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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Acupuncture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Society for Meridian and Acupoint
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
A Study on the changes of electric change induced by Tanchim (彈鍼) manipulation during acupuncture therapy
Kim, Yong-Deug ; Kim, Young-Tae ; Park, Sung-Sub ; Park, Gwi-Jong ; Sohn, In-Cheul ; Kim, Kyung-Sik ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 21, issue 4, 2004, Pages 1~19
Objectives : To understanding biological mechanism of acupuncture therapy, we have proposed a hypothesis. First of all, there exists electric property in meridian and meridian point. Second of all, energy flowing in meridian is related with electric property. Third of all, there is electronic interaction between the operator who performs acupuncture therapy and the receiver who is given acupuncture therapy. Forth of all, acupuncture effects may depend on the electric capacity which is transferred between the operator and the receiver via acupuncture needle. Methods : Under the hypothesis, we studied the effects of electric change in
generated by Tanchim (彈鍼) manipulation which was stimulated at
point. And compared with data on the changes of electric change from the hand of the operator during acupuncture stimulation. Electric charge induced via acupuncture needle from the operator may be important factor that causes the changes of electric change in meridian and acupoint in the receiver. Therefore we investigated the changes of electric charge induced by the operator using Maclab 400 by the following methods. The one was in stable electric circle condition and the other was in unstable electric circle condition. Results : In this experiments, the changes of electric change from the stimulation type of Tanchim manipulation performed in our lab condition in acupuncture therapy was induced at least three factor, one was the difference of bio-potentials between the operator and the receiver of acupuncture therapy, another was the depth of acupuncture insertion from the skin of the receiver, the other was an electromyogram of the receiver. Conclusion : The data imply that the first factor should make a capacitance current when the operator touched the acupuncture needle which was inserted in the receiver. Therefore, the results suggest that capacitance currents stimulus in electronic view may be important factor in acupuncture therapy between the operator and the receiver of acupuncture therapy.
Differences in Electric Potential of Meridian System - Comparing Electric Potentials of Patients with Arthroncus of Knee -
Nam, Bong-Hyun ; Choi, Hwan-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 21, issue 4, 2004, Pages 21~30
Objectives : Assuming that the characteristic of meridian system has been similar to this of electric potentials in human body and that measurements of electric potential at well(井穴) and sea(合穴) points in branches of the twelve meridians(WSBTM) will be representative of measurements of the twelve meridians, to measure the electric potentials of 13 patients with Arthroncus of Knee(슬안풍<膝眼風>, AK), to find out the characteristic of meridian system in patients with AK. Methods : Electric potentials of well and sea points in the meridians in twenty one patients with the pain in the lion diagnosed as AK were repeatedly measured by physiograph(PowerLab). Measurements of those electric potentials were analyzed by factor analysis. Results : Their electric potentials at the left and right side were factors which are different from each side. In the left side, Factor 1 included Small Intestine, Pericardium, Spleen, Kidney meridian, and Factor 2 included Heart, Tripple Energizer, Bladder, Liver meridian. Factor 3 included Large Intestine, Stomach, Gall bladder meridian, and Factor 4 included Lung meridian. In the right side, Factor 1 included Heart, Pericardium, Tripple Energizer, Spleen, Bladder meridian and Factor 2 included Lung, Liver, Gall bladder meridian. Factor 3 included Small Intestine, Stomach, Kidney meridian and Factor 4 included Large Intestine Meridian. Conclusions : The electric potentials of AK differ from those of normal bodies as well as of bodies with other diseases-shoulder lesions, waist lesions, Lumbago due to Strain and Contusion-. Thus electric potentials of well and sea points might be the representative meridian to show their characteristics.
Comparative study between proportional method and directional method in locating acupoints at forearm
Park, Hi-Joon ; Chae, Youn-Byoung ; Cha, Wung-Seok ; Park, Jong-Bae ; Lee, Hye-Jung ; Lee, Hyang-Sook ; Yin, Chang-Sik ; Koh, Hyung-Kyun ; Kim, Su-Young ; Choe, Il-Hwan ; Kim, Kang-Sik ; Moon, Jung-Bae ; Bae, Ki-Tae ; Rheu, Kyoung-Hwan ; Yook, Keun-Yung ; Jeong, Byeong-Ju ; Sohn, In-Chul ; Lim, Sabina ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 21, issue 4, 2004, Pages 31~41
Background : The cun measurement system, an essential and convenient method in locating acupoints, has been widely used in the practice of acupuncture. However, traditional cun measurement has been criticized for its lack of reliability. Objectives : The purposes of this study are to determine if one cun measured by the directional methods have a consistency with that of proportional methods and to investigate which factors are related with these differences, especially in forearm. Methods : The distance between the elbow crease and the wrist crease of forearm was compared to a reference value of one cun obtained by the directional method. In this method, one cun is one third of the distance between index finger and small finger of a subject, measured at proximal interphalangeal joint. In addition, to investigate the factors influencing the differences between these two methods, we measured the height and body weight and calculated body mass index (BMI). Finally we analyzed the factors correlated with these lengths by linear regression test. Results : The results showed that one cun obtained by the directional methods were significantly different from one cun by the proportional methods in forearm. It was demonstrated that the length acquired with the directional method was more correlated with body weight and body mass index, while the length obtained by the proportional method was more correlated with the height. Conclusion : These findings suggest that the directional method is less likely dependable in locating acupoints than the proportional method because the influencing factors are different.
Investigation of Micromorphological Characteristics of Acupuncture Needle Tip Sold in Europe
Jang, In-Soo ; Lee, Tae-Ho ; Lee, Chang-Hyun ; Park, Jong-Bae ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 21, issue 4, 2004, Pages 43~51
Objectives : In order to ensure safe acupuncture treatment, the quality of the needle tip is essential. But, there have not been so many studies about the quality of the acupuncture needle tip. For this reason we have been already reported about the quality of acupuncture needle tip in Korea using scanning electron microscope(SEM) in 2002, 2003. In order to compare than other society, we investigated the current condition of the tips of the acupuncture needles sold in Europe. Methods : We obtained the needles made by 7 companies, which are sold currently in Europe, and selected 50 pieces out of 100 pieces from each company by randomized methods. And then we observed the tip of each needle using a scanning electron microscope at
magnification. Results and Discussion : We found that needles had several defects such as scratch marks on the surface, metallic scuff, lumps and irregularities of the needle tips, stubbed or malformed tips, tips of point off-center, peeled off coated tips, same as Korean needles. There was much difference on the quality of needles among the manufacturers, and some needles seem to need thorough quality control. Allowing for the high price, the quality of some needle in Europe generally are better than that of Korean needles. But some Korean needles hold a top position than European ones in quality. We want a good industrial standard to be made in acupuncture manufacturing fields in the near future, because the safety is not less valuable than the efficacy in medicine.
Effects of Low Level Laser Therapy on serum lipid and liver function in hyperlipidemia.obese Rats induced by high fat diet
Youn, Dae-Hwan ; Lee, Yu-Kyung ; Choi, Dong-Hee ; Kim, Sung-Chul ; Na, Chang-Su ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 21, issue 4, 2004, Pages 53~68
Objectives : Laser therapy started in 1958 when Schawlow and Townes suggested medical value of Laser therapy. He-Ne laser has been utilized as a clinical treatment for various diseases by Plog since 1975. Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) has been used as medication for controlling obesity in the Korean Medicine. So this study is planned to investigate the effects of LLLT on the level of serum lipid and weight gain Methods : Experimental groups were divided into normal group(Normal), high fat diet group(Control), high fat diet and LLLT by helium-neon (He-Ne) on the tail is carried out once a 2 day during 5 weeks. The animals were divided into six groups: no ischemia-induced and no LLLT-treated group (Normal), the ischemia-induced and no LLLT-treated group (Control), the ischemia-induced and 5 mW 5 min LLLT-treated group (LLLT5-5), the ischemia-induced and 30 mW 5 min LLLT-treated group (LLLT30-5), the ischemia-induced and 5 mW 10 min LLLT-treated group (LLLT5-10), 30 mW 10 min LLLT-treated group (LLLT30-10). The effect of LLLT is observed by weight gain, food intake, food efficiency, serum of lipid concentrations, liver function and HDL to total cholesterol ratio of rats fed high fat diet for 5weeks. Results : Body weight and food intake were decreased in LLL5-5, LLLT30-5, LLLT30-10. Food efficiency was decreased in LLLT30-10. The level of serum Triglyceride, Free fatty acid, AST, ALT, ALP were decreased in LLLT30-10. Serum HDL-cholesterol was increase in LLLT5-10, LLLT30-10. Also serum ALT was decrease in LLLT5-5 Conclusions : LLLT(30 mW-10 min) is effective on Body weight, food efficiency ratio, the level of serum lipid and protection of liver function by obesity induced by high fat diet, and LLLT(5 mW-5 min) act on decrease of Body weight, food intake and ALT
Effect of Acupuncture applied to Hand Yang Meridian on the Rat Model of Ankle Sprain Pain
Kim, Il ; An, Sung-Hun ; Koo, Sung-Tae ; Kim, Sun-Young ; Kim, Kyung-Sik ; Sohn, In-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 21, issue 4, 2004, Pages 69~82
Objectives : In the present study, the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) applied to hand yang meridian on the ankle sprain model was examined. Methods & Results : A common source of persistent pain in humans is the lateral ankle sprain. To model this condition, the rat's right ankle was bent repeatedly, overextending lateral ligaments, for 4 min under halothane anesthesia. The rat subsequently showed swelling of the ankle and a reduced stepping force of the affected limb for the next several days. The reduced stepping force of the limb was presumably due to a painful ankle. EA was applied to the several acupuncture point on the contralateral forelimb for 30 min under gaseous anesthesia. After the termination of EA, behavioral tests measuring stepping force were periodically conducted during the next 4 h. EA applied to SI-6 point produced a significant improvement of stepping force of the sprained foot lasting for at least 2 h. However, neigher LI-4 point nor TE-3 point produced any significant increase of weight bearing force. The improvement of stepping pressure was interpreted as an analgesic effect. The analgesic effect was specific to the acupuncture point since the analgesic effect on the ankle sprain pain model could not be mimicked by EA applied to a nearby point, LI-4 or TE-3. The analgesic effect of EA applied to SI-6 was more powerful when EA was applied by low-frequency and high-intensity stimulation. In addition, this effect need to be stimulated more than 15 min. Conclusions : These data suggest that EA produces a potent analgesic effect on the ankle sprain pain model in the rat. This analgesic effect is produced by applying EA to a Tae-Yang meridian at opposite side from the painful area in a stimulus point-specific way.
Analgesic effect of Daeganghwal-Tang on a rat model of CFA-induced arthritis
Seo, Yoon-Jung ; Koo, Sung-Tae ; Yang, Yoon-Jung ; Kim, San ; Yoo, In-Sik ; Lim, Kyu-Sang ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 21, issue 4, 2004, Pages 83~99
Objectives : Daeganghwal-Tang(DGHT) is one of the prescriptions used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis(RA) in oriental medicine. The present study aimed to examine the analgesic effect of DGHT on a rat model of CFA-induced arthritis, and the relations between DGHT-induced analgesia and endogenous nitric oxide(NO) and inducible NO synthase(iNOS)/neuronal NOS. Methods : CFA-induced arthritis model used to test the effect of DGHT was chronic pain model. After the induction of arthritis, rats subsequently showed a reduced stepping force of the affected limb for at least the next 18 days. the reduced stepping force of the limb was presumably due to a painful knee. DGHT dissolved in water was orally administrated. After the treatment, behavioral tests measuring stepping force were periodically conducted during the next 4 hours. Results : DGHT produced significant improvement of stepping force of the hindlimb affected by the arthritis lasting at least 2 hours. DGHT produced the improvement of stepping force of the affected hindlimb in a dose-dependent manner. Both NO production and nNOS/iNOS protein expression which is increased by arthritis were suppressed by DGHT administration. Conclusions : The data suggest 1) that DGHT produces a potent analgesic effect on the chronic knee arthritis pain model in the rat and 2) that DGHT-induced analgesia modulate endogenous NO through the suppression of nNOS/iNOS protein expression.
The Effects of 120 Hz High Frequency Electroacupuncture on the Gastric Mucosa in Cold-Restraint Stressed Rats
Jo, Mee-Hyeong ; Ahn, Chang-Beohm ; Song, Choon-Ho ; Yoon, Hyoun-Min ; Kim, Cheol-Hong ; Jang, Kyung-Jeon ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 21, issue 4, 2004, Pages 101~115
Objective : The present studies investigated the effects of 120 Hz high frequency electroacupuncture (EA) on the stress-induced stomach dysfunction in relation to its effect on the level of stress hormones and gastric mucosal damages. The gastric mucosal injury was induced by cold-restraint stress and two acupoints corresponding to Zusanli and Sanyinjiao in man were used. Methods : Cold-restraint stress produced typical gastric lesions in all rats of the stressed groups, but the number of ulcers as well as the mean ulcer diameter were reduced by 120 Hz EA pre-treatment. Results : The degranulation value of gastric mast cell was significantly higher in cold-restrained rats than in control ones. However, with the significant reduction of degranulation values of gastric mast cells in EA pre-treated rats compared with cold-restrained rats. Cold-restarint stress induced an elevated mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory gene such as cyclooxygenases-2 and tumor necrosis factor
, but these expression were down-regulated in EA pre-treated rats. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that while the
immunorection in the surface epithelium of the stomach tended to increase, both reactions in the EA pre-treated rats showed similar pattern as observed in controls. Conclusion : These results suggest that 120 Hz EA may act as a therapeutical means for gastric mucosal damages through an activation of pituitary adrenal system. It could be concluded that 120 Hz high frequency electroaucupuncture affords a good protective potential against stress-induced gastrointestinal dysfunction.
Three Cases of Gout Treated with Scolopendrae Corpus Herbal-Acupuncture
Kim, Sung-Woong ; Lim, Seong-Chul ; Jung, Tae-Young ; Han, Sang-Won ; Seo, Jung-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 21, issue 4, 2004, Pages 117~123
Objective : The aim of this study is to report the effect of Scolopendrae Corpus Herbal-Acupuncture on three cases of gout. Methods : Scolopendrae Corpus Herbal-Acupuncture was administered one time per 2 days. After Herbal-Acupuncture administrated conventional body-acupuncture was performed. We evaluated the patients through Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Results : After the treatments, three cases of gout patients showed the improvement in VAS and various symptoms. Conclusions : According to the results, Scolopendrae Corpus Herbal-Acupuncture may have rapid effects on gout. But further studies are required to prove the effect of Scolopendrae Corpus Herbal-Acupuncture.
A Case of Calcific Tendinitis
Lee, Se-Yeon ; Lee, Kyung-Min ; Seo, Jung-Chul ; Lim, Seong-Chul ; Jung, Tae-Young ; Han, Sang-Won ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 21, issue 4, 2004, Pages 125~132
Objective : The purpose of this study is to report the patient diagnosed as calcific tendinitis located at supraspinatus, who improved by Oriental medical treatment, through analysis of radiograph. Methods : The patient was managed by acupuncture, moxibustion and cupping without medication and physical therapy. We measured the shoulder state by radiograph and evaluated with UCLA shoulder rating scale. Results : After 5 week treatment, the pain of patient and The UCLA functional average score was improved. Also we found that the deposits of calcific tendinitis was almost disappeared in radiograph. Conclusions : The results suggest that acupuncture, moxibustion and cupping can be effective in reducing the pain and the deposits of calcific tendinitis. We think that it need the further study and clinical trial for calcific tendinitis.
The Comparative Study on the Bee-Venom Therapy and Common Acupuncture Therapy for the Acute Ankle Sprain
Lee, Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 21, issue 4, 2004, Pages 133~143
Objective : The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of Bee-Venom Therapy and common acupuncture therapy for the acute ankle sprain Methods : This study has been carried out for 32 cases of ankle sprain patients who have visited Cheon-an Oriental Medical Hospital from may 1, 2004 to June 30, 2004. We have treated 16 cases of them by Bee-Venom therapy(group I) and the other 16 cases by common acupuncture therapy(group II). And we have compared those two group. Results and Conclusions : 1. There were good effect on the ankle sprain in both two groups. 2. There were no significant difference at the ROM of ankle joint in both two groups. 3. Common acupuncture therapy had more quick effect on the joint of swelling. 4. In the VAS score, Bee-Venom therapy had more quick effect on total improvement of ankle sprain.
The comparative study on Liu-Jing-Bian-Zheng(六經辨證) of
Sang Han Lun(傷寒論)
and Liu-Jing-Fen-Zheng(六經分證) of
Su Wen.Re Lun(素問.熱論)
Lee, Dong-Hy ; Lee, Jun-Beom ; Hwang, Min-Seob ; Yoon, Jong-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 21, issue 4, 2004, Pages 145~156
Objective : The following study was undertaken in order to seek the acupuncture operation method of
Sang Han Lun(傷寒論)
Liu-Jing-Bian-Zheng(六經辨證). Methods : Based on the documents quoted in
Sang Hang Za Bing Lun.Xu Wen(傷寒雜病論 序文)
of 'Zhang, Zhong-Jing(張仲景)', the relativity of the theory of Jing-Mai(經脈) and Liu-Jing-Bian-Zheng of convalescence. Results : 1.
Sang Han Lun
Liu-Jing-Bian-Zheng has succeeded and was developed based on Liu-Jing-Fen-Zheng(六經分證) of
Su Wen Re Lun(素問.熱論)
. 2. Liu-Jing-Bing became the general principle of Fen-Jing(分經) and Ding-Zheng(定證) that may be applicable to Fenghan(風寒), Wenre(溫熱), Lili(역려) and Zabing(雜病). 3. Most commentators of
Sang Han Lun
in the Song, Ming and Ching Dynasties of
Sang Han Lun
interpreted the Liu-Jing-Bing in physiological and pathological aspects of Rong-Wei(榮衛)
The Study on 'Hyung-Sang' Theory of Acupuncture Points in Each Chapter on 'Shin' and 'Hyul' in Dong-Eui-Bo-Gam
Park, Yong-Whan ; Song, Choon-Ho ; Kim, Gyeong-Cheol ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 21, issue 4, 2004, Pages 157~165
Objectives : First, we analyze the contents of Dong-Eui-Bo-Gam. Second, from the view of the 'Hyung-Sang(形象:body form)' theory, we try to interpret the acupuncture points chosen in each chapter with a base on the contents of the book. Methods : We study on the on 'Hyung-Sang(形象: form)' theory of acupuncture points in each chapter on 'Shin(神)' and 'Hyul(血)' in Dong-Eui-Bo-Gam(東醫寶鑑). Results & Conclusions : The acupuncture points on epilepsy in 'Shin(神)' chapter are come from the purview of 'Shin(神)' type, fire-form, bird-form & the flushing and feeble of lower-abdomen. The acupuncture points on amnesia in 'Shin(神)' chapter are come from the purview of the powerful intestines and deficient heart-lung. The acupuncture points on dementia in 'Shin(神)' chapter are come more from the purview of 'Shin(神)' type, fire-form, bird-form. And the acupuncture points on sudden palpitation in 'Shin(神)' chapter are come from the purview of phlegen form syndromes. As the epistaxis and hematemesis on 'Hyul(血)' happen more the heat of fire than extravasated blood, the acupuncture points on epistaxis and hematemesis in 'Hyul(血)' chapter are come from the purview of 'Shin(神)' type, fire-form, bird-form and Yang-Myeong body. And as well as the acupuncture points on hematemesis in 'Hyul(血)' chapter are come possibly from the purview of 'Wind-form'. The acupuncture points on feeble hematemesis in 'Hyul(血)' chapter are come from the purview of 'The body form on the deficiency of medium energy'. And the acupuncture points on melena in 'Hyul(血)' chapter are come from the purview of 'Hyul(血)' type.
A story of literature n acupuncture & moxibustion techniques to treat 10 kinds of lumbago described by Huh Jun in DongUiBoGam(東醫寶鑑)
Ji, Jun-Hwan ; Lee, Joon-Moo ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 21, issue 4, 2004, Pages 167~177
Objective : The purpose of this study is as follows. We classify headache into ten kinds as mentioned in DongUiBoGam(東醫寶鑑), and are going to present each acupuncture & moxibustion treatment. Methods : For the purpose of looking for each treatment, we referred to a. large number of literature for headache treatment from ancient to malearn. Results : The ten kinds of headache have each treatment. above all, In treatment of headache due to middle - headache (正頭痛) and megrim(偏頭痛) have pain in the formable of ache part. Therefore, general point such as GV20, GV23, ST8, TE23, Extra Meridian are used in turn, also wind-cold-headache(風寒頭痛) and many kind of headache such as GV16, LI4, GB20 are mainly used much in turn. Especially BL is in common use. Conclusions : We conclude that ten kinds of lumbago have each different acupuncture & moxibustion points and treatment, so if we follow each treatment we might obtain more higher rate the treatment of headache.