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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Acupuncture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Society for Meridian and Acupoint
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
Survey on Setting New Standards for Estimation of Acupoints in the Upper Limb of Normal Adults
Sung, Byoung-Sik ; Kwon, O-Sang ; Jeon, In-Suk ; Kim, Jae-Hyo ; Ahn, Sung-Hun ; Sohn, In-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 1~14
Objectives : Weights and measures (度量衡) in Korean traditional medicine have been changed in many dynasties and countries. Thus, measurements of chon (寸) and cheok (尺) have been considered as symbolical meaning in recent studies on meridians and acupoints. The present study was made to settle up standard measurement by surveying length of each parts of upper limb as follows. Methods : To calculate length of 1 chon (寸), the length of each part was divided into the numbers of chon (寸) as shwon in
Goldo Hwangjenaegyeong-yeongchu (靈樞 骨度篇)
; the chon (寸) length in
Goldo Hwangjenaegyeong-yeongchu (靈樞 骨度篇)
was compared with the chon (寸) length which is calculated by dividing human average hight into 75 chon. Results : Increment of length of 1 chon (寸) did not change as increment of height in subjects. Length of 1 chon (寸) in height is representative of length of 1 chon (寸) in each parts of upper limb. Conclusions : We suggest that most suitable length of 1 chon (寸)for the standard measurement of acupoint location is 2.20
0.17 cm based on length of elbow joint to wrist joint.
Application of Taguchi's Robust Design Method in Optimization of Measuring Electrical Properties on Acupoints: A Pilot Study
Nam, Tong-Hyun ; Shin, Sang-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 15~27
Objectives : The objective of the current study is to optimize an acupoint electrical property measurement system by using the procedures and strengths of the Taguchi method. Methods : Taguchi method was applied in the optimization of the acupoint electrical property measurement system, as in the following steps: (1) determine evaluation index; (2) execute the 1st gage R&R; (3) identify controllable and uncontrollable factors; (4) design Taguchi crossed array layout; (5) execute experiments according to trial conditions; (6) analyze testing results; (7) determine optimum run; (8) execute the 2nd gage R&R; (9) confirm optimum run. Results : The results showed that electrodes with larger diameter and efferent electric current, with music played, can produce the larger different electrical conductivity between the acupoints and the non-acupoints under various conditions. Taguchi process optimization improved repeatability and reproducibility of the acupoint electrical property measurement system. Conclusions : In the optimized condition, repeatability and reproducibility of the acupoint electrical property measurement system was acceptable.
Effects of Silver Spike Point Therapy on Blood Flow of the Middle Cerebral Arteries in Headache Patients When Applied to Acupuncture Points
Seo, Hyo-Seok ; Yun, Young-Dae ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 29~41
Objectives : The aim of this study is to examine the effects of SSP(silver-spike point) therapy, applied to acupuncture points, on the middle cerebral arteries blood flows of sample group(tention-type headache patients, n=12) and control group(non tension-type headache patients, n=12), and on the reduction of their headaches, when applied to acupuncture points. Methods : We stimulated 6 acupuncture points for headache with the SSP(three times a week for three weeks), and measured VAS(visual analogue scale) and the blood flow of the middle cerebral arteries with TCD(transcranial doppler ultrasonography). Results : The blood flow of the middle cerebral artery and VAS of the sample group and the control group were compared four times(initial, 1weeks, 2weeks, 3weeks) and significant differences in the measurements were found at 3 weeks(p<.05). The blood flow of the middle cerebral artery of the sample group was significantly increased, and VAS was significantly decreased in both groups. Conclusions : The silver-spike-point low-frequency electrical-stimulation treatment, applied to acupuncture points, can significantly increase the blood flow of the middle cerebral arteries in headache patients and can thus alleviate their headaches.
Acupuncture, an Adjunct Therapy for Asthma: a Pilot Study Protocol of Randomized Controlled Trial
Choi, Jun-Yong ; Oh, Dal-Seok ; Roh, Young-Lae ; Jung, Hee-Jae ; Jung, Sung-Ki ; Choi, Sun-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 43~51
Literature Study on Acupuncture and Moxibustion in the Mouth & Tongue Section (in the Oehyeong Chapter) of the Donguibogam
Im, Yun-Taek ; Lee, Joon-Moo ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 53~64
Objectives : The aim of this study was to show the rationale of point-selection on acupuncture and moxibustion in the Mouth & Tongue Section (in the Oehyeong Chapter) of the Donguibogam. Methods : First, We summarized the causes of each disease in the Mouth & Tongue Section (in the Oehyeong Chapter) of the Donguibogam. Then, We explained the rationale of acupuncture point-selection referring to the cause of disease, physiology of the Oriental medicine, other uses of each acupuncture points in the Donguibogam, character of each acupuncture points, flow of meridian pathways and specific acupuncture points etc. Results and Conclusions : Total 20 acupuncture points were used in the Mouth & Tongue Section (in the Oehyeong Chapter) of the Donguibogam. Most of acupuncture points were specific acupuncture points. But, some rationale of acupuncture point-selection were explained by the cause of disease, physiology of the Oriental medicine, other uses of each acupuncture points in the Donguibogam, flow of meridian pathways etc.
Evaluation of stress-induced analgesia in acupuncture analgesic effect - An Approach on diameters of acupuncture needles and acupuncture point needlings -
Jeong, Byeong-Ju ; Choe, Il-Hwan ; Shin, Hee-Sup ; Lim, Sabina ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 65~80
Objective : In recent years, many investigators have questioned whether the analgesic effect of acupuncture is simply related to the stress-induced analgesia (SIA). However, there has been lack of studies on this issue. In this study, the stress levels induced by manual acupunctures are compared with the stress in animal experiment models. The experiments have been carried out with Sprague Dawley (SD) rats. Method : For stress level evaluation, Hot plate test has been used. Maximum Possible Effect (MPE) has been measured by checking the pre-test time and post-test time. Cortisol and corticosterone concentrations in serum were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results : In the hot plate test, MPE values of post-test time were significantly decreased after 10 minutes than after 5 minutes. Therefore, optimal time interval was chosen as 10 minutes. There was significant difference of MPE values between Suspension group and all other treatment groups. However, there were no significant differences of MPE values between Sham group and all other treatment groups. However, MPE values showed tendency to decrease when acupuncture needle diameter increased. MPE values of ST040, ST040(lido), NAP040(lido) groups were markedly decreased than that of Suspension group, while that of NAP040 group was substantially increased than that of Sham group increased in acupoint and nonacupoint models. Serum cortisol concentrations of treatment groups were not significantly different from that of Suspension and Sham groups. Serum corticosterone concentration of 0.25 mm group was substantially increased than that of compared with Sham group. Serum cortisol and corticosterone concentrations of treatment groups were not significantly different from those of Suspension and Sham groups in acupoint and nonacupoint models. Conclusion : From hot plate test and serum stress hormones concentrations, it is found that manual acupuncture treatment induces negligible stress or SIA on ST36. And the stress induced by manual acupuncture is more closely related to acupuncture point needlings than diameters of acupuncture needles.
A Study of Antinociception of Electroacupuncture to SI6 on the Acute Ankle Sprained Rats
Yang, Bum-Sik ; Kim, Jae-Hyo ; Jang, Jae-Hun ; Ahn, Sung-Hun ; Kim, Kyoung-Sik ; Sohn, In-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 81~96
Objectives : The purpose of the present study is to determine the effective analgesic parameters of manual acupuncture (MA) and/or electroacupuncture (EA), thus how MA & EA of specific acupoint works after acute ankle sprain in rats. Thus, one series of experiments was designed to analyze the analgesic effects of acupuncture in either the normal or sprained rat, by comparing the behavioral features before and after MA or EA at several acupoints. Methods : Ankle sprain was induced manually by hyper-extension of ligaments of the right ankle in rat. Either MA or EA was applied to the LI4, TE17, 足三里 and SI-6 acupoints at an intensity of 2 mA (1 ms pulse duration) with a frequency of 10 Hz for 30 minutes. Results : Behaviorally, manual acupuncture or electroacupuncture produced potent analgesic effects on acute ankle sprained animals as measured by weight bearing capacity of the affected limb. Furthermore, antinociceptive effect of EA was suppressed by alpha adrenoceptor antagonist phentolamine (5 mg/kg, i.p.) but not by opioid antagonist naltrexone (10 mg/kg, i.p.). Conclusions : It is suggested that acupuncture-induced antinociception may involve the descending inhibition of
Effects of Herbal-Acupuncture with Cistanches Herba Extract at KI10 (Eumgok) on Osteoporosis in Ovariectomized Mice
Jeung, Neon-Sik ; Lee, Byung-Ryul ; Koo, Sung-Tae ; Yim, Yun-Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 97~115
Objective & Methods : This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Cistanches Herba herbal-acupuncture (CH-HA) at KI10 (Umgok) on osteoporosis induced by ovariectomy in mice. The results were as follows; Results : CH-HA at KI10 significantly inhibited the overgrowth of tibia, the elevation of serum osteocalcin level, the reduction of tibial Ca and P level, the increase of tibial osteoclast like cells, the reduction of tibial TBV (trabecular bone volume), the overgrowth of tibial GPL (growth plate length) in ovariectomized mice. NP at KI10 significantly inhibited the reduction of BMD (bone mineral density) in ovariectomized mice, but CH-HA did not. Conclusion : Taken together, CH-HA at KI10 has a protective or therapeutic effect for osteoporosis in ovariectomized mice. Therefore, it is suggested that CH-HA may be an useful therapeutics in clinical filed after further researches.
Modulates Neuronal Activities in Medial Vestibular Nuclei of Rats
Kim, Jae-Hyo ; Park, Byung-Rim ; Sohn, In-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 117~135
Objectives: It is known that the vestibular imbalance leads to vestibular symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, vertigo and postural disturbance. Since the non-labyrinthine inputs from the limbs and viscera converge on the vestibular nucleus neurons receiving signal from peripheral vestibular endorgan, acupuncture to the periphery may influence the activities of vestibular nuclear neurons and produce a therapeutic effect on the vestibulacr symptoms. The present study was to examine a modification and characteristics of the static and dynamic activities of medial vestibular nucleus (MVN) neurons following electroacupuncture (EA) of GB43' acupoint. Methods: In 54 Sprague-Dawley adult male rats weighing 250
300g, spontaneous firing discharges and dynamic responses induced by sinusoidal whole body rotation about vertical axis at 0.2 Hz were observed in MVN of rats during EA of GB43' acupoint, located between the left 4th and 5th toe, which is the territory of sural and peroneal nerves, with 0.2 ms, 40 Hz and 600
. Results: EA of the left GB43' acupoint induced modifications of spontaneous firing rates in 45% of MVN neurons recorded, and the percentage of modified neurons was 44% in type I, 52% in type II and 46% in non-type neurons. The excitatory or inhibitory responses of spontaneous firing discharges were predominant in the ipsilateral MVN neurons during EA. The excitatory response was abolished after EA but the inhibitory response was prolonged after EA in the ipsilateral MVN. The neurons of MVN showing modified spontaneous firing discharges by EA showed lower frequency (
10 spikes/sec) of mean spontaneous firing rates than non affected ones. Conclusion: These results suggest that the neuronal activities of MVN neurons were influenced by EA of GB43' acupoint and the effects of EA may be related to the convergence of the peripheral vestibular inputs and ascending somatosensory inputs on MVN.
Effect of ARTEMISIAE ARGI FOLIUM Acupuncture Solution on Raw 264.7 Cells Treated by Toxicants
Park, Wan-Su ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 137~146
Objectives : The leaves of Artemisia argyi L. have been used for the treatment of bleeding-related diseases in traditional korean medicine. But the immunological activities with macrophage have not been sufficiently reported. This study is to investigate the immunological bioactivities of the herbal acupuncture solution obtained from leaves of Artemisia argyi L. (AAAS). Methods & Results : Against Nicotine and Acetaldehyde, AAAS increased significantly the production of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) within mouse macrophage Raw 264.7 cells above the concentration of 10
. AAAS increased significantly the production of nitric oxide (NO) in Raw 264. 7 cells above the concentration of 100
against EtOH. And AAAS increased significantly the production of nitric oxide (NO) in Raw 264. 7 cells above the concentration of 200
against Nicotine, Acetaminophen, and Acetaldehyde. Conclusions : These results suggest that AAAS could be thought to have the immunological activities related with the production of hydrogen peroxide and NO in macrophage.
Effects of Moxi-tar Herbal Acupuncture of LI11 on inflammatory bowel disease induced by TNBS in mice
Song, Moon-Young ; Park, Sang-Yeon ; Kim, Jae-Hyo ; Ahn, Sung-Hun ; Kim, Kyoung-Sik ; Sohn, In-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 147~166
Objectives : Crohn's disease (CD) is characterized by a chronic relapsing inflammation of the bowel in which proinflammatory cytokines play an important perpetuating role. Methods : Mice (preventive animal model of gliotoxin) were treated with 5 % 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS) at day 1 and day 7. To investigate preventive effects of acupuncture with Gujin at
, acupuncture was carried out at day -1, day 1, day 3. And, to investigate therapeutic effects, acupuncture with Gujin was carried out at day 3, day 5, day 7. For the data analysis, we checked weight and width of colon, diarrhea, edema, survival rate, changes of body weight, and myeloperoxygenase (MPO) activity. For analysing protein expression, we carried out immunohistochemical staining and Western blot and we analyzed mRNA expression by RT-PCR. Results : Colon of TNBS treated mice was erosive and shortening compared with the colon of control mice and induced damages of colon epithelial cell layer and induced infiltration of immune cells in all layer of colon. Acupuncture of gujin at
in preventive mode suppressed macorscopic damages such as erosive and shortening of colon by TNBS and damages of intestinal epithelial cells and infiltration of immune cells in the colon. The average weight of 5 cm distal colon was increased in TNBS treated mice (758
) compared with in control mice (112
) and width of distal colon was also increased in TNBS treated mice (4.9mm) compared with in control mice (1.3mm). Acupuncture with Gujin at
in preventive and therapeutic mode suppressed increase of colon weight and width by TNBS. TNBS induced edema of colon and diarrhea and Acupunctured with Gujin at
in preventive and therapeutic mode ameliorated these symptom by TNBS. In preventive and therapeutic mode, the effects of acupuncture with Gujin at
were increasing the motility, suppressing body weight decreasing, suppressing MPO activity, reducing expressing of TNF-
, IL-1b, and ICAM-1 in colon compared with that by TNBS Conclusions : This study demonstrates that acupuncture with Gujin at
represents a potential therapeutic method of Crohn's disease.
Overview for moxibustion-related researches worldwide
Park, Hye-Jung ; Son, Chang-Gue ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 167~174
Objective : To make comprehensive feature of previous researches on moxibustion, then build a basis of strategy for development of moxibustion-derived therapeutics. Methods : Surveyed 326 abstraction-containing literatures from total 467 of moxibustion-related papers in PubMed and 29 papers in Korea. Analysis was performed according to distribution by study subject, number by year, nation, research method, and its efficacy. Results : Moxibustion-related researches have been rapidly increased since 2001. The main contributive country for moxibustion research was China whileas few researches was done by Korea. The main subjects of moxibustion research are associated with immunity, inflammation, neurosystem, and digestive function. The most therapeutic roles of moxibustion were on pain control, modulation of immunity, anti-fatigue and anti-stress. Conclusion : This study will help Korean Oriental medical doctors to systematically review the moxibustion researches, and to develop more competitive therapeutics using moxibustion in global CAM field.