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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Acupuncture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Society for Meridian and Acupoint
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Understanding of the WHO Standard Acupuncture Point Locations in the Western Pacific Region : General Guidelines
Koo, Sung-Tae ; Kim, Yong-Suk ; Yim, Yun-Kyoung ; Choi, Sun-Mi ; Kang, Sung-Keel ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 1~11
Objectives : The aim of the study is to explain the general guidelines of the WHO standard acupuncture point locations (APLs). Understanding the general guidelines will enable experts to make the clear use of the standard APL for education, research and practice. Methods : In the beginning of development of the standard APL, experts made general guidelines to draw mutual agreements of the three nations (Korea, China, and Japan) on the standard APL. The guidelines include point locating methods, syntax of descriptive sentences, landmarks on body surface, reference acupuncture points, usage of anatomical terminology, and proportional bone measurements. Results : We found that there are some considerable problems in practical use of the APLs due to the strict application of anatomical terms, even on accessory phrases such as region of body in the sentence of each description. Conclusions : We hope that the study helps readers expand the understanding of the newly developed standard APLs resulting from increased application of acupuncture points. Also, it would be a reference to revise the WHO standard APLs in the future.
Antioxidative and Anti-inflammatory Effects of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus Pharmacopuncture
Kim, Sung-Jin ; Park, Sang-Kyun ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 13~24
Objectives : Ulcerative colitis is a chronic relapsing inflammatory disease in the gastrointestinal tract. We investigated whether Aurantii fructus immaturus (AFI) pharmacopuncture has antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. Methods : in vitro experiments, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, prevention on
-induced cell death in RAW264.7 cell line, DNA fragmentation, and cyclooxygenase-2 mRNA expression induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), were analyzed to investigate antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effect of AFI pharmacopuncture. in vivo experiment, a murine model of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis was used to examine the effect of AFI pharmacopuncture on CV12 at different doses of 5
for 10 days. Body weight, colon length and macroscopic features were investigated. Results : AFI pharmacopuncture showed DPPH free radical scavenging and SOD active effects in a dose-dependent manner. AFI pharmacopuncture showed a protective effect against
-induced cell injury and also attenuated LPS-induced COX-2 mRNA expression. In a DSS- induced colitis murine model, however, AFI pharmacopuncture at CV12 had no anti-inflammatory effects. Conclusions : The present results suggest that AFI pharmacopuncture extract may have anti- inflammatory and antioxidative effects in vivo test, but further research on the underlying mechanism is required.
Effects of Cornu Cervi Parvum Pharmacopuncture on the Blood Picture and Antioxidative Activity in Rats
Lee, Kee-Byoung ; Park, Sang-Kyun ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 25~34
Objectives : To investigate the effects of Cornu cervi parvum pharmacopuncture with regard to the blood picture and antioxidative activity in rats. Methods : Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 3 groups (n=5 each) and were treated with Cornu cervi parvum pharmacopuncture every other day for 2 weeks. The groups are classified as follows; normal control without treatment (control group), Cornu cervi parvum pharmacopuncture at CV4 (CV4 group), and Cornu cervi parvum pharmacopuncture at BL23 (BL23 group). Thereafter, the blood and liver samples were obtained for blood analysis and superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity measurement. Results : Cornu cervi parvum pharmacopuncture groups showed higher values of red blood cell count and plasma cell volume compared with those of the control (p<0.05). However, hemoglobin level showed no significant differences among groups. With regard to the blood picture, plasma concentration in total protein and albumin showed no significant differences in pharmacopuncture groups, while higher ratio of albumin/globulin was observed in CV4 group. White blood cell counts and its composition showed no significant differences among groups. Pharmacopuncture groups showed higher values in SOD, CAT, and GSH-Px activities compared with those of control group. Conclusions : Cornu cervi parvum pharmacopuncture alleviates oxidative activities in rats.
The Study on Needling Insertion Method at CV12 in Cim-gu-kyung-heom-bang(鍼灸經驗方)
Oh, Jun-Ho ; Ahn, Sang-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 35~47
Objectives : Chim-Gu-Kyung-Heom-Bang(CGKHB; 鍼灸經驗方) is the needle and moxa specialized document written by the doctor specialized in needle and moxa treatment of Joseon(朝鮮), Heo Im(1570-1647). The document was published in April 1644(22nd year of King Injo). CGKHB contains the needle and moxa treatment techniques accumulated by the Joseon Dynasty as well as the personal experience of Heo Im. The aim of this study is to restore the past treatment method as a method of Needle Insertion Method at CV12(NIM-CV12, needle to penetrate blood vessel technique) in CGKHB.. Methods : Through Dong-Yi-Bao-Gam(DYBG; 東醫寶鑑), the implication of Korean medicine study of the Jungwan(CV12) has been studied. Next is the contemplation of the NIM-CV12 of CGKHB with the Acupuncture Treatment Using Jungwan(中脘鍼法) of Park Tae-won and Acupuncture Treatment for Byeokjeok(癖積鍼法) of "Geup Yubang". Results and Conclusions : 1. CV12 is one of the acupuncture points representing stomach(脾胃), middle energizer(中焦), phlegm-fluid retention(痰飮) and greater yin(太陰). 2. NIM-CV12 of CGKHB is the technique to penetrate the needle into the CV12 strictly relying on tactile sense of a person who give the penetration. This CV12 administration was carried out at intervals of every 7 or 8 day. During the administration period, the patient was not allowed to intake excessive amount of food. 3. The Acupuncture Treatment Using Jungwan(中脘鍼法) of Park Tae-won and Acupuncture Treatment for Byeokjeok(癖積鍼法) of "GeupYubang", existed in the same era of the NIM-CV12 of CGKHB, have similar linkage to the NIM-CV12 of Heo Im.
Acupuncture Stimulation to HT8 Enhances Cell Proliferation in Hippocampus on an Epilepsy Mouse Model
Kim, Seung-Tae ; Park, Hae-Jeong ; Hong, Mee-Sook ; Kim, Seung-Nam ; Doo, Ah-Reum ; Yin, Chang-Shik ; Lee, Hye-Jung ; Chung, Joo-Ho ; Park, Hi-Joon ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 49~56
Review on Needling or Moxibustion-prohibited Points in Chimgugapeulgyeong
Kwon, Sun-Oh ; Kim, Seung-Tae ; Seo, Byung-Kwan ; Park, Hi-Joon ; Hahm, Dae-Hyun ; Lee, Hye-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 57~70
Objectives : To investigate the meaning and the importance of needling or moxibustion- prohibited acupoints in Chimgugapeulgyeong(鍼灸甲乙經). Methods : We found needling or moxibustion-prohibited acupoints in Chimgugapeulgyeong, then investigated the causes of the prohibitions from the various literatures and the anatomical structures near the acupoints. Results : In Chimgugapeulgyeong, the needling and moxibustion-prohibited points were ST9, ST17, ST32, CV5, and CV15. The needling-prohibited points were LU2, LI13, ST12, BL56, KI2, KI7, TE8, TE19, GB3, CV8, GV24, and jwagak(左角). The moxibustion-prohibited points were LU3, LU8, ST1, ST7, ST8, ST30, ST33, BL5, BL6, BL15, BL30, TE18, TE21, TE23, GB22, GB33, GB42, GV6, GV15, GV16, GV17 and GV25. The major cause of developing prohibited needling or moxibustion was due to the possibility to damage vessels or organs near them; other causes were side effects brought by applying wrong stimulating method or inducing women sterilized. Conclusions : The prohibition of needling or moxibustion on the points found in Chimgugapeulgyeong had acceptable causes. Therefore the techniques of needling or moxibustion on the acupoint should be performed with care.
A Characteristics on Temperature Change of Warm Needle's Body Depended on Moxa-Corn Weights
Ahn, Seong-Hun ; Hong, Deok ; Kwon, Oh-Sang ; Kim, Yu-Lee ; Kim, Jae-Hyo ; Sohn, In-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 71~78
Objectives : The warm needling technique is a combination of acupuncture and moxibustion. The purpose of this study was to find the physical and thermal characteristics in order to identify the effects and mechanisms of the warm needling technique. Methods : In this study, the thermal changes were observed with a testo 845 device, which is an infra-red thermometer specifically designed for measuring a combustion of corn shaped moxibustion(moxa-corn). The thermal changes at the apex of the moxa-corn placed on the top of the an acupuncture were observed at the level of 1 cm and 2 cm from the apex to understand heat conduction through acupuncture needle for combustion of moxa-corn. Results and Conclusions : The thermal conduction through acupuncture needle from the moxa-corn was relative to the weight of moxa-corn and was inversely relative to the distance of the moxa-corn and acupuncture needle length. And the value of thermal conduction to the apex of the acupuncture needle from the moxa-corn was about
. The above results suggest that the present study may be useful in finding the mechanism and effects of the warming needling technique.
Study on the Significance of Health Services Research Methods for Studying Traditional Korean Medicine
Park, Yu-Ri ; Seo, Sang-Rok ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Kim, Yu-Lee ; Kim, Jae-Hyo ; Ahn, Seong-Hun ; Sohn, In-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 79~94
Objectives : Many researchers in western societies raised questions on methodological limitations of randomized controlled trial (RCT) for studying Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM), and they have tried to find alternatives to RCT. Some of them recently have interest in health service research as one of the alternatives. Discussing the significance of health services research in CAM studies will be helpful to guide the researchers in Korea who are also interested in developing an appropriate research methodology for traditional Korean medicine. Methods : Previous studies on methodological issues of studying CAM and health service researches published in western societies until 2009 were searched mainly from Pubmed. The definition, main research domains, and research methods of health service research and the significance of it for researches on CAM were summarized. Results & Conclusions : Health service researches are important in two aspects. First, health service researches evaluate the actual practice of CAM, including the individualized diagnosis as well as treatment and interaction between practitioners and patients. Second, when evaluating the outcomes, they put an emphasis on subjective evaluation by patients as well as objective evaluation by doctors. Thus, it can reflect the treatment goals of CAM which is improving the overall quality of life and the physical and psychological health. Therefore, health services researches such as descriptive studies, qualitative studies, outcomes studies including economic evaluation, and whole systemic research should be more utilized in order for studying traditional Korean medicine.
The Effect of Bacillus-Fermented Scutellariae Radix Acupuncture Solution on Interleukin Production in Mouse Macrophage Stimulated by Lipopolysaccharide
Park, Wan-Su ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 95~105
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Bacillus-fermented Scutellariae Radix acupuncture solution (SB) on interleukin(IL) production in mouse macrophage stimulatedby lipopolysaccaride(LPS). Methods : Productions of interleukins were measured y High-throughput Multiplex Bead based Assay with Bio-plex Suspension Array System based on
(multi-analyte profiling beads) technology. To begin with, cell culture supernatant was obtained after treatment with LPS(1
) and SB for 24 hour. Then, it was incubated with the antibody-conj
ated beads for 30 minutes. And detection antibody was added and incubated for 30 minutes. After incubating for 30 minutes, Strepavidin-conjugated Phycoerythrin(SAPE) was then added. Incubating for another 30 minutes, the level of SAPE fluorescence was analyzed on Bio-plex Suspension Array System. Results : The results of the experiment are as follows. SB significantly inhibited the LPS-induced production of IL-3(
pg/mL at the concentration of 25, 50, 100, and 200
in mouse macrophage RAW 264.7 cells (p<0.05). SB significantly inhibited the LPS-induced production of IL-5(
pg/mL at the concentration of 25, 50 100, and 200
in RAW 264.7 cells (p<0.05). SB significantly inhibited the LPS-induced productiion of IL-9(
pg/mL at the concentration of 25
in RAW 264.7 cells(p<0.05). SB significantly inhibited the LPS-induced productioh of IL-13(
pg/mL at the concentration fo 25, 50, 100, and 200
in RAW 264.7 cells(p<0.05). SB significantly inhibited the LPS-induced production of IL-17(
pg/mL at the concentration of 25, 50 100, and 200
in RAW 264.7 cells(p<0.05). SB significantly inhibited the LPS-induced production of IL-23(
pg/mL at the concentration of 25, 100, and 200
in RAW 264.7 cells(p<0.05). Conclusions : These results suggest that SB has anti-inflammatory activity related with its inhibition of IL-3, IL-5, IL-13, IL-17, and IL-23 production in macrophages.
Analysis of Arterial Stiffness by Age Using Pulse Waveform Measurement of 5-levels Graded Pressure
Kwon, Sun-Min ; Kang, Hee-Jung ; Yim, Yun-Kyoung ; Lee, Yong-Heum ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 107~120
Objectives : The aim of this study is to measure pulse waveforms by applying 5-level graded pressure, and selecting optimum pulse waveforms. Also to proposing the possibility of using AW(Area of the 1/3 upper height of h1) rate in respect to AT(Total Area) for risk assessment of hypertension or arteriosclerosis is another aim of the study. Methods : Pulse waveforms of normotensive were measured by 5-level graded pressure. The pulse waveforms well reflecting properties of blood vessel(having the largest h1) were selected for optimum pulse waveforms. Various parameters(h-parameter, t-parameter, and others) of optimum pulse waveforms were analyzed. AIx(Augmentation index) was calculated by height-parameters to assess arterial stiffness. The area rate of the 1/3 upper height for h1 in respect to total area was analyzed according to aging. Results : According to aging 1. in height-parameter, h2 and h3 were increased but h5 was decreased. 2. In time-parameter, t2, t3, and t5 were getting short. 3. Area of systolic period was increased, and that of diastolic period decreased. 4. AIx rose by aging. 5. AW was significantly increased despite no changes in AT. Conclusions : By analyzing optimum pulse waveforms of 5-level graded pressure method, we could complement weakness of single graded pressure method. Also, possibility of applying the AW rate to risk assessment of hypertension or arteriosclerosis was confirmed in normotensive population which might not be assessed by AIx.
The Effect of Bupleuri Radix Herbal-acupuncture at GB34(Yangneungcheon) on Hyperlipidemia in Rats
Park, Jae-Young ; Song, Choon-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 121~140
Objectives & Methods : The purpose of this study is to observe the effects of Bupleuri Radix Herbal-acupuncture at GB34(Yangneungcheon) of hyperlipidemic rats. The author performed several items to analyze body-weight of the rats, weight of its liver, serum as well as urine changes in each group. Results : 1. Bupleuri Radix herbal-acupuncture(BR-HA) infused solution (MCR-HAS) increased both DPPH radical scavenging activity and HMG-CoA reductase inhibition rate in rat liver cells. 2. BR-HA at GB34 significantly decreased the level of serum total cholesterol and atherogenic index(AI), while significantly increased the ratios of high-density lipoprotein (HDL)/total cholesterol and phospholipid/total cholesterol in hyperlipidemic rats. 3. BR-HA at GB34 significantly decreased urine glucose in hyperlipidemic rats. Conclusions : From the results above, it is suggested that Bupleuri Radix herbal -acupuncture at GB34 has a therapeutic effect on hyperlipidemia.
The Effect of Acupuncture at PC7(Daereung) on EEG in Normal Human Subject
Park, Cheol-Jin ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 141~157
Objectives : The aim of this study is to examine the effects of acupuncture at PC7(Daereung) on normal human EEG using power spectral analysis. Methods : EEG power spectrum exhibits site-specific and state-related differences in specific frequency bands. In this study, power spectrum was used as a measure of complexity. 30 subjects (16 males and 14 females; averaged age = 23.4 years) were engaged with thirty channel EEG study. Results : In
(alpha) band, the power values at Fp1, Fp2, F7, F8 channels(p<0.05) during PC7 treatment were significantly decreased. But, the power values at Fz channel(p<0.05) during non-acupoint treatment was significantly decreased. In
(beta) band, the power values at Fp1, Fp2 channels(p<0.05) during PC7 treatment were significantly decreased. But, the power values at Fz channel(p<0.05) during non-acupoint treatment was significantly decreased and at F8, TCP2 channels(p<0.05) during non-acupoint treatment were increased. In
(theta) band, the power values at Fp1, Fp2, F7, F8 channels(p<0.05) during PC7 treatment were significantly decreased. But, the power values at Fz channel(p<0.05) during non-acupoint treatment was significantly decreased. In
(delta) band, the power values at Fp1, Fp2, F7, Fz, F8 channels (p<0.05) during PC7 treatment were significantly decreased. But, the power values at Fz channel (p<0.05) during non-acupoint treatment was significantly decreased.
values during PC7 treatment were decreased.
values during PC7 treatment were decreased. Conclusion : These results suggest that acupuncture at PC7 induce the change on
(delta) wave values being decreased and and bothe
values being decreased respectively. This is considered that acupuncture at PC7 affects the activity of cerebral cortex and endocrine system.
Comparative Introduction of IR, Biophoton, and GDV on the Application of Korean Medicine Based on Their Recent Progress
Yi, Seung-Ho ; Lee, Hye-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 159~181
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to introduce and examine the possibilities of infrared (IR) imaging, biophoton detection and gas discharge visualization(GDV) as diagnostic tools in Korean Medicine. Methods : To review the basic mechanism and measurement methods of three modalities, concepts in physics were introduced. Physical backgrounds of IR, biophoton and GDV were briefly explained based on recent research papers. Simple electronics was employed for relevant detectors. In order to find the relation between Korean Medicine and these methods, papers on their applications were reviewed. Opinions from the experts on each modality were obtained from their papers and private communications. Results and Conclusions : IR imaging has been used as an auxiliary diagnostic tool but there are some rooms for the improvement for clinical applications. Experimental confirmation of the meridian activation by a moxa cigar is necessary for its verification. Biophoton is not correlated with human skin temperature but it has a circadian rhythm. Biophoton and GDV have a negligible relation if any. Therefore there are no correlations among three modalities in terms of basic mechanisms. But their clinical relations are yet to be scrutinized. Biophoton and GDV need more rigorous clinical tests before they can be used as diagnostic tools.
Acupuncture Experience in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain : A Qualitative Study
Lee, Hyang-Sook ; Son, Haeng-Mi ; Kim, Song-Yi ; Song, Mi-Yeon ; Lee, Jun-Hwan ; Park, Hi-Joon ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 183~201
Objective : To explore and describe chronic low back pain (cLBP) patients' experience of acupuncture treatment Methods : Eleven patients with cLBP who agreed and completed the informed consent to take part in this qualitative study were interviewed thoroughly and tape-recorded. Transcribed data were read independently by 4 researchers and analysed thematically with ground theory. Results : All participants chose acupuncture treatment for their cLBP because either they preferred, other people recommended, or felt conventional treatment being more comfortable. Most of the participants experienced improvement during acupuncture treatment and continued treatment motivated by mere expectations. Participants also expressed the specific physical responses/sensations to the effect of acupuncture; various adverse effects during the course of acupuncture treatment. Economic burden was another concern when combined with other therapies in Korean Medicine hospitals. It is considered as a specifically important to those who give acupuncture treatment to obtain a full treatment effect. Conclusions : The emotional facts that Korean patients with cLBP receiving acupuncture treatment benefited by the treatment and considering specific sensations from doctor-patient relationship were turned out to be important to have the maximum treatment effect. Findings from this study should be considered in both acupuncture research and practice.
The Effect of Acupuncture Treated by Tonification and Sedation Manipulation at LI4 and KI7 on Lacking of Sweating in Cold Environment(II)
Na, Chang-Su ; Choi, Chan-Hun ; Kim, Young-Sun ; Kim, Wang-In ; Youn, Dae-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 203~216
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to identify the effect of tonifying or sedative manipulation on LI4 and KI7 for sweet deficiency under cold environment. Methods : The participants were divided into 4 groups; intact group without acupuncture(Intact), acupuncture group inserting straightly with LI4 & KI7 method((LI4-straight KI7-straight), acupuncture group inserting twisting with LI4 tonificaton & KI7 tonificaton method(LI4-tonify KI7-tonify) and acupuncture group inserting twisting with LI4 sedation & KI7 sedation method(LI4-purge KI7-purge). We obtained the baseline data under cold condition with the temperature
. After making the participant staying under cold condition for 10 minute, we measured sweating rate on skin surface and biological responses such as body temperature, oxygen saturation, pulse rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, deoxy-Hb and oxy-Hb in subcutaneous. Results : The sweating rate on skin surface was not different in all treatment groups compared to the intact group. The body temperature was significantly increased in LI4-straight KI7-straight group compared to the intact group. The oxygen saturation significantly increased in LI4-purge KI7-purge group compared to the intact group. The systolic blood pressure was significantly increased in LI4-purge KI7-purge group compared to the intact group. The deoxy-Hb was significantly decreased in LI4-purge KI7-purge group compared to the intact group. Conclusions : The above results, the effect of LI4, KI7 acupuncture due to the tonifying or sedative manipulation on sweating control could be observed. However, other biological responses with the acupuncture of tonifying or sedative manipulation were giving different expressions. We suggest that continued research of tonifying or sedative manipulation is of importance order to find these expressions.
Effects of Herbal-Acupuncture with Evodiae Fructus at KI10 on Osteoporosis in Ovariectomized Mice
Choi, Sung-Hoon ; Lee, Byung-Ryul ; Yang, Gi-Young ; Kim, Jae-Kue ; Seo, Young-Suk ; Yim, Yun-Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 217~242
Objective : This study is aimed to evaluate the effects of Evodiae Fructus herbal-acupuncture (EF-HA) at KI10 on osteoporosis induced by ovariectomy in mice. Method : Mice underwent bilateral ovariectomy. After recovering, the ovariectomized (OVX) mice were treated by needle prick, saline injection, herbal acupuncture with Evodiae Fructus (EF-HA) at KI10 for 8 weeks. Result : 1. EF-HA at KI10 significantly inhibited the overgrowth of tibia in ovariectomized mice. 2. NP at KI10 significantly restored the tibial BMD (bone mineral density) in ovariectomized mice. 3. EF-HA at KI10 significantly restored the phosphorus and creatinine levels in ovariectomized mice serum. 4. EF-HA at KI10 significantly restored the tibial Ca and P levels in ovariectomized mice. 5. EF-HA at KI10 significantly reduced the tibial osteoclast-like cells in ovariectomized mice. 6. EF-HA at KI10 significantly inhibited the overgrowth of tibial GPL (growth plate length) in ovariectomized mice. Conclusion : EF-HA at KI10 has protective and therapeutic effect for osteoporosis in ovariectomized mice. Thus, it is suggested that EF-HA can be an useful therapeutics in clinical field after further researches.