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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 1996
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 1996
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 1996
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
Selecting the target year
Water Binding Capacity of Vegetable Fiber
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 231~235
The water binding capacity(WC) of acid detergent fiber(ADF) was estimated. The WBC of raw vegetables ranged from 5. 1g to 24.7g water/g ADF. WBC was high in pepers and low in welsh onions. The correlation coefficients between WBC and fiber components were examined to fled which component is responsible for the deteruuning ability to bind water. The correlation coefficient between WBC and cellulose was +0.8. The binding capacity of water by fiber was affected positively by cellulose. fermentation increased in WBC of ADF. Changes of no in accordance with pH changes were evaluated at pH 2, 5.2 and 6. In all cases, WBC was high In weak acid and neutral.
Development of Starter Cultures for the Extension of the Shelf Life of Bread
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 236~241
Starter cultures were developed for the extension of the shelf life of bread. Lactobacillus plantarum and Bifidoacterium longum were selected as the mixed culture with Propionibacterium freudenreichii. P. fredenreichii with B. longum and L. plantarum produced 2.261% and 1.715% total acid, and pH value of cultured solutions was near 3.95. Propionic acid was produced 14 ~16 mg/ml by P. freudenreichii with L. plantarum and B. longum during 17 days, which was more than that of L. brevis. The pH values of the bread were 4.83 and 4.89 in respect to B. longum and L. plantarum when the fermented products were used to make the bread. Mold was not found for 10 days of storage of the bread at room temperature when the fermented products of B. longum were used for making bread. 37
, pH 6.0 and the lowest agitation were optimum conditions for the production of propionic acid in the scaled up fermentation.
Purification and Characterization of High Viscous Hyaluronic Acid Complex from Klebsiella sp. L-10 NTG 50
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 242~246
High viscous hyaluronic acid complex from Klebsiella sp. L-10 NTG 50 mutant was purified by two-phase extraction system using PEG-K2HP04 and its physicochemical properties were Investigated. Viscosity of the purified hyaluronic acid complex was decreased as temperature and salts concentration were Increased and also showed low viscosity at below pH 5.0 and above pH 11.0. Hardness, cohesiveness and adhesiveness of the purified hyaluronic acid complex were 1, 20kg, 1.91 and 0.62, respectively. Water holding capacity was 6.9ml per gram of the purified hyaluronic acid complex powder.
Stability of Sweet Potato
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 247~252
-Amylase was purified from sweet potato by acetone fractlonatlon, Sephadex A-50 ion exchange chromatography and Sepgadex G-200 gel chromatographyl The higher enzyme concentration was, the higher heat stability of enzyme became. After 1 hour 30 minute. At 6
in pH 5, enzyme under concentration of 30
l/ml lost its activity completely and over the concentration of 100
g/ml remained 25% of activity. The enzyme was stabilized at range of pH 4~10 and pH stability was increased by glycerol. Five moles of NaCl inhibited completely of the enzyme activity. SDS of 0.05% inhibited the enzyme completely after 12 hours at 37
in pH5. One mole guanidine-HCl and 8M urea inhibited the entire enzyme after 13 hours at 37
in pH 5.
Stability of Sweet Potato
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 253~258
Stabilities of sweets potato f-amylase on various reagents were studied. The enzyme was stabilized by bovine serum albumin, Triton X-100 and 2-mercaptoethanol of 0.04%. Among them, bovine serum albumin was the most effective. And enzyme stability was increased by using the deairated solution. The enzyme activity was remained 0% in the absence of glycerol, 25% in the presence of 20% glycerol and 50% in the presence of 40% glycerol at 37
, for 15 hours in pH 11. SDS inhibited the enzyme, and 2-mercaptoethanol and dithiothreitol stabilized it.
Usage of Liquid Sugars for Shelf Life Extension of the Cake
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 259~264
Five different liquid sugars, invert sugar, corn syrup, high fructose corn syrup, sorbitol and oligosaccharide were compared to improve the shelf life of sponge cake and to decrease the contamination of microorganisms in the baking plant. Sucrose was used as a control. The use of 40% of liquid sugar was more effective than that of 20% on the staling and softness. Invert sugar showed the lowest water activity and the highest water holding capacity. Oligosaccharide showed the highest water activity and the lowest water holding capacity among loquid sugars used. 20% of replacemint of sucrose with invert sugar decreased the contamination more than 100% of sucrose.
Deacidification of New Wild Grape Wine
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 265~270
When new told grape with high acidity Is used wine, their sensory scores are decreased. Using three available methods reducing excess acidify In winemaking, they were malo-lactic fermentation, addition of apple pomace and malo-alcohol fermentation. The chemical monponents and sensory evaluation of wine were determined. They were found in pink wine added apple pomace that tatal acidity and malic acid content were 0.76 and 0.484%. Color Intensity (A520+A420) in pink wanes, their valuse were in the range 8.21~9.42, while the value of red wine was 20.92. Browning index and total phenol contents in pink wine, their values were In the range of 1.36∼1.42 and 3,300∼3,800mg 11. The sensory evaluation showed that the pink wine added apple pomace(10%) was highest in taste and total scores (P<0.05), and the taste of wine has improved.
Changes in Cholesterol Contents of Kwamaegi Flesh by Drying Methods of Pacific saury, Cololabis saira
O, Seung-Hui ; Ha, Tae-Ik ; Jang, Myeong-Ho ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 271~274
New drying method was tested for the Quality control for Kwamegl, dry Pacific saucy(Cololahis saira) In east coast area of Kyungbuk province, Korea. Cholesterol content of raw fish was 56% on dry basis, and decreased to 50.82 mg% rapidly the first 3 day and then, it was almost unchanged. However, the cholesterol content decreased slowly to 52.3 mg% during 15 days in new artificial drying.
Isolation and Characterization of Antagonistic Bacteria for Biocontrol of Erwinia herbicola Causing Vegetable Soft Rot
Kim, Gyo-Chang ; Do, Dae-Hong ; Kim, Do-Yeong ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 275~280
For the selection of powerful antagonistic bacterium for biological control of Ewinia sp. causing vegetable soft rot, two excellent strains (54, 565) were selected from 1, 196 strains of bacteria which were isolated from rhizospere in vegetable root rot suppressive soil. Selected 2 strains were identified to be a species to Pseudomonas fluorescens S4 and pseudomonas fluorescens S65 (PS65). The highest of inhibitory activity was produced in 523 synthetic broth medium at pH 7.0 and 25t during 3 ethyl-Al-folpet, and the antibiotics such as vancomycin, perucillin and lincomycin, only PS4 was resistant to erythromycin.
The Development of Curriculum on Department of Food Service Business
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 281~288
The purpose of this study was to develop the curriculum for the Department of Food Service Business in Junior College. The purpose of the curriculum development is to train professionals combined theory and practice for medium or small restaurant managers. We have developed a model curriculum, which was based on Job analyses for related business, analyses of the curricula of departments related with food service, and survey on the questionnaire. The subjects of the model curriculum are as follows. 1) Subjects related with Food and Food Sanitation, 2) Subjects related nth Cuisine, 3) Subjects related with Restaurant Management and Service, 4) Subjects related nth training In practical business, and 5) Subjects related with a foreign language. The effects on opening the Department of Food Service are as follows. 1) To train professionals (or food service business, 2) Activation of the study on Food Service Industry, 3) Establishment of the traditional food culture, 4) Activation of the Tourist Industry, and 5) To improve the Quality of restaurant employees.
Microbial and Chemical Changes of Kimchies Containing Different Ingredients During Fermentation
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 289~293
Population changes of aerobic bacteria and lactic acid bacteria and changes of pH, acidity, and total sugar content were creased from initial period of fermentation. Lactic acid bacteria Increased during the first one nay rapidly and thereafter they creased slowly thereafter. Acidity increased on the third day of fermentation. Acidity was very low In Kimchi containing both Total sugar content decreased gradually from initial period to late period of fermentation.
Desmutagenic Effect of Leonurus sibiricus L. to Aflatoxin B1 in Salmonella Mutation Assay
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 294~298
By the 505 chromotest which utilized Escherichia bolt PQ 37, Korean medicinal plants had been screened to Investigate the antimutagenic effect to aflatoxin B1(AFBl). Ikmocho(IMC, Leonurus sibiricus L.) was extracted with hot water. The extract was not found to be mutagenic in the Salmonella mutation test with or without metabolic activation, and the extract was showed to possess the antimutagenic properties towards AFB1-induced metation. The mutagenicity of AFB1 was inhibited by methanol soluble fracstion (IMC-MS) in dose-dependent. However, water-soluble fraction exhibited comutagenic activity. The greatest inhibitory effect of IMC-MS on AFB1 mutagenicity occurred when IMC-MS was first incubated, AFB1 followed by a second incubation with the cells and 59 mixture. Also lower inhibition was occurred when S9 mixtures were first incubated, with IMC-MS followed by a second incubation with AFBI. The results of the sequential incubation study support the probability that one mechanism of inhibition could involve the formation of chemical complex between IMC-MS and AFB1 rather than deactivation of S9 enzyme.
Studies on the Adsorption Capacity of Ni, Gu, and Pb by Genus Allium in Aqueous Solution
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 299~306
The study was performed under the various conditions, such as the edible parts and particle sizes of Allium. The concentrations, the temperartures, and the pH of heavy metal solutions to investigated their adsorption capacity of heavy metals by genus Allium. The adsorption amount of Pb by Allium in the aqueous soluton was apparently higher than that of Ni and Cu by them. The larger the particle sloe of welsh onion and shallot was, the higher the adsorption of Cu was. The adsorptlons of Cu, Ni and sorption ratio was not different. As the temperature increased, the amount of heavy metal adsorption increased in general, but the adsorption of Ni by welsh onion and wild garlic and leek, Cu by shallot, wild garlic and leek decreased. Adsorption of Pb to Allium was not affected by the different values of pH, and adsorptions of Ni and Cu were greatly affected by those of pH. Especially, the higher the pH was, the greater the Ni adsorption to Allium was, and the lower the pH was, the higher the Cu adsorption was. The correlation between the amount of components in edible parts of Allium and that of adsorption of heavy metals was significantly high In amino acids containing sulfhydryl group(-SH) and vitamin B2.
Studies on the Adsorption Capacity of Cd and Zn by Genus Allium Powder in aqueous solution
Kim, Seong-Jo ; Baek, Seung-Hwa ; Mun, Gwang-Hyeon ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 307~313
The study was performed under the various conditions, such as the edible parts and particle sizes of Allium, the concentrations, the temperatures, and the pH of heavy metal solutions to investigate their adsorption capacity of heavy metals by genus Allium. The adsorption amount of Cd by Allium in the aqueous solution was apparently higher than that of Zn by them. The larger the particle size of welsh onion and shallot was, the higher the adsorption of Cd was. But the adsorption ratio was not different. As the temperature increased, the amount of heavy metal adsorption increased in general, but the adsorption of Cd by wild garlic, Zn by garlic decreased. Adsorption of Cd and Zn to Allium was not affected by the various pH. The correlation between the amount of components in edible putts of Allium and that of adsorption of heavy metals was significantly high in amino acids containing sulfhydryl radical (-SH) and vitamin B2.
Changes in Chemical Compositions of Fruit-Vegetable Mixed Juice Sterilized at Various Conditions During Storage
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 314~318
The purpore of this study was to elucidate the nutritional significance of the fruit-vegetable mixed juice during storage and distribution by examining the chemical composition of the mixed Juice for storage. The fruit-vegetable mixed Juices were sueriliged at 95
for 30, 70, 100 seconds and the results of the changes in vitamin C contents, colors, total carotenoid contents, total aerobic counts and sensory evaluation of the mixed Juice were as follows: Vitamin C contents were drastically decreased at 7 day's storage and were not significantly different between the mixed Juices at p< 0.05 level after 7 day's storage. The longer the sterilization time and storage period of the mixed Juice was the higher changes in color was. The color changes in the sterilized samples were higher in order of 100, 70 and 30 seconds. Total carotenoid contents were slightly decreased according to storage period but were not affected by sterilization time. Total aerobic counts were 1.1
101 cfu/ml before sterilization, but it was negative after sterilization at 95t regardless of sterilization time. Sensory qualities such as color, flavor, taste and total acceptability of the mixed juice tended to be decreased by the Increased storage period and sterilization time. Especially, the sterilized sample for 100 seconds showed lots of changes In color.
Solubility, Emulsion Capacity, and Emulsion Stability of Protein Recovered from Red Crab Processing Water
Kim, Yong-Jin ; Sin, Tae-Seon ; O, Hun-Il ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 319~324
The functional properties of protein recovered from red crab (Chitinonecetes opiiie) processing in water (RCP) were examined and compared with those of soybean protein isolate at pH 2~10 in water and NaCl solu5ion. The solubilities of RCP and SPI were miniumu at pH 4, the isoelectric point and increased significantly at lower or higher than pH 4. Solubilities in NaCl solution for both proteins decreased with incr NaCl concentration increase at all pH ranges. Emulsion capacity for both proteins was also minimum at pH 4 and increased as protein concentration increased from 2 to 6%. Emulsion capacity of RCP was higher than these of SPI at pH 6∼10 and all protein concentrations. Emulsion stability showed a similar trend to that of emulsion capacity. RCP had higher oft absorption capacity and lower water absorption capacity than SPI.
Foaming Capacity and Foaming Stability of Protein Recovered from Red Crab Processing Water
Kim, Yong-Jin ; Sin, Tae-Seon ; O, Hun-Il ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 325~330
Foaming capacity (FC) and stability (FS) of protein recovered from red crab (Chitinonecetes opilio) processing in water and soybean protein isolate were determined at pH 2.0~10.0 in water and NaCl solution. The FC values for both proteins showed the lowest values at the isoelectric point (pH 4.0) and increased nth an increase in pH above the isoelectric point. FC of RCP was higher than that of SPI at pH 10.0 in water and both NaCl solutions. FC of SPI increased with an increase in NaCl concentration at pH 4.0 and 6.0, but FC of RCP was not affected. The highest FS values for both proteins were obtained at pH 4.0 in water. At pH 2.0, FC of RCP decreased with NaCl concentration increase, but FS increased. NaCl concentration had little effect on FS of RCP at pH 4.0 and 6.0, but the FS decreased at pH 10.0. FS of SPI was similar to that of RCP at pH 2.0 and increased with NaCl concentration Increase from 0.1 to 0.5M NaCl at pH 10.0.
The effect of squalene and tocopherols on their autooxidation of bean oil
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 331~335
In this study, the attempts were made to Investigate the effect of squalene (200 ppm) on the autooxidation of soybean oil The effect of mixed tocopherols (200 ppm) was also studied In the same way and the results of the study were compared with those of squalene. A put of a commercial soybean oil was stored at 45.0
0.5t for their autooxidation. The extent of the autooxidation was estimated from the changes of the peroxide value and % conjugated dienoic acid content of the ell substrates The results of the autooxidation, squalene In the soybean oil substrate showed antioxidant activity but the activity was weaker than that of mixed-tocopherols nth the same concentration. The induction periods of the control and substrates with the same concentration. The Induction periods of the control and substrates with squalene and mixed-tocopherols were 448.5 504.9 and 668.9 hours, respectively. Time required to Tech a POV of 30meq/kg oil.
Production of Microbial Ghitosan from Rhizopus japonicus
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 336~340
Rhizopus japonicus had the highest chitosan productivity compared with the chitosan productivity among Rhizopus sp. strains. To increase the productivity of microbial chitosan from Rhizopus faponicus, production medium and incubation conditions were optimized. The composition of the medium and the incubation conditions were as follows : starch 2%, yeast extract 2.5%, KH2PO4 0.05%, MgSO4 0.01%, FeSO4 0.002%, MnSO4 0.002%, ZnSO4 0.002%, CaC12 0.002%, PH 5.5, incubation temperature medium compared with chitosan productivity.
An Influence of Salt Concentrations on Growth Rates of Lactic Acid Bacteria isolated from Kimchi
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 9, issue 3, 1996, Pages 341~347
Growth curves of seven strains of lactic acid bacteria isolated from Kimchi were graphed, when they were cultivated at 3
in filter sterilized Chinese cabbage juice containing 0, 2, 4 and 6% salt, and then lag time and generation time were calculated. The shapes of growth curves were changed differently among strains, as salt concentrations were increased. The addition of 2~4% salt resulted in prolongation of lag time were most omspicuous in Leu. Paramesenteroides and Leu. Mesenteroides subsp. Dextranicum, and the next in Leu. Mesenteroides subsp. Mesenteroides,m Lac. Bavaricus and Lac. Gomohiochii, and the least in Lac. Plantarum and Lac. Brevis. And then the prolongations of generation time were most remarkable in Lac. bavaricus and Lac. Homohiochii, and the next in Leu. Mesenteroides subsp. Mesenteroides, Leu. Mesenteroides subsp. Dextranicum and Leu. Paramesenteroides, and the least in Lac. Plantarum and Lac. brevis. By increasing salt concentrations from 0 to 2%, the generation times of Leu. Cesenteroides subsp. Dextranicum and Leu. Mesenteriodes subsp. Mesenteroides were prolonged slightly, while those of Lac. Homohiochii and Lac. Brevis were not changed, and those of Lac. Plantarum, Lac. Bavaricus and Leu. Paramesenteroides were shortened slightly. As salt concentrations were increased from 2% to 4%, inversions in the order of generation time occurred among strains. As a whole, lower salt concentrations were more favorable for the growth of Leuconostoc strains, while higher salt concentrations were for Lactobacillus strains.