Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Acupuncture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Society for Meridian and Acupoint
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
A Literature Review of the Acupuncture and Moxibustion Methods in UiRimCh'walYo
Oh Jun-HO ; Seo Ji-Yeun ; Kim Tae-Yuen ; Hong Sae-Young ; Yun Seng-Yick ; Cha Wung-Seok ; Kim Nam-Il ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 1~14
Objectives : Investigate the situation of Joseon Dynasty's Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Methods : the Acupuncture and Moxibustion methods in UiRimCh'walYo (
'Essentials of Oriental Medical Doctors') were studied. Results and Conclusions : First of all, the Acupuncture and Moxibustion methods in UiRimCh'walYo are narrated according to specific symptoms like diarrhea and stomachache, and not organized by the origin of illness or some abstract nature of a disease. In addition, it excluded complicated Acupuncture and Moxibustion methods, only adopting a couple of Acupuncture Bleeding methods and Moxibustion methods to simplify the technique as much as possible. Secondly, the Acupuncture and Moxibustion methods in UiRimCh'walYo, along with those in DongUiBoCam and Ch'imGuYoGyol introduce ways to perform moxibustion on the Umbilical Middle and Elixir Field. By focusing on the similarities between the three comtemporary medical works, it is possible to assume the existence of a unique acupuncture method using moxibustion on the Umbilical Middle and Elixir Field. Thirdly, the Acupuncture and Moxibustion methods in UiRimCh'walYo didn't go into detailed differentiation of symptoms and just concisely described one or two treatment methods for each symptom and simplified the prescription down to the core acupuncture points. This shows that the Acupuncture and Moxibustion methods in UiRimCh'walYo didn't seek its own cure but was edited in order to act as an appendix to Herbal Medicine. When integrating the conclusions above, it can be said that UiRimCh'walYo strived to use acupuncture and moxibustion simply and effectively inside the Oriental medicine's large boundaries of Herbal Medicine and Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Harmony with Herbal Medicine, an easy-to-find organization, and simple, easy-to-do prescription are what UiRimCh'walYo was about.
The Formation and Text Compilation of
Han Bong-Jae ; Oh Jun-Ho ; Seo Ji-Yeun ; Kim Tae-Yuen ; Hong Sae-Young ; Yun Seng-Yick ; Cha Wung-Seok ; Kim Nam-Il ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 15~25
is a medical literature dealing deeply with the theory of internal organs thought to be the core of theories in Chinese medicine. The aim of this study was to explorer on the formation and the organization of
. Methods : We investigated the process of the formation of
and analyzed the organization of
on the medical-historical points of view. Results : As a result from studies. Main contents include 11 pieces of pictures about the positions of the regions of acupuncture and moxibustion as well as the internal organs, in addition to descriptions in detail regarding each disease in the internal organs, problems occurred among them, obstinate diseases, etc. Conclusions : A published book in Ming Dynasty and another transcribed by someone in Qing Dynasty as the xylographic books of this literature in China, which turned out to books referred considerably to contents of YangGae's
, a famous doctor in Northern Song Dynasty in China. Moreover, the main contents of
greatly affected the theories of the internal organs for the following generations as they were quoted in Yicheon's
in Ming Dynasty in China.
A Literary Study on Combination of Yeolgyeol
of Eight Confluent Acupoints
Jang Jae-Young ; Park Sang-Yeon ; Hong Jung-A ; Jang Jae-Ik ; Kim Kyung-Sik ; Kim Jae-Hyo ; Sohn In-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 27~47
Objectives : The aim of this study was to analyze how to treat various symptoms through the combination of Yoelgyoel
, according to reviewing the contents and data since Ling Shu (靈樞經) to recent literatures including thirty-five medical books. Methods : It was arranged and considered that the location, needling, and symptoms of each acupoint were described in various literatures before the publication of Chim Kyung Ji Nam (鍼經指南). Through various literature since the Publication of Chim Kyung Ji Nam, it was examined how to be recognized and be referred about Yoelgyoel
. Results and Conclusions : The location of Yoelgyoel is the superior 1.5cun at wrist joint striation, medial of extensor carpi radialis longus; the location of Johae is the depression part under foot medial condyle. Yoelgyoel is often used for respiratory organ disease, urinary organ disease, neuopsychiatory disease, musculoskeletal system disease; Johae is often used for urinary organ disease, circulatory organ disease. At Chim Kyung Ji Nam, Yoelgyoel is often used for thoraco-abdominal Pain, gynecological disease, digestive organ disease; Johae is often used for abdominal pain, gynecological disease, digestive organ disease. Therefore, these points are used together for general internal disease. As well, these are not directly continuous with Previous literatures from Chim Kyung Ji Nam. The combination of Yoelgyoel and Johae have been developed to the three categories as follows; it is quoted from as it is; it is reconstructed in the form of song; it has new symptoms enlarged. Consequently, the combination of Yoelgyoel and Johae was not bind to the rule of Up-Bottom harmony (上下配合), but asserted for the rule of Ju-Eng harmony (主應配合), which add specific acupoints to e combination of Yolgyol and Chohae as the complication of the symptoms.
Study on the methods of acupuncture and moxibustion in the Shin section (in the Naegyeong chapter) of the Donguibogam
Kim Yong-Jin ; Lee Joon-Moo ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 49~57
Objectives : The aim of this study was to show the rationale of point-selection on the methods of acupuncture and moxibustion in the Shin section(in the Naegyeong chapter) of the Donguibogam. Methods : First, We summarized the cause of each disease in the Shin section(in the Naegyeong chapter) of the Donguibogam. Then, We explained the rationale of acupuncture point-selection referring to the cause of disease, physiology of the Oriental medicine, exposition of acupuncture point name, character of each acupuncture points, flow of meridian pathways and specific acupuncture points etc. Results and Conclusions : Total 44 acupuncture points were used in the Shin section(in the Naegyeong chapter) of the Donguibogam. Most of acupuncture points were specific acupuncture points. but, some rationale of acupuncture point-selection were explained by the cause of disease, physiology of the Oriental medicine, exposition of acupuncture point name, flow of meridian pathways etc.
Study on the correlation between assignment of the Three Eums and Yangs to calendar in the "Somun.Make'ae" and the exterior interior relationships of the Meridian
Bang Jung-Kyun ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 59~65
Objectives : By comparing the correspondence of Three Eums and Yangs (三陰三陽) to calendr in
with twelve principal divinatory symbols, this paper intends to explain the exterior and interior of meridian system using the phenomena of the trigrams from Juyeok(卦). It also tries to relate the phenomena of the trigrams with the characteristics of the original Gi (本氣) of Three Em and Yangs tough the interpretation of Three Eums and Yangs assigned to twelve principal divinatory symbols. Methods : This paper compares the correspondence of Three Eums and Yangs to calendar in
with twelve principal divinatory symbols. By this, it traces the making of the exterior and interior relationship between Taeeum (太陰)-Yangmyeong (陽明), Soeum (少陰)-Taeyang (太陽), and Gworeum (厥陰)-Soyang (少陽) through the phenomena of trigrams assigned to Three Eums and Yangs. It also interprets Three Em and Yangs assigned to twelve principal divinatory symbols, using the original Gi of the six atmospheric influences(六氣). Results and Conclusions : Three Eums and Yangs in
signify the six meridians of the leg. Soeum (少陰) is assigned to October in
but it is more appropriate to assign it to July. If Soeum (少陰) is assigned to July, Three Eums and Yangs have phenoma of the trigrams with Em and Yang lines (陽爻) counter to each other, and can be explained as the exterior and interior relationship. lastly, in case of Three Eums and Yangs assigned to twelve principal divinatory symbols, the phenomena of the trigrams can be interpreted as the original Gi of Three Eums and Yangs.
Clinical Study about Acupuncture and Moxibustion Treatment according to the different type of the Meridian Pathways of the Patients who have Shoulder Pain
Lee Hee-Yoon ; Kim Sang-Heon ; Heo Jeong-Eun ; Youn Hyoun-Min ; Kim Won-Il ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 67~84
Objectives : This clinical trial is to know how significant the acupuncture treatments are which were done on appropriate acupuncture-points with using method of classification by meridian pathways along the parts of the shoulder pain. Methods : 27 shoulder pain patients who participated in the clinical study in the Bukpyeoung haemalkeun oriental medical clinic which is located in Donghae city were classified 3 types(Yangmyeng, Soyang, Taeyang meridian type) according to their different parts of the shoulder pain. They have been acupunctured in their applied acupoints in the body 3 times a week for 4 weeks. Results : After 4 weeks of the treatments, there were statistically meaningful treatment effect in all index in Yangmyeng meridian type. In Soyang meridian type, there were statistically meaningful treatment effect in 'subjective symptom of shoulder pain','shoulder pain and disability index', 'visual analog scale'. In Taeyang meridian type, statistically effective treatment result was found in 'shoulder pain and disability index' Conclusions : Every type has statistically meaningful treatment effects according to the analysis of the results.
A comparison study of acupuncture sensation scale between real acupuncture and sham needle
Chae Youn-Byoung ; Kim Yun-Ju ; Choe Il-Hwan ; Lim Sabina ; Lee Sang-Jae ; Lee Hye-Jung ; Park Hi-Joon ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 85~99
Objectives : Proper acupuncture stimulation is associated with a characteristic set of sensation usually referred to as 'De-Qi'. In order to develop the appropriate sham acupuncture, various sensations to each stimulation should be considered through analysis of the profiles of acupuncture sensation. It was therefore investigated to compare the acupuncture sensation scale (ASS) of two types of sham acupuncture to that of the real acupuncture. Methods : Ninety-four participants (mean age 26.4, range 26-49) were asked to complete five point-Likert scale ASS developed by Vincent et al. after real or two-kinds of sham acupuncture stimulation: blunted tip sham acupuncture (BT) and round tip sham acupuncture (RT). Needling was done at LI4 acupoint on non-dominant hand and stimulated for 30 seconds with real or two-kinds of sham needle. Finger withdrawal latency (FWL) of each group was also measured to evaluate the pain sensitivity to noxious heat stimuli. Results : BT acupuncture significantly less produced penetrating, numb, intense, hurting, pulling, shock, tingling, throbbing sensation than real acupuncture stimulation. RT acupuncture significantly less produced penetrating, burning, electric, numb, intense, hurting, pulling, aching, shasharp, shock, stinging, tingling, throbbing sensation than real acupuncture. Each group did not demonstrate the differences of pain sensitivity to noxious stimuli. Conclusions : These results indicated that types of tip of acupuncture produced different kinds of acupuncture sensation. Our finding provides a general information of sensations to two kinds of sham acupuncture for development of ideal placebo sham needle.
The Assessments of Prognotic Factors on Sensorineural Hearing Loss And The Clinical Study with Acupuncture Treatment
Mun Kyung-Suk ; Lee So-Yol ; Kwon O-Seop ; Jang Jo-Ung ; Kwon Hyuk-Seong ; Youn Dae-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 101~110
Objectives : The purpose of this study was clinical observation about sensorineural hearing loss compare with acupucture treatment and assessments of prognotic factors. Methods : This study was clinical observation about sensorineural hearing loss cases. for diagnosing in these cases, pure tone audiometry was used. The treatment, acupuncture was used. Results : Three patients(37.5%) remarkably improved, one patient(12.5%), slightly improved, four patients(50%), no change. Conclusions : These results suggest that the prognosis by age and initial hearing threshold was significant. The treatment on sensorineural hearing loss considered that bone condution improved.
Two Cases of Spasmodic Torticollis Managed by Yinyang balance appliance of FCST for the Meridian and Neurologic Balance
Shon In-Cheol ; Ahn Kyu-Suk ; Sohn Kyung-Seok ; Koh Gi-Wan ; Yin Chang-Shik ; Ha Sung-Joon ; Lee Young-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 111~122
Objectives : Therapeutic effect of Balance Appliance of functional crebrospinal technique (FCST for meridian and neurologic yinyang balance was observed in two refractory torticollis cases. Methods : A unidentified severe torticollis two cases with several months of duration was managed by the Balance Appliance on temporomandibular joint (TMJ), combined with acupuncture and manual medicine. Results : Assessment was made by self assessment of subjective symptoms and clinical observation. The patient reported over-90% remission and returned to ordinary daily life after
months of therapy, which effect was reported to maintain for 6 months. Conclusions : An impressive effect was observed and further clinical and biological research on FCST is expected.
Effect of electro acupuncture at Kugmun
on EKG of hypertension patients
Park Cheol-Jin ; Lee Sang-Ryong ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 123~133
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the Effect of Electro acupuncture at Kugmun
on EKG of hypertension patients. Methods Subjects were ten patients who showed abnormal findings on EKG. They were divided into two Groups, Experiment Group and Control Group. Experiment Croup received electro acupuncture at Kugmun
and Control Group at non acupoint. EKG was measured before and after electro acupuncture stimulation. Results : Five out of ten improved EKG findings by Kugmun
and nine out of ten changed the pulse by Kugmun
. It showed significant change compared with Control Group that received electro acupuncture at non acupoint. In fact Kugmun
is able to cure chest pain, hypertension, chest discomfort, palpitation, insomnia, headache, and so on. It proved that it has ability of controling heart function. Conclusions : In conclusion, electro acupuncture at Kugmun
changed EKG findings and Pulse. Especially electro acupuncture at Kugmun
decreased the pulse for tachycardia and increased the pulse for bradycardia. It is thought that it makes to consist vital homeostasis.
A SQUID MEG Study on the Auditory Primary Response induced by Acupuncture on TE5 (Waiguan).GB43 (Xiaxi)
Choi Chan-Hun ; Ra Ki-Uung ; Jang Kyeong-Seon ; Na Chang-Su ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 135~145
Objectives and Methods : Using the 2-channel DROS SQUID (Korea Research Institute of Standards of Science, 1999), the present study was carried out to record changes elicited in the auditory cortex by acupuncture stimulus on right TE5 (Waiguan) and GB43 (Xiaxi). Needle-retention stimulation of TE5 and GB43 were done for acquiring the brain activities changed by acupuncture. Acupoint TE5 and GB43 is known to be effective for the treatment of ear-related disease, such as deafness and tinnitus, and to be suspected to be related to the auditory cortex. Auditory evoked magnetic fields were recorded hem the left hemisphere of five subjects, in response to contralateral ear stimulation by irregularly spaced 170 msec long 1kHz tone busts (Korea Research Institute of Standards of Science) Results and Conclusions : The result as follows. The latency and amplitude of SQUID MEG responses at the human auditory cortex changed by needle-retention condition on TE5 were 4msec and 9.2 fT, respectively, which were slower and smaller than those of no-acupuncture condition. The latency and amplitude of SQUID MEG responses at the human auditory cortex changed by needle-retention condition on GB43 were 7.2 msec and 1.6 fT, respectively, which were slower and larger than those of no-acupuncture condition. The latency of SQUID MEG responses at the human auditory cortex changed by needle-retention condition on GB43 condition was slower than that of TE5 acupuncture condition.
Effects of Ginseng Radix herbal acupuncture on TNBS-induced colitis in rats
Kim Jong-Sung ; Chun Sang-Woo ; Park Sang-Yeon ; Park Sung-Ik ; Kim Kyung-Sik ; Kim Jae-Hyo ; Koo Sung-Tae ; Sohn In-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 147~156
Objectives : The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the effects of herbal acupuncture with Ginseng Radix for the treatment to intestinal disease in the rat with 2, 4, 6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS) induced colitis. Methods : All animals were subjected to the injection of saline
for a study control or TNBS
into the lumen of the colon, 8cm proximal to the anus through the intestine. Ginseng Radix herbal acupuncture (
) were injected to the both
acupoints at 2nd injection of TNBS in rats. Thus, the body weight, RBC count, WBC count, total protein, IgG levels and IgM levels were observed to study the effects of Ginseng Radix herbal acupuncture. Results : Ginseng Radix herbal acupuncture on
for TNBS-induced colitis inhibited the body weight loss rate but did not affect RBC and WBC counts. Furthermore, it inhibited the reduction of total protein concentration and serum IgG and IgM levels in TNBS induced colitis were recovered. Conclusions : Herbal acupuncture with Ginseng Radix helps recover the TNBS-induced colonic damage and may be an important method for treatment of the colitis.
Effect of Ginseng radix herb-acupuncture on noise stress-induced NOS expression in the offspring rats
Lee Ek-Jae ; Lem Kang-Hyun ; Seo Il-Beok ; Koo Sung-Tae ; Choi Sun-Mi ; Kim Ee-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 157~167
Acupuncture at Liver Meridian Protects the Dopaminergic Neuronal Damage in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced Parkinson's Disease Mouse Model
Kim Seung-Tae ; Chae Youn-Byong ; Kim Yun-Jung ; Kang Min-Jung ; Jung Mi-Young ; Chung Joo-Ho ; Hahm Dae-Hyun ; Lee Sang-Jae ; Lee Hye-Jung ; Park Hi-Joon ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 169~176
Objectives : This study was designed to compare the effects of tonification and sedation methods of Liver Meridian in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced Parkinson's disease mice model. Methods : We injected MPTP (30 mg/kg, i.p.) or saline for 5 consecutive days. Acupuncture treatments were given to the mice with MPTP at LR8 and LR4 to tonify Liver Meridian (Liver+) or LR4 and LR2 to sedate it (Liver-) for 12 day. At the 12th day after first injection, mice were perfused, and then tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-immunohistochemistry was performed in substantia nigra (SN) of their brains. After counting the number of TH-positive neurons, we compared their numbers among experimental groups. Results : The number of TH-positive neurons of Liver+ group was significantly increased compared to that of MPTP group in the SN. That of Liver-group was also increased more than MPTP group, but not significantly. Conclusions : Tonifying Liver Meridian might be effective therapeutic tools for the neuroprotection in subchronic MPTP-induced mice model.
Suppression of Lipid Peroxidation and CYP Isozymes activities by Circium japonicum Herbal-acupuncture Solution ; Basic Study for Screening of Medicinal Herb on Reactive Oxygen Radical and CYP-Mediated Atherosclerosis
Lee Jeong-Joo ; Kim Hyuck ; Yi Hyo-Seung ; Park Won-Hwan ; Moon Jin-Young ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 177~186