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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Acupuncture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Society for Meridian and Acupoint
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
A Review on the Absence of Accumulation Point in the Governer, Conception, Thoroughfare, Belt Vessel of Extra Meridian
Lee, Bong Hyo ; Park, Ji Ha ; Kim, Hee Young ; Kim, San Deul ; Yang, Hyun Dong ; Lee, Ho Jung ; Choi, Jae Won ; Lim, Sung Chul ; Kim, Jae Su ; Lee, Yun Kyu ; Lee, Hyun Jong ; Jung, Hyun Jung ; Jung, Tae Young ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 30, issue 2, 2013, Pages 81~87
DOI : 10.14406/acu.2013.30.2.081
Objectives : Accumulation point is a useful acupoint for acute pain diseases. Among the eight extra meridians, only four (Yin Heel, Yang Heel, Yin Link, Yang Link vessel) have accumulation point and the others (Governor, Conception, Thoroughfare, Belt Vessel) do not. However, there is no explanation why these four meridians do not have it. So, the authors researched the literature to look for the reasons. Methods : We investigated 10 books and 1 paper about the `accumulation point of extra meridians` using several search engines and researched reason why the other 4 meridian do not have it. Results : All of the 16 accumulation points are located on the 4 limbs. The four limbs have more Yang energy than the trunk. The governor, conception, thoroughfare, and belt vessels do not flow in the limbs. It seems that there is no acupoint located on deep gap enough to be the accumulation point among the four vessels. When it comes to the functions of these vessels, they are little related with the acute pain that is the main target of the accumulation point. Conclusions : From the results of this study, it seems to be reasonable that the four vessels do not have accumulation point.
Influence of Rotation Number in the Effect of PC6 on the Heart Rate: A Pilot Study
Lee, Bong Hyo ; Chung, Jae Hwan ; Son, Jigook ; Heo, Jeong Hyeon ; Park, Ji Ha ; Kim, Hee Young ; Lee, Sang Nam ; Lee, Young Joon ; Kim, Mi Ryeo ; Lim, Sung Chul ; Kim, Jae Su ; Lee, Yun Kyu ; Lee, Hyun Jong ; Jung, Hyun Jung ; Jung, Tae Young ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 30, issue 2, 2013, Pages 88~96
DOI : 10.14406/acu.2013.30.2.088
Objectives : In the acupuncture treatment of Korean Medicine, the Tonifying or Purging depending on how many times the needle is rotated has been used widely. However, there is little evidence about the optimal number of rotation. This study, therefore, was aimed to investigate the optimal number of rotation. Methods : Heart rate variation was measured before and after exercise in 20 healthy adults. Acupuncture was performed at PC6 immediately after exercise according to the protocol of each group without remaining. Pre-exercise and post-exercise measurements were compared and the rotation number that produced statistically significant difference was investigated. Results : Significant differences were found in the heart rate variation and R-R interval Average, between non-rotation group (control) and both of 15 times rotation group of tonifying and 6 times rotation group of purging. Conclusions : Significantly effective number of rotation in the effect of PC6 on the HR and RRAv was 15 times in the tonifying and 6 in the purging respectively.
Effects of Acupuncture at ST41, BL60, GB38 on Changes of Nitric Oxide and Nitric Oxide Synthase in Rats
Kim, Youngsun ; Choi, Donghee ; Jang, Hosun ; Na, Changsu ; Hwang, Moonhyeon ; Cho, Joohyun ; Lee, Kyoungin ; Kim, Sunmin ; Pyo, Byoungsik ; Youn, Daehwan ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 30, issue 2, 2013, Pages 97~103
DOI : 10.14406/acu.2013.30.2.097
Objectives : To observe the changes in the expression of nNOS, iNOS, eNOS and NO by the needle insertion on river points, one of the five transport points of three yang meridians of the foot. Methods : Based on rats, needle was inserted on both left and right sides of ST41, BL60 and GB38 and retained for five minutes. After the retention, blood was drawn via cardiac puncture and tissues from each point around meridian vessels were extracted to observe the changes in the expression of nNOS, iNOS, eNOS and NO. Results : In terms of the effect on expression of nNOS within tissues, ST41 showed significant decrease based on the results of immunohistochemistry. In terms of the effect on expression of iNOS within tissues, none of the experimental groups showed any significant change compared to the Normal group. Regarding expression of eNOS within tissues, GB38 showed significant increase based on the results of immunohistochemistry. In terms of the effect on NO creation in tissues, none of the experimental groups showed any significant change compared to the Normal group. Conclusions : The effect of needle insertion on the river points of three yang meridians of the foot on the function of nNOS, iNOS, eNOS and NO could be observed, and based on this study, it is considered that the effect of needle stimulation on the changes of nervous system could be found out through additional research.
The Effect of Non-Invasive Stimulus at Nogung(PC8) by Dong Chu Chim on HRV: A Pilot Study
Yun, Soon Mo ; Park, Soo Jin ; Lee, Bong Hyo ; Lee, Sang Nam ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 30, issue 2, 2013, Pages 104~113
DOI : 10.14406/acu.2013.30.2.104
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to analyze an effect of medical Qigong therapy using Dong Chu Chim (DCC) which was invented by "Dongchu Han Medicine Institute", by measuring HRV. We compared effects of DCC with non-treatment, filiform acupuncture and filiform acupuncture with natural abdominal breathing. Methods : 1. The authors stimulated Nogung (PC8) of 26 normal adults by using DCC or filiform acupuncture in turn. 2. The natural abdominal breathing has been carried comfortably with consciousness in the lower abdomen. 3. HRV was measured for 5 minutes, three times (pre-treatment, during-treatment and post-treatment). Results and Conclusions : From this study, it seems that the stimulus of DCC, filiform acupuncture, filiform acupuncture with natural abdominal breathing can all affect the autonomic nervous system and control the balance of that. But there were not significant differences between these stimulus groups and the non-treatment group. Therefore, we suggest additional studies about the effect of DCC in the future.
Effect of Acupuncture on Inflammatory Lesions and Body Image Disturbance in Patients with Acne Vulgaris
Lee, Ah-Reum ; Lee, In-Seon ; Kim, SongYi ; Lee, Hyangsook ; Park, Hi-Joon ; Lee, Hyejung ; Chae, Younbyoung ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 30, issue 2, 2013, Pages 114~121
DOI : 10.14406/acu.2013.30.2.114
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of acupuncture treatment on the inflammatory lesions and body image disturbances in patients with vulgaris acnes. Methods : Fifteen inflammatory acne patients were enrolled and treated with facial acupuncture during 4 treatment sessions. We evaluated the number of papules and nodules using the Korean Acne Grading System (KAGS). We also evaluated patients` general subjective satisfaction and objective changes of inflammatory acnes symptoms using DermaVision-pro. Moreover, we observed the skin quality-of-life scale with skindex-29 and body image disturbance questionnaire (BIDQ) as secondary outcome. Adverse events were recorded as well at every visit. Results : After 4 treatment sessions, there were significant reductions in the number of papules and nodules of the patients. We found that subjective satisfactions of patients were enhanced as well as the objective inflammatory symptoms. We also found significant improvements in the quality of life and BIDQ. No serious treatment-related adverse events were reported. Conclusions : This study demonstrated that standardized facial acupuncture were effective and safe in the treatment of facial inflammatory acnes.
Isolation and Yield Enhancement of Primo Vessels Inside of Rabbit Lymph Vessels by Using Sound Wave Vibration
Heo, June-Yi ; Chung, Ji-Hwan ; Choi, Dong-Hee ; Lee, Hye-Rie ; Noh, Young-Il ; Han, Moon-Young ; Jeong, Yeon-Chul ; Lee, Jae-Yeon ; Seo, Kyeong-Ju ; Park, Ji-Su ; Kim, Nu-Ri ; Lee, Kyu-Hwan ; Bae, Yu-Mi ; Lee, Eun-Sae ; Lee, Sang-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 30, issue 2, 2013, Pages 122~130
DOI : 10.14406/acu.2013.30.2.122
Objectives : The fact that Primo vessel as a new circulatory system exists in the lymphatic vessels of the rabbits which were treated with sound wave vibration therapy is confirmed with the anatomy of rabbit. Isolated Primo vessel is investigated, particularly focused on morphological features. Methods : Before the anatomy, a rabbit in a cage box was laid on the sound wave vibrating apparatus and then is applied by various frequencies and intensities for 30 min with music that a rabbit likes. Results : Isolation and observation of Primo vessel was easier when the lymphatic circular system was applied at a certain frequency and intensity of 7 Hz and 50. The probability of observation for Primo vessel enhanced to 90%. Conclusions : The sound wave therapy by a vibration apparatus is considered necessary as major process to facilitate the reproducible isolation and observation of Primo vessel.
Relationship between Sasang Constitution and Length of Chest and Abdominal Region
Ahn, Ji-Sun ; Park, Sang-Kyun ; Yu, Jun-Sang ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 30, issue 2, 2013, Pages 131~134
DOI : 10.14406/acu.2013.30.2.131
Objectives : This study was performed to investigate the relationship between Sasang Constitution and length of chest and abdomen region. Methods : Forty eight participants were enrolled. Weight, height, and lengths from CV22 to CV16, from CV16 to CV8, and from CV8 to CV2 were measured. Ratios of last three lengths to total CV22 to CV2 were calculated respectively. On the other hand, Sasang Constitution was analyzed with QSCCII(Questionnaire of Sasang Constitutional Classification II). The analysis of relationship between the measurements and Sasang Constitution was carried out with SPSS to compare the mean values according to Sasang Constitution. Results : All the mean values were not significantly different depending on the Sasang Constitution, except the ratio of the length from CV16 to CV8 to the length from CV22 to CV2, only in female participants. The ratio was higher in the female Soeumin participants than any other constitutional groups. Conclusions : This result showed that Soeumin could be assumed that they might have weak digestion abilities.
EEG Changes due to Low-Frequency Electrical Stimulation to the BL62 and KI6 of Elderly Women
Lee, Sanghun ; Choi, Kwang-Ho ; Cho, Seong Jin ; Choi, Sun-Mi ; Hong, Kwon Eui ; Ryu, Yeon-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Acupuncture, volume 30, issue 2, 2013, Pages 135~142
DOI : 10.14406/acu.2013.30.2.135
Objectives : This study aimed to investigate the general effects of low-frequency electrical stimulation of the ankle joint acupuncture points(BL62 and KI6) on the brain waves of elderly women as a pilot study to figure out the possibility of candidate non-invasive and non-chemical stimulation method for the enhancing the brain function. Methods : A randomized, controlled, double-blinded clinical trial was performed in 31 healthy women(mean age, 54.5 years) within a treatment duration of 12 sessions. In the experimental group, low-frequency electrical stimulation was applied using the maximum range of the individual insensible strength(mean current,
). The control group received sham stimulation. The background electroencephalographic activity was measured before and after the12 sessions. Results : After 12 sessions of stimulation, the relative power of the alpha wave increased(32 of 32 channels: significant difference in 11 channels, p<0.05); the theta(30 of 32 channels: significant difference in 10 channels, p<0.05), beta(31 of 32 channels), and gamma(30 of 32 channels: significant difference in 7 channels, p<0.05) powers were also decreased compared with the sham group. Conclusions : Electrical stimulation on the ankle joint acupuncture points(BL62 and KI6) seemed to stabilize the elderly women brain by inducing the alpha power and reducing beta, theta, and gamma powers. These results provide insight into the action mechanism of the stimulation and can assist the future developement of a non-invasive and non-chemical treatment technique for stressor related cognitive problems.