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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Acupuncture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Society for Meridian and Acupoint
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
Selecting the target year
Research Trends on the Treatment of Lumbar Herniated Intervertebral Disc in Korean Medicine
Cho, Hyoung-Jun ; Sul, Jae-Uk ; Shin, Mi-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 29, issue 4, 2012, Pages 501~518
Objectives : To research trends of studies on treatments of lumbar herniated intervertebral disc in Korean medicine. Methods : We searched papers using Korean Traditional Knowledge Portal, OASIS, KISS. We used "low back pain", "radiculopathy", "lumbar herniated intervertebral disc" as keyword. Limitations were as follows; Domestic studies, published from 2000 to 2011, mentioning the treatments of lumbar herniated intervertebral disc in Korean medicine. This study researched and classified the papers according to the fields of the treatment and methods of study. Results : The results were obtained as below ; 1. The number of papers published in 2000 was only three, but steadily increased to 15 in 2010 and the total number of papers was 93. 2. When categorized according to the fields of treatment, 93 researches are classified as acupuncture, moxibustion, Chuna therapy, drug, various physical therapies and collaborative Oriental-Western medicine therapy. 3. When categorized according to the methods of study, 70 researches were the simple case report and non-RCT(non-randomized controlled trial) were 11 and RCT(randomized controlled trials) has been reported in 11 researches. 4. General assessment tools were VAS, ODI before, however these days, Physical examination(ROM, SLRT, etc.), Radiologic tests(MRI, X-ray), DITI etc. are used more in order to evaluate objective therapeutic effects. Conclusions : These results indicate that researches on lumbar herniated intervertebral disc in Korean medicine have been investigated by various method and steadily increasing.
Systematic Review of Selection of Acupuncture Points for Lower Back Pain
Lee, In-Seon ; Jo, Hee-Jin ; Lee, Soon-Ho ; Jung, Won-Mo ; Kim, Song Yi ; Park, Hi-Joon ; Lee, Hyejung ; Chae, Younbyoung ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 29, issue 4, 2012, Pages 519~536
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to figure out which acupoints are selected to treat low back pain and attempt to analyze the effectiveness of those acupoints in current clinical trials. Methods : We searched the three electronic databases(PUBMED, RISS, KISS) and manually checked related Korean journals and reference lists up to April 2012. We included randomized controlled trials, clinical controlled trials, and case reports/series using needle type acupuncture( manual acupuncture, electronic acupuncture) to treat low back pain in English and Korean. We investigated the frequency of selected acupoints, change of visual analogue scale of low back pain and statistical significance in each study among trials. Results : We included 37 articles(Domestic 17, International 20) 53 studies(Domestic 28, International 25) in this study. The most frequently adopted acupoints were BL23, BL24, BL25, GB30, BL26, BL60, BL32, BL40, KI3, GV3, ST36 in domestic studies and BL23, BL25, BL40, BL60, GB30, GB34, BL32, BL26 in international studies. There were differential effectiveness of acupoints between domestic and the international studies using statistical significance of visual analog scale for low back pain. Conclusions : These results suggest that both proximal and distal acupoints based on meridian theory were used in clinical trials to treat low back pain. It would be helpful to provide clinical guideline, evaluate the results of clinical trials appropriately, and reveal the effectiveness of acupoints.
A Research for Tradition and Identity of Saam Acupuncture Method
Jung, Yoo-Ong ; Lee, Duk-Ho ; Ahn, Sang-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 29, issue 4, 2012, Pages 537~553
Objectives : Ever Since it was made in the middle of 17th century by Saamdoin, Saam acupuncture method has been handed down to acupuncturists as a written form, playing a huge role in using for treating diseases of people in Korea. Saam acupuncture method development of any process, and have been propagated in a foreign country to study. Methods : Analysis of ancient medical books, we studied the evolution of Saam acupuncture method. And we looked abroad Saam acupuncture method have been propagated abroad by examining how. Results : At the end of Joseon Dynasty, lots of clinical cases were added to Saam acupuncture method and as a result, it helped acupuncturists understand how it really worked. During the Japanese colonial era, it was introduced to more people thanks to the development of a printing technique. After Korea's liberation from Japan, many scholars have studied Saam's acupuncture method, and they also have applied it to clinical cases in various ways. Conclusions : With its superiority and creativeness, Saam acupuncture method spread to Japanese acupuncturists in the name of Meridian Therapy during the Japanese colonial era. It had a great impact on medicine in China and many other countries, as well.
Analysis of Pupil Size Variability for Effectiveness Verification of Activation Level of Autonomic Nerve System by Electromagnetic Acupuncture System
Liu, Wenxue ; Lee, Na-Ra ; Choi, Woo-Hyuk ; Kim, Soo-Byeong ; Lee, Young-Heum ; Shin, Tae-Min ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 29, issue 4, 2012, Pages 554~562
Objectives : The purpose of this research is to verify the effects of the Electromagnetic acupuncture(EMA) on BL15 by Pupil size variability(PSV) which is directly related to the activation of the Autonomic Nervous System. Methods : Thirty male subjects participated in this study and were divided into three groups(non-stimulated, manual acupuncture and EMA group). The size of pupil was measured in the cube place of
cm in order to avoid the effect of the surrounding circumstances. All subjects were measured the size of left pupil about 200sec in the constant illumination. Results : We observed the decrease in PSV of manual acupuncture group compared to non-stimulation group, but it was not significant statistically(p>0.05). The decrease in PSV of EMA group was observed in comparison to two groups, and we confirmed the result of significant difference statistically(p<0.05). Conclusions : We concluded that EMA treatment method is enough to activate in the parasympathetic nerve system by inducing the biotransformation.
The Suggestion of MF BIA Analyzer Method to Reflect the Resistance in the Extracelluar and Intracelluar Fluid at Acupoint & the Evaluation of Reflection Rate on the Tissue under Skin
Kim, Soo-Byeong ; Lee, Na-Ra ; Kim, Won-Ky ; Lee, Yong-Heum ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 29, issue 4, 2012, Pages 563~572
Objectives : The aim of this study was to suggest a new method to estimate the resistance by acupoint compositions by using the multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis(MF-BIA) of 5 kHz, 50 kHz and 200 kHz within 2 cm of acupoints as a local segment. Moreover, we try to confirm the relation to between measured resistance at skin surface and measured resistance by various manual acupuncture needle insertion depth. Methods : Ten male subjects participated in this study. We measured the resistance at left/right ST36 at skin surface and various manual acupuncture needle insertion depth(skin, 5 mm, 10 mm, 15 mm, 20 mm, 25 mm and 30 mm). Results : It was also observed that the all measured resistances were the highest at 5 kHz and the lowest at 200 kHz. There were significant differences at 5 kHz, 50 kHz and 200 kHz between measured resistance at skin surface and measured resistance by various manual acupuncture needle insertion depth(p<0.05). There was no significant difference in the left and right identical acupoints under the identical condition(p>0.05). Conclusions : We conclude that the measured resistance at skin surface has limitation as to reflect the information of tissue. However, the measured resistance at each frequency was changed as similar pattern by different insertion depth. Hence, we confirmed the possibility of assumption on information of tissue which was expected to locate an acupoint.
Analysis of the Statistical Errors in Articles of The Korean Journal of Meridian and Acupuncture
Lee, Minhee ; Kang, Kyung-Won ; Kim, Jung-Eun ; Choi, Sun-Mi ; Lee, Sanghun ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 29, issue 4, 2012, Pages 573~580
Objectives : This study was to investigate statistical validities and trends of previously reported papers that used various statistical techniques such as t-test and analysis of variance. Methods : To analyze the statistical procedures, 54 original articles using those statistical methods were selected from The Korean Journal of Acupuncture published from 2007 to 2011. Results : T-test and analysis of variance were used in 23(25.27%), and 18 papers(19.78%) out of 54 papers, respectively. Seven articles(12.96%) did not report alpha values and 26(48.15%) out of 54 studies were not tested for normal distribution. One paper(1.85%) misused t-test and 7 papers(38.89%) did not carry out the multiple comparison. Conclusions : To improve the quality of KJA, statistician involvement in research design would be necessary to reduce errors in statistical methods and interpretation of the results.
Acupuncture Experience in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain(2): A Qualitative Study - Focused on Participants in Randomized Controlled Trial
Kim, Song-Yi ; Lee, Kee-Byoung ; Lee, Hyangsook ; Son, Haeng-Mi ; Song, Mi-Yeon ; Lee, Hyejung ; Park, Hi-Joon ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 29, issue 4, 2012, Pages 581~597
Objectives : To explore the experiences of patients with chronic low back pain(CLBP) in a randomized controlled trial(RCT) of acupuncture. Methods : Five qualitative focus group interviews were conducted at three Korean Medicine Hospitals. Two to 4 participants from the same group(real or sham acupuncture) in the RCT of acupuncture for CLBP discussed their experiences and perceptions of the clinical trial and the acupuncture treatment. Transcribed data were read independently by researchers and analyzed to categorize information and identify themes. Results : A total of 14 participants were included. Most of them discovered positive aspects of being a study subject and a patient. They recognized the differences between experimental and real-world clinical settings such as formal procedures of treatment, and different acupuncture device. Participants also expressed the weaker sensation of acupuncture compared to the previous experience. Especially, they were well aware of the 'subjects' role themselves, thus they observed their changes of symptom closely. As subjects were generally satisfied with their treatment and they had a good feeling to acupuncture after the trial, they expressed their willingness to participate in the future clinical trial of acupuncture. Conclusions : Our finding suggests that the Korean patients' experience of participating in an RCT was generally positive. Their tendency to perform the 'subject' role might affect the trial's process or overall results.
Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Polygoni Avicularis Herba Herbal-Acupuncture at KI10 on LPS-Induced Nephritis in Rats
Yim, Yun-Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 29, issue 4, 2012, Pages 598~603
Objectives : This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Polygoni avicularis Herba Herbal-acupuncture( PaH-HA) at KI10(Umgok) on nephritis induced by lipopolysaccharide(LPS) in rats. Methods : Rats were allocated into normal, control, and 3 experimental groups. The rats in the control group were intra-peritoneally injected with LPS for nephritis induction. The rats in the groups of experiment 1, experiment 2, and experiment 3 were treated with single needle prick, saline injection, and PaH-HA, respectively at KI10 three times for a week and then injected with LPS. To evaluate the effects of PaH-HA at HI10, WBC count in blood, serum CINC-1, renal TNF-
and renal MPO were measured. Results : Needle prick at KI10 suppressed the increase of WBC in blood and CINC-1 in serum of LPS-stimulated rats. Saline injection at KI10 suppressed the increase of WBC in blood. PaH-HA at KI10 suppressed the increase of WBC in blood, CINC-1 in serum, and MPO in kidney of LPS-stimulated rats. Conclusions : PaH-HA at KI10 has an anti-inflammatory effect on LPS-induced nephritis in rats and there may be a synergism between KI10(Umgok) stimulation and PaH-HA Solution.
Effects of Moxibustion at Combined Acupoints of ST36, BL21 and CV12 on Small Intestinal Motility for Sex and Ages of Rats
Yu, Yun-Cho ; Kwon, O Sang ; Oh, In-Kyun ; Yang, Seung Bum ; Ahn, Seong Hoon ; Sohn, In Chul ; Kim, Jae Hyo ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 29, issue 4, 2012, Pages 604~615
Objectives : The aim of this study was to observe the effect of moxibustion at combined acupoints of ST36, BL21 and CV12 in rats with sex and age. Methods : This study measured small intestinal motility in rats. First, cauterize with moxa was applied 5 times to the ST36, BL21 and CV12 in rats classified by sex and age under enflurane anesthesia. And then same treatment is done to mached acupoints of ST36, BL21 and CV12. Results : In single acupoint groups, cauterizing with moxa on ST36 increased with 5, 7 weeks in female and all weeks in male. The BL21 group increased with 5, 6, 7 weeks in female, and only 5 weeks in male. The CV12 group showed increasing with 5, 6 weeks in female and only 7 weeks in male. In combined acupoints groups, the ST36+BL21 with 8 weeks in male, the ST36+CV12 with 5, 8 weeks in female and 5, 6, 8 weeks in male, the CV12+BL21 only with 5 weeks in female, the ST36+BL21+CV12 only with 5 weeks in female showed increasing, respectively. Conclusions : Although these differents according to the sex and age in rats do not have a established tendency, the results suggested that the effects of moxibustion are experimentally should be considered the sex and age of individual.
Association between Earlobe Crease and Hypertension in the Auricular Point Diagnosis
Kang, Mun-Su ; Kim, Jin-Hui ; Kim, Lak-Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 29, issue 4, 2012, Pages 616~622
Objectives : The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation between earlobe crease(ELC) and Hypertension(HTN) in the auricular point diagnosis. Methods : 140 patients who were admitted the Jeongeup City Geriatric Hospital were examined for the presence or absence of ELC and HTN. The one examined the ELC of patients and the other examined the presence of hypertension. The presence of right ELC, left ELC, right or left ELC, and right and left ELC were respectively compared with the presence of HTN. Chi-square test was used to analyze the correlation between ELC and HTN. Results : The presence of right ELC was significantly related to presence of HTN(p=0.001). The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictability of ELC for diagnosis of HTN were 0.755, 0.524, 0.787, and 0.478. The presence of left ELC was significantly related to presence of HTN(p=0.002). The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictability of ELC for diagnosis of HTN were 0.745, 0.524, 0.785, and 0.468. The presence of right or left ELC was significantly related to presence of HTN(p<0.001). The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictability of ELC for diagnosis of HTN were 0.806, 0.500, 0.790, and 0.525. The presence of right and left ELCs was significantly related to presence of HTN (p=0.007). The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictability of ELC for diagnosis of HTN were 0.694, 0.548, 0.782, and 0.434. Conclusions : These results show that the presence of ELC is significantly associated with hypertension.
The Effectiveness of Acupuncture for Fatigue Severity in Lung Cancer Patients: Pilot Study
Hyun, Dae-Sung ; Kim, Jong-Dae ; Kwon, Hyo-Jung ; Jung, Hyun-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 29, issue 4, 2012, Pages 623~633
Objectives : Fatigue is a common and distressing symptom that is a concern for cancer patients. It has a decisive effect on quality of life. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of clinical trial to evaluate of efficacy and safety of acupuncture on cancer related fatigue of lung cancer patients. Methods : Total lung cancer 9 patients complained of fatigue were treated by acupuncture twice a week for four weeks(8 times in total). Evaluation of the severity of fatigue was measured by FSS(Fatigue Severity Score). In visit 1, 10, we checked FSS. For check safety of acupuncture treatment, we did blood test. Results : After 4 weeks of acupuncture treatment, the FSS was significantly decreased from
(p=0.008). And the level of hemoglobin was significantly increased from 10.87 g/dl to 12.01 g/dl(p=0.014). No other lab measures indicated any significant differences between before and after acupuncture treatment. Conclusions : This study suggests that acupuncture treatment will be beneficial for lung cancer patients to improve the fatigue severity. And acupuncture treatment is safe method for lung cancer patients. A large-scale study to confirm efficacy and safety of acupuncture is needed.
Effects of Acupuncture on the Muscle Fatigue Recovery in Different Diameters of Needle
Hwang, Yo-Sun ; Park, Chin-Su ; Koo, Sungtae ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 29, issue 4, 2012, Pages 634~642
Objectives : The aim of the study is to find out whether effect of acupuncture is depending on the diameter of needle, which is a possible component of dose of acupuncture needling. Methods : To compare acupuncture effects in different diameters of needle, we measured the changes in muscle fatigue recovery using surface electromyogram(sEMG) in healthy 8 volunteers. Muscle fatigue was induced by 20 times sit-up for 1 min. Immediately after induction of muscle fatigue, acupuncture needle was inserted into ST36 or ST25 for 10 min by diameters of 0.20 mm, 0.30 mm, or 0.40 mm needles. The sEMG recording was followed by acupuncture for 30 min. As a control group, sEMG was recorded for the same period at rest after muscle fatigue induction. Results : In both of ST 36 and ST 25, stimulation with 0.4 mm diameter needle showed significant rapid recovery followed by short period of muscle fatigue increase. Stimulation with 0.2 mm diameter significantly suppressed the increase of muscle fatigue. Conclusions : These data suggest that acupuncture effect is, at least in part, dependent on diameter of needle. Therefore, diameter of needle is also considered to achieve effective outcome of acupuncture.
A Clinical Study of One Hundred Twenty Patients Admitted with Headache
Kwon, Kyoung-Man ; Kim, Koang-Lok ; Shin, Yoon-Ri ; Park, Sun-Young ; Park, Dong-Il ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 29, issue 4, 2012, Pages 643~661
Objectives : The Purpose of this study is to investigate clinical characteristics with 120 patients who have sufferred from headache and were treated. Methods : We classified 120 patients into several groups by International Headache Society(IHS) classification and evaluated the effects of oriental medical therapy on headache. Results : 1. According to the statistics, women patients were more than men. And 50s has highest number of headache patients. 2. In classification by IHS, tension type headache were highest. 3. 24.2% of patients had entered Department of Internal Medicine, Colleage of Oriental Medicine Dongeui Univ for treatment within six month of onset. 4. According to the statistics, headache of whole part has highest number of headache patients. 5. The most number of associated symptoms were nausea, vomiting, dyspepsia etc. 6. The most number of headache patient's past history were hypertension. 7. In classification by oriental medical differentiation of symptom and signs, the rate of blood deficiency were highest. 8. 64.2% of patients said they were satisfied with treatment, reporting half the frequency of headache or better from before treatment. Conclusions : In conclusion, the present results suggest that oriental medical therapy has effects on headache.