disulfide prevented the gastric mucosa injury whereas sulfhydryl blockers such as N-ethylmaleimie and indomethacin was decreased on gastric mucosa protective effect. The content of diallyl disulfide was 1.41mg% in raw garlic, 0.96mg% in garlic Jang A Jii for 3 weeks. The content of diallyl disulfide was gradually reduced according to the elapse of storage period.
Effect of Ampelopsis radix on the Toxicity of Adriamycin
Kim, Dong-Seok ; Lee, Seong-Ho ; Jeong, Yeon-Bong ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 3, 1994, Pages 232~238
Adriamycin is a major cancer chemotherapeutic agent against a me range of human neoplasms. However, its clinical application is limited since It has a variety of side effects, bone marrow suppression and cardiotoxity, and this toxicity appears by free radical. This study investigated the effect of Ampelopsis radix on the toxicity of adriamycin. The methanol fraction reduced slightly adriamycin induced lipid peroxidation and superoxide production at the dose of 50mg /kg. 1.p., respectively. During the adriamycin administration. Protein bound-SH, nonprotein bound-SH, and glutathione-5-transferase did not change, but methanol fraction treated group were markedly increase. These results indicated that Ampelopsis radix has a major influence on the thiol group and related enzyme activity on the antioxidative effects.
A Survey on the Actual Condition for Dining-out in Pusan 1. The Propensity to Dining-out According to Age Groups and Sex Distinction
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 3, 1994, Pages 239~249
This study was conducted to find out the actual condition of dining-out and the propensity to dining-out according to age groups and sex distinction in Pusan area. The survey was conducted on 464 peoples who live or work, including students aged more than 4th grade in elementary school In Pusan area. The results of the questionnaires are as follows. The survey on dining-out time indicated that most of peoples like to dine out at supper time more than at luncheon. The motivations of dining out were in order of the time going out with family, having party and meeting with friends. Restaurants used frequently at luncheon time were in order of flour food shop, Chinese-style food shop and Korean-style food shop, and at supper time were in order of Korean-style food shop, roasts rib shop and Chinese-style food shop. The survey on dining-out cost indicated that 71.88% of respondents were payed out less than 4,000 won Per one person at luncheon, but 54.67% of them were payed out more than 5,000 won at supper. The reasons of prefferring food shop used first were in order of delicious taste, sanitary circumstance and economical price, and of no prefferring food shop used first were untasty, unsanitary circumstance and expensiveness. But, the results of the propensity to dining-out were different according to sex distinction, age groups and jobs.