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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Dec 1994
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Sep 1994
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
Selecting the target year
Changes in Component of Five-fruit Tea, with Various Extraction Time
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 4, 1994, Pages 253~258
This thesis is to analyze the ingredients of five-fruit tea depending on extraction time as a basic experiment for quality improvement and industrialization of traditional Korean beverage. According to extraction time, the acidity of the tea is 2.4% at 30 minutes, 2.3% at 50 minutes and 1.7% at 70 minutes, and soluble solid is 0.22 g, 0.31 g and 0.41 g. The pH of five-fruit tea, which is 4.70, 4.85 and 4.98 at each time, and total sugar is 54.01 m9, 108.82 m9 and 142.92 mg as extraction time increases. The total amount of free sugars is 1.14 mg, 1.36 mg and 2.17 mg, and glucose, surcose and fructose which are 98.2%, 92.6% and 92.6% of the whole percentage occupy the most part of free sugars. The total free amino acids content increases to 84.94 mg, 99.67 mg and 120.40 mg. The five kinds of amino acids like serine, glutamic acid, threonine, proline and alanine amount to 94.5%, 93.6% and 94.7% at all. she variation in the percentage of free amino acids content in accordance with extraction time is as follows : threonine, extracted for 50 minutes, is reduced considerably and glutamic acid decreases gradually as extraction time increases. When proline is extracted for 50 minutes, it's rate of increase Is most high.
Amylolytic Enzymes Produced from Hyperthermophilic Archaebactorium Thermococcus profundus
Jeong, Yeong-Cheol ; Kim, Gyeong-Suk ; No, Seung-Hwan ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 4, 1994, Pages 259~266
The hyperthermophilic archaebacterium Thermococcus profundus Isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent system, produced several amylolytic enzymes such as extracellular amylase and pullulanase, intracellular a-1,4-91ucosidase in respone to the presence of complex carbohydrates In the growth medium. This strain showed high activities on 0.5% maltose than on complex carbohydrates One of the amylases was partially purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation, DEAE-Toyopearl chromatography. The amylase exhibited maximal activity at pH 5.5 and 80
, and was stable in the range of pH 5.5 to 9.5 and up to 80
for 30 min. The enzyme activity was no dependence on Ca2+ and not inhibited by detergents. The amylase hydrolyzed soluble starch, amylose, amylopectin and glycogen to produce maltose and maltotriose with trace amounts of glucose, but not pullulan and
-cyclodextrin. Malto-oligosaccharides ranging from maltotetraose to maltoheptaose were hydrolyzed in an endo fashion.
Changes in Physico-chemical Properties and Mineral Contents during Buckwheat Germination
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 4, 1994, Pages 267~273
To provide the effective application scheme and basic information of buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench), buckwheat was germinated at 10
for 7 days and 100 kernels weight, germination rate, root length, chemical composition and mineral contents were examined at 24 hour Intervals. During the germination period, the 100 kernels weight increased approximately 0.3g per day. The germination rate increased sharply after 2 days and the root length increased greatly after 4 days. The crude protein contents increased with germination time, whereas the carbohydrate contents decreased. The crude ash and fat contents did not differ significantly during the germination period. The Ca contents Increased for the 4th day of gemination, but gradually decreased afterwords. The Na contents increased in the initial stage of germination, but then gradually decreased. However, there were no significant change In the Mg, K. Fe. Mn and Zn contents.
Changes in Contents and Composition of Dietary Fiber during Buckwheat Germination
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 4, 1994, Pages 274~283
To provide the efficient application scheme of buckwheat dietary fiber and basic information of seed germination, buckwheat(Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) was germinated at 10
for 7 days and the contents and composition of the total dietary fiber(TDF), insoluble dietary fiber(IDF), soluble dietary fiber(SDF) wire examined at 24 hour intervals. The TDF content in ungerminated seeds was 24.86o on dry weight basis. It decreased for the 1st day of germination, but gradually increased for 7 days afterwords. The contents of IDF and SDF in ungerminated seeds were 22.05, 1.42% respectively. The IDF and SDF contents decreased in the initial stage of germination, but then gradually increased. The composition of the IDF and SDF in the TDF during the germination period showed different tendencies. The IDF decreased with germination time until 5 days and then increased. The SDV increased until 5 days and then decreased gradually. The TDF contents obtained by AOAC method were generally higher than those obtained by Prosky method. The TDF contents obtained by the two method, however, were very closely correlated (r=0.9966, p< 0.01) The IDF(X1) and SDF(X2) showed the significant regression equation(p<0.01) with the root length(Y). The equation was Y: -12.6681+0.5089
0.6022Xa and R2 was 0.968.
A Study on the Relationship between Levels of Serum Lipids and Food Habits of College Students
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 4, 1994, Pages 284~296
This study was undertaken to examine the levels of serum lipids and lipoproteins of college students and the correlations between serum lipid levels and food habits. 202 college students(99 males and 103 females) were selected as subjects for this study during November, 1993. The mean height and weight were 173.2 cm, 63.7 kg for males and 159.4 cm, 50.8 kg for females, respectively. The mean serum TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, TG levels were 172.2, 103.4, 52.3 and 82.3 for males and 182.4, 111.6, 56.3 and 72.5 mg 161 for females, respectively. Serum lipid levels of males were significantly lower than those of females except TG. There was no significant difference In TG levels between males and females. Food habit scores of females were significantly higher than those of males. The significantly different items between males and females were numbers of daily meal intake, duration of meal intake, regular daily Intakes of cereals, fruits, vegetables and animal fat, exercise, alcohol intake and smoking. Food habit score of Items except exercise in females were higher than those of items in males. LDL-C and LPH were positively correlated with food habit score. TC and LDL-C were positively correlated with eating-out, alcohol intake, smoking but negatively correlated with numbers of daily meal intake. HDL-C was positively correlated with overeating, but negatively correlated with cholesterol intake. There was no significant correlation between TG and food habit items. Regular meal intake was positively correlated to LPH by having a negative correlation with HDL-C in males and regular daily intake of cereal was positively correlated to LPH by haying a positive correlation with LDL-C in females. There were significant correlation between food habits and anthropometric measurements. Height and weight were positively correlated with daily meal intake and exercise but negatively correlated with duration of meal intake, daily intakes of cereals, vegetables fruits and animal fat, smoking, alcohol intake. Smoking was negatively correlated with height and weight in males, over-eating was negatively correlated with height in females. Finally this study showed an interesting results that balanced intake of five basic food groups were positively correlated with weight in males but with height in females.
Effect of Heating Treatment on the Cooking Loss and Heavy Metal Residues of Porcine Variety Viscera
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 4, 1994, Pages 297~306
This experiment was carried out to investigate the healing loss and the heavy metal residues such as copper, zinc, manganese, cadmium and lead In porcine visceras by inductively coupled argon plasma spectrometer(ICP), and to probe changes when porcine visceras were boiling In water treatment(BWT), heating in autoclave treatment (HAT) and heating In oil treatment (HOT) . The range of heating loss on porcine viscera were BWT(23.11∼34.53%) , HAT(18.48∼28.00%) and HOT(14.20∼25.22%)and the heart tissue were higher and liver were lower than those of the other tissues. The total value of heavy metal residues in large intestine, small intestine, heart, kidney, liver and stomach tissue were 11.298
5.302 ppm, 27.825
8. 177 ppm, 16.756
6.334 ppm 21.107
6.057 ppm, 25.369
10.164 ppm and 12.611
5.513 ppm, respectively. Heavy metal residues in porcine visceras tended to decrease according to heating methods and the variety viscera, and the change of total heavy metal residues on BWT, HAT and HOT were 4.16∼32.57%, 12.01∼28.09% and 9.60∼25.76%, respectively. The decrease of lead element of mean value were 21.76% and copper, zinc, manganese and cadmium element were 18.00∼ 18.16%. The change of heavy metal residues were not significant in the porcine visceras(P>0.05), and the these were significantly correlated among the three heating method(P < 0.05).
A Study on Relationship between Urinary Stone Patients and Dietary Intake in Korean People
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 4, 1994, Pages 307~317
The study analyzes relationship between Increasing tendency of urinary stone patients and changes of food intake through statistical data during recent 10 years(1982∼1991) in Korea. In four university hospitals, the number of urinary stone patients increased 2.5 times during the period. Study statistics showed sex ratio of male and female patient as 2.1 : 1.The types of the urinary stone of each patient were broad and mostly Ca and others(85.8%), and Ca oxalate stones were 65.2%. The incidence of patients with hypercalciuria and hyperuricosuria was observed in the Ca stone patients than in normal person. The same period showed increase of total monthly household expenditure as 3.2 times, food as 2.5 times and medical expenses as 2.4 times : The food expenditure decreased relatively In the expenditure composition. Daily hood consumption (g/person) increased as 3 times in meat, 4 times in milk, 2.4 times in seaweeds. Daily total Ca nutrition consumption was undulant and became 1.1 times during the same period. Daily food supply (g/person) was increased 1.9 times in meat, 1.4 times in spinach. However, anchovy, laver, brown seaweed, herring and makerel showed undulant tendency. Relationship (correlation coefficient) between the increase of urinary stone patients and of food intake were studied as follows. In the case of food intake, the relative index was 0.923 in seaweeds, 0.865 in meat and 0.대27 In milk And In food supply, the relative index was 0.855 in purine group which constitute meat, anchovy, herring and makerel. The relative index of Ca components which constitute anchovy, laver, brown seaweed and shrimp was 0.270. In the case of nutrition intake, the relative index was medium in protein(r: 0.443) and In animal protein (r: 0.488) but was negative in Ca(r: -0.028).
Effects of Aluminium Alloy on the Oxidative Stability of Frying Oil
Jong-Youn Son ; Soo ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 4, 1994, Pages 318~322
Aluminium alloy, comprising water, silicone manganese and porous aluminium carrier added into soybean oil in order to investigated its effect on polar lipid content, polymer content, conjugated dienoic acid and free fatty acid value during deep-fat frying at 185
. Increase rates of polar lipid and polymer content of the frying ell were reduced about one thirds of the oil without aluminium alloy during deep-fat frying. The aluminium alloy, however, have no significantly effect to inhibit the increase of conjugated dienoic acid and free fatty acid value. Treatment of the frying oil with aluminium alloy was found to be able to inhibit polymer and polar lipid formation.
A Survey of College Student Behaviors on Fast Food Restaurants
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 4, 1994, Pages 323~331
226 college students in Kimchun and Seoul area were surveyed for consumer behaviors and opinions about fast food restaurants from August 1 to 31 1994. The purpose of this study Is to Investigate eating behavior, nutrition knowledge and utilization state of fast foods of college students In Seoul and Kimchun. All statistical data analysis was conducted using the SAS program package. The results were summarized as follows : Eating behavior score of the subjects were higher in Seoul than Kimchun. Nutrition knowledge of the subjects had not significant difference In Seoul and Kimchun. Also eating behavior and nutrition knowledge had not correlationship in Seoul and Kimchun. Utilization state of fast food restaurant was most frequently in noodles, also more frequently in Seoul. The reasons the customers visiting the fast food restaurant by the highest percentage were the following in the order : "the atmosphere in which fast food is eaten Is enjoyable for the companionship", "convenient to dining", "the surroundings and dining equipment are pleasant and hygienic" and "to be able to stay as long as I want". The fast foods purchsed by the customers were mostly for a full meal rather than snack. Majority of college students selected their fast food by preference and price.their fast food by preference and price.
Antioxidant Activity of Solvent Extract Isolated from Barley Leaves
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 4, 1994, Pages 332~337
The antioxidant activity of solvent extracts isolated from barley leaves was investigated by measuring peroxide value. The fractions of methanol extract obtained from preparative TLC was also studies, with UV-Visible spectrum, total phenol contents and hydrogen donating ability(HDA) The antioxidant activity of various solvent extracts was, in decreasing order, methanol> ethyl ether> methylene chloride
acetone> hexane. The antioxidant activity of the fractions of methanol extract was, in decreasing order, fraction 2> fraction 3> fraction 1 and their activity was all superior to that of tocopherol at 500 ppm level. All fraction(1, 2 and 3) exhibited a strong UV absorption at 280 m which would be specifically produced by phenolic compound. UV absorption at 280 m of fraction 2 was greater than those of fraction 1 and 3. In the visible spectrum of these fractions, the maximum .absorption wavelengths of fraction 1, 2 and 3 were 660, 460 and 460 m, respectively. Antioxidant activity of barley leaves seemed to be due to the flavonoids containing phenolic group by UV spectrum and total phenol content.
A Study on the Allergenicity of the Commercial Infant Formula
Jeong, Eun-Ja ; Lee, Bu-Ung ; Park, Seong-O ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 4, 1994, Pages 338~344
I experimented on commercial infant formula in passive cutaneous anaphylaxis inhibition methods. I used several guinea pigs for this experiment. The results obtained from this study were as follows : 1) Commercial infant formula showed positive reactions, while soy-based formula showed negative reactions. 2) The products from different companies showed different reactions respectively The products of "A" company showed low allergenicity compared to the products of "B" company. The Products of "C" company showed the lowest allergenicity. 3) It seemed to be that the differences of allergenicity among the products by various companies were caused by the differences of the materials used, the combination ratio of materials, the heat treatment level, and manufacturing processes., and manufacturing processes.
Factors Affecting on Protein Stability of Mixed Cow and Soy Milk
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 4, 1994, Pages 345~352
High protein beverage of cow-soy milk was prepared by mixing the soymilk and commercial homogenized cow milk in the various ratios. Effect of heat treatment, pH and addition of calcium and sucrose was studied on the water-soluble nitrogen of cow-soy milk The heat-treated soymilk at 10
were centrifuged at the range of 830~29,900xg for 30 min and 11,200xg was found to be proper for determination of the degree of protein denaturation by centrifugal method. When soymilk was heated at 70~10
for 30~240 min, soluble nitrogen (QA SN) in supernatant of protein was decreased to 78.0~56.8% due to protein denaturation. Most of heat denaturation of protein was found to be occurred during Initial heating 10
for all mixed cow-soy milk. The sedimentation of SN was maximum at pH 4.0 In the range of pH 3~8. Addition of sucrose affected little on oASN while calcium addition reduced %SN significantly to approx. 55% for soymilk(100%). The effect of Ca was less as the ratio of cow milk increased.
Viscosity and Sensory Characteristics of Cow-soy Milk
Jeong, Nam-Yong ; Kim, U-Jeong ; Kim, Dong-Won ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 4, 1994, Pages 353~360
Effect of pH, calcium, sucrose, heating and mixing ratio of soy and cow milk was studied on the viscosity and the sensory characteristics of cow-soy milk. The viscosity of soymilk was significantly affected by pH with showing maximum at 6.0 and the pH effect was decreased as the ratio of cow talk increased. A addition of sucrose or calcium affected little on the viscosity and a negative linear relationship was found be tween viscosity and an increase in cow milk ratio. Sensory characteristics of grassy and beany odor and taste of soymilk were rapidly decreased and nutty flavor and total acceptability were increased during initial 30 min of boiling. A further increase in boiling affected little on tastes and odors of soymilk. The beany odor and taste linearly decreased and milk flavor Increased as the ratio of cow milk increased. The total acceptability of 50 : 50 was found to be maximum for cow and soy mixed milks.
A Study on Nutritional Status and Its Related Factors in Elderly Koreans with Ages
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 4, 1994, Pages 361~372
Elderly Koreans(<60 year old) living in Seoul were surveyed with questionnaire to Investigate their nutritional status and those factors affected. The result could be summarized as follows : Mean energy intakes of elderly men and women were 1,528 and 1,292 kcal, and 79.1 and 65.5% of RDA, respectively. Below 215 of RDA were Ca and vile. A in men and Ca, vile. A and riboflavin in women. Compared with elderly men, elderly women showed lower quality of diet. In men intakes of nutrients were markedly decreased after 80 years old but in women these tendency showed more early stages of ages. The factors that had effect on nutrient intakes were age, height in men and SES, body weight and BMI in women.
Effects of Dietary Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on Tocopherol Contents and Lipid Peroxidation of Plasma and Tissues in Rats Fed High Fat Diet
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 4, 1994, Pages 373~382
This study was observed the effect of n6 and n3 polyunsaturated fatty acids of dietary corn oil and fish oil which was supplemented with similar levels of tocopherol in high fat diet on the levels of tocopherol, malondialdehyde ( MDA) productions of plasma and tissues of rats. Also RBC hemolysis, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH Px) activities In liver were determined. Male Sprague Dawley rats were fed high fat (40%Cal) diet which was different only In fatty acid composition for 6 weeks. Dietary (arts were beef tallow(BT) as a source of saturated fatty acid, corn oil(CO) for n6 linoleic acid (LA) and fish oil(FO) for n3 eicosapentaenoic acid(EPA) + docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Plasma and liver tocopherol levels were lowered by n3 PUy4 but there was no difference in malondialdehyde(MDA) level by different dietary PUFA. However, MDA content of RBC and hemolysis were increased by n3 PUFA. MDA content, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities in liver were increased in more unsaturated dietary fat groups. Especially, SOD activity was increased in proportion to the degree of fat unsaturation.
Inhibitory Activity of Korean Ginseng on Lipolytic Action of Toxohormone-L from Cancerous Ascites Fluid
Sung-Dong Lee ; Yoo ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 4, 1994, Pages 383~391
A substance that inhibit the lipolytic action of Toxohormone-L was a crude acidic polysaccharide isolated from Korean red and white ginseng. The total inhibitory activities (units) of PGI and PG4 fraction in white ginseng and those of PG,, PG4 and PG43 fraction in red ginseng were higher than other fractions in vitro test. Each water extract of ginseng was effective against the lipolysis induced by the Toxohormone-L at the concentration over 10~100
l/ml. The total inhibitory activities (units) were highest at the concentration of 100ug/ml and 1,000ug/ml in the 4-year and 5-year old white ginseng root respectively, while, it was higher in the 6-year old ginseng than other ages regardless of the reaction concentration In the red ginseng. The inhibitory effect of ginsenos1de - Rb2 on the lipolysis by Toxohormone-L was higher than other ginsenosides at the concentration of 100
g to 500
g/ml of reaction mixture, and total inhibitory activities (units) of ginsenoside -Rb2 were also higher than other treatments
Cultivation of Psychrotrophic Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Kimchi in Korean Cabbage-Juice
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 4, 1994, Pages 392~398
The purpose of this study was to predict the actions and roles of 10 strains of representative psychrotrophic lactic acid bacteria, in kimchi fermentation, which were Isolated from kimchi and identified as Leu. mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides, Leu. mesenteroides subsp. dextranicum, Leu. lactic, Leu. paramesenteroides, Lac. bavaricus and Lac. homahiochii. For this, 0.01% of tactic starters were inoculated in germ free Korean cabbage-juice containing 2.5% NaCl, and then cultivated for 14 days at 1
. All strains grew actively, and reached their stationary phase in 4 days. In death phase, the slopes of curves were much different each other by strains. The acidity increased rapidly between 2 and 4 days, and the pH decreased rapidly between 2 and 3 days. The total acidity was 0.5B~0.75%, the volatile acidity 0.04~0.18% and the pH 3.55~3.85, in final cultures. The cultures of Leuconostocs were better than those of lactobacilli on flavor test. It was thought that the ripening periods of kimchi would be much reduced, and that the over ripening would be also somewhat avoided, when these strains were used as starter bacteria for kimchi and the kimchi was fermented at low temperature.
Oxygen Transfer in Microbial System
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 7, issue 4, 1994, Pages 399~405
Some method was introduced to explain oxygen transfer from broth to cell during aerobic microbe cultivation. It is explained by 5 steps that how desolved oxygen can reach to cell. Among these steps film resistance was the most important factor to describe oxygen transfer. Lumped model and distributed model was introduced to explain oxygen diffusion rate and oxygen consumption rate which occurs in the microbe pellet.