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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Association of Korean Oriental Pediatrics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Dec 2007
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Aug 2007
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Apr 2007
Selecting the target year
A Clinical Case Report of Bilateral Facial Nerve Palsy
Ha, Su-Yun ; Kim, Ha-Yan ; Song, In-Sun ; Kim, Kyeong-Hye ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 21, issue 3, 2007, Pages 1~10
Objectives The purpose of this study is to report a pediatric patient with bilateral facial nerve palsy. Methods The patient was treated by acupuncture, moxa, herb(Cheongungkyeoji-tang, Palmulgunja-tang) for 1 month. We described his progression and measured the degree by House-Brackmann scale and Yanagihara's scale. Results He started getting better from 7th day of the onset. During admission, the facial palsy had improved from Grade V/V(Rt/Lt) to Grade II/II(Rt/Lt) by House-Brackmann scale and from 0/0(Rt/Lt)score to 36/36(Rt/Lt)score by Yanagihara's scale. Conclusions Compared with unilateral facial nerve palsy cases, this case was not different from the time when it got better, and how much it improved. However, biased degree had increased and then decreased because of the time gap between the right facial improvements and left facial one.
The Survey on the Preferences for the New Child Dosage Forms of Oriental Herbal Medicine
Seo, Jung-Min ; Yun, Hye-Jin ; Kim, Sang-Chan ; Hwang, Sun-Yi ; Jee, Seon-Young ; Cho, Dong-Hee ; Son, Ji-Young ; Baek, Jung-Han ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 21, issue 3, 2007, Pages 11~19
Objective Medication is one the most important things in treatment for children, but prescribing traditional herbal medicine for them is very difficult. Therefore, we made 4 new forms of oriental herbal medicine that has a better taste, smell, and color. These new forms also have a texture that make medicine easier to chew. Methods We made up a question of 20 children visiting
university hospital. Results and Conclusions 1. Children preferred liquid or pill type of herbal medicine. 2. The preference sensory test of the traditional medicine and new form of medicine had not much difference. 3. On the test for preferences, it resulted as they liked the 4th form of new medicine which was with little bit more of sweet and sour taste, and the 3rdformwithnewcolors. 4. They hated traditional herbal medicine of the taste, smell, color, sensation of texture of material.
A Clinical Study on the Treatment of Atopic Dermatitis by Using Kami-chungsimyeunjatang(加味淸心蓮子湯)
Song, Hyun-Jee ; Han, Jae-Kyung ; Kim, Yun-Hee ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 21, issue 3, 2007, Pages 21~31
Objectives The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical effect of Kami-chungsimyeunjatang on atopic dermatitis and to survey the general characteristics in children with atopic dermatitis. Methods 30 patients suffering from atopic dermatitis were treated with water extract of Kami-chungsimyeunjatang and the clinical evaluation were made by SCORAD index system before and after treatment. We also investigated some characteristics of improvements by using questionnaire. Results 1. Among 30 patients diagnosed as atopic dermatitis, 18 of the people were male(60%) and 12 of the people were female(40%). 2. Among 30 patients diagnosed as atopic dermatitis, 24 of them have family history of allergic disease(80%) and 18 of them have past history of allergic disease(60%). 3. The distribution of nursing method, 13 of them (44%) had powdered milk, 10(33%) of them had both breast milk and powdered milk, 7 of them (23%) had only breast milk. 4. 20 patients(67%) who have atopic dermatitis were less than 1 year old and 6 of them (20%) were between 1 or 2 years old. The initial lesion of 22(74%) of the patients were face and neck. 5. 9 patients(30%) of them answered that the symptoms are getting worse especially during the winter while 8 patients(25%)of them said summer. 6. The mean period of treatment value was
months. 7. After treatment, there was statistically significant decrease(p<0.05) of extent, intensity, subjective symptoms and total SCORAD index score(p=0.001). 8. After treatment, 28(93%) of the patients were improved. Conclusions Considering the above results, we speculate that Kami-chungsimyeunjatang is effective in the treatment of atopic dermatitis, and further studies are needed with more clinical cases of hematological evaluation.
Effects of Bojung-ikgitang-gamibang and Seonbang-paedoktang on Secretion of Airway Mucus and Expression of Mucin Gene
Jung, Chang-Ho ; Han, Jae-Kyung ; Kim, Yun-Hee ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 21, issue 3, 2007, Pages 33~55
Objectives In the present study, the author intended to investigate whether bojung-ikgitang-gamibang(BJGB) and seonbang-paedoktang(SBPT) significantly affect in vivo and in vitro mucin secretion from airway epithelial cells. Methods In vivo experiment, mice's mucin which is on a hypersecretion of airway mucin, mice's tracheal goblet cells in hyperplasia and mice's intraepithelial mucosubstances were exposed with SO2for3weeks. Effects of orally-administered BJGB and SBPT during 1 week on vivo mucin secretion and hyperplasia of tracheal goblet cells were assessed by using both enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) and staining goblet cells with alcian blue. In vitro experiment, confluent hamster tracheal surface epithelial(HTSE) cells were metabolically radiolabeled with 3H-glucosamine for 24hrs and chased for 30 min in the presence of each agent to figure out the effectiveness of 3H-mucin secretion. Total elution profiles of control spent media and treatment sample through Sepharose CL-4B column were analyzed. The effects of each agent on contractility of isolated tracheal smooth muscle and effects of each agent on MUC5AC gene expression in cultured HTSE cells were investigated. Also, possible cytotoxicities of each agent were assessed by measuring lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) release. Additionally, effects of BJGB and SBPT on both MUC5AC gene expression in cultured HTSE cells and TNF- or EGF-induced MUC5AC gene expression in human airway epithelial cells (NCI-H292) were investigated. Results (1) BJGB and SBPT inhibited hypersecretion of in vivo mucin. SBPT also inhibited the increase the number of goblet cells. However, BJGB did not affect the increase of number of goblet cells; (2) BJGB significantly increased mucin secretion from cultured HTSE cells, without significant cytotoxicity, and chiefly affected the 'mucin' secretion; (3) SBPT did not affect mucin secretion from cultured HTSE cells without significant cytotoxicity, and also did not affect the secretion of the other releseable glycoproteins; (4) BJGB and SBPT did not affect Ach-induced contraction of isolated tracheal smooth muscle; (5) SBPT significantly inhibit the expression levels of MUC5AC gene and BJGB significantly increased the expression levels of MUC5AC gene in both HTSE cells and NCI-H292 cells. Conclusions BJGB and SBPT can not only affect the secretion of mucin but also affect the expression of mucin gene. The author suggests that the effects BJGB and SBPT with their components should be further investigated and it is highly desirable to find from oriental medical prescriptions, novel agents which might regulate hypersecretion of mucin from airway epithelial cells.
Effects of the HyangsayukgunjatangGamibang on Children with Abdominal Pain
Jeong, Min-Jeong ; Lyu, Sun-Ae ; Lee, Seung-Yeon ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 21, issue 3, 2007, Pages 57~69
Objectives This study for evaluating the effects of HyangsayukgunjatangGamibang on childhood with abdominal pain. Methods This clinical study has been carried out with 38 children, who visited to the Department of Pediatrics,
oriental medical center from January 2005 to August 2007, who had been treated for abdominal pain with herbal medicine (HyangsayukgunjatangGamibang). This study had done by chart-review or by telephone research. Results 1. After treating with HyangsayukgunjatangGamibang, 34 children's abdominal pain was improved. (63.2%) 2. After treating with HyangsayukgunjatangGamibang, 13 children eat more than before. 3. After treatment with HyangsayukgunjatangGamibang, children's symptoms-constipation, nausea, headache, anorexia were improved. Conclusions HyangsayukgunjatangGamibang is effective in childhood abdominal pain.
A Clinical Comparative Study of Transient Tic Disorder, Chronic Motor Tic Disorder, and Tourette's Disorder
Yu, Hyeon-Yeong ; Kim, Ki-Bong ; Min, Sang-Yeon ; Kim, Jang-Hyun ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 21, issue 3, 2007, Pages 71~84
Objectives The purpose of this study is to report a case of transient tic disorder, chronic motor tic disorder, and Tourette's disorder of the children who treated by herbal medicine. Methods We treated the tic-disorder children with herbal medicine (Samchulgeonbitang, Oyaksun- gisankamibang, Cheonggan-soyosan), and we evaluated tic disorder cases by Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS). Results We treated a tic-disorder patients with herbal medicine and we had some good effects on a patients who had transient tic disorder, chronic motor tic disorder, and Tourette's disorder. The patients' symptomswere improved and the YGTSS also decreased. Conclusions Herbal medicine works well especially for tic-disorder, and active medical treatments are the most important thing for Transient tic disorder.
A Clinical Study on 3 Cases of ADHD Children Treated with Neurofeedback
Hwang, Young-Jun ; Kim, Ki-Bong ; Min, Sang-Yeon ; Kim, Jang-Hyun ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 21, issue 3, 2007, Pages 85~95
Objectives Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) is a type of psychiatric disorder characterized with the primary symptoms of inattention and/or impulsivity and hyperactivity. The purpose of this study is to examine ADHD children who were treated with neurofeedback therapy. Methods We analyzed clinical report of 3 ADHD children who treated with neurofeedback therapy from January 2006 to June 2006. Results 1. All 3 children were diagnosed with predominantly inattention type of ADHD. 2. After treatment, cognitive strength, response, concentration, workload, left / right brain activity score were all different from each children. 3. After treatment, left and right brain activities were balanced. 4. After treatment, learning ability level was increased. 5. After treatment, the childrenwere in a better state referred to conner's scale and H.S.Q. score. Conclusions Further studies will be needed to get more clinical cases about the benefits of neurofeedback therapy with herbal medicine and acupuncture treatment.
A Case Report of Medically Unexplained Dyspnea
Kim, Hyun-Ji ; Lee, Hai-Ja ; Park, Eun-Jung ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 21, issue 3, 2007, Pages 97~107
Objectives The purpose of this study is to report a case showed significant consult in treating Idiopathic chronic hyperventilation patient with oriental medicine. Methods The patient had suffered from dysypnea for 7 months, so we treated her with herbal medicine, acupuncture, laser, CEP nebulizer and cupping. Results and Conclusions This study shows that oriental medicine works for treating Idiopathic chronic hyperventilation. For more accurate studies, further studies are needed with more clinical cases.
Effect of Gamitonggyu-tang on Secretion of Airway Mucin and Contractility of Tracheal Smooth Muscle
Lee, Nam-Yeol ; Han, Jae-Kyung ; Kim, Yun-Hee ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 21, issue 3, 2007, Pages 109~124
Objectives In the present study, the author intended to investigate whether Gamitonggyu-tang (GTT) significantly affects (since the subject is GTT, you need an 's') in vivo and in vitro mucin secretion from airway epithelial cells. Methods In vivo experiment, mice's mucin which is on a hypersecretion of an airway, mice's tracheal goblet cells in hyperplasia and mice's intraepithelial mucosubstances were exposed with SO2 for 3 weeks. Effects of orally-administered GTT for 1 week on in vivo mucin secretion and hyperplasia of tracheal goblet cells were assessed by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and staining goblet cells with alcian blue. In vitro experiment, confluent hamster tracheal surface epithelial (HTSE) cells were metabolically radiolabeled with 3H-glucosamine for 24 hrs and chased for 30 min in the presence of GTT to figure out the effectiveness of 3H-mucin secretion. Total elution profiles of control spent media and treatment sample through Sepharose CL-4B column were analyzed.Possible cytotoxicities of each agent were assessed by measuring lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release. Also, the effect of GTT on contractility of isolated tracheal smooth muscle was investigated. Results (1) GTT inhibited hypersecretion of in vivo mucin. However, it did not affect the increase the number of goblet cells (2) GTT significantly increased mucin release from cultured HTSE cells, without significant cytotoxicity (3) GTT chiefly affected the 'mucin' secretion and did not affect the secretion of the other releasable glycoproteins with less molecular weight than mucin (4) GTT did not affect Ach-induced contraction of isolated tracheal smooth muscle.Conclusions This result suggests that GTT can increase mucin secretion during short-term treatment (in vitro) whereas it can inihibit hypersecretion of mucin during long-term treatment (in vivo). The author suggests that the effect GTT with their components should be further investigated and it is valuable to find from oriental medical prescriptions, novel agents which might regulate mucin secretion from airway epithelial cells.
Research on the Actual Conditions of the Outpatients who Visited the Pediatrics Department in
University Oriental Medicine Hospital between 2005 and 2006
Yoon, Kyung-Hee ; Koh, Duck-Jae ; Kim, Deog-Gon ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 21, issue 3, 2007, Pages 125~143
Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate health and life style of pediatric outpatients who visited the oriental hospital. Methods The study was composed of 363 students from elementary school, middle school and high school who visited the pediatrics department in
university oriental medicine hospital between 2005 and 2006. Results 1. The group wasconsisted with 56% of male and 44% of female student and for the age distribution, 7.4% were elementary school students, 55.6% were middle school students, and 36.9% were high school students. 2. Usually the eldest child tends to visit hosipital more than the younger ones. 3. More than a half of those students' parent had University education or beyond that. 4. There were more students who had below the level of the height-weight curve than in the higher level. 5. The average study hours of the students were 3.67 hours. An average sleep hours was 6.18 hours. An average exercise hour was 1.16 hours and an average time for watching TV was 1.71 hours. 6. Many students had hard time to concentrate on the studying for a long time. 7. For the question about the reason why they got the poor grade, they answered because of the lower concentration, and they didn't put much effort on the studying. The most they concern about was their grade. 8. Most of the students who visited the clinic said they did not feel refreshed when they woke up in the morning, and, many of them said that they don't feel okay. 9. More than an half of the students wear glasses. 10. More than an half of the students answered that they often catch a cold when the weather changes a lot. 11. A lot of them had some digestive problems. 12. As they getting older, they said they often feel back pain and shoulder pain. 13. Many students felt irritated and got mad easily. Many of them felt bored about their study and stressed out because of their tests and the university entrance exams. 14. Most of the female students answered that they have irregular period or cramps. 15. 21% of them usually skip breakfast. 16. Many students enjoyed snacks. Most of them enjoyed snacks after school. As they go into higher grade, they would like to eat at night especially cookies, bread and fruits. Conclusions Further studies with larger sample size of students will be neededfor accurate results, and it would be better if we can compare the conditions of the students before treatments and after those.
The Study on the Characteristics of Ryodoraku Score in the Children Who Visited Department of Pediatrics, Hospital of Oriental Medicine for Growth Treatment
Lee, Dong-Hyung ; Lee, Jin-Yong ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 21, issue 3, 2007, Pages 145~156
Objectives The object of this study is to investigate the characteristics of Ryodoraku score in the Children who visited Department of Pediatrics, Hospital of Oriental Medicinewith Growth treatment as a chief complaint. Methods Subjects were 58 children who visited Department of Pediatrics, Hospital of Oriental Medicine the first time with Growth treatment as a chief complaint. We measured the height and Ryodoraku score, and we also checked bone age from some of them. This study was designed to investigate the characteristics of Ryodoraku score in children with Growth treatment as a chief complaint. Results and Conclusions The results were follows 1. The average value of Ryodoraku score in 58 children was
. 2. The value of H1(肺), H5(三焦), H6(大腸), H2(心包), H3(心), F4(膀胱) and F5(膽) had significant statistical differences compared to its total average. 3. The value of F3(腎) had no relationship with Mid-Parental Height(MPH) percentile. 4. The value of F1(脾), F3(腎) and total average was classified by the height percentile values when children visitedand the difference between the predicted height percentile, and it resulted as there were no relationship between those two
The Realationships between Obesity and Life Style, Depression Trends in Middle School Students
Cho, Sung-Min ; Chang, Gyu-Tae ; Kim, Deog-Gon ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 21, issue 3, 2007, Pages 157~176
Objectives The relationships between adolescent depression and obesity, life style has been reported, but usually study results were not consistent with the study before. This study was designed to evaluate clear relationship between obesity and depressive trends, life styles in middle school students. Methods The study participants were the 1th, 2th grade students from one middle school in Kang dong Gu, Seoul(479 Students). The participants were measured their height and weight, and they were also surveyed by questionnaire. We diagnosed the students as depressives when they scored 10 points or above on Children's Depression Inventory(CDI) of Kovacs and Beck. Results The mean depression score in the obese group was significantly higher than that of the normal body weight group, and the more severely obese the group was, the higher the depression scores for this group were. The depression score of the boys obese group was higher than the girls obese group. The depression score was significantly higher in the obese group of people who hate to do exercising, like computer games and like watching TV instead, than in the group of people who like to do exercising and don't play computer games. Conclusions This study showed that depressive mood during adolescent was related to obesity and obesity-related lifestyles.
The Effects of Simultaneous Treatment with Supplementary Therapy and Treatment Interval for Improving Symptoms and Satisfaction Rate by Treating Child Rhinitis or Paranasal Sinusitis Patients
Lim, Young-Kwon ; Kim, Hyun-Kyung ; Hur, Kwang-Wook ; Jung, Ji-A ; Lee, Hun ; Yun, Cheol-Sang ; Kim, Ho-Cheol ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 21, issue 3, 2007, Pages 177~188
Objectives The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of simultaneous treatment with supplementary therapy and treatment interval for improving symptoms and satisfaction rate by treating child rhinitis or paranasal sinusitis patients. Methods 41 rhinitis or paranasal sinusitis patients who visited the clinic between April 2004 and April 2006 were involved for this study. The patients were classified into Group A(2 sessions per week, simultaneous supplementary therapy), Group B(1 session in 2 weeks, simultaneous supplementary therapy) and Group C(1 session in 2 weeks, no supplementary therapy). After the experiment, the improvement rates of symptoms and satisfaction rate were surveyed by the questionnaires. Supplementary therapies used in Group A and B were aroma spray, Saengbit-patch, cutaneous acupuncture, nebulizer and Chuna manipulation. Results From 41 of the rhinitis or paranasal sinusitis patients, the Group A(simultaneous treatment group, 2 sessions of intensive care per week with supplementary therapy) showed the remaining symptoms score of
in average. This score was the lowest comparing with the average of
in Group B(1 session in 2 weeks, simultaneous treatment group with supplementary therapy) and the average of
in Group C(1 session in 2 weeks, no supplementary therapy). Nose symptoms and sleep scores were significantly lower in Group A(p<0.01). The satisfaction score was the highest in Group B that had the most remaining symptoms and it had no significant relationship with the symptom improvement. Additional analysis showed that among many factors such as treatment interval, treatment method, cost, accessibility of the clinic, family history and satisfaction with the doctor; the satisfaction with their doctor was the most closely related to the satisfaction rate of the patients. Conclusions In this study with 41 of rhinitis or paranasal sinusitis patients, the 2 sessions of intensive care group showed the best results in improving symptoms. Supplementary treatments were also used simultaneously; aroma spray, cutaneous acupuncture, Saengbit-patch, Chuna manipulation and nebulizer. The questionnaires showed that the satisfaction rate of the patients(care taker) was not related to the symptom improvement. Additional analysis of the factors that influence the satisfaction rate showed that it was more closely related to the satisfaction with their doctors.
Recent Advance in Febrile Seizure
Han, Yun-Jeong ; Chang, Gyu-Tae ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 21, issue 3, 2007, Pages 189~203
Objectives The prognosis, recurrence rate and treatment of febrile seizure were studied through the research of recent western medicine and Chinese oriental medicine paper. Methods Recent western medicine paper of internal and external and chinese oriental medicine paper from 1999 to 2007 were investigated. Results and Conclusions The prognosis of febrile seizure was good in most cases, but children with febrile seizure who developed epilepsy range between 2 and 10%. The risk factors developed epilepsy including complex febrile seizure, focal and prolonged seizure, pre-existing neurodevelopmental abnormalities and recurrent febrile seizure. Recurrence rate of febrile seizure ranges between 30 and 50% was high. The risk factors can be predicted by their age at first febrile seizure happened, family medical history of febrile seizure and epilepsy, complex febrile seizure, and neurodevelopmental abnormalities. However, the most important factor of those is the age when they have first febrile seizure. Diazepam or Lorazepam was administrated for a child with prolonged seizure but only Diazepam was used for reducing recurrence of febrile seizurein febrile illness. However, there were some side effects such as lethargy, ataxia, and irritability. The study of chinese oriental medicine demonstrates that the acupuncture and venesection were used for seizure attack and reduced of recurrences and second attack. To reduce recurrence of febrile seizure, herbal medicine was also used for febrile illness or after seizure attack within a certain period of time, so reduce the recurrence, frequency of seizure and febrile illness. The most of herbs in prescription were used for removing heat and toxic meterials(淸熱解毒), extinguishing wind and to stopping the convulsion(熄風止痙)
Three Cases Report of Acute Bronchiolitis Children Treated by Eunkyosan-gamibang
Kim, Ha-Yan ; Ha, Su-Yun ; Song, In-Sun ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 21, issue 3, 2007, Pages 205~214
Objectives Acute Bronchiolitis is an acute lower respiratory disease that the most often seen in children. The purpose of this study is to report three cases of acute Bronchiolitis children treated by oriental medicine. Methods The subjects are children diagnosed as having an acute Bronchiolitis. We treated three children with herbal medicine(Eunkyosan-gamibang) Results After treatment, the symptoms(cough, dyspnea, wheezing) of Acute Bronchiolitis were relieved. Conclusion This study shows that oriental medicine can be an effective treatment for Acute Bronchiolitis. Further study is needed with more cases of treatment.
A Patient with Lower Limbs' Delayed Motor Development was Demonstrated Hang-ji : A Case Report
Lee, Yu-Gyoung ; Chae, Jung-Won ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 21, issue 3, 2007, Pages 215~221
Objectives This is the clinical report about 1 case of patient with delayed motor development in lower limbs. Methods The herb medication, acupuncture therapies were applied for treating delayed motor development from June 9 to November 20, 2007. Results After 5 months treatment, the patient's delayed motor development were improved by oriental medical therapy. Conclusions We report the good results of oriental medical therapy on a pediatric patient with delayed lower limbs motor development. For more accurate studies, further studies would be needed with more cases.