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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Association of Korean Oriental Pediatrics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Dec 2010
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Aug 2010
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Apr 2010
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A Study on the Correlation of Fungiform Papillae (Taste Bud) and Eating Behavior of Children and Adolescents
Choi, Hyeon ; Bae, Sun-Jae ; Lee, Sang-Yong ; Lee, Eun-Hye ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~8
Objectives This study is to find out how fungiform papillae count, which represents the density of taste buds, is related to eating behavior of children and adolescents. Methods The authors measured fungiform papillae count, height, and weight of 50 healthy children aged from 2 to 15. To evaluate the severity of anorexia, parents of the subjects answered modified version of Korean Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (K-CEBQ). Children with weight of less than 50th percentile were assigned to low-weight group, while the others to high-weight group. Pearson's correlation test was conducted in order to evaluate the relationship between modified K-CEBQ score and fungiform papillae count. Results Low-weight children scored
, while high-weight children scored
. (p<0.05) on modified K-CEBQ Pearson's correlation coefficient between modified K-CEBQ score and fungiform papillae count was 0.503 (p<0.05) in low-weight group, 0.260 in high-weight group, and 0.339 (p<0.05) in total. However, there were no statistical significance in correlations between modified K-CEBQ score and percentile of weight, height, or BMI. Conclusions Severity of anorexia was correlated to the density of taste buds, especially in children who weighed less than average. The analysis on each single question indicated that children with high taste bud density had poor appetite not because of their inadequate digestive function, but because of their fastidious eating habit. Further study should be focused on finding out which specific aspect of appetite is related to the taste bud density.
Effects of SPDJTK(SoPungDoJeokTangKami) and Concurrent Administration of AJ (Atopy cream, Jawoongo) Plus SPDJTK on Atopic Dermatitis-like Skin Lesions in NC/Nga Mouse Induced by BMAC
Han, Dal-Soo ; Han, Jae-Kyung ; Kim, Yun-Hee ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 9~35
Objectives The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of SPDJTK(SoPungDoJeokTangKami) and concurrent administration of AJ(Atopy cream, Jawoongo)+SPDJTK on atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions by using in NC/Nga atopic dermatitis mouse induced by BMAC-induced mice. Methods Clinical skin score, hematology and Serum total IgE and IgG1 of NC/Nga atopic dermatitis mice were evaluated. Moreover, the cytokine level, total cell number, Immunohistochemical staining and Histological features of axillary lymph node(ALN), draining lymph node(DLN), peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMCs) and dorsal skin tissue were used in NC/Nga mice. Results Orally administrated SPDJTK with concurrent administration of SPDJTK and AJ decreased the clinical skin score, total cell number of WBC, eosinophils in blood, serum total IgE & IgG1, IL-5, IL-13, IFN-
. Also, total cell number of ALN and dorsal skin tissue, absolute cell number of CD4+, CD8+, CD3+CD69+, CD3+CCR3+, CCR3+, CD4+CXCR5+ in ALN, absolute cell number of CD3+CCR3+, CCR3+ in DLN, granulocytes in PBMCs, activation cell number of CD3+CD69+, CCR3+, total cell number of CD3+ T cell in dorsal skin tissue were significantly decreased. Furthermore, thickness of epidermis, infiltrated inflammatory immune cell and mast cell in dermis, amount of Eotaxin2 mRNA, CCR3 mRNA in dorsal skin tissue, gene expression of IL-5, IL-13 mRNA in ALN, CD4+ Th cell in dorsal skin tissue and CCR3+ eosinophils in ALN were all significantly decreased. However, total number of DLN, absolute number of CD3e+ T cell and CD19+ B cell, absolute number of CD4+, number of Th cell in DLN and gene expression of foxp3 mRNA were significantly increased significantly. Conclusions Concurrent administration of SPDJTK and AJ on atopic dermatitis in NC/Nga atopic dermatitis mouse was very effective treatment for atopic dermatitis.
A Study for Satisfaction and Expectation of Effect on the Growth of Children Treated with Herbal Medicine
Park, Eun-Seong ; Lee, Jin-Young ; Kim, Deog-Gon ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 36~45
Objectives The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of herbal medicine in children's growth and to report the children's expectation. Methods 171 children visited the department of Pediatrics, Kyung-Hee Oriental Medical Hospital from June 2009 to December 2009 were studied. They were treated more than 6 months and they visited our clinic more than 3 times. Every time when patients visited our hospital, their height, body weight and obesity degree was examined using DS-102(dszenix, Seoul). Also, height percentile of first and the last visit was measured, and those were compared by the Growth Statistics Curve made by the Korean Association of Pediatrics, 2007. Results and Conclusions The mean growth of total children increased by 4.42 percent; the increased percent for boys was 4.17 and that of girls was 5.00. Herbal medical treatment helped growth in children who took medicine for growth retardation problem. Plus, majority of parents who visited the department of Pediatrics, Oriental Medical Hospital satisfied with the service and their children's height. Although thinking genetic factor is important for their height, but they think that herbal medical treatment help the growth with changing eating habit.
One Case of Atopic Dematitis Treated by Horminis Placenta External Wet Therapy
Park, Eun-Seong ; Lee, Jin-Young ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 46~56
Objectives The purpose of this study is to report a Atopic dematitis patient treated by Horminis Placenta external wet therapy. Methods The patient was treated by acupuncture, herb medicine, especially Horminis Placenta external therapy. Kunz type, SCORAD index and Vas scale were used to measure the progression. Results and Conclusions We had evaluated the score during admission. SCORAD index include the extent, the intensity, pruritus, sleeping loss had increased from 52.88 score to 21.26 score. And the symptoms had improved with treatment.
A Case Report of Polyarticular Type Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis(JIA) Patient Ineffective Response to DMARDs and NSAIDs
Yoo, Chang-Kil ; Lee, Yun-Ju ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 57~64
Objectives This study is to examine case that has an significant result on treating Polyarticular Type Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis(JIA) the patient who did not response to DMARDs and NSAIDs with oriental medicine. JIA is the most common form of persistent arthritis in children before age 16. The symptoms of JIA is pain and edema of joints, fever, lethargy, reduced physical activity, and poor appetite. But the symptoms vary. Methods The patient felt pain and had limitation of mobility on his joints, but the DMARDs and NSAIDs were not effective. Therefore, he was treated with oriental medicine and withdrew from DMARDs and NSAIDs. The patient took DMARDs and NSAIDs from May 2007 to November 2008(He did not took DMARDs and NSAIDs from December 2007 to June 2008), and took oriental medicine from November 2008 until now. Results The patient's pain and limited mobility on his joints, edema, morning stiffness, fatigue was gone, and could maintain the condition. He doesn't have DMARDs or any other western medicine anymore. Conclusions This study shows that a Polyarticular Type Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis patient who had ineffective response to DMARDs and NSAIDs can reach to the clinical remission by oriental medicine treatment. His morning stiffness, fatigue, pain of joints, edema was gone and ESR was in normal range with Oriental medicine treatment.
Study on Prescription and Formation of SoAEuiBang and DongEuiBoGam
Kim, Cho-Young ; Chang, Gyu-Tae ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 65~76
Objectives In the later period of Choseon dynasty, korean pediatrics became a pivot part of medicine. SoAUiBang was the most important book in that era. DongEuiBoGam was the most widely read of all oriental medicine books and published in early days of the Choseon dynasty. Therefore, this comparative study on the prescription and formation of SoAUiBang and DongEuiBoGam could be a useful way to understand SoAUiBang's characteristics. Methods This study was based on SoAUiBang and DongEuiBoGam, two literatures of oriental medicine. Results 1. Formation of SoAUiBang had a similar aspect with that of DongEuiBoGam's and enlarged the area of pediatrics by featuring general medical books. However, its formation did not follow the DongEuiBoGam's, but had its unique formation. It tried to include all diseases of pediatrics in the system of DongEuiBoGam. Plus, smallpox and measles belonged to the epidemic diseases were excluded from the area of pediatrics. 2. Comparing SoAUiBang's prescription of some important diseases with DongEuiBoGam's, it was almost a prescription based on DongEuiBoGam's prescription. However, adjustment of herbs and dosages could not be found in any oriental medicine books including DongEuiBoGam. Conclusions SoAUiBang maintained the traditional Oriental medicine based on author's scholarly creativeness. In addition, it also inherited the lineage of medicine in Korea along with the pedigree of DongEuiBoGam. Therefore, SoAUiBang should be re-evaluated as a medicine book that opened a new field of pediatric and had great academic values.
The Relationship between life Style of Obesity Teenager and Mental Condition
Kim, Deog-Gon ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 77~92
Objectives The relationship between depression, obesity, life style of adolescents has been reported, but the results were not consistent. Thus this study was designed to find out the relationship. Methods The participants were the first and second grade middle school students. The participants were asked to measure their height and weight etc, and were asked to survey questionnaires. To diagnose the students' degree of depression, Children's Depression Inventory(CDI) by Kovas and Beck. Results The average depression score in the obese group was significantly higher than that of the normal body weight group. In addition, male obese group scored higher on CDI than the female obese group, and the obese group of participants who don't exercise, but like to play computer games and watch TV scored higher on CDI than the group who exercise and don't play computer games. Conclusions This study proved that depression in adolescent was closely related with obesity and obesity-related lifestyles. "The research was supported by the Kyung Hee University Research Fund in 2007"(KHU-20071638).
Experimental Study about the Pathway of Inflammatory Allergic Reaction of Cheonmaec-tang
Kim, Yong-Hyeon ; Lee, Seung-Yeon ; Kim, Won-Il ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 93~103
Objectives The purpose of this study was to examine the pathway of anti-allergic effects of Cheonmaec-tang (CMT). Methods We examined the cell viability,
-hexosaminidase release, pro-inflammatory cytokines secretion and mRNA expressions, nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-
) (p65) activation, inbibitor kappa B-alpha (
) degradation, and MAPKs activation in RBL-2H3 cells pre-treated by CMT of 2.0 mg/ml, 4.0 mg/ml separately. Results We observed that CMT reduced the secretion of
, IL-4 and the expression of COX-2 mRNA in RBL-2H3 cells. Furthermore, CMT inhibited the levels of activation of NF-
(p65) protein, ERK MAPK, and degradation of
in RBL-2H3 cells. Conclusions These results show that CMT has an anti-histamine effect and inhibitory effect of NF-
(p65) through regulation of
degradation. These suggest that CMT could be used as an anti-allergic medicine.
A Study on the Medical Records and Qian Yi(錢乙)'s Medical Thought in
Xiao Er Yao Zheng Zhi Jue
Hwang, Young Jun ; Min, Sang Yeon ; Kim, Jang Hyun ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 104~116
Objectives The Medical record consist of symptoms, the cause of a disease, diagnostic studies, medical treatment, prescription, and so on. Doctors can use medical records as data for diagnosis, treatment, and education. Therefore, medical records are beneficial. Methods Translating
Xiao Er Yao Zheng Zhi Jue
into modern Korean, and studying the medical records of Qian Yi(錢乙)'s Medical concept in
Xiao Er Yao Zheng Zhi Jue
were examined. Results Regarding the diagnosis of the pediatric diseases, Si Zhen He Can(四該合參), consider in the eye exam closely. In addition, he closely combined the concept of Wu Zang Bian Zheng(五藏辨證), and diagnosis the pediatric diseases. Wu Zang Bian Zheng(五藏辨證). what Qian-Yi(錢乙) established method was based on Zheng Ti Guan(整體觀) in Huang Di Nei Jing(黃帝內經). Qian-Yi(錢乙) took a close look on Chuang Zhen(瘡疹) which had been an inadequate field in those days. He criticized on the habitual misuse of medications. He treated Ji Jing(急驚) and Man Jing(慢驚) separately; Ji Jing(急驚) as Liang Xie(凉瀉) and Man Jing(慢驚) as Wen Bu(溫補). He proposed Zong Gan Zhu Feng and Xin Zhu Jing(縱肝主風, 心主驚) theory and formulated Jing Feng(驚風) theory as well. He emphasized the treatment to Gong Bu Shang Zheng, Bu Bu Zhi Xie, Xiao Bu Jian Shi(攻不傷正, 補不滯邪, 消補兼施) because he had a clear demonstration to Han Re Xu Shi(寒熱虛實) of the five viscera in the field of Fang yao(方藥). Conclusions Understanding
Xiao Er Yao Zheng Zhi Jue
and its medical records of Qian Yi(錢乙)'s medical concept had quintessential meaning to both modern pediatrician and oriental medical doctors of all medical fields in treating children.
Effect of Yukmijihwang-Tang Gamibang Aqua-acupuncture on the Recovery of Chondrocyte Phenotype
Choi, Won-Joo ; Min, Sang Yeon ; Kim, Jang Hyun ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 117~125
Objectives The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of chondrocyte re-differentiation in using ukmijihwang-Tang gamibang aqua-acupuncture. Methods In this study, chondrocytes were extracted from New Zealand white rabbit's knee joint, and cultured in monolayer after collagenase treatment. In the third passage, after the mRNA transcript of the type II collagen significantly reduced, diluted Yukmijihwang-Tang gamibang were added to cultured of chondrocyte, and its effect on the mRNA expression of type II collagen was quantitatively evaluated. Results As a result of treatment with Yukmijihwang-Tang gamibang in vitro for 48 hours, the mRNA expression of type II collagen was up-regulated. In addition, the result of H&E-staining in vivo indicated that chondrocyte-like tissues were formed in repairing injured cartilages after 12 weeks of treatment with Yukmijihwang-Tang gamibang. Conclusions These results indicated that Yukmijihwang-Tang gamibang was effective on the recovery of chondrocyte phenotype, and could be used for cartilage regeneration in arthritic diseases. However, more clinical study of Oriental medical treatment for this case might be also needed.
The Preliminary Study for Therapeutic Mechanism of Gami-Bojungikgitang and Gami-Jwagwieum for Pulmonary Fibrosis
Lee, Hai-Ja ; Shin, Gwon-Sung ; Ahn, Jae-Sun ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 126~133
Objectives In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic effects of Gami-Bojungikgitang and Gami-Jwagwieum for bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis in mice. Methods Extracted lyophilization, Gami-Bojungikgitang (96g) and Gami-Jwagwieum (118g) boiled, filtered, depressed, concentrated, and are obtained. They were divided into five groups: normal, group IA; Animal group treated with bleomycin observed on the 21th day, group IB; Animal group treated with bleomycin observed on the 42th day, group IIA; Animal group treated with bleomycin and Gami-Bojungikgitang. Gami-Jwagwieum observed on the 21th day, group IIB; Animal group treated with bleomycin and Gami-Bojungikgitang/Gami-Jwagwieum observed on the 42th day. Mice are used on the 42th day and as a result, bronchoalveolar lavages fluid is obtained. Counting total number of cells, different ratio of macrophage, lymphocyte, and neutrophil are established. Results In animal group treated with bleomycin and Gami-Bojungikgitang, total cell count decreased by 50% in 3 weeks compared to animal group with non-administrated Gami-Bojungikgitang. However, total cell count in 6 weeks increased compared to 3 weeks although total cell count still decreased compared to animal group with non-administrated Gami-Bojungikgitang. In the view of differential cell counts in bronchoalveolar lavages fluid in treatment group on 3 and 6 weeks, neutrophile was a few and lymphocyte decreased. In animal group treated with bleomycin and Gami-Jwagwieum, total cell count decreased by 50% in 3 and 6 weeks compared to animal group with non-administrated Gami-Jwagwieum. In the view of differential cell counts in bronchoalveolar lavages fluid in treatment group on 3 and 6 weeks, lymphocyte also decreased. Conclusions Gami-Bojungikgitang and especially Gami-Jwagwieum for bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis in mice were effective in total cell count and differential cell count.