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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 1996
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 1996
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 1996
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
Selecting the target year
Effects of Dietary Fat Level on the Lipid Metabolism in Rats of Different Stapes of Aging
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 1, 1996, Pages 1~11
Male rats of 2 months-old(young), 6 months-old(adult) and 30 months-old(old)were fed 8 or 16 weeks to investigate the e(feats of dietary fat level on the lipid metabolism in the different stages of aging. The response of 30 month old rats to dietary fat level differed from either 2 or 6-months old rats. In 30-months old rats, dietary fat level had a little effect on weight gains, lipid content of serum as compared with other two age groups. Young rats showed higher body weight gain, F.S.R, and PER compared with aged rat. The younger and the more high fat fed the rats were, the more body weight gains, FER and PER showed. Weight of liver and kidney was increased in aged rats but ratio per unit weight of liver and kidney was not affected by age. Serum lipid content was higher in aged rat compared with the young and liver lipid content was higher in high fat diet fed rats. But TG of liver and serum was not changed with aging process. Intake, excretion and absorption of lipid was not changed by age of animals. but absorption was decreased as experimental period was increased.
The Study on Daily Meal Pattern in Seoul Families
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 1, 1996, Pages 12~20
The purpose of this study is to explore the daily meal pattern in Seoul families. The informations of this study were obtained from 443 housewives in Seoul during August 20 to September 20, 1994, by using questionnaires. The X2 test was applied to see the individual data. The following observations were made in this study. 57% of Seoul families had rice with side dish set three times a day, the first choice for rice substitute was bread In breakfast and noodle in lunch, 98% of the subjects had rice in dinner The change of tile meal pattern from boiled rice to bread and noodle was the result of social changes such as urbanization, heightening up of education level of woman and the resulting increase of woman employment. They were consumed 2~5 varieties of side dishes. The favorite were Kimchi and Cigag' and Guk. The major meal pattern In Seoul Is still the traditional one composed of boiled rice and side dishes.
Production of L-Tyrosine by PFP Resistant Mutant Induced from Brevibnrcterium sp.
Bae, Jun-Tae ; Park, Gyeong-Suk ; Lee, Byeol-Na ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 1, 1996, Pages 21~28
This study was attempted to investigate the production of L-tyrosine by Brevibacterium flavum ATCC 14067. To select the strain which produce more L-tyrosine, mutants were induced by N-methyl-N'-nitro-nitrosoguanidine (NTG) treatment and phenylalanine auxotrophic mutants were induced by NTG and penicillin treatments. PFP resistant mutant was isolated from a phenylalanine auxotroph by retreatment with NTG and screened for increase of L-tyrosine production. PFP-326 mutant resistant to PPP (100ug/ml) was derived from phenylalanine auxotroph by mutagenesis with NTG and PFP-106 mutant resistant to PFP (1201g/ml) was derived from PFP-326 by mutagenesis with NTG. The composition of media for L-tyrosine production in strain PFP-106 was studied. PFP-106 mutant strain produced 50mg 11 of L-tyrosine while the parent strain produced 0.56mg 11 of L-tyrosine. The optimum composition of medium for L-tyrosine by strain PFP-106 was 10cA sucrose as carbon source, 3% ammonium sulfate as nitrogen source. The optimum cultural condition for producing L-tyrosine by strain PFP-106 was L-phenylalanine at a concentration of 1000g/mg.
Growth Inhibition of Coliform Bacteria in Model System of Naengmyon-Broth by Using Dongchimi-Juice
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 1, 1996, Pages 29~36
Naengmyon is a Korean buckwheat noodle with chilld broth, and the juice of dongchimi, a Korean radish pickle fermented with wild lactic acid bacteria, has been used as the broth for naengmyon traditionally. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the inhibitory effect of dongchimi-juice against coliform bacteria in model system of naengmyon-broth. Dongchimi-juice was made from radish juice by the cultivation of lactic acid bacteria which had been isolated from kimchi. Three types of naengmyon-broth, beef-broth type, dongchimi-juice type and the mixed type, were made as model systems, and then the changes in viable cell counts of seven coliform bacteria, Klebsiella planticola Bo2, X. terrigena CO8, K. pneumoniae DOI, K. ozaenae DO4, Enterobacter sp. AO2, Enterobacter sp. CO7, Citrobacter sp. BO7 and Escherichia sp. DO3, which had been added to each type of naengmyon-broth in advance, were investigated during storage at 3
All coliforms grew rapidly in naengmyon-broth of beef-broth type, while none grew in dongchimi-juice type or in the mixed type. All coliforms died out far more rapidly in dongchimi-juice type than in mixed type. The decreasing slopes of Citrobacter sp. Bo7, K. planticola BO2, X. terrigena CO8 and K. ozaenae DO4 were more steep than those of the rest. It was thought that the preparation method of Korean traditional naengmyon such as dongchimi-naengmyon or Pyongyang style-naengmyon, which uses oxy dongchimi-) juice or the mixture of dongchimi-juice and beef-broth, would be very effective for preventing the growth of coliform bacteria from naengmyon.
A Definition and Historical Study of Traditional and Commercial Sikhye
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 1, 1996, Pages 37~44
Korean traditional Sikhye is made from rice and malt. Since 1740, there have been many records about the method of making traditional Sikhye, generally used in the folks. And the first records of sugar addition Sikhye were found In 1924. Therefore commercial sugar Sikhye is not traditional. Traditional Sikhye uses 30% of rice and malt (dry weight) as raw material, and main content is maltose. However commercial Sikhye uses only 3% of cooked rice, and adds 10% of sugar, .Even though some domestic Sikhye used sugar, the amount of added sugar does not exceed 115 of raw materials. Therefore, commercial Sikhye differs from not only traditional Sikhye but also domestic sugar Sikhye.
Some Problems of Sikhye Production and An Improvement Method of Sikhye Quality
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 1, 1996, Pages 45~51
Korean traditional Sikhye is made from rice and malt, and It's main product Is maltose. However commercial Sikhye differs from traditional Sikhye because it's main component is sucrose. Sikhye industry faces many problems such as contamination of malt with microorganisms, low amylase activity of malt and technical difficulties. There is no commercial Sikhye which is only using rice and malt by these reasons. To produce the traditional Sikhye free from these problems, it is necessary to restrict the microorganisms of malt and to standardize the amylase activity of malt. In addition, the Introduction of effective control and sanitaric process is required. In Sikhye production. if
-amylase and isoamylase or pullulanase were added, starch could be saccharified 100% as maltose. Accordingly, this method brings us the low cost of Sikhye.
A Study of Pectinesterase, Polygalacturonase, Lipoxygenase and Peroxidase in Hot Pepper
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 1, 1996, Pages 52~58
This study was carried out 19 investigate the characteristics of pectinesterase (PE), polygalacturonase (PG), lipoxygenase(LOX) and peroxidase (POD) in hot pepper to know the effect of hot pepper on food quality during food processing and storage. The results were as follows : 1. The optimum pH of PE was pH 7.5 and the activity of PE below pH 5.5 was revealed scarcely, The concentration of NaCl and
that showed the highest activity of PE were 0.2M and 0.05M, respectively. 2. The optimum pH of PG was pH 6.0 and the activity of PG in acidity was higher than that in alkalinity. The activity of PG was maximum at 0.3M NaCl and 0.2mM
. Above the concentration of 0.5M NaCl and 0.5M
, the activity of PG was lower than that of PG not adding these salts 3. The optimum pH of LOX was pH 7.0 and pH 8.5. 4. The optimum pH of POD was pH 6.0 and the activity of POD was higher in weak acidity and neutrality than in alkalinity. POD activity was slightly decreased by the increase of NaCl and
Effect of Different Dietary Fats on Colonic Epithelial Cell Phospholipid and Phosphatidyl Inositol Composition in DMH-treated Rats
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 1, 1996, Pages 59~68
The study was designed to observe the effects of different dietary fat consumed in Korea with those of three other fats on colonic epithelial cell phospholipid and phosphatidyl inositol composition, which were known as biomarker for colon cancer. Male Sprague Dawley rats, at 7 weeks of age, were divided into control and 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) -treated group that was again subdivided into four groups. The experimental diets contained one of four dietary fats at 15%(w/w) level, those were, blend fat(BF), beef tallow(BT), corn oil (CO) or perilla oil (PO) At the same time, each rat was injected nth saline for control group or DMH twice a week for 6 weeks to five total dose of 180 mg/kg body weight. Dietary fatty acid composition influenced the fatty acid compositions of tissues. Proportions of C18:2 colonic mucosal phospholipid well reflected dietary level of C18:2 showing in decending CO>BF>PO> BT. The percentage of C20:4 in phospholipid was the higher in CO and BT groups and the lowest in PO groups. Incorporation of -linolenic acid in colonic mucosal lipid In perilla oil group was negatively correlated to the content of C20:4. Therefore,
3-linolenic acid rich in perilla oil could be a very important dietary source in controlling arachidonic acid level in colon epithelial cell. Therefore it could be recommend to use more perilla oil in meal preparation to reduce the risk factor against colon cancer.
Studies on immunomodulating Function of Components Separated from Platycodi Radix
Bae, Man-Jong ; Park, Mu-Hui ; Son, Gyu-Mok ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 1, 1996, Pages 69~75
In order to research for compound of immunomodulatic and anti-allergic function. These experiments were conducted to investigated the effects of hot water extracts(PRWE) , ethanol extracts (PREE) and polysaccharide fraction extracts (PRPE) extracted from platycodi radix on immune response. The effect of these platycodi radix extracts on hemagglutinin titer(HA), hemalysin titer(HY), plaque forming cell(PFC), rosette forming cell (RFC) and phagocytosis was Investigated by using BALB / C mice. The results obtained from this study are as follows. Generally, the oral administration of extracts fractions for 10 days each other resulted in the enhanced HA and HY. In the experiment of PFC and RFC, the results of experimental groups which was given each samples compared to control group showed the enhanced level of activity such as PRPE 160% and 196% each other But PRWE and PREE decreased or wear not changed. When PREE, PRPE or PRWE was given to mice orally, PREE and PRPE significantly enhanced the phagocytic activity of peritoneal exudate cells(PEC), spleen cells(SC) and monolymphocytus cell(MC), about from 150% to 250%, but PRW was decreased.
Effect of Ganoderma lueidum Water- Extracted Solution on Fat Contents in Plasma, Liver and Adipose, and Feccal Steroids of Fatted Rats Induced by High Fat Dietary
Seong, Tae-Su ; Son, Gyu-Mok ; Bae, Man-Jong ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 1, 1996, Pages 76~84
This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of Ganoderma lueuidum (GL) water extract on fat accumulation in the fatted rats Induced by the oral high fat administration for six weeks. Total cholesterol, neutral fat and epididymal fat pad of GL groups were lower than the control group. On the other hand, high density lipoprotein(HDL) -cholesterol was somewhat higher in GL than In the control group. In addition, the same result as the above case was obtained when examining adipose for liver and epididymal fat components. During the feeding experiment, level of low density lipoprotein(LDL) and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) increased while HDL was decreased in the control group as compared with normal group. The decree of LDL and VLDL was decreased, but HDL was increased in GL group as compared with the control group. Experiment group showed the Increased excretion as compared with the control group, in the excretion. Based on the above results, It was shown that it is possible to improve fat accumulation induced by high fat dietary through using the oral administration of Ganoderma lueidum boiling extract solutions.
Enzymatic Properties of
-amylase Isolated from Arrowroot
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 1, 1996, Pages 85~91
B-amylase(EC 126.96.36.199) was isolated from the root of arrowroot(Peuria thunbergiana Bentham) with distilled water and then fractionated with ammonium sulfate. Crude extract was partially purified by ion exchange chromatography and gel filtration. The enzymatic properties of partially purified
-amylase were as follows, the enzyme was fractionated with ammonium sulfate between 0.2 and 0.4 saturation, and showed the typical reaction properties of B-amylase producing only maltose from starch. Optinum pH and temperature were pH 6.5,
respectively. The activity of the enzyme had proportional relations with enzyme protein concentration below 4mg, and had Michaelis constant of 66.7mg% for soluble starch. The enzyme was inhibited by some metal louts such as silver, cadmium, mercury, aluminum, iron and copper.
Respection of Pectic Enzymes Among the Hydrolysis Enzymes of Plant Cell Wall
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 1, 1996, Pages 92~98
Pectic materials, which are widely spread in the plant cell wall as plant carbohydrates, plays a great role in food Industry that acts as a softening agent of fruits and vegetables, and gel forming agents. To study physiochemical properties and industrial applications of pectic enzymes that hydrolyzes pectin, classification, assay method and Industrial application are reviewed based on previous results.