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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Association of Korean Oriental Pediatrics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Dec 2008
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Aug 2008
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Apr 2008
Selecting the target year
A Case of Ramsay Hunt Syndrome with Sinusitis
Park, Eun-Seong ; Lee, Jin-Young ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 22, issue 2, 2008, Pages 1~18
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to report a pediatric patient with Ramsay Hunt syndrome and sinusitis Methods : The patient was treated by acupuncture, electroacupuncture, moxa, herb medicine, vesiculation therapy, massage, cupping boil, and taping. We recorded his degree of progression by House-Brackmann scale and Yanagihara's scale. Results and Conclusions : His facial palsy had been improved from 4(Lt.)score to 20(Lt.)score based on Yanagihara's scale, but House-Brackmann scale had not been changed.
A Study on Relations between Obesity and Skeletal Maturity
Seo, Hui-Yeon ; Han, Jae-Kyung ; Kim, Yun-Hee ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 22, issue 2, 2008, Pages 19~35
Objectives : As obese children have been increased, the interest in the impact of obesity on growth also have been increased. This study is to examine relations between obesity and skeletal maturity by analyzing body compositions and bone age. Methods : Subjects were composed of 233 children from 6 years to 17 years of age, without any other diseases related to growth, who visited the department of pediatrics, OO oriental medicine hospital and measured their body composition (body mass index, body fat ratio, fitness score) and bone age. Results : 1. As body mass index was increased, the skeletal maturity significantly was also increased. 2. As the mean of bone maturity was increased, the BMI was increased from the underweight type to the normal type to the overweight type; the bone maturity was increased as the fat ratio was increased from the normal type to the obese type to the excessively obese type; and the bone maturity was higher in the weak, obese type than the normal type when classified according to the Fitness Score. 3. The bone maturity of the overweight group in the BMI classification and excessively obese group in the fat ratio classification significantly were increased. 4. Skeletal maturity significantly was increased in children who developed secondary sexual character. 5. The significance of obesity causing increase of the skeletal maturity was higher in boys than in girls. 6. Only in the case of children without development of secondary sexual character, obesity caused an significant increases in the skeletal maturity. Conclusions : Obesity could cause the increase of skeletal maturity, and the obesity could affect more to the boys than girls and more to the children than teenagers.
The Effects of Peucedani Radix on the Bleomycin-Induced Lung Fibrosis
Kim, Hyun-Ji ; Lee, Hai-Ja ; Park, Eun-Jung ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 22, issue 2, 2008, Pages 37~49
Objectives : Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is chronic fibrotic interstitial pneumonia and the pathogenesis is unknown. Peucedani Radix is well-known for the treatment of respiratory diseases and pulmonary hypertension. This study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Peucedani Radix on the bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis model (BLFM) in mouse. Methods : We induced lung fibrosis by intratracheal instillation of bleomycin in C57BL/6J. We compared two groups BLFM without Peucedani Radix (group I) and BLFM with Peucedani Radix (group II). We performed bronchoalveolar lavages (BAL) and obtained lung specimens from both group I and II on the 7th (A) and 21st (B) day, and also for the normal group. We compared with group I and II to find BAL by using ANOVA test and to find pathologic symptoms by using semiquantitative histological index (SHI). Results : In BAL, total cell counts, lymphocytes, and neutrophils was increased in both group I and II comparing with normal group. However, lymphocyte level was decreased more in group IIB than group IB. It was statistically significant. In microscopic findings, scores of SHI in normal group, group IB and IIB were 0.33, 4.47, and 1.96 each. Conclusions : Peucedani Radix might have inhibitory effect on lung fibrosis by reducing inflammatory cells in bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis model in mouse.
Oriental Medical Research about Internet Addiction by Study of the Weak Children Symptoms
Kim, Hyun-Ji ; Park, Eun-Jung ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 22, issue 2, 2008, Pages 51~67
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to research the internet addiction and the Weak children. Methods : Total 400 of 5th and 6th grade JeonJu Elementary student children consisted with 203 men, 197 women were chosen for this study. They answered questionnaires of the internet addiction and the Weak children on June 12th, 2008. Results : 75% were general internet user, latent danger user group was 14.7%, high danger user group was 10.3%. The mean of the general weak children was the highest and then the group of children who had Heart, the Lung, the Liver, the Spleen, the Kidney problems were followed. These showed the relationships with living styles, especially eating patterns and parents' concerns about children's internet use. The more serious internet addiction was, the more the weaker children symptoms were answered significantly. The heart weak children symptoms were found in latent-high danger internet user group. Conclusions : In conclusion, the physical and psychological symptoms of the internet addiction children were resulted by the disturbance of Qi and the pathological change of internal organs.
Measure of Bone Age through Greulich-Pyle Method, Tanner-Whitehouse Method and Ultrasound Transonic Velocity of Inferior Radiocarpal Joint
Lee, Dong-Hyung ; Lee, Jin-Yong ; Kim, Deog-Gon ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 22, issue 2, 2008, Pages 69~80
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation of 3 methods of bone age measurements. Methods : 102 children(49 boys, 53 girls) were involved in this study. We measured the height, weight and bone age based when they visited for the first time. We measured bone age using BoneAge of Sunlight Co.,Ltd. Two of the bone age measurement methods, Greulich-Pyle and Tanner-Whitehouse, were used to analyze the left dorsopalmar hand-wrist radiographs of 102 children who visited in Department of Pediatrics, O O University Oriental Hospital. This study was designed to investigate the correlation of the bone age between two methods. Results : The bone ages were related with age, height, weight and BMI according to this study(P<0.01). Each bone age assessment method had statistically significant correlation to each other(P<0.01). Conclusions : The ultrasound transonic velocity of inferior radiocarpal joint will become a sufficient diagnostic tool of bone age assessment if measurement error can be minimized by proper effort.
Effect of Jeseupwiryeongtang-gagam on Atopic Dermatitis-like Skin NC/Nga Mouse Induced by Dermatophagoides Farinae Crude Extract
Na, Dong-Gyu ; Han, Jae-Kyung ; Kim, Yun-Hee ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 22, issue 2, 2008, Pages 81~114
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Jeseupwiryeongtang-gagam(JWTG) on atopic dermatitis by in vivo experiment using NC/Nga atopic dermatitis mouse, which has histological and clinical similarities to the atopic dermatitis of human. Methods : To investigate the effect of JWTG on AD, we evaluated atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions by clinical skin index and analyzed immunological parameters in peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMCs), splenocytes, draining lymph node(DLN) and performed skin histology in ears and dorsal skin of atopic dermatitis-like skin NC/Nga mouse in vivo. Results and Conclusions : In vivo, clinical skin severity score were significantly lower in JWTG group than control group. IgE, IL-6,
, IgM, IgG2a and IgG2b levels in serum were decreased remarkably in JWTG group than control group and
production, secreted in Th1 cell were increased by JWTG. After experiment ended, we analyzed immunological cells (
) by flow cytometry. It resulted that total absolute number of
cells were recovered as normal and
were decreased significantly compared with control group in isolated DLN and PBMCs from NC/Nga mouse and total absolute number of
in dorsal skin of NC/Nga mouse were decreased by JWTG. We analyzed ear, DLN, and neck-back skin after biopsy and dyeing by hematoxyline/eosin(H&E) and toluidine staining (mast cells marker) and obtained results that JWTG were effective to histological symptoms (dermal and epidermal thickening, hyperkeratosis and inflammatory cell infiltration). Ear thickness was decreased significantly than the control group and the size of inflammatory lymphocytes cells(ILC) and plasma cells(PC) in DLN were also decreased.
A Case Report of Child Aphasia
Song, Hyun-Jee ; Han, Jae-Kyung ; Kim, Yun-Hee ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 22, issue 2, 2008, Pages 115~123
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to report a case showed some clinical improvement in treating child aphasia with oriental medicine. Methods : The patient had some problems in communication, intelligence and behaviors due to aphasia after brain injury caused by epilepsy. We treated the patient with herbal medicine(Yangsintangkamibang), acupuncture, verbal remediation and intelligence-learning treatment. We observed the clinical progress of aphasia and evaluated the case with PRES. Results : Oriental medical treatment alleviated patient's symptoms of aphasia and PRES was also improved. Conclusions : This study shows oriental medicine can be a meaningful treatment for child aphasia, and more studies for oriental medical treatment for child aphasia is needed.
A Study on the Growth, Quality of Sleep of Children with Chronic Rhinitis
Lee, Min-Jeong ; Chang, Gyu-Tae ; Han, Yun-Jeong ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 22, issue 2, 2008, Pages 125~139
Objectives : The study was designed to find out the relationships between rhinitis, quality of sleep, growth among children with chronic rhinitis. Methods : This research was performed in 50 children from November 2007 to May 2008. We measured height, weight, body mass index of those children and asked to answer to the questionnaires that consist of nasal symptoms, period of time with rhinitis, sleep symptoms, parent's height, present illness, and medical history. We also analyzed correlations with this factors obtained from questionnaires. Results : 1. In 50 subjects, there were significant correlations between nasal obstruction, the quality of sleep, and the between quality of sleep and growth. But, there were not significant correlations between nasal symptoms and growth. 2. In 24 preschool children, frequency of waking up during sleeping and the number of snorers were higher and quality of sleeping was worse than those in the children who were attending school. And there were significant correlations between quality of sleep and nasal obstruction. An average of RH-MPH(Recent Height-Mid-Parental Height) is
which means they aren't as tall as MPH(Mid-Parental Height). 3. In 26 school children, there were significant correlations between symptoms and period of rhinitis, quality of sleep and growth. Conclusions : Children with chronic rhinitis have low quality of sleep and low growth. But more studies are needed.
The Effects of Nelumbinis Rhizomatis Nodus on Blood Glucose and Serum Lipid Levels in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats
Lee, Yu-Gyoung ; Chai, Jung-Won ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 22, issue 2, 2008, Pages 141~153
Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the effects of Nelumbinis Rhizomatis Nodus(NRN) on production levels of Blood Glucose and Serum Lipid Levels. Methods : This study is about changes of blood glucose levels, body weights, levels of food and water uptake, levels of total cholesterol in the body, triglyceride, Creatinine, and BUN production by NRN extract. Results : Treatment with NRN regulated blood glucose levels effectively, but treatment with NRN did not affect body weights, food and water uptake. In addition, treating with NRN also lowered levels of total cholesterol, which is important for diabetes, and also lowered levels of triglyceride, too. Serum Creatinine levels were not affected, but serum BUN levels were lowered by treating with NRN, which were elevated in diabetes. Conclusions : These results demonstrate that NRN is effective to treat DM level and also has anti-hyperlipidemic effect.
A Clinical Study on Growth and Development of Children Based on Their Bone Age Measured by Hand's X-ray Image and Calcaneus's Ultrasonic Image
Yun, Hye-Jin ; Seo, Jung-Min ; Kang, Mi-Sun ; Baek, Jung-Han ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 22, issue 2, 2008, Pages 155~170
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to have better data and to make efficient clinical reviews about children's growth based on two methods; X-ray of hand, and ultrasound of calcaneus. Methods : The study was composed of 100 patients(50 of boys and 50 of girls) who visited in department of pediatrics, O O university oriental hospital considering growth and their development. Bone age was measured by the TW3 method's RUS score in simple X-ray image of hand and bone density through ultrasonic image of calcaneus. To predict children's estimated height, their parent's height, bone age, and present height's percentile was measured. Results and Conclusions : 1. The bone age results from X-ray image of hand and ultrasonic image of calcaneus were correlated. Younger children have older bone age from hand's X-ray than the one from calcaneus's ultrasound. Older children have older bone age from calcaneus's ultrasound than one from hand's X-ray. 2. Predicted adult height by bone age(BH) of hand's X-ray and BH of calcaneus's ultrasound were correlated, but predicted adult height by inheritance(IH) was not correlated with others. 3. Bone age and predicted adult height were correlated with age, height, weight, BMI, and especially with age and height. 4. Measuring bone age by X-ray image of hand and ultrasonic image of calcaneus was simple and effective way of estimating children's growth and development.
The Research on Necessity of Overtime Hospital Business Hours and Patient's Visiting Time Preferences
Kim, Cho-Young ; Chang, Gyu-Tae ; Han, Yun-Jeong ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 22, issue 2, 2008, Pages 171~186
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate necessity of overtime hospital business hours and patient's visiting time preferences. Methods : The study was composed of 117 children's protectors who visited the pediatrics department in Kyunghee university oriental medicine hospital between on April 14th and on July 4th in 2008. Results and Conclusions : 1. Question for asking the preference of weekdays regular consultation hours 27% of preschool children preferred time around 11 am to 12 pm, each 32% of school aged children preferred time around 3:30 to 4:30 pm, 4:30 to 5:30 pm. 2. Question for 'Have you ever experienced inconvenience for regular consultation hours' 41% of them said 'Yes', and 59% said 'No'. 3. School aged children more experienced inconvenience for regular consultation hours than preschool children, and more likely to come at overtime hospital business hours. 4. Question for 'If the hospital extends the business hours for holidays and weekdays and Saturdays, would you prefer to come at that time?' 88% of them answered 'Yes'. 5. Question for asking the preference time on weekdays, 35% of them preferred 6:30 to 7:00 p.m. 6. Question for asking the preference time on Saturdays, 44% of them preferred 1:30 to 2:30 p.m. 7. Question for 'Do you willing to pay extra charges if you visit in non office hours?' 66% were willing to pay, 24% of them said "no", 'the other opinion' is 10%.
A Study on the Literatures of Oriental Medicine Which Deals with the Treatment Principle on Myopia
Ha, Su-Yun ; Min, Sang-Yeon ; Kim, Jang-Hyun ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 22, issue 2, 2008, Pages 187~204
Objectives : Myopia is a disease which can be easily found in the child and it considers as a prevalent disease. This study has a reference of the literatures of oriental medicine on the myopia to investigate treatment principles of the myopia. Methods : This study is based on the literatures of oriental medicine. Results : According to the literatures of oriental medicine, there were two opposite opinions those could cause myopia. One was 'lack of Yinqi(陰氣)', the other was 'lack of Yangqi(陽氣)'. Originally many scholars thought that myopia was caused by laking of Yinqi(陰氣). The representative scholar was LiGao, and his work is Dongwonsunsangsihyobang(東垣先生試效方). But, some scholars insisted the opposite opinions, and the next generations accepted this opinion. The representative scholar was WangHaoGu(王好古), his work was Chasanangi(此事難知). Euihakgangmok(醫學綱目) published conversely the opinion of LiGao. Therefore, after ages appreciated that LiGao and WangHaoGu(王好古) insisted the same opinions-the cause of the myopia was lack of Yangqi(陽氣). So the most latest generation scholars knew that the cause of myopia was lack of Yangqi(陽氣). Conclusions : Historically many scholars insisted that myopia was caused by lack of 'Yangqi(陽氣)'. But that is the result of false transmission through the generation.
Clinical Investigation of Medical Treatment in Korean Oriental Pediatrics by Focusing on the University Oriental Medicine Hospital 5 Clinics
Hwang, Young-Jun ; Kim, Ki-Bong ; Min, Sang-Yeon ; Kim, Jang-Hyun ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 22, issue 2, 2008, Pages 205~215
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate the present medical treatment in Korean oriental pediatrics. Methods : We selected 24 hospitals attached to 11 colleges of oriental medicine those stand for oriental pediatrics. We sent questionnaires of medical treatment for investigation and analyzed 15 copies of those were answered. Results : The most popular treatment was medicinal therapy. Acupuncture with medicinal therapy was not used as much, but laser acupuncture was used five times more in rhinitis. The frequency of using moxibustion and cupping were less than acupuncture and moxibustion was used as indirectly. Aroma therapy was the third most frequent therapy after medicinal therapy and acupuncture therapy. Aroma therapy was mainly used as a vapor inhalation and massage. 16 of the answered that the most popular exercise therapy would be by providing exercise guidebook and 11 of them said writing exercise diary, and 5 of them said by using exercise machine in the hospital. Conclusions : The most popular oriental therapy in Korea was medicinal therapy and next following were aroma therapy and moxibustion, cupping which is one of the traditional therapies in Korean oriental medicine.
The Potential Adverse Effects of Night-eating Habit on Gastrointestinal Symptom and SUI-TAI Symptom in Healthy Children
Koh, Duck-Jae ; Lee, Jin-Yong ; Kim, Deog-Gon ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 22, issue 2, 2008, Pages 217~225
Objectives : Prevalence of night eating habit associated with substance use and obesity is increasing rapidly in children and adolescents. Further, staying up late and eating snacks late at night were known as leading health risk behaviors for children, suggesting the potential adverse effect of night-eating habit on children. However, only few reports had been issued on the effect of night-eating habit on gastrointestinal symptom and SUI-TAI(水滯) symptom of children. Therefore, we aimed to investigate clinical characteristics of children by night-eating symptom status. Methods : Parents were asked to give a detailed answer to a systemized medical history questionnaire concerning night-eating habit, gastrointestinal symptom and SUI-TAI symptom of their children. Medical records of 28 children treated in the Department of Pediatrics, Hospital of Oriental Medicine, were the subject of this study. Clinical characteristics of two groups of children who with no night-eating habit and frequent night-eating group(eating at night more than 3 times per week) were analysed. In addition, the correlation analysis between clinical characteristics were performed. Results : Children with frequent night-eating habit(n=7, more than 3 days of night-eating a week) were observed to have more aggravated gastrointestinal symptom and SUI-TAI symptom compared with those without night-eating habit(n=13). In parallel, the association of gastrointestinal symptom and SUI-TAI symptom was demonstrated(n=28). Conclusions : It is notable that deranged gastrointestinal function and aggravated SUI-TAI symptom were observed among children generally regarded as healthy. Therefore, endeavors to correct night-eating habit as well as to treat aggravated gastrointestinal and SUI-TAI symptoms are needed for the promotion of health of children.