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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Acupuncture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Society for Meridian and Acupoint
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
Selecting the target year
Report on the 4th WHO Informal Consultation on Development of International Standard Acupuncture Points Locations
Yim, Yun-Kyoung ; Kim, Yong-Suk ; Koo, Sung-Tae ; Sohn, In-Chul ; Park, Hi-Joon ; Lee, Hye-Jung ; Lee, Ji-Young ; Kang, Sung-Keel ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 22, issue 2, 2005, Pages 1~8
Objective: To inform of the 4th WHO informal consultation meeting on the development of international standard acupuncture points locations, held in Daejeon, Korea, on April
, 2005. Results and Conclusions: 12 experts from Korea, China and Japan discussed the locations of 18 controversial points that were not agreed at the previous meeting, and 16 non-controversial points that all 3 nations agreed on the locations but still needed more discussion for their expressions, as well as other non-controversial points that were agreed on both the locations and the expressions but were suggested by Chinese party to be discussed again. Also, the guidelines for English translation of the standard acupuncture points locations and the development of the standard acupuncture points charts, diagrams, and dolls were discussed in this meeting. Through this meeting the locations of ST30, SP11, SP12, TE18, GB9, GB10, LR4, LR5, LR6, BL6, BL7, BL9, GB19 were agreed, but it was suggested that more research would be needed for the locations of LI20, GV26, PC8, PC9, LR7, GB30, LR12, and the expressions of ST36, ST38, ST39, BL1. Due to the time limitation, 16 acupuncture points out of those Chinese party suggested to have more discussion about were not discussed at this meeting and remained to be discussed at the next meeting.
Comparative study of acupuncture and invasive laser acupuncture therapy at
on the tibial, sural nerve injury and L5 spinal nerve ligation model in rats
Wei, Tung-Sheun ; Youn, Dae-Hwan ; Youn, Yeo-Chung ; Na, Chang-Su ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 22, issue 2, 2005, Pages 9~24
Objective: We have studied the effects of acupuncture and low level He-Ne laser therapy(LLLT) at
on the tibial, sural nerve injury due to sports-damage or traffic accident and L5 spinal nerve ligature model like general herniation of nucleus pulposus(HNP) in a rat of neuopathic pain. Methods: A model of neuropathic pain was made by injuring tibial nerve and sural nerve while common peroneal nerve was maintained. Also, it was made by isolating left 5th lumbar spinal nerve. Three weeks after the neuropathic surgery, acupuncture and LLLT was injected at
one time a day for one week. LLLT was divided three groups, that is LLLT-1(5mW), LLLT-2(10mW) and LLLT-3(30mW). After that, we examined the withdrawal response of neuropathic rats' legs by Von frey filament and acetone stimulation. And also we examined c-Fos, Nocieptin and KOR-3 in the midbrain central gray of neuropathic rats. Results: As we have observed the effect of mechanical allodynia, LLLT-3 group were diminished on 4 day, 5 day, 6 day and 7 day in the resection model compared with control model, LLLT-1 group were diminished on 5 day, LLLT-2 group were diminished on 3 day and 6 day, LLLT-3 group were diminished on 3 day, 4 day, 5 day, 6 day and 7 day in connected model compared with control group. As we have observed the effect of cold allodynia, LLLT-3 group were diminished on 7 day in the resection model compared with control model, LLLT-1 group were diminished on 6 day, 7 day, LLLT-3 group were diminished on 7 day in connected model compared with control group. As we have observed the effect of activity of c-Fos in the central gray part, LLLT-3 were diminished in resection model compared with control group, LLLT-1 group were diminished in connected model compared with control group. As we have observed the effect of activity of Nociceptin in the central gray part, resection model were not increased compared with control group, LLLT-1 group and LLLT-3 group were increased in connected model compared with control model. As we have observed the effect of activity of KOR-3 in the central gray part, resection model were not increased compared with control group, LLLT-3 group were increased in connected model compared with control model. Conclusions: We have noticed that LLLT-1 and LLLT-3 group have more controllable effect than acupuncture group. This study can be used in clinical therapy for neuropathic pain. But it is not reliability that Nociceptin and KOR-3 have effectively to control pain. Therefore We have to follow up about that.
Effects of BCL herbal acupuncture into Choksamni(ST36) on focal brain ischemic injury induced by intraluminal filament insertion in the rats
Youn, Dae-Hwan ; Lee, Bom-Bi ; Shim, In-Sop ; Na, Chang-Su ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 22, issue 2, 2005, Pages 25~41
Objectives : Bambusae Caulis in Liquamen(BCL) has been used to medication for early stroke in the Oriental Medicine. So this study was planned to investigate the effects of BCL on the focal ischemia-induced by intraluminal filament insertion in the rats. Materials and methods: The focal ischemia was induced by Intraluminal Filament insertion into middle cerebral artery. BCL herbal acupuncture at ST36 was carried out during 3 weeks after focal ischemia-induced. Eight-arm radial maze was used for the behavioral task and neuroprotective effect of BCL acupuncture was observed by Cresyl violet, AchE, ChAT-stain Results : The error rate in the eight-arm radial maze task was significantly decreased in BCL1(0.89mg/kg) herbal acupuncture group compared to control group on 3,4,5days, compared to saline acupuncture group on 3,5days. The rate of correct choice was significantly increased in saline acupuncture, BCL1 herbal acupuncture group, BCL2(0.089mg/kg) herbal acupuncture groups compared to control group. The density of neurons in the hippocampal CA1 was the most increased in BCL1 herbal acupuncture group compared to the others. The density of AchE in the hippocampal CA1 was significantly increased in BCL1 herbal acupuncture, BCL2 herbal acupuncture groups compared to control group, and in BCL2 herbal acupuncture groups increased compared to saline acupuncture, control groups. The density of ChAT in the hippocampal CA1 was significantly increased in BCLl herbal acupuncture group compared to saline acupuncture, control groups. Conclusions : These results suggest that BCL herbal acupuncture could be used as a medication for controlling the early stroke.
A Study on the Protective Mechanism of Moxi-tar on Cytotoxicity Induced by
Ahn, Seoung-Hoon ; Ahn, Young-Nam ; Baek, Dae-Bong ; Song, Moon-Young ; Kim, Kyoung-Sik ; Sohn, In-Cheul ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 22, issue 2, 2005, Pages 43~56
Objective : This study was produced to examine the effects of moxibustion that had been played important role to traditional oriental medical treatment on disease. Recently, it was reported that moxi-tar which is generated in the process of moxibustion as burning combustibles decreased NO and iNOS generation in
and RAW 264.7 cells in our lab. The purpose of this research was to investigate the protect reaction on cell injury induced by the
cells. Methods :
cells were cultured in RPMI 1640 with FBS 10% in
incubator. To study the protective effects of moxi-tar, we observed cell viability, DPPH activity, SOD activity, catalase activity and cell morphology after injury with
. Results : Moxi-tar increased cell viability about twice as much as that of being injury by
). And the results of free radical scavenger activity (
), SOD activity and catalase activity (
: 21.6 unit/ mg protein) were increased by moxi- tar as dose-dependent manner. Conclusion: we concluded that the effects of moxibustion which is played important role in Oriental medicine, might be free radical scavenger effects induced by moxi-tar.
Effect of Frutus gardeniae herbal acupuncture on the rat model of ankle sprain pain
Koo, Sung-Tae ; Cho, Myoung-Soo ; Park, Sung-Sub ; Kim, Young-Tae ; Park, Kwi-Jong ; Kim, Kyoung-Sik ; Sohn, In-Cheul ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 22, issue 2, 2005, Pages 57~74
Objective : Frutus gardeniae, seed of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis is one of the crude drugs used for the treatment of inflammatory condition in oriental medicine. Methodes : The present study aimed to examine the analgesic effect and anti-inflammatory effect of Frutus gardeniae extract (FGE) on a rat model of ankle sprain pain, and the relations between FGE-induced effect and endogenous nitric oxide (NO) and inducible NO synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and c-Fos protein expression in the spinal cord. As a chronic pain model, ankle sprain pain model was used to test the effect of FCE injection applied to acupuncture point. After the induction of ankle sprain, rats subsequently showed a reduced stepping force of the affected limb for at least the next 4 days. The reduced stepping force of the limb was presumably due to a painful knee. FGE dissolved in normal saline was injected several acupoints. Results : After the treatment, behavioral tests measuring stepping force were periodically conducted during the next 8 hours. FGE produced significant improvement of stepping force of the hindlimb affected by the ankle sprain lasting at least 4 hours. FGE produced the improvement of stepping force of the affected hindlimb in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, FGE injection showed inhibitory effect on the paw edema induced by ankle sprain. Both NO production and iNOS, COX-2 protein expression increased by ankle sprain were suppressed by FGE. FGE on combination with electroacupuncture (EA) produced more powerful and longer lasting improvement of stepping force of the hindlimb affected by the ankle sprain than either FGE or EA did. The present study suggest that FGE produces a potent analgesic effect on the ankle sprain pain model of the rat and that FGE-induced analgesia modulate endogenous NO through the suppression of iNOS/COX-2 protein expression.
A Study on the Effect of Herbal-acupuncture with Acanthopanacis cortex solution on Arthritis
Kim, Jun-Pyo ; Lee, Byung-Ryul ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 22, issue 2, 2005, Pages 75~87
Objective : The purpose of this study is to observe the effect of Herbal-cupuncture with Acanthopanacis cortex Herbal-Acupuncture Solution (AC-HAS) on rheumatoid arthritis. Methods : The author performed several experimental items : it is paw thickness, weight of spleen, expression of
in the spleen, production of IL-6,
, and examination of histology. Results : The obstain results are summarized s follows. 1. Treatment group were significantly inhibited the incidence of arthritis, hind paw edema and index of arthritis of CIA mice. 2. Treatment group were significantly decreased splenetic weight 3. The number of
activated cells were significantly inhibited in treatment group. 4. Treatment group were significantly decreased the amout of IL-4,
of CIA mice.. 5. Treatment group were expressed form of new bone, synoviumin and new margine in histology imperison to control group. Conclusions : Taking all these observations into account, AC-HAS injection is considered to be effective in treating rheumatoid arthritis and put to practical use in future rheumatoid arthritis clinic.
A Study on the Effects of Herbal-acupuncture with Notopterygii Radix solution at ST36 on CIA in Mice
Park, Hyeun-Sun ; Yim, Yun-Kyoung ; Lee, Byung-Ryul ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 22, issue 2, 2005, Pages 89~105
Objective & Methods : This study is performed to observe the effect of Herbal-acupuncture with Notopterygii Radix Herbal-Acupuncture Solution(NR-HAS) at Joksamni(ST36) on Collagen II-induced arthritis (CIA) in DBA/1J mice. Result : 1. The highest survival rate of mice lung fibroblasts were measured in the 1% NR-HAS, and the expression of
in synovial cells were significantly decreased in the 1% and 10% NR-HAS. 2. The incidence of arthritis and the spleen weight were significantly decreased by Notopterygii Radix Herbal-acupuncture(NR-HA) at ST36. 3. The levels of IL-6,
, IgG, IgM, anti-collagen II in serum of CIA mice were significantly decreased by NR-HA at ST36. 4. In histology, the cartilage destruction and synovial cell proliferation were decreased by NR-HA at ST36, and the collagen fiber expressions in the NR-HA I II groups were similar with that of the normal group. 5. In lymph node, the expression ratios of
cell in the NR-HA I II groups were similarly maintained as those in the normal group. 6. In lymph node,
cells were decreased by NR-HA at ST36. 7. In the articular joint,
cells were decreased by NR-HA at ST36. 8. NR-HA at ST36 did not make a considerable difference in DBA/1J mice without CIA 9. Throughout the overall experimental result, NR-HA I group showed more predominant effect than the NR-HA II group. Conclusion : These results suggest that NR-HA at ST36 has an effect to control synovial cell proliferation and cartilage destruction in rheumatoid arthritis, as well as prophylaxis is important to treat rheumatoid arthritis in clinic.
The Experimental Study on the Immuno-regulatory effect of Notopterygii Rhizoma Herbal-acupuncture at Pyesu(BL13) on OVA-induced asthma in mice
Jang, Suk-Geun ; Hong, Kwon-Eui ; Lee, Byung-Ryul ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 22, issue 2, 2005, Pages 107~125
Objectives : The aim of this study was to investigate the asthma-suppressive and immuno-regulatory effect of NR-HA(Notopterygii Rhizoma Herbal-acupuncture) at Pyesu(BL13) on OVA(ovalbumin)-induced asthma in mice. Methods : C57BL/6 mice out of all the experimental sloops, except the Normal group and the NR-HA group, were sensitized and challenged with OVA. The mice in the NR-HA group and the OVA-NR-HA group were treated with NR-HA(1%) at Pyesu(BL13). The mice in the OVA-Saline group were injected with saline at Pyesu(BL13). The mice in the OVA-Needle-prick group were treated with a single prick with an injection needle at Pyesu(BL13). NR-HA, saline injection and needle prick were administered for 8 weeks, three times a week Results : in vitro 1. The populations of granulocytes,
cells in the OVA-induced asthmatic mouse lungs decreased significantly by NR-HAS(Notopterygii Rhizoma Herbal-acupuncture solution). 2. The lung weight and total cells in lung of the OVA-NR-HA group decreased significantly compared with those of the OVA-Control group. 3. Total leukocytes and eosinophils in BALF of the OVA-NR-HA group decreas ed significantly compared with those of the OVA-Control group. 4. The collagen accumulation in the lung sections of the OVA-NR-HA group decreased significantly compared with that of the OVA-control group. 5. The concentrations of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, IgE in BALF and serum of the OVA-NR-HA group decreased significantly compared with those of the OVA- Control group. 6. The numbers of
cells in the OVA-NR-HA group decreased significantly compared with those of the OVA-Control group. 7. The mRNA expressions of
, IL-5, IL-4 and IL-13 in lung of the OVA-NR-HA group decreased significantly compared with those of the OVA- Control group. 8. The NR-HA group did not show my considerable difference from the Normal group. The OVA-saline group and the OVA-Needle prick group showed suppressive effects on OVA-induced asthma however they were not statistically significant. Conclusion : These results suggest that NR-HA at Pyesu(BL13) is considered to be effective in treating asthma and to be put to practical use in the future asthma clinic.
The Study on The Method of Manufacturing Herbal Acupuncture
Lee, Jun-Hee ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 22, issue 2, 2005, Pages 127~149
This study is designed to investigate the method of manufacturing herbal acupuncture through literature of oriental medicine. The findings of this study are as follows; 1. The methods of manufacturing herbal acupuncture go through the process of abstraction, purification, mixing, filtration, putting and tight sealing in the container, sterilization, quality control, printing and packing 2. There are many ways to manufacturing herbal acupuncture, for example water-alcohol precipitation, alcohol-water precipitation, liquid-liquid abstract, acid-base abstract, metal base precipitation, distillation, molecular structure, polyamide absorption, dialysis, and ion exchange, etc. And popular method is water-alcohol precipitation. This is through alcohol precipitate extracting the principal ingredients from water abstraction. This is very simple and efficient way using melting characteristics of compounds in herb to water and ethanol. 3. Sterilization of herbal acupuncture is through heating-pressure, boiling, steam flowing, low temperature, filtering, radiation, cooling, and microwaves. Nowadays filtering is commonly used. And sterilization is estimated by an examination of asepsis . 4. Herbal acupuncture must be undergo study and experiment to clinical use. The problems of herbal acupuncture are turbidity, instability, causing hemolysis, pain, and fever. So many provisions (addition, sterilization, and filtration etc.) must be prepared. 5. The theory of manufacturing herbal acupuncture is from oriental medicine, not western. So it must be corresponded to oriental medical theory, for example Gimi(氣味), Guigyung(歸經), Ingyung(引經), Bosa(補瀉), and Match of Herb. It is recommended that further study of many other sided investigations in the future.
Effects of taeeumjoweetang Herbal-Acupuncture on plasma and liver lipid composition and antioxidative capacity in rat fed high fat diet
Lim, Yun-Taek ; Lee, Joon-Moo ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 22, issue 2, 2005, Pages 151~161
Objectives : In order to measure the Effects of taeeumjoweetang Herbal- Acupuncture at joksamri(ST36) and kwanweun(CV4) on liver and plasma lipid composition and antioxidative capacity in rat fed high fat diet. Results : Concentrations of plasma triglyceride, total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol showed a tendency to increase in the high fat diet group. However Herbal-Acupuncture groups showed a lower values than control groups. HDL-cholesterol showed a tendensy to decrease in high 131 fat diet groups and in high fat diet groups, these values showed no significantly different. Liver total cholesterol values showed no significantly different in all treatment groups. Triglyceride concentration showed a high value in control group and other treatment groups showed no significantly different. plasma GOT and GPT values showed a tendency to increase in high fat diet group. however these values decreased in Herbal-Acupuncture group. The concentration of TBARS in liver and plasma showed a high values in high fat diet group, however these values showed a tendency to decrease in aqua- acupuncture group. Glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase and catalase activity values showed a low values in high fat diet group, however these values showed a tendency to increase in Herbal-Acupuncture group.
Review of Domestic Papers on Low level laser therapy -mainly focused on laser apparatus-
Yi, Seung-Ho ; Lee, Sung-Hun ; Park, Hi-Joon ; Soh, Kwang-Sup ; Lim, Sa-Bi-Na ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 22, issue 2, 2005, Pages 163~181
Objective: The purpose of this study is to review research papers on low level laser therapy (LLLT) and to improve the knowledge of LLLT field. Methods: For introduction, laser characteristics, including wavelength, medium, beam size, power, and unit power were explained. In order to understand LLLT, tissue optics and light-biomatter interaction were briefly mentioned. We reviewed 21 Korean papers on laser acupuncture and LLLT on the viewpoint of laser apparatus. Results and Conclusion: We found that the description of laser apparatus employed for LLLT experiments were not fully written. Laser wavelength and power which are the most crucial parameters, were omitted in several papers. No paper had information on beam size. In order to have high efficacy, laser should be used with proper laser parameters. Conditions of irradiation area or acupoints should be considered too. Some future technology on laser acupuncture were mentioned.