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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Carbon Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 3_4 - Dec 2001
Volume 2, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Volume 1, Issue 3_4 - Jan 2001
Selecting the target year
Exfoliated Graphite for Spilled Heavy Oil Recovery
Inagaki, Michio ; Toyoda, Masahiro ; Iwashita, Norio ; Nishi, Yoko ; Konno, Hidetaka ;
Carbon letters, volume 2, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~8
Exfoliated graphite was found to sorb selectively a large amount of heavy oil, about 80 g of heavy oil floating on water per 1 g of exfoliated graphite, which is highly possible to be applied to recovering spilled heavy oil. Sorption capacity, selectivity and kinetics of exfoliated graphite were reviewed. The possibility of recovery of heavy oil from exfoliated graphite and recycling of both recovered heavy oil and exfoliated graphite was also discussed. Its sorption performance was compared with other materials which were reported to show sorption of heavy oil.
Effect of Temperature on the Adsorption and Desorption Characteristics of Methyl Iodide over TEDA-Impregnated Activated Carbon
Park, Geun-Il ; Kim, In-Tae ; Lee, Jae-Kwang ; Ryu, Seung-Kon ; Kim, Joo-Hyung ;
Carbon letters, volume 2, issue 1, 2001, Pages 9~14
Adsorption and desorption characteristics of methyl iodide at high temperature conditions up to
by TEDA-impregnated activated carbon, which is used for radioiodine retention in nuclear facility, was experimentally evaluated. In the range of temperature from
, the adsorption capacity of base activated carbon decreased sharply with increasing temperature but that of TEDA-impregnated activated carbon showed higher value even at high temperature ranges. Especially, the desorption amount of methyl iodide on TEDA-impregnated carbon represented lower value than that on unimpregnated carbon. The breakthrough curves of methyl iodide in the fixed bed packed with base carbon and TEDA-impregnated activated carbon at high temperature were compared. TEDA-impregnated activated carbon would be applicable to adsorption process up to
for the removal of radioiodine in a nuclear facility.
Removal of Chromium by Activated Carbon Fibers Plated with Copper Metal
Park, Soo-Jin ; Jung, Woo-Young ;
Carbon letters, volume 2, issue 1, 2001, Pages 15~21
In this work, activated carbon fibers (ACFs) were plated with copper metal using electroless plating method and the effects of surface properties and pore structures on chromium adsorption properties were investigated. Surface properties of ACFs have been characterized using pH and acid/base values. BET data with
adsorption were used to obtain the structural parameters of ACFs. The electroless copper plating did significantly lead to a decrease in the surface acidity or to an increase in the surface basicity of ACFs. However, all of the samples possessed a well-developed micropore. The adsorption capacity of Cr(III) for the electroless Cu-plated ACFs was higher than that of the as-received, whereas the adsorption capacity of Cr(VI) for the former was lower than that of the latter. The adsorption rate constants (
) were also evaluated from chromium adsorption isotherms. It was found that
constant for Cr(III) adsorption depended largely on surface basicity. The increase of Cr(III) adsorption and the decrease of Cr(VI) adsorption were attributed to the formation of metal oxides on ACFs, resulting in increasing the surface basicity.
Deintercalation and Thermal Stability of Na-graphite Intercalation Compounds
Oh, Won-Chun ;
Carbon letters, volume 2, issue 1, 2001, Pages 22~26
Na alloyed graphite intercalation compounds with stage 1 and 2 were synthesized using the high temperature and pressure technique. Thermal stability and staging transitions of the compounds were investigated depending on heating rates. The thermal stability and temperature dependence of the deintercalation compounds were characterized using differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) analyzer. Enthalpy of formations were confirmed at temperatures between 25 and
, depending on the various heating rates. The structure ions and interlayer spaces of the graphite were identified by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Diffractograms of stages with non-integral (00l) values were obtained in the thermal decomposition process, and stacking disorder defects and random stage modes were observed. The average value of the interlayer C-C bond lengths were found approximately
from the diffractions. Based on the stage transition, the degree of the deintercalaton has a inverse-linear relationship against the heating rate.
Mechanical Properties & Ablation Mechanism of SiC Coated Carbon/Carbon Composite by Pack-cementation Method
Kim, J.I. ; Oh, I.S. ; Joo, H.J. ;
Carbon letters, volume 2, issue 1, 2001, Pages 27~36
The pack-cementation process is the method which is formed SiC coating layer to improve weak oxidation properties of CFRCs (carbon fiber-reinforced carbons). This method develops the anti-oxidation coating layer having no dimensional changes and good wetting properties. In this study to improve the oxidative resistance of the prepared 4D CFRCs, the surface of CFRCs is coated by SiC using pack cementation method. The mechanical properties of SiC-coated 4D CFRCs are measured by the 3-point bending test, and their ablation properties are investigated by the arc torch plasma test. From the results, it is found that both mechanical and ablation properties of SiC-coated 4D CFRCs are much better than bare CFRCs.
Vapor Phase Mercury Removal by Sulfur Impregnated Activated Carbons and Sulfur Impregnation Protocol
Lee, Si-Hyun ; Cha, Sun-Young ; Park, Yeong-Seong ;
Carbon letters, volume 2, issue 1, 2001, Pages 37~43
Mercury has been identified as a potential health and environmental hazardous material. Activated carbon adsorption offers promising potential for the control of mercury emissions, and sulfur impregnated (sulfurized) activated carbons has been shown to be an effective sorbent for the removal of vapor phase
from sources. In this work, vapor phase mercury adsorption by sulfur impregnated activated carbons were investigated. Sulfur impregnated activated carbons were made by variation of impregnation temperature, and the comparison of adsorption characteristics with commercial virgin and sulfurized carbons were made. Factors affecting the adsorption capacity of virgin and sulfurized activated carbons such as pore characteristics, functional groups and sulfur impregnation conditions were discussed. It was found that the sulfur allotropes plays a critical role in adsorption of mercury vapor by sulfurized activated carbons.
Adsorption and Thermal Regeneration of Toluene and Benzene on the Fixed Bed Packed with Activated Carbon and Activated Carbon Fiber
Kim, Jong-Hwa ; Oh, Ok-Kyun ; Haam, Seung-Joo ; Lee, Chang-Ha ; Kim, Woo-Sik ;
Carbon letters, volume 2, issue 1, 2001, Pages 44~54
The characteristics of adsorption and desorption of benzene and toluene were investigated at a fixed bed packed with the activated carbon and activated carbon fiber. Through breakthrough experiments under various feed concentration conditions, it was found that the slope of mass transfer zone and the tailing in the breakthrough curves were different from the feed conditions due to different heats of adsorption. In hot nitrogen desorption, the regeneration time and mass transfer zone of the toluene desorption curve were longer than those of the benzene desorption curve because of the difference in adsorption affinity. With an increase in the regeneration temperature, the height of roll-up and the sharpness of desorption curves increased but the regeneration times decreased. The adsorption capacities of the activated carbon and activated carbon fiber after three-time thermal regenerations decreased about 25% and 37% for benzene and 18% and 25% for toluene, respectively. To investigate the effect of the regeneration temperature on the energetic efficiency, the characteristic desorption temperatures of toluene and benzene were investigated by calculating purge gas consumption and temperature.
Oil Adsorption of Exfoliated Graphite Prepared by Direct Reaction between
Gas and Graphite
Lee, Beom-Jae ; Kwon, Young-Bae ;
Carbon letters, volume 2, issue 1, 2001, Pages 55~60
Graphite intercalation compounds (GIC) were prepared by direct reaction of
gas with flake graphite. The intercalated
molecules were ejected by rapid heating to
under an oxidizing atmosphere for about 1 minute, resulting in surprisingly high expansion in the direction of c-axis. The characteristics of the micro-structure and pore size distribution were examined with a SEM and mercury intrusion porosimetry. The XRD analysis and spectroscopic analysis were used for the identification of the graphite and surface chemistry state. The pore size distribution of the exfoliated graphite (EG) was a range of
. The higher expanding temperature the higher expanded volume, so oil sorption capacities were 58.8 g of bunker-C oil and 34.7 g of diesel oil per 1 g of the the EG. The sorption equilibrium was achieved very rapidly within several minutes. As the treatment temperature increases, bulk density decreases.
Carbon Intercalation Compounds as a Carbon Alloy and Their Applications
Oh, Won-Chun ;
Carbon letters, volume 2, issue 1, 2001, Pages 62~71
The Lithium Ion Battery Technology
Lee, Ki-Young ;
Carbon letters, volume 2, issue 1, 2001, Pages 72~75
The performance of Li-ion system based on
and Graphite is well optimized for the 3C applications. The charge-discharge mode, the manufacturing process, the cell performance and the thermal reactions affecting safety has been explained in the engineering point of view. The energy density of the current LIB system is in the range of 300~400 Wh/l. In order to achieve the energy density higher than 500 Wh/l, the active materials should be modified or changed. Adopting new high capacity anode materials would be effective to improve energy density.