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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Acupuncture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Society for Meridian and Acupoint
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
A Distribution Chart Analysis of Electric Energy on Specific Acupoints in the Identical Meridian Pathway
Kim, Soo-Byung ; Min, Choong-Ki ; Lee, Na-Ra ; Lee, Seung-Wook ; Shim, Tae-Kyu ; Yim, Yun-Kyoung ; Lee, Yong-Heum ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 1~11
Objectives : The object of this study is measuring energy (skin capacitance) distribution on the specific acupionts and analyzing change patterns of meridian energy according to time or synchronous time. Methods : To check energy distribution using the meridian energy measurement system(DMM-1000), ten specific acupoints(ST34, ST36, ST40, ST41, ST42, ST43, ST44, ST45, BL21, CV12) were chosen. We checked the energy distribution and analyzed the change patterns before and after meal. We checked the state of the energy of ST meridian which is considered to have relation to stomach organ activity. Based on the hypothesis regarding energy difference due to Qi flowing, we compared energy potential on 10 specific acupoints. Results and Conclusions : Electric energy of each specific acupoint was different according to subjects and time. Through this study, we proposed an indispensable condition of energy difference due to Qi flowing through meridian.
Properties of Pulse Waveforms by Posture Changes : Standing, Sitting, Supine Posture
Kown, Sun-Min ; Kang, Hee-Jung ; Lee, Sang-Hun ; Yim, Yun-Kyoung ; Lee, Yong-Heum ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 13~22
Objectives : Informations on pulse diagnosis in literature are based on diagnosing pulse waveforms on supine posture. However, today's pulse waveforms are measured on various postures for the convenience of patients or doctors. For objective measurement, the effect of posture on the pulse waveforms should be considered. The objective of this study was to find posture-related changes in the radial pulse waveforms. Methods : We used an instrument, DMP-3000(DAEYOMEDI Co., Ansan, Korea), measuring radial pulse waveforms noninvasively by tonometric method. 25 male subjects participated in the trial. Before measuring radial pulse waveforms subjects had rest for 5 min. The pulse waveforms were measured on the left wrist. Each subject underwent this course on the supine, sitting, and standing posture. We analyzed pulse waveforms with Height-parameters, Time-parameters, Energy, and Elastic rate. Results : Height-parameters(h1~h5) on the supine posture were bigger than those on the sitting and standing posture. In case of Time-parameters, the parameters making up systolic time decrease in order of on standing, sitting, and supine position. However, systolic time and diastolic time didn't have any changes. Energy of pulse was the biggest on supine posture and Elastic rate on standing posture. Conclusions : In this study we found that posture changes affect radial pulse waveforms. For quantification of the changes, more trials should be done. After analyzing much data we might apply parameters of pulse waveforms changed by posture. Also, we might diagnose special disease with properties of pulse waveforms by posture.
The effect of acupuncture treated by tonification and sedation manipulation at LI4 and KI7 on lacking of sweating in cold environment(I)
Choi, Chan-Hun ; Youn, Dae-Hwan ; Kim, Young-Sun ; Song, Min-Sun ; Na, Chang-Su ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 23~38
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of the tonification & sedation manipulation for LI4 and KI7 on lacking of sweating in cold environment. Methods: The participants were divided into 3 groups as intact group without acupuncture, acupuncture group inserting and twisting with LI4 tonificaton and KI7 sedation method(LI4-tonify KI7-purge) and acupuncture group inserting and twisting with LI4 sedation and KI7 tonificaton method(LI4-purge KI7-tonify). We obtained baseline data at cold condition with the temperature
. After making the participant staying in cold condition for 10 minute, we measured sweating rate in skin surface, body temperature, oxygen saturation, pulse rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, deoxy-Hb and oxy-Hb in subcutaneous. Results : After acupuncture in cold environment, the sweating rate in skin surface significantly decreased in KI7-purge LI4-tonify group comparing the intact groups. The body temperature significantly increased in LI4-tonify KI7-purge and LI4-purge KI7-tonify groups comparing the intact group. The oxygen saturation significantly increased in LI4-tonify KI7-purge group comparing the intact group. Conclusions : These findings indicated that LI4 tonificaton and KI7 sedation method(LI4-tonify KI7-purge) could be effective for production of sweating in cold condition.
Inhibitory effect of acupuncture at HT7 on the sympathetic activations to smoking-related visual cues during smoking cessation
Chae, Youn-Byoung ; Lee, Jeong-Chan ; Park, Kyung-Mo ; Lee, Hye-Jung ; Kang, O-Seok ; Kim, Song-Yi ; Lee, Hwa-Jin ; Yin, Chang-Sik ; Park, Hi-Joon ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 39~52
Objectives : Cue reactivity is a key factor that modulates motivational goal-directed behavior associated with compulsive drug-taking and relapse. We investigated whether acupuncture attenuated the skin conductance response and the heart rate response to smoking-related visual cues in smokers. Methods : Twenty-nine smokers were treated with real acupuncture (RA) or sham acupuncture (SA). The stress response inventory was measured on the 5th day after quitting smoking. The skin conductance response and the heart rate were measured to evaluate the autonomic changes to the smoking related visual cues on the same day. Results : The sympathetic alterations in skin conductance and the heart rate induced by the smoking-related visual cues were significantly lower in the RA group, as compared to the SA group. The stress response inventory, such as somatization and frustration, in the RA group was significantly lower than that of the SA group. Conclusions : Acupuncture ameliorated the stress symptoms as well as the sympathetic activation to smoking cues during withdrawal. These findings indicate that acupuncture might be a useful tool in smoking cessation by inhibiting smoking cues-induced autonomic responses.
The Effect of Sa-am acupuncture on Knee Osteoarthritis
Min, Moo-Hong ; Choi, Yeong-Gon ; Kim, Yun-Ju ; Park, Hi-Joon ; Lee, Sam-Chool ; Joo, Ho-No ; Han, Seung-Moo ; Lim, Sa-Bi-Na ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 53~66
Objective : Acupuncture has been widely used throughout the world for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (knee OA). This study investigated whether acupuncture, particularly Sa-am acupuncture, could be effective in relieving pain and improving the symptoms of knee OA. Method : This study was conducted as a prospective, randomized, controlled, and patient- and investigator-blinded clinical trial. Forty volunteers with knee OA participated in the study. All participants were screened through an inclusion and exclusion criteria. Thirty four participants completed the clinical trial. In total, forty subjects were randomly selected to receive Sa-am acupuncture. Eight sessions of acupuncture were given at the contralateral side of the problematic knee for 4 weeks. Korean translation of Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (KWOMAC) scores were measured twice: at the beginning and end of the clinical trial period. Both the Patient Global Assessment and physical health scores based on the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey were also used to measure the results. Results : Compared to the pre-trial scores, the Sa-am acupuncture group (n=34) showed a significant decrease in KWOMAC total scores according to a paired t-test. The Sa-am acupuncture group also showed significant improvement in the Patient Global Assessment when compared to the pre-trial. Conclusions : Sa-am acupuncture for knee OA resulted in an improved KWOMAC total score. This was mostly driven by the function component score that was greatly affected by acupuncture. However, further studies with expanded designs are needed to solidify this finding with scientific rigor.
A Survey on Understanding of Qi Deficiency in Koreans
Lee, Sang-Jae ; Lee, Hyang-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 67~75
Objectives : To identify whether and how Korean people understand 'qi deficiency' and related symptoms. Methods : We developed a questionnaire based on the experts' comments and modification asking understanding of 'qi deficiency' and symptoms or situations related with it. Total 128 workers at community healthcare centres across the country completed the questionnaire. They were asked if they know the meaning of the word 'qi deficiency' and to give at least three symptoms or situations that they conceive are related with 'qi deficiency'. The responses were collected and descriptive and frequency analyses were performed. Results : Approximately 79.7% of responders answered that they understand the meaning of the word 'qi deficiency' and of them, 71.6% reported that they experience 'qi deficiency' sometimes or more. Regarding somatic or condition-related responses in qi deficiency, lack of power or energy (26.6%), tiredness or fatigue (22.2%), dizziness (7.2%) or sweating (6.3%) were the most frequently reported symptoms. They related symptoms such as loss of appetite (4.3%) or easily catching colds (2.4%) with qi deficiency. Factors described in traditional pattern recognition of qi deficiency were not exactly matched with the responses from this survey. Conclusions : Korean people have rather a broad concept of qi deficiency covering a range of symptoms and this should be taken into account in developing a deficiency assessment tool.
Development of disease-specific qigong program for Parkinson's disease
Lee, Hwa-Jin ; Lee, Hye-Jung ; Yin, Chang-Shik ; Chae, Youn-Byoung ; Baik, You-Sang ; Shin, Yong-Cheol ; Lee, Sang-Jea ; Park, Hi-Joon ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 77~88
Background : Qigong is an exercise therapy based on the principles of Traditional East Asian Medicine. The exercises combine the practice of motion and breathing, both guided by mental imagery. Beneficial effects of qigong have been reported on a variety of complaints in chronically ill patients and on gait imbalance in the elderly. Parkinson's disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that affects neurophysiological function, movement abilities, and quality of life. Objectives : We developed a qigong program based on the Traditional East Asian medical theory regarding the improvement of clinical symptoms of Parkinson's disease. Methods and Results : Our qigong program consists of three parts. The first one includes movements which stimulate the meridians that run from the toes to the top of the head. The second one is composed of breathing and qigong movements that create harmony and balance with the circulation of Qi and blood on the Meridians. The third is a stage of finger pressure therapy and massage from Daoyin medical qigong to maintain meridian stability. Conclusions : These qigong program would help relieve the clinical symptoms of Parkinson's disease patients.
Applying Hyun-Ga therapy through isometric exercise on meridian pathways for the Treatment of Idiopathic scoliosis
Lee, Yong-Seob ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 89~105
Objectives : Hyun-Ga therapy, a creative method that involves meridian pathways for isometric exercise, has displayed the possibility of treating and alleviating idiopathic scoliosis in terms of theory. The researcher explored current research trends and introduced Hyun-Ga therapy in which meridian pathways theory is applied. Methods : We examined theses and books of oriental or western medicine that cover idiopathic scoliosis. By doing these, we looked into the role of Hyun-Ga therapy towards the prevention and treatment of idiopathic scoliosis, and gained the following results. Results and Conclusions : Hyun-Ga therapy, the manual technique that has introduced the concept of silence and movement into rectifying the body through isometric exercise on meridian pathways in the limbs, can be practiced more easily than other conventional manual techniques. Hyun-Ga therapy based on meridian pathways theory is highly evaluated for its clinical insight on the structural and functional roles of meridian pathways. The theory of Hyun-Ga therapy, however, needs to be supported by more objective and sufficient complementary data. For this, continuing research and analysis are required in the future.
A Literature Study On Physiology, Pathology and Clinical Applications for TCM Cosmetology
Yang, Mi-Sung ; Shin, Mi-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 107~118
Objectives : This study was performed to investigate physiology, pathology and clinical applications for cosmetology in Traditional Chinese Medicine. We hope most clinicians practicing cosmetic acupuncture to understand theoretical background well and to treat cosmetic diseases more diversely by this paper. Methods : We collected useful informations from 35 papers in Chinese at website www.cnki.net about TCM treatments including acupuncture, moxibustion and herbal medicine. And we could see important factors connected with physiology, pathology and clinical applications within this field. Conclusions : Liver, lung, stomach, mental disorders and yin-deficiency constitution were connected each other in cosmetic physiology. Blood stasis and congestion were thought highly in cosmetic pathology. In clinical applications, wet cupping therapy on the acupoints located in the back line of Governor Vessel(GV), ear-acupuncture, acupuncture using local facial acupoints, pharmacopuncture, moxibustion were used diversely for each case with cosmetic disorders. Especially, local acupoints and remote acupoints were selected at the same time for wrinkle care. And studies on plastic surgery sequelae, dark skin, acne and melasma were more published than those on wrinkle care.
Theory Study and Work of Ohaeng-Hwa Acupuncture
Sim, Sung-Heum ; Kam, Cheol-Woo ; Lee, Byung-Gwon ; Kim, Jin-Young ; Baek, Sang-In ; Son, Ho-Young ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 119~133
Objectives : The object of this study is to report on the theory of Ohaeng-Hwa Acupuncture Therapy. Methods : The theory of Ohaeng-Hwa Acupuncture Therapy(OHAT; 五行和針法) is a part of the Five Elements Theory unique to Korea. This research Classic of Difficulty Issues-Nan Jing review Ohaeng-Hwa Acupuncture Therapy. Results : OHAT, created and developed by Jae-hoon Song, integrates the victor-vanquished as well as the son-mother relationship of the Five Elements of breakdown and restoration of balance between yin and yang. And also, it provides resources and data on The seventy fifth Nan(75難), The sixty ninth Nan(69難) of Classic of Difficulty Issues - Nan Jin 75, 69. OHAT establishes objectiveness and accuracy of diagnosis based upon the traditional method and procedure of pulse taking. In OHAT, a person's state of illness is diagnosed by applying the comparative examination of the palpitation of the pulse. It is the fact that the pulse varies according to the state, and that OHAT treatment has proven the positive results by using the victor-vanquished relationship on The Nan Jin 75. On the basis of this, it is necessary to add the sixty ninth Nan(69難), to research the theory of the generation of the Five Element. Conclusions : Ohaeng-Hwa Acupuncture is very effective in treating the wide range of illness, and thus it has gained an increasing attention of many scholars and practitioners in the field of traditional Korean oriental medicine. However, it is the first theoretical attempt to the clinical research and scientific methodology of Ohaeng(Five) Ohaeng-Hwa Acupuncture, and more active Ohaeng-Hwa Acupuncture R&D is being conducted nationwide.
A study on muscles falling under 'Foot lesser yin meridian sinew'
Song, Jong-Keun ; Jeon, Ju-Hyun ; Lee, Byung-Ryul ; Yim, Yun-Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 135~144
Objective : The Meridian sinew is one of the meridian subsystems, which includes muscles distributed on the twelve meridian. This study was performed to understand which muscle is falling under 'Foot lesser yin meridian sinew'. Methods : We have studied the literatures on meridian sinew theory and searched muscles which correspond to 'Foot lesser yin meridian sinew' in anatomical muscular system. And we researched myofascial pain syndrome about the symptoms of the muscles falling under 'Foot lesser yin meridian sinew'. Lastly we compared 'Foot lesser yin meridian sinew' with 'Deep Frontal Line' - one of the anatomical trains. Results & Conclusion : 1. It is considered that 'Foot lesser yin meridian sinew' includes flexor digitorum brevis muscle, abductor hallucis muscle, medial head of gastrocnemius muscle, flexor digitorum longus muscle, adductor muscle, iliopsoas muscle, erctor spinae muscle. 2. The symptoms of 'Foot lesser yin meridian sinew' are similar to the myofascial pain syndrome with referred pain of the muscles falling under 'Foot lesser yin meridian sinew'. 3. 'Deep frontal line' is similar to 'Foot lesser yin meridian sinew', but not exactly in neck & pelvic muscles.
A review study on the Moxibustion-prohibited Point
Kim, Kwang-Sung ; Lee, Byung-Ryul ; Yim, Yun-Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 145~156
Objective : To increase the safety of moxibustion by understanding moxibustion-prohibited points' distinguishing features through literary inquiry. Method : We searched for moxibustion-prohibited points in Traditional Oriental Medical literature. Results : 1. Upon the advancement of moxibustion technique, the numbers of moxibustion-prohibited points increased. 2. Both Foot Meridians and Hand Meridians have similar percentage of moxibustion-prohibited points. Both Yin Meridians and Yang Meridians have similar percentage of moxibustion-prohibited points. 3. The face has the highest moxibustion-prohibited points ratio. The Back has the lowest moxibustion-prohibited points ratio. 4. We research 80 moxibustion-prohibited points and find 31 moxibustion-prohibitive reasons. A key reasons is that heating effect of moxibustion damages tissues, organs and meridian functions. There are also cases where the moxibustion-prohibited points can be designated upon the patients condition Conclusions : We could learn the distinguishing characteristics of moxibustion-prohibited points from this study. These results suggest that the treatment of moxibustion is more useful and safe.
An overview of Korean Medicine for burn injury
Kwon, Ho-Young ; Kim, Jeong-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 157~172
Objective : The purpose of this study is to review and summarize the research on a burn. Methods : We reviewed 16 studies about burn which were relative to oriental medicine. We selected those studies from Korean studies Information Service System and Korean Traditional Knowledge Portal. Result : Selected 16 studies were divided into 12 trial articles, 3 case reports and 1 review article. Most of studies reported that oriental medical treatment of burn were effective. Conclusion : Further studies needed for burn and more clinical data would be needed to prove the effects of oriental medical treatment in burn.
Study on the Methods of Acupuncture and Moxibustion in the Essence of life section(in the Naegyeong Chapter) of the Donguibogam
Bang, Jae-Sung ; Park, Hee-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 173~182
Objectives : The aim of this study was to show the rationale of point-selection on the methods of acupuncture and moxibustion in the Essence of life section(in the Naegyeong Chapter) of the Donguibogam. Methods : First, We summarized the cause of each disease in the Essence of life section(in the Naegyeong Chapter) of the Donguibogam. Then, we explained the rationale of acupuncture point-selection referring to the cause of disease, physiology of the Oriental medicine, other uses of each acupuncture points in the Donguibogam, character of each acupuncture points, flow of meridian pathways and specific acupuncture points etc. Results and Conclusions : Total 12 acupuncture points were used in the Essence of life section(in the Naegyeong Chapter) of the Donguibogam. Most of acupuncture points were specific acupuncture points. But, some rationale of acupuncture point-selection were explained by the cause of disease, physiology of the Oriental medicine, other uses of each acupuncture points in the Donguibogam, flow of meridian pathways etc.
A bibliographical study on Acupuncture and Moxibustion in the Hand Section (in the Oehyeong Chapter) of the Dong Ui Bo Gam
Lee, Kee-Byoung ; Lee, Joon-Moo ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 183~194
Objectives : This study aims to show the rationale of point-selection with regard to acupuncture and moxibustion as described in the Hand section(the Oehyeong chapter) of Dong Ui Bo Gam. Methods : First, the cause of each disease in the Hand section(the Oehyeong chapter) of Dong Ui Bo Gam was summarized, based on which the rationale of acupoint-selection with regard to the cause of disease, physiology of the Oriental medicine, properties of each acupoints, flow of meridian pathways and specific acupoints, etc. Results and Conclusions : The most of the acupoints referred to in the Hand section(the Oehyeong chapter) of Dong Ui Bo Gam, belong to the area surrounding the tender point. Still, when a point around the tender point is taken, it does not simply mean it works because of its proximity to the spot of a specific symptom. Rather, such acupoint-selection should be explained by the cause of disease, physiology of the Oriental Medicine and properties of each acupoint along with aspects such as the flow of meridian pathways and properties of specific acupoint.
Herbal Acupuncture of Nidus Vespae Suppresses c-Fos Expression by TNBS Induced Colitis in Rats
Song, Jeong-Bang ; Kim, Jae-Hyo ; Kim, Yu-Lee ; Park, Yu-Ree ; Ahn, Seong-Hun ; Sohn, In-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 195~209
Objectives : Transient inflammation has been demonstrated to alter visceral sensory function in animal models and acute mucosal inflammation may precede the manifestation of visceral hyperalgesia. Thus in this study we compared effects of herbal acupuncture of Nidus Vespae (NV) applied to the different acupoints in the acute colitis induced by trinitrobenzenesulphonic acid (TNBS) intracolonic injection in rats. Methods : In Male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 250 ~ 400 g, TNBS (5 mg/kg) was infused intrarectally through a silicon rubber catheter into the anus under isoflurane anaesthesia. Under general anesthesia, acupoints of LI4 (Hapkok), SI25 (Cheonchu), ST36 (Joksamni), BL25 (Daejangsu) were intramuscularly injected by NV. Expressions of cFos protein in the periaqueductal gray (PAG), locus coeruleus (LC), nucleus of solitary tract (Sol), and the 6th lumbar spinal cord (L6 s.c.) were observed at 24 hrs after TNBS induced colitis by immunohistochemistry. Results : The expression of c-Fos protein in L6 s.c., Sol, LC and PAG increased 24 hrs after TNBS injection into colorectum as compared to normal group. NV herbal acupuncture also inhibited the expression of c-Fos protein in Sol but not L6 s.c., LC, and PAG. NV to ST36 inhibited significantly the c-Fos expression in Sol and PAG. NV to ST25 inhibited the c-Fos protein expression all over the observation area. NV to BL25 showed the inhibitory effects in the areas except LC. Whether or not a role of endogenous opioids, intrathecal injection of naltrexone (30 ug / 30 ul) was applied before the 2nd herbal acupuncture treatment 24 hrs after TNBS-induced colitis in rat. Naltrexone reversed the inhibition of c-Fos protein expression in the spinal cord and brainstem under different conditions such as type of herbal acupuncture compound and choice of acupoint. Conclusions : In summary, these data show that herbal acupuncture of NV inhibits signal pathways such as spinal cord and brain stem ascending hypersensitivity of colorectum after TNBS induced colitis. This effect may be mediated by acupoints through the endogenous opioid system involving the pain modulation.
A Comparative Study on the Compositions of Hwangryeonhaedok-tang's Essential Oils Obtained by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction and Hydrodistillation Methods
Chang, Myeong-Jun ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 211~223
Clinical Study on a Case of Cervical Myelopathy with Additional Scolopendrae Corpus Pharmacopuncture
Kwon, Ho-Young ; Kim, Jeong-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 225~235
Objective : The purpose of this study was to report a case of a treatment with Scolopendrae Corpus Herbal-Acupuncture for one patient suffering from the Cervical Myelopathy. Scolopendrae Corpus Herbal-Acupuncture has been used as a analgesics and antispasmodics in the oriental medicine and reported to have antiinflammatory effect, sedative action and immunity enhancing activity, on one patient suffering from the Cervical Myelopathy. Methods : TThe patient was treated with Scolopendrae Corpus Herbal-Acupuncture, acupuncture, herbal medication. Scolopendrae Corpus Pharmacopuncture was administered two or three times per week and we injected 0.2~1.0 ml of Scolopendrae Corpus Pharmacopuncture to the patient's neck and both arms. The improvement of the symptoms was evaluated by JOA score(Japanese Orthopedic Association score), Nurick grading, VAS(Visual Analog Scale), reflex testing, Finger escape sign, Grip and Release test. Result : After 5 weeks of treatment, the patient's JOA score, Nurick grading and VAS were improved from 12 to 16, from grade III to grade II and from 10 to 3 respectively. The movement and power of upper and lower limbs were restored to nearly normal range.