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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Acupuncture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Society for Meridian and Acupoint
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
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The Exchange of Acupuncture&Moxibustion in the 18th Century between Korea and Japan -Based of the Joseon TongShinSa (Emissary)'s Record of Catechism on Medicine-
Oh, Jun-Ho ; Cha, Wung-Seok ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 1~18
Objectives: The subject of this research is the catechism on medicine between the doctors of Joseon and Japan in the 18th century through Choson Delegation(朝鮮通信使 ). Methods: The author intended to review and analyze the contents of catechism related to Acupuncture and Moxibustion and determined the characteristics of Joseon and Japan ?s Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Results: At the time, Japanese doctors had a grasp on most theories of Acupuncture and Moxibustion and were very specialized clinically. They usually used filiform needles with various techniques, and already they had many different schools in practice. However, they wanted to know if their Acupuncture and Moxibustion skills were up to the international standard, especially to Joseon, whom they regarded as a country advanced in Acupuncture and Moxibustion. They wanted to com- pare and contrast their Acupuncture and Moxibustion with Joseon's. 18th century Joseon was high time for Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Various tools were used in surgery, and varieties of needles were used to stimulate acupuncture points. The development of tools evinces the precision of Joseon's Acupuncture and Moxibustion at the time. Also, comprehensive works such as DongUiBoGam(東醫寶鑑) and UiHaklpMun( 醫學入門) greatly influenced Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Because of this impact, it can be deduced that Acupuncture and Moxibustion emphasizing Jang(臟) and Bu(腑) organs and Internal Injury developed greatly. In addition, acupuncturist Holm(許任)'s fame continued from the 17th century into the 18th century, and his medical practice left a huge mark on not only Joseon but other eastern Asian countries as well. Conclusions: We found out the evidences that there were a lot of exchanges of acupuncture and moxibustion between Korea and Japan based of the Joseon TongShinSa (Emissary)'s record of catechism on medicine in the 18th century.
Constitutionally individualized and practically integrated characteristics of Korean Acupuncture
Yin, Chang-Shik ; Chae, Youn-Byung ; Koh, Hyeong-Gyun ; Lee, Hye-Jung ; Chun, Sae-Il ; Park, Hi-Joon ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 19~27
Objectives: Although Korean Acupuncture (KA) in Korean Medicine (KM) shares its origins with Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), it has made its own contribution to the field of acupuncture and general medicine. This study reviews characteristics of KA. Methods: Representative theories of KA were reviewed in light of a constitutionally individualized and practically integrated approach. Individualized approach in KA is based on constitutional energy traits recognized in Saam, Taegeuk, and Eight Constitution acupuncture theories. New practically integrated therapeutic modalities, such as herbal, and bee venom acupunctures, have also been developed in KA. Results: As a form of natural medicine, KA along with KM put emphasis on the vitality and self-correcting mechanism of an individual, which led to the refinement of constitutional approach. KA along with KM theories features a summarized understanding and practical application of integrated therapeutics, which produced creative development of new modalities. Conclusions: KA is expected to make significant contributions to the individualized and practical medicine, based on basic research and clinical trials.
Review on the Classification and Distribution of Fifteen Main Collaterals
Kim, Tae-Han ; Yim, Yun-Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 29~38
Objectives & Methods: This study was aimed to investigate denomination and distribution of fifteen main collaterals through oriental medicine literature. Results & Conclusions: 1. Kyung-maek-pyoun(經脈篇) of Yeong-chu (靈樞; divine pivot) says that fifteen main collaterals (十五絡脈) consist of main collaterals of the twelve regular meridians (十二經脈), Conception Channel (任孤), Governor channel (督脈) and great collateral of the spleen(脾之大絡). While chapter 26 of Nan-gyung(難經; Classic of difficulty) says that Yin-heel & Yang-heel channels are included instead of Conception channel(任脈) and Governor Channel (督脈). what is explained in Yeong-chu (靈樞; divine pivot) is considered more proper. 2. Great collateral of the stomach (胃之大絡 ) has been considered as one of the main collaterals, resulting in an opinion of sixteen main collaterals. We speculate that this is a wrong interpretation of Pyoung-in-gi-sang-lon(平人氣象論 ) of So-mun(素問). 3. Gumi (CV1) is more resonable than Hoeeum(CV14) for the Connecting point of Conception Channel(任脈) 4. Kyung-maek-pyoun (經脈篇) of Yeong-chu (靈樞; divine pivot) did not mention that the collateral of Hand Jueyin (手厥陰絡版) was running to Hand Shaoyang(手少陽經脈), which is considered to be omitted by mistake. 5. Fifteen main collaterals are mostly distributed on the legs and arms, while some are distributed in the internal organs, chest, abdomen, as well as head and five sensory organs.
A study on muscular system of Foot yangmyung meridian-muscle
Song, Jong-Keun ; Yim, Yun-Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 39~46
Objective & Methods: This study is performed to understand the interrelation between 'Foot yangmyung meridian-muscle' and 'muscular system'. We studied the literatures on Meridian-muscle theory, anatomical muscular system, myofascial pain syndrome and the theory of anatomy trains. Results & Conclusion: 1. It is considered that Foot yangmyung meridian-muscle includes extensor digitorum longus m., tibialis anterior m., quadriceps femoris m., rectus abdominis m., pectoralis major m., sternocleidomastoid m., platysma m., orbicular oris m., zygomaticus major m., zygomaticus minor m., masseter m., Gluteus medius m., and Obliquus externus abdominis m. 2. The symptoms of Foot yangmyung meridian-muscle are similar to the myofascial pain syndrome with referred pain of extensor digitorum longus m., tibialis anterior m., quadriceps femoris m., rectus abdominis m., obliquus abdominis m., masseter m. 3. Superficial frontal line in anatomy trains is similar to the pathway of Foot yangmyung meridian-muscle, and more studies are needed in anatomy and physiology to support the continuity of muscular system of Foot yangmyung meridian-muscle in aspect of anatomy trains.
A Philological Comparative Study on the Difference of the Chief Virtue of Puryu(KI7) and Um-gok(KI10)
Cho, Myeng-Rae ; Youn, Dae-Hwan ; Ryu, Chung-Ryul ; Yim, Hyun-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 47~57
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to widen a clinical use by investigating literatures about the acupoint of Pu-ryu(KI7) and Um-gok(KI10) concerning Kidney-Eum(vital essence of the kidney) and Kidney-Yang(vital function of the kidney). Methods: We investigated the first literature about
and a second name, a location and a characteristic of them. We made a comparative study about the chief virtue and combination of
. Results: Pu-ryu(KI7) is the 7th acupoint of Kidney Meridian of Foot Soeum(少陰), which reinforces a meridian of belonging and has the efficacy of warming the Kidney Yang, clearing heat, excreting dump and regulating water passage. Um-gok(KI10) is the 10th acupoint of Kidney Meridian of Foot Soeum(少陰), which has the virtue of nurishing the Liver and Kidney Eum, promoting lower heater and marinating the free flow of Gi Conclusions: The chief virtue of Pu-ryu(KI7) is to remove edema due to disturbance in Gi activity by dificiency of Kidney-Yang because of warming Yang to induce diuresis. To Um-gok(KI10), it is to treat instability of Kidney-Gi by Eum dificiency of the Liver and Kidney because of nurishing the Liver and Kidney Eum.
The Assessment of Reporting Interventions in Randomized Controlled Trials of Acupuncture according to the STRICTA Recommendation
Son, Chi-Hyoung ; Cho, Sung-Il ; Park, Hi-Joon ; Moon, Sung-Il ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 59~67
The Effect of TuRo (Qi dance therapy) on the psychological health in adolescent female students
Lee, Hwa-Jin ; Chae, Youn-Byoung ; An, Kyung-Eh ; Hahm, Dae-Hyun ; Park, Hi-Joon ; Lee, Hye-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 69~78
Objectives: TuRo, defined as a dance therapy applying the meridian Qi system into the dancing movements, may have effects on ameliorating the psychological symptoms that often appear in adolescent students in a stressful situation. The Objective of the present study was to examine whether TuRo training relieves the psychological symptoms in adolescent female students. Methods: Symptom Check List-90-Revision (SCL-90-R), a 5 point Likert scale, consisted of 90 items that represent psychological symptoms, were used to measure the psychological health status in healthy adolescent female. Twenty two adolescent female students were trained TuRo dancing for two months while 29 in control group were trained mimicked movements without the concept of Qi for the same period. Changes in Somatization, Obsessive-Compulsive behaviors, Interpersonal Sensitivity, Depression, Anxiety, Hostility, Phobic Anxiety, Parinoid Ideation and Psychotic symptoms by the two months of training were compared between TuRo and control groups using SCL-9Q-R. Results: Among the nine-categorized psychological symptoms, the somatization and hostility were significantly reduced in TuRo group (p
A Case Report of Three Yogaktong(腰脚痛) Patients Treated with Acupuncture and Moxibustion Treatment by Analysing Su-point(背兪穴) compared with X-ray measuring
Hong, Seung-Won ; Lee, Yong-Seob ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 79~88
Objectives : Yogaktong is the genernal term of lowback and sciatic pain. Simpley this is not for the syndrom or illiness but for the symptoms. In this study, the effect of Acupuncture and Moxibustion Treatment by Analysing Su-point(背兪穴) compared with X-ray measuring for three patients with Yogaktong(腰脚痛) were evaluated. Methods : After treatment with the Acupuncture and Moxibustion Treatment by Analysing Su-point(背兪穴) compared with X-ray measuring for one time, we evaluated the effect by the figure of x-ray measuring and complaints of patients. Results : In three cases, the change in the figure declined dramatically and symptoms of patients got better after one treatment. Conclusions : Acupuncture and Moxibustion Treatment by Analysing Su-point(背兪穴) compared with X-ray measuring was effective. It will be attempted to the patients with it.
fMRI Study on the Brain Activity Induced by Manual Acpuncture at BL62
Rheu, Kyoung-Hwan ; Choi, Il-Hwan ; Park, Hi-Joon ; Lim, Sa-Bi-Na ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 89~103
Objectives: Recently, the effect of acupuncture has been approved not only in the East but also in the West, so the interest on acupuncture was greatly improved. Especially, functional magnetic resonance imaging(fMRI) was embossed as the study tool for the mechanism of acupuncture noninvasively and many studies on the mechanism of acupuncture using fMRI were carried out. We archived the fMRI study on the brain activity induced by manual acupuncture at BL62(申脈). Methods: The study was the acupuncture at BL62(申脈) and we acquired 9 fMRI results from 6 persons
. These studies employed The block design for mapping brain activity and acupuncture was perfomed at BL62(申脈) on the left foot. Results: The brain related motor function was cerebellum, basal ganglia and cerebral cortex and thalamus connected these elements. In the result of this study, the regions of significant activation in the cerebellum was centered on the spinocerebellum in the anterior lobe, so we presumed that this result showed the input of stimulation by the acupuncture on BL62(申脈). But basal ganglia and cerebral cortex showed the regions of significant activation in the left larger than the right and regions of the cerebral cortex was the motor and sensory cortex. Such a result explained that acupuncture at BL62(申脈) could have influence the motor function and acupuncture at left BL62(申脈) could affect the right side through the activation of the left basal ganglia and cerebral cortex. Conclusions: In the theory of crossing needling at collaterals(繆刺論), it the pathogenic factor invaded in the Yang Heel channel(陽?脈) that was one of the eight Extra meridians(奇經八脈), we recognized the disease of the collateral channel and used contralateral BL62(申脈) for treatment of the Yang Heel channel(陽?脈). Moreover the result of this study could bear the construction that acupuncture at the left BL62(申脈) treats the contralateral lesion and this construction is related to the theory of crossing needling at collaterals(繆刺論).
Electroacupuncture suppresses epileptic EEG in experimental induced epileptic rats
Kim, Yun-Jin ; Kim, Jay-hyo ; Ma, Cheng ; Shen, Mei-Hong ; Li, Zhong-Ren ; Sohn, In-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 105~111
Objectives: We investigated the effect of electroacupuncture on epileptic rat model and its underlying mechanisms on suppression of the epilepsy. Methods: It was used pentylenetetrazol
induced epileptic rat model and square wave electrical stimulations (5 mA, 5, 40 or 80 Hz frequency) was applied to acupoints on 'Dazhui' and 'Taichong' for 30min. Results: Electroacupuncture suppressed spikes and slow waves of EEG due to the epileptic condition. Out of electroacupuncture, a high frequency of 80Hz had a better effect for suppress epileptic EEG wave. Conclusions: Electroacupuncture can markedly reduce the excitability of cerebral cortex and strengthen the inhibitory process, checking epilepsy wave. Some intrathalamic nuclei have a promoting or inhibiting effect on epileptic EEG wave. This experimental study we are proposed to Electro-acupuncture can suppression epileptic rat model and it's scientific mechanisms.
Capsaicin Pharmacopuncture Modulates Ankle Sprain Induced Pain in Rats
Park, Sang-Yeon ; Choi, Yoon-Young ; Jeon, In-Sook ; Koo, Sung-Tae ; Kim, Kyoung-Sik ; Sohn, In-Chul ; Kim, Jae-Hyo ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 113~123
Objectives: Pharmacopuncture which is a combination of acupuncture and herbal medicine helps to prevent and treat the diseases and symptoms including various pains. However, little was known about the therapeutic effects and its mechanisms on acute pain, although pharmacopuncture has been used frequently in acupuncture clinics. Acupuncture is known for producing analgesia for persistent ankle sprain pain in human. Furthermore, it also produces analgesia in a rat model of ankle sprain pain. Methods: To illuminate the underlying mechanisms of capsaicin pharmacopuncture-induced analgesia, weight bearing force (WBF) was observed on the acute ankle sprained rat model. Ankle sprain was induced in the rat by manually hyper-extending ligaments of the right ankle. Capsaicin pharmacopuncture was applied to SI6 (Yanglo) on the left forelimb (contralateral to the sprained ankle). Results: In behavioral test, capsaicin pharmacopuncture produced marked analgesic effects on acute ankle sprained animals as measured by WBF of the affected limb similar to manual acupuncture. Capsaicin pharmacopuncture was also suppressed by serotonin (5-HT) receptor antagonist methysergide (2 mg/kg, Lp.), but not by opioids receptor antagonist naltrexone (10 mg/kg, Lp.) and alpha adrenoceptor antagonist phentolamine (5 mg/kg, Lp.). Conclusion: The data suggest that capsaicin pharmacopuncture-induced analgesia is accomplished by activating the descending serotonergic inhibitory systems.
Oligonucleotide Chip Analysis of Cervi parvum cornu Herbal-acupuncture Solution (CPC-HAS) on SNU484 carcinomar cells
Ryu, Sung-Hyun ; Lee, Kyung-Min ; Lee, Bong-Hyo ; Jung, Tae-Young ; Seo, Jung-Chul ; Lim, Seong-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 125~136
Objectives: It has long been known about the osteogenic effect of CPC-HAS(cervi parvum cornu herbal-acupuncture solution) on bone tissues. However, it has not been determined the effect of CPC-HAS on cancer cells. The purpose of this study is to screen the CPC-HAS mediated differentially expressed genes..in cancer cells such as SNU484 gastric cancer cell lines. Oligonucleotide microarray approache was employed to screen the differential expression genes. Methods: CPC-HAS was prepared by boiling and stored at
until use. Cells were treated with various concentrations of CPC-HAS (0.1, 0.5, 1.5, 10, 20 mg/ml) for 24 h. Cell toxicity was tested by MTT assay. To screen the differentially expressed genes in cancer cells, cells were treated with 1.5 mg/ml of CPC-HAS. For oligonucleotide microarray assay, total RNA was used for gene expression analysis using oligonucleotide Genechip(Human genome U133 Plus 2.0., Affimatrix Co.). Results: It has no cytotoxic effects on SNU484 cell in all concentrations(0.l, 0.5, 1.5, 10, 20 mg/ml). In oligonucleotide microarray assay, in SNU484 cells, the number of more than twofold up-regulated genes was 5 while, the number of more than twofold down-regulated genes was 10. Conclusions: This study showed the screening of CPC-HAS mediated differentially regulated genes using combined approaches of oligonucleotide microarray. The screened genes will be used for the better understanding of the therapeutic effects of CPC-HAS on cancer fields.
The Effects of Herbal-acupuncture with Aconiti Iateralis Preparata Radix solutionon Collagen-induced arthritis
Kim, Yoon-Hee ; Yim, Yun-Kyoung ; Lee, Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 137~154
Results: 1. In the AlPR-HA group, the incidence of arthritis and arthritis index were significantly decreased. 2. In the AlPR-HA group, the levels of
in serum of the CIA mouse were significantly decreased. 3. In the AlPR-HA group, the levels of
in spleen cell culture of the CIA mouse were significantly decreased. 4. In the Hematoxylin and eosin stain, the cartilage destruction and synovial cell proliferation were decreased in the AIPR-HA group. 5. In the Masson's trichrome stain, the collagen fiber expressions were similar with that of the Normal group. 6. In the AlPR-HA group, the expression ratio of
cell were similarly maintained as Normal group in the CIA mouse lymph nodes. 7. In the AlPR-HA group,
cells in the CIA mouse joint and
cells in the CIA mouse lymph nodes were significantly decreased. 8. In the AIPR-HA group,
cells were significantly decreased in the CIA mouse spleen cell and were similarly maintained as Normal group in the CIA mouse lymph nodes. Conclusions: These results suggest that AlPR-HA at 51'36 has an effect to control synovial cell proliferation and cartilage destruction in rheumatoid arthritis.
The Effect of Plantaginis Semen on
Induced Hepatoxicity in Rats
Kwon, Seon-Ho ; Kim, Cheol-Hong ; Youn, Hyoun-Min ; Jang, Kyung-Jeon ; Ahn, Chang-Beohm ; Kim, Hoon ; Song, Choon-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 155~166
Objectives: This study was undertaken to determine if Plantaginis Semen(PS) has a protective effect against
induced hepatoxicity in Rats. Methods: The experimental groups were divided into Normal group (untreated Group), Control group
, Sample 1 (group treated with 0.1 ml Plantaginis Semen herbal acupuncture in both sides of
treating) and Sample 2 (group treated with feeding of 1 cc Plantaginis Semen extraction after
treating). Rats were administered orally
for 4 days. In experiments for PS effect, rats of Sample 1 group received 0.lml herbal acupuncture of PS extraction in both sides of corresponding
of human body for 3 days after treated
. Rats of Sample 2 group feeded PS extraction (1cc) for 3 days after treated
. Variation of weight and biochemical assays (AST, ALT, LDH, ALP, total cholesterol, triglyceride, total protein, albumin) were performed. Results: In Control group,
increased serum AST, ALT, LDH, ALP, total protein, albumin and decreased weight, total cholesterol, triglyceride. Sample 1 and Sample 2 significantly decreased serum AST, ALT, LDH, ALP, total protein, albumin as compared with Control group. Conclusion: These results indicate that PS could be used in prevention and treatment of hepatoxicity. However, precise mechanisms of PS protection remain to be determined.
Hepatoprotective effects of Electro-Acupuncture at Taechung (LR3) and Yangji (TE4) on experimental liver injury in rats
Na, Chang-Su ; Youn, Dae-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 167~176