Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Acupuncture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Society for Meridian and Acupoint
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
Selecting the target year
Development & Evaluation of acupuncture Point Impedance Measurement System Using 12 Channels Multi-Frequency
Kim, Soo-Byeong ; Lee, Jae-Woo ; Lee, Seung-Wook ; Lee, Na-Ra ; Kim, Young-Dae ; Shin, Tae-Min ; Lee, Yong-Heum ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 28, issue 1, 2011, Pages 1~13
Objectives : The object of this study is to evaluate and develop the system that reflects acupoints electrical properties by the multi-frequency using the SPAC (Single Power Alternative Current) stimulation method based on BIA (Bioelectrical impedance method). Methods : The 12 channel meridian impedance measurement system (MIMS) was designed, which sets multi-frequency with 10 steps (1~10kHz). To check acupoints electrical properties, impedance of acupoints were measured from 11 acupoints selected from the LU and ST meridians. Results : Regarding distribution of measurement values by multi-frequencies, we found the lowest response at 1kHz was in common. But frequency bands which represent the highest response at each acupoint were various. Measurement values of each acupoint by multi-frequencies were expressed similar distribution (P<0.05). Also we could check same frequency band which showed the highest response at left/right equal acupoints (P<0.05). Conclusions : Through change of acupoints electrical properties by multi-frequency stimulation, we checked oriental medical diagnostic possibilities by using this system. We would progress variable clinical trials with this system for oriental medical diagnosis.
Effects of Alismatis Rhizoma Pharmacopuncture Extracts on the Elastase Activity and DPPH and NO Scavenging Activities
Lee, Se-Na ; Kim, Myung-Gyou ; Kim, Myoung-Hee ; Kim, Hyung-Jun ; Jo, Hak-Jun ; Kim, Ee-Hwa ; Leem, Kang-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 28, issue 1, 2011, Pages 15~22
Comparative Study of Speed, Size and Depth of Pulse on the Traditional Pulse Diagnosis and Pulse Analyzer
Ha, In-Young ; Youn, Yeo-Chung ; Youn, Dae-Hwan ; Choi, Chan-Hun ; Lee, Young-Su ; Lim, Seung-Il ; Na, Chang-Su ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 28, issue 1, 2011, Pages 23~37
Objectives : The pulse diagnosis is an important method in Oriental Medicine. The aim of this study is to measure the similarity of the diagnosis by a traditional method using doctor's hand for feeling of pulse and by pulse diagnosis apparatus using Hwang-Je (HJ) pulse analyser, Hui-Su (HS) pulse analyser on Chon, Kwan and Chuk. Methods : Four korean medical doctors and HJ pulse analyser, HS pulse analyser have measured the speed (遲數), the size (微細弱緩大), and the depth (浮沈) of pulse waves of 23 volunteers. First, four korean medical doctors measured pulse waves of volunteers. And then, the pulse waves of volunteers were measured by HJ pulse analyser, HS pulse analyser. This was performed on the right Chon, Kwan and Chuk. Results : The traditional method and the HJ pulse analyser method had the 60.9% matches on the values of the pulse speed condition, the HS pulse analyser method had the 78.3% matches on the values of the pulse speed condition. The traditional method and the HJ pulse analyser method had the 56.5% (Chon), 65.2% (Kwan), 78.3% (Chuk) matches on the values of the pulse size condition, the HS pulse analyser method had the 65.2% (Chon), 13.0% (Kwan), 39.1% (Chuk) matches on the values of the pulse size condition. The traditional method and the HJ pulse analyser method had the 43.5% (Chon), 26.1% (Kwan), 47.8% (Chuk) matches on the values of the pulse depth condition, the HS pulse analyser method had the 45.5% (Chon), 30.4% (Kwan), 36.8% (Chuk) matches on the values of the pulse depth condition. Conclusions : According to these results, we suggest that the pulse analyser is necessary to develope for its high similarities with the traditional pulse diagnosis.
Effects of Yukmigeehwang-hwan Pharmacopuncture Extracts on the Collagenase Activity and Procollagen Synthesis in HS68 Human Fibroblasts and Tyrosinase Activity
Lee, Se-Na ; Kim, Myung-Gyou ; Kim, Myoung-Hee ; Kim, Hyung-Jun ; Jo, Hak-Jun ; Kim, Ee-Hwa ; Leem, Kang-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 28, issue 1, 2011, Pages 39~46
Histological Comparison Study with Primo Node and Immature Liver Tissue on Liver Surface in Rat
Ryu, Yeon-Hee ; Lee, Sung-Won ; Hwang, Sung-Yeoun ; Kim, Min-Su ; Ban, Hyo-Jeong ; Choi, Sun-Mi ; Kim, Jae-Hyo ; Sohn, In-Chul ; Ahn, Seong-Hun ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 28, issue 1, 2011, Pages 47~52
Analysis of Hyperpigmentation Change for Extravasated Blood Evaluation by Cupping Stimulation
Kim, Soo-Byung ; Lee, Na-Ra ; Joo, Yea-Il ; Lee, Yong-Heum ; Jung, Byung-Jo ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 28, issue 1, 2011, Pages 53~60
Objectives : Cupping therapy has been used as various treatment methods in oriental medicine clinic for a long time. Specially, Cupping stimulation caused skin hyperpigmentation which has been used as diagnosis method for extravasated blood & inner organs functional disease. But it was difficult to quantitatively measure and analyze the interrelation between extravasated blood and skin hyperpigmentation. The aim of this study is to measure the acupoint's RGB and melanin change pattern by stimulating under fixed 80kPa negative pressure and to evaluate the extravasated blood. Methods : To evaluate extravasated blood, 10 acupoints (left/right BL13, BL15, BL18, BL20, BL23) were stimulated by treatment 80kPa negative pressure for 1 minute. And then we measured the acupoints' skin color change patterns using the color meter, followed by RGB analysis and melanin change pattern. Results and Conclusions : We could observe the correlation of the acupoints' skin color condition related with RGB change pattern. All acupoints' color change degree were different. Regardless of acupoints' color degree due to extravasated blood, we observed in common the fact that RGB values decreased after stimulation and steadily increased according to time. We observed that melanin index increased after stimulation and recovered before stimulation-condition after the lapse of time. In other words, we confirmed the correlation between raised color change degree and
index change pattern. Therefore we observed the possibility of charting the
index following extravasated blood.
Effects of White Ginseng-Ejung-tang Acupuncture Solution on Nitric Oxide and Hydrogen Peroxide Production in LPS-induced Mouse Macrophages
Lee, Ji-Young ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Park, Wan-Su ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 28, issue 1, 2011, Pages 61~69
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate effects of White Ginseng-Ejung-tang acupuncture solution (EJ) on nitric oxide (NO) and of hydrogen peroxide production in RAW 264.7 mouse macrophages stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Methods : Cell viability was measured by modified MTT assay. NO production was measured by Griess reagent assay. Hydrogen peroxide production was measured by dihydrorhodamine 123 (DHR) assay. Significant differences were examined by using a Student's t-test. Results : The results of the experiment are as follows. 1. EJ did not show cell toxicity against RAW 264.7 cells for 24 hr incubation at the concentrations of up to
/mL in RAW 264.7 cells. 2. EJ significantly inhibited NO production for 24 hr incubation in RAW 264.7 cells (p <0.05). 3. EJ significantly inhibited the LPS-induced production of NO for 24 hr incubation in RAW 264.7 cells (p <0.05). 4. EJ significantly inhibited the LPS-induced production of hydrogen peroxide for 16, 24, 40, 48, 64, and 72 hr incubation in RAW 264.7 cells (p <0.05). Conclusions : These results suggest that EJ has an anti-inflammtory property related with its inhibition of NO and hydrogen peroxide production in LPS-induced macrophages.
Effect of the Dong Shi Acupuncture Therapy on the Relief of Premenstrual Syndrome and Dysmenorrhea in Female College Students
Kim, Gyeong-Cheol ; Kim, Yi-Soon ; Kwak, Yi-Sub ; Yang, Han-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 28, issue 1, 2011, Pages 71~78
Objectives : This study is to determine the effects of magnetics therapy on the relief of premenstrual syndrome and dysmenorrhea among female college students. Methods : 20 female college students in a university are selected to the experimental group. All of the subjects have the score of more than 6 on the visual analogue scale for measuring the level of premenstrual pain. The data was collected by using questionnaires. The magnetics therapy on the Dong Shi Acupuncture Therapy extra points (婦科, 還巢, 木婦, 門金) was administered to the experimental group. Results : The results were as follows. The first hypothesis is supported ; the experimental group who received magnetics therapy on the Dong Shi Acupuncture will decrease premenstrual syndrome. The second hypothesis is supported ; the experimental group who received magnetics therapy on the Dong Shi Acupuncture will decrease dysmenorrhea. Conclusions : As a result of this study, magnetics therapy on the Dong Shi Acupuncture will be able to be used as the self care therapy to improve the symptoms of females with the premenstrual syndrome and dysmenorrhea.
The Effect of Pharmacopuncture with Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb et Zucc. Solution on Collagen-induced Arthritis in Wistar Rats
Chung, Joon-Hee ; Kim, Yong-Min ; Bak, Jong-Phil ; Ryu, In-Sun ; Leem, Kang-Hyun ; Kim, Chang-Ju ; Kim, Ee-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 28, issue 1, 2011, Pages 79~89
Review on Needling or Moxibustion-prohibited Points in "Emergency Formulas Worth a Thousand in Gold" and "Supplement to the Formulas Worth a Thousand in Gold"
Kwon, Sun-Oh ; Seo, Byung-Kwan ; Park, Hi-Joon ; Hahm, Dae-Hyun ; Lee, Hye-Jung ; Kim, Seung-Tae ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 28, issue 1, 2011, Pages 91~100
Objectives : To classify needling or moxibustion-prohibited acupoints in Emergency Formulas Worth a Thousand in Gold (EFWTG) and Supplement to the Formulas Worth a Thousand in Gold (SFWTG). Methods : We found needling or moxibustion-prohibited acupoints in EFWTG and SFWTG, then investigated the influences of needling or moxibustion-prohibited acupoints on A-B Classic of Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Results : In EFWTG, the needling-prohibited points were LI13, ST17, BL56, TE8, CV8, CV15 and GV24. Acupoints needed careful needling were LU2, ST12, KI2, KI7, TE19, GB3 and jwagak. The moxibustion-prohibited points were LU3, LU8, ST1, ST8, ST9, ST17, ST32, ST33, BL6, BL30, TE18, TE23, GB33, GB42, CV5, CV15, GV6, GV15, GV16 and GV17. Acupoints needed careful moxibustion were ST7, ST30, TE21 and GB22. In SFWTG, the needling-prohibited points were LU2, LI13, ST12, ST17, ST32, BL56, KI2, KI7, TE8, TE19, GB3, CV8, CV15, GV24 and jwagak. The moxibustion-prohibited points were LU3, LU8, ST1, ST7, ST8, ST9, ST17, ST30, ST32, ST33, BL6, BL30, TE18, TE23, GB22, GB33, GB42, CV5, CV15, GV6, GV15, GV16, GV17 and ijung. Conclusions : There were 7 needling-prohibited points, 7 acupoints needed careful needling, 20 moxibustion-prohibited points, and 4 acupoints needed careful needling in EFWTG, and 15 needling-prohibited points and 24 moxibustion-prohibited points in SFWTG. The needling or moxibustion-prohibited acupoints in A-B Classic of Acupuncture and Moxibustion had a strong influence on those in the two literatures.
Study on the Relationship between "Compilation of Chimgutaekil" and "Uibangryuchi"
Oh, Jun-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 28, issue 1, 2011, Pages 101~112
Objectives : This research is aimed to consider the arranging process of the expertise on acupuncture & moxibustion in the corrective process of "Uibangyuchi" by studying the relationship between "Uibangyuchi" and "Compilation of Chimgutaekil". Methods : This researcher scrutinized the compilation & corrective process of "Uibangyuchi" through royal family records and considered the relationship between "Compilation of Chimgutaekil" and "Uibangyuchi" from the historial viewpoint. Results and Conclusions : 1. In the corrective process of "Uibangyuchi", the specialized knowledge of acupuncture & moxibustion were erased. 2. The contents related to "Chimgutaekil" among the erased contents are included in "Compilation of Chimgutaekil". 3. The method of arranging the knowledge in "Compilation of Chimgutaekil" coincides with that of "Uibangyuchi", which showes this book has a deep association with "Uibangyuchi" in the aspect of the period, organization of authors, and arrangement form. 4. The "Chimgutaekil"(Pick-a-date Method) is of no big consequence in the science of acupuncture & moxibustion but considers the example of medical procedures in the royal family of the Chosun Dynasty : the "Chimgutaekil" was the operation to be done at the very first beginning in time of the medical procedures using acupuncture & moxibustion. 5. Through such historical facts, the conclusion was made that the reason why specialized knowledge of acupuncture & moxibustion of specialty book was deleted in the compilatory process of "Uibangyuchi" is that its writing staff decided to compile these separately, thereby hurriedly publishing "Compilation of Chimgutaekil" as an example.
A Literature Review on Pyoyubu (標幽賦) Written by Tu Han Kyoung (竇漢卿) (I)
Won, Jin-Hee ; Lee, In-Young ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 28, issue 1, 2011, Pages 113~123
Objectives : This study is to provide a clear interpretation of Pyoyubu (標幽賦) which was written by Tu han kyoung (竇漢卿) during the Kum-Won dynasty of China (A.D 1196-1280). Methods : The translation was based on Original Chimgudaesung (原本鍼灸大成) and revisals on Chimguchuiyoung (鍼灸聚英), Yukyoungbuik (類經附翼), New Chimgudaesung (新鍼灸大成), etc. The critical review part helps to better understand acupuncture & moxibustion world. Results & Conclusions : The book covered all of the concepts involved in acupuncture theory and techniques. It provides a foundation and remains a key reference work for the current theory of acupuncture. An in-depth study of the book leads as follow ; 1. To full understanding of the fundamental principles of these fields. 2. To drawing up clinical practice guidelines for doctors toward patients. 3. To promoting the beneficial effects of acupuncture treatment.
Publication Review about Discriminative Characteristics of Organ Surface Primo Vessel Based on Kim Bonghan's Paper
Lee, Sang-Hun ; Zhang, Wenji ; Ahn, Seong-Hun ; Sohn, In-Chul ; Ryu, Yeon-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 28, issue 1, 2011, Pages 125~137
Objectives : The Primo system is a hypothesis on the new circulation system. It orginates from Bonghan theory. Bonghan theory is about the anatomical substance of acupuncture point and meridian system. It has been regarded as a misunderstanding of the lymphatic system or as a made-up story for the past 40 years. Since 2002, many studies have been published either to support the theory or to refute the old viewpoint. But there are still difficulties about the proper sampling. The purpose of this study is to find out the discriminative criteria of Organ Surface Primo sytem by reviewing the Kim Bonghan's publications. Methods : Abstract of description about the Organ Surface Primo system in 5 publications of Kim Bonghan are weighted by the reverse order of publication. Results and Conclusions : 6 characters of anatomical structure and 11 characters of histological structure are founded as repeated descriptions. We hope that this summarized characteristics would be a good guide to Primo system experiments.
Research Trends on the Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis in Korean Medicine
Yoh, Sang-Bum ; Sul, Jae-Uk ; Shin, Mi-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 28, issue 1, 2011, Pages 139~155
Objectives : To research trends of studies on treatments of knee osteoarthritis in Korean medicine. Methods : Domestic theses, published from 2000 to 2010, mentioning the treatments of knee osteoarthritis in Korean medicine were reviewed and analyzed. This study researched 79 theses and classified again according to the fields of the treatment. Results : The results were obtained as below ; 1. Studies on pharmacoacupuncture account for 41% of the total (32cases/79cases). The target of treatments had changed from pain alleviation and anti-inflammation to cartilage-protection since 2006. 2. Herbal Drug, Bee Venom, Cervi Cornu Parvum pharmacoacupuncture, Taping Therapy and Tai-Chi Exercise program were more effective than others. Moreover research on exercise program such as Tai-Chi has been increasing. 3. Some Herbal Drug (Glycyrrhizae Radix, Angelicae Gigantis Radix, Achyrantis Radix, Paeoniae Radix, Eucommiae Cortex and so on) were mainly used to investigate the effect on cartilage protection, pain relief and anti-inflammation in laboratory test. 4. Acupuncture including individualized, local acupoints and constitution acupuncture were effective than others in pain alleviation and symptom relief. 5. Pharmacoacupuncture Bee Venom were effective in recovery of joint function and pain relief while Buthus martensii Karsch, Homnis Placenta and Cervi Cornu Parvum were effective in cartilage protection and recovery. 6. Moxibustion was efficient to reduce joint pain and partly increase ROM (range of motion) of knee joint, but was not efficient to recover the function of knee joint. Conclusions : These results indicate that research trends on knee osteoarthritis were changed from symptomatic treatment (pain alleviation and anti-inflammation) to conservative treatment (cartilage protection and recovery).
Literature Study on the Conformation and Application of Nine Classical Needles
Sohn, In-Chul ; Kwon, O-Sang ; Kim, Yu-Lee ; Ahn, Sung-Hun ; Kim, Jae-Hyo ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 28, issue 1, 2011, Pages 157~169
Objective : Nine classical needles have been recorded in oriental medical classics as a diversified instrument for acupuncture to treat patients with various symptoms. Recently, it has suggested that doctors didn't make full use of acupuncture and that poor understanding of the nine needles has caused the lack of usage. Methods : It has studied bibliographically about the conformation including a length & shape and application & usages of the nine classical needles presented in oriental medical classics. Results : Chamchim (shear needle) has 1.6 chon (寸) length, sharp apex treating fever in the head and trunk; Wonchim (roun-pointed needle) has 1.6 chon, eggshaped apex treating disease of flesh by massaging with it; Sichim (spoon needle) has 3.5 chon, thick body with round sharp apex treating weakness of Qi; Bongchim (lance needle) has 1.6 chon, a triangled apex treating chronic disease with bleeding; Pichim (stiletto needle) has 4 chon, razor sharp applying to surgery of big pus; Wonlichim (round-sharp needle) has 1.6 chon, thin body, sharp apex treating acute arthralgia syndromes; Hochim (filiform needle) has various lengths which treats various disease of meridians and organs; Jangchim (long needle) has 7 chon, sharp apex treating chronic arthralgia syndromes in deeper place of body; Daechim (large needle) has 4 chon, nail like apex applying to excrete artheredema in joints. Conclusions : The conformation of nine classical needles has been changed from those recorded in oriental medical classics since it was developed. However, the usage of nine classical needles has remained the same. Therefore it is considered that intrinsic attribute of the nine needles has preserved even though the conformation of nine classical needles has changed.
A Case Report on the Scoliosis Patient with Lumbago Treated by Hyun-Ga Therapy
Yoon, Dae-Shik ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 28, issue 1, 2011, Pages 171~177
Objectives : This study is designed to evaluate the effect of Hyun-Ga therapy for the scoliosis patient with Lumbago. Methods : After treatment with Hyun-Ga therapy compared with Cobb's angle and Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Results : After six treatments with Hyun-Ga therapy in one case, significant decrease in Cobb's angle and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was observed. Conclusions : Hyun-Ga therapy might be effective for the scoliosis patient with Lumbago. It will be attempted to more patients in the future.