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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Association of Korean Oriental Pediatrics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Dec 2010
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Aug 2010
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Apr 2010
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Clinical Questionnaire on the Five Retardation, Five Stiffness and Five Limpness
Park, Jae-Hyung ; Yun, Young-Ju ; Park, Jae-Hyun ; Paeck, Eun-Kyung ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 1~12
Objectives Taking detailed patient history helps earlier diagnosis and treatment of developmental disability. In this study we analyzed the clinical questionnaire to find out the clinical characteristics of those with five-retardation, five-limpness, or five-stiffness. Methods The data was collected from 484 children under the age of six who have visited H oriental medicine clinic for developmental delay. The clinical questionnaire was filled out by their parents and the data was analyzed statistically. Results 436 children showed symptoms of five-retardation, 90 children suffered from five-stiffness, 54 children showed five-limpness and 7 children suffered from five-stiffness and five-limpness complex. Generally, boys had higher chance to show disease symptoms than the girls (2.32:1) and 40 children (8.26%) reported family history of developmental disability. Cerebral palsy ranks the most common familial disease, followed by developmental delay, mental retardation, autistic disorder and language disorder. Among the children we have studied, 285 children (63.19%) showed delayed unassisted walk while 192 children (42.57%) had language disorder. Also, 138 children (28.51%) had both walk and language disorders. The children in this study also showed delayed toilet training and half of them had little stranger anxiety when they were infants. It was also found that 120 children (24.79%) experienced epilepsy. This study reaffirmed that low birth weight, premature birth, and suffocation are major risks causing neurological damage. Conclusions They had history which including family history, problems at birth, epilepsy, face recognition, muscle tone disorder, delayed walking without assistance, language ability, and toilet training.
A Survey on Understanding and Actual Condition of Breast-feeding of Woman at Oriental Medicine Hospital Postpartum Care Center
Jung, Ji-Ho ; Kim, Mi-Ki ; Park, Jin-Soo ; Shin, Kwon-Sung ; Park, Eun-Jung ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 13~21
at Jeonju Wonkwang University Oriental Medicine hospital postpartum care center. Results The majority of women(79.2%) had planned breast-feeding. However, only 32.1% of women currently have fed breast-feeding. 58% of mothers who did partial breast-feeding and breast-feeding currently have planned to breast-feed more than 7 months. The main reason of bottle-fed is concern of insufficient amount of breast milk(72.2%). Also the main reason of breast-feeding is good for baby's health(90%). The average score on the test of the understanding about the methods and advantages of breast-feeding was
out of total 18.49.1% of women thought that taking herbal medicine would affect baby during breast-feeding. Also 71.7% of women thought that herbal treatments (acupuncture, herbal medicine) would be helpful when the amount of breast milk is insufficient. Conclusions This survey has showed that in spite of full breast-feeding plan, the percentage of actual breast-feeding rate is low. Timely education is needed to increase breast-feeding rate. It is worth to consider herbal treatment to increase breast milk amount. In addition to that it is necessary to create a hospital environment in which mothers can easily begin breast-feeding as soon as possible after delivery. Moreover, beyond the medical field, political and social supports for breast-feeding are needed.
Two Cases Report of Epileptic Children Diagnosed as Sik-Gan(食癎)
Son, Mi-Ju ; Han, Jae-Kyung ; Kim, Yun-Hee ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 22~30
Objectives The purpose of this study is to report two cases of epileptic children who were diagnosed as Sik-Gan(食癎) and were treated by oriental medical treatment. Methods We diagnosed the patients as Sik-Gan(食癎) and treated them with herbal medicine, acupuncture, moxa and oriental physical therapy. We observed the improvement of patient's disease by checking seizure frequency and clinical progression of gastrointestinal symptoms. Results Oriental medical treatment reduced patients' the number of seizures, and improved gastrointestinal symptoms. Conclusions This study showed that the oriental medicine can be a meaningful treatment for epileptic children who were diagnosed as Sik-Gan(食癎), but more relevant studies on epileptic children diagnosed as Sik-Gan(食癎) are needed.
A Study on Characteristics of Obesity in Young Age and Comparison of Obesity in Adults in Cheon-an
Seo, Hui-Yeon ; Han, Jae-Kyung ; Kim, Yun-Hee ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 31~39
Objectives The recent prevalence rate of obesity in children is increasing, but so far the majority of ongoing research is focused on obesity in adults. Even comparison studies between obesity in adults and in children are insufficient at this stage. Thus, our research will investigate the characteristics of obesity in children based on the comparison with adults. Methods The blood levels including glucose, cholesterol, AST, ALT of obese children and obese adults were compared and analyzed. Results From comparison studies, the levels of glucose, cholesterol, ALT in adults were higher than in children. In order to take account the age differences, only the rate of abnormal levels based on the reference range were compared. As a result, the abnormal rate in blood cholesterol level was higher in children. Conclusions Childhood obesity may develop complications at early age and has high potential risk to result in adult obesity as well. Therefore, child obesity needs to be treated with more caution and careful attention.
The Study on Consumption of Health Supplements and Herbal Medicines by Elementary School Students in Gyeonggi-do
Kim, Mi-Ki ; Jung, Ji-Ho ; Shin, Kwon-Sung ; Lee, John Dong-Yeop ; Lee, Hai-Ja ; Park, Eun-Jung ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 40~48
Objectives The purpose of this study is to get the basic information about the actual amount of consumption of the Health supplements and Herbal Medicines. Also, we investigated the consumption differences according to the regions. Methods 500 questionnaires were handed out to parents of elementary students in O O, Gyeonggi-do province, and 331 questionnaires were collected and evaluated for this study. Results Among the 331 students, 58.4% were female, and 41.6% were male. The percentages of the subjects consuming health supplements and herbal medicines were 67.4% and 59.2% respectively. The maximum period of taking the health supplements were from 1 month to 6 month (49.5%), and the maximum period of taking the herbal medicine was within one month (55.6%). The total cost of the health supplements was less than 100,000won (43.7%), which was the most common while herbal medicine cost was between 100,000won and 200,000won (40.6%). The most common age of consuming the health supplements and herbal medicine for the first time was six to ten years old (47.3%); the case of herbal medicine was one to six years old (64.0%). Most of people purchased health supplements from pharmacy (48.0%), and purchased the herbal medicine from the oriental medical clinic (61.8%). Among those people who purchased health supplements, they bought nutritional supplements (82.8%), red ginseng or ginseng products (43.4%), plum extract products (10.9%), and chlorella products (6.8%). The reason for consuming health supplements was to be healthier even though there is no ongoing illness (47.1%), which was the most common reason. The reason for consuming herbal medicine was to cure weakness (39.3%). For the responses about effectiveness after taking medications, people thought herbal medicine seemed to be more effective compare to health supplements (72.3%, 63% respectively). Only 1.4% of the subjects consuming the health supplements showed adverse effects while herbal medicine showed 4.6%. The most common adverse effects were 'general reaction' caused by the health supplements and dermatologic problems caused by the herbal medications. Conclusions Among 331 subjects, the percentage of consuming the health supplements (67.4%) was higher than the Herbal Medicine (59.2%). The total consuming cost of the herbal medications was higher than general health supplements. Also, the maximum period of consuming the health supplements was longer than herbal medications. Therefore, it is shown that herbal medications have no price competitiveness compare to health supplements. The age of using the herbal medicine for the first time was younger than the health supplements. Even though many people can purchase both health supplements and herbal medication from pharmacies and local oriental medical clinic, it is also shown that some people thought that the health supplements should be purchased from oriental medical hospital (13.9%). The most commonly taken forms of the health supplement was nutrition-supplying products, and the second common health supplements were ginseng and red ginseng. The health supplements were commonly consumed for preventing illness and for maintaining healthy life rather than for cure diseases. On the other hand, the herbal medicine was more commonly consumed to be taller or to treat diseases. More than half of the entire people replied as 'satisfied' for their purchase. Some adverse effects and general reaction were common with the subjects consuming health supplements while dermatological adverse reaction was common with the subjects consuming herbal medications.
Factors Influencing Hypertension in Children and Adolescents
Jo, Min-Seo ; Han, Jae-Kyung ; Kim, Yun-Hee ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 49~58
Objectives This study was performed to investigate the effects of obesity, food, physical activity and stress on blood pressure changes for children and for adolescents. Methods The participants were the first and the fourth grade elementary school students and the first grade of middle school students. They were asked to measure the blood pressure, height, weight and were asked to complete questionnaires. Results The systolic and diastolic blood pressure of male was significantly higher than that of female and the prevalence of hypertension among the first and the fourth grade elementary school students and the first grade of middle school students were 15.6%, 13.6%, and 7.8%, respectively. Height, weight and body mass index (BMI) were highly correlated with the level of blood pressure. However, food, and physical activity, stress and depression were poorly correlated with the level of blood pressure. Conclusions This study proved that blood pressures in children and in adolescent were closely related with obesity, sex, and height.
Clinical Trial Study about Preventing Winter Diseases through Summer Prophylactic Treatment Using Acupoint Sticking
Sung, Hyun-Kyung ; Min, Sang-Yeon ; Kim, Jang-Hyun ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 59~74
Objectives The purpose of this study is to analyzing clinical trials of the current acupoint sticking treatment on Sambok* to prevent winter diseases through summer prophylactic treatment. Methods 33 Chinese clinical studies published in last fifteen years were selected for analysis. Results Acupoint sticking treatment on Sambok* is used in asthma, rhinitis, bronchitis. Commonly used herbs are Sinapis Semen(白芥子), Asari Herba Cum Radix(細辛), Euphorbiae Kansui Radix(甘遂), Corydalis Tuber(玄胡索), Moschi Moschus(麝香), Ephedrae Herba(麻黃), Cinnamomi Cortex Spissus(肉桂) and Commonly used acupoints are Feishu(肺兪), Kohwang(膏肓), Shinsu(腎兪), Pisu(脾兪). 33 studies showed that the effect of treatment in different age, symptom, acupoints, herbs, methods. However, it shows that acupoint sticking treatment on Sambok* is effective in various diseases, especially in respiratory disease. Conclusions This study shows that acupoint sticking treatment on Sambok* is effective in preventing many diseases. More clinical studies about acupoint sticking treatment and standardizations to evaluate effectiveness are needed to prove its efficacy clearly.
A Clinical Study on Characteristics of Pediatric Patients with Halitosis
Yoon, Hye-Joon ; Lee, Jin-Yong ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 75~87
Objectives Halitosis affects a large proportion of the population, and it may cause a significant social or psychological problems but pathophysiological mechanism of halitosis is unclear. The purpose of this study is to investigate pediatric halitosis patients' characteristics and their related symptoms. Methods 133 patients were participated at the Pediatric Clinic of Kyanhee Oriental Medical Center from May 29th, 2010 to July 10th, 2010. We measured sulfide level and reviewed medical charts and asked some questions. Patients of sex, age, respiratory symptoms, digestive symptoms, systemic symptoms and sulfide level were analyzed. Results Stuffy nose, cough after sleep, sputum, snoring, indigestion, stomachache, motion sickness, and Bi-We-Soo diagnosis grades were significantly associated with halitosis Conclusions Based on data, we found that halitosis is related to the respiratory and digestive symptoms. Also, we can refer this study when diagnosing patients or giving treatments to patients.
Effects of the Gagam-Bopyeyangyeongjeon on the Lung Weakness Children(肺系虛弱兒)
Gok, Su-Yeong ; Jung, Sun-Kyung ; Lyu, Sun-Ae ; Lee, Seung-Yeon ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 88~98
Objectives The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and prophylactic treatment effectiveness of Gagam-Bopyeyangyeongjeon(GGBYJ) on the Lung Weakness Children(肺系虛弱兒) who catch cold easily. Methods The study has been carried out from 27 children, who were treated with GGBYJ in Department of Pediatrics,
Oriental Medical Hospital from August to December in 2009. The study was completed through patient chart review and telephone survey. Results 1. Immediately after the treatment, there was significantly decreasing(p=0.005) on respiratory symptoms in the Lung Weakness Children(肺系虛弱兒) who catch cold easily. 2. After the treatment, when season changes (three months later), there were preventive and continuous effects on reducing morbidity and on decreasing degree of symptoms against new respiratory infections compared to the previous year before taking medicine. 3. GGBYJ improved the respiratory symptoms, and also anorexia, constipation, heights, skin and fatigue. Conclusions In conclusion, there were significant clinical and preventive effectiveness of GGBYJ for the Lung Weakness Children(肺系虛弱兒) who caught a cold easily. Further studies are needed with more clinical cases.
The Cut Off Values of Body Fat Percentage for Diagnose Obese among Selected Number of Preschool Children in Yangsan
Jeong, Min-Jeong ; Kim, Ki-Bong ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 99~111
Objectives The objectives of this study were to evaluate the correlations between the indices of obesity and percentage body fat by bioelectrical impedance analysis(BIA). Also, this study was designed to define the cut off values of percentage body fat by BIA which would represent BMI and degree of obesity in order to detect overweight and obesity in preschool children. Methods The height and weight of 683 children aged four to six years old were measured. Also, percentages of body fat were measured by BIA. Results There were high correlations between the boy's body fat percentages and degree of obesity(r=790). Also, there were high correlations between the girl's body fatpercentages and BMI(r=778). The cut off values of body fat percentage, which would correspond to those of BMI percentiles, were calculated by ROC curve analysis. To classify as an overweight, the correspondent cut off values of body fat percentage were 19.55% in boys and 22.35% in girls. For obesity, the cut off values were 28.80% in boys and 27.60% in girls. The cut off values of body fat percentage, which would correspond to degree of obesity were calculated by ROC curve analysis. To classify as an overweight, the correspondent cut off values of body fat percentage were 19.75% in boys and 22.35% in girls. For obesity, the cut off values were 29.05% in boys and 28.75% in girls. Conclusions According to the BMI criteria by the Korean pediatrics society in 2007, the most appropriate cut off values of body fat percentage in for four to six years old children were follows; for boys, 19.55% considered as overweight, and 28.80% as obese while for girls, 22.35% considered as overweight and 27.60% as obese. According to suggested degree of obesity criteria, the most appropriate cut off values of body fat percentage in for four to six old children were were follows; For boys, 19.75% was considered as overweight, and 29.05% as obesity. For girls, 22.35% was considered as overweight, and 28.75% as obese.
The Relationships between Allergy and Weakness in Children in Seong-Dong District
Park, You-Jin ; Yoon, Ji-Yeon ; Myoung, Sung-Min ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 112~125
Objectives The purpose of this study is to find the relationships between the allergy and weakness in children in Seong-Dong district. Methods 802 day care centers children were participated for survey on allergic disease, risk factors, and weakness. From the result, we analyzed the relationships between the aforementioned factors. Results 1. 802 children were participated for the survey. We eliminated survey answers with unclear answers, and selected 792 survey sheets as our final subject of study. The age of majority of subjects(720 children) were between one to six years old, and the others were under the age of one and over seven. 2. The prevalence rate of asthma in a lifetime was 6.69%, allergic rhinitis was 14.87%, atopic dermatitis was 28.82%, allergic conjunctivitis was 6.29%, food allergies was 9.58%, and drug allergies was 1.4%. In 2009, the prevalence rate of allergies during treatments is 6.69% for asthma, 13.41% for allergic rhinitis, 13.64% for atopic dermatitis, 4.13% for allergic conjunctivitis, 5.23% for food allergies, 0.96% for drug allergies. 3. The significant risk factors were types of dwelling, pet with fur, dirty environments without vacuum cleaners, the numbers of times bed covers were washed, frequency of air ventilation, changes in body after moving, family history. 4. The distribution of the number of children with weakness within the five visceras were respiratory weakness, digestive weakness, psychoneurologic weakness, neuromotor weakness, and urogenital weakness in the order of most to the least. More specifically, children who only has respiratory weakness were the majority, while children who have respiratory and digestive weaknesses, children who have respiratory, digestive, and psychoneurologic weaknesses, children who have respiratory and psychoneurologic were followed. 5. With the exception of children with urogenital weakness, Most of the children with respiratory weakness, digestive weakness, psychoneurologic weakness, and neuromotor weakness had been treated for allergies in 2009, while children who were diagnosed with allergic diseases at least once in their lifetime most likely had weak respiratory, digestive or psychoneurologic systems. Conclusions The results of this study showed that there was a correlation between children with weak viscera and children with allergic diseases. However, further research would be necessary.
The Antiallergic and Antioxidative Effects of Chaenomeles Sinensis (CS) in RBL 2H3 Cells
Lee, Seung-Yeon ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 126~136
Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the antiallergic and antioxidative effects of Chaenomeles Sinensis (CS). Methods CS pretreatments inhibited anti-DNP IgE in RBL-2H3 mast cells for an hour. we measured cell viability,
-hexosaminidase release, IL-4, TNF-
secretion, and IL-4, TNF-
mRNA expression CS pretreatments inhibited DNP-HSA(
) for ten minutes, we measured Dicholrodihydrofluorescein(DCF) and DPPH radical-scavenging activity in 0.5 mM 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrydrazyl(DPPH) radical solution, 0.1ml, 99% ethanol 0.8ml, and CS 0.1 ml mixed solution. Results 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 mg/ml CS treatments were not affect on cell viability and inhibited b-hexosaminidase release, IL-4, TNF-
secretion, CS treatments also decreased IL-4, TNF-
mRNA expression in RBL-2H3 cells. CS treatments inhibited reactive oxygen species(ROS) and DPPH radical-scavenging activity. Conclusions These results suggest that CS may be useful for the prevention or treatment of allergic disease.
The Latest Trends of Chiropractic Treatment on Pediatric Disease
Cho, Sung-Woo ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 137~146
Objectives We aimed reviewing studies related to the treatment of children by Chiropractic treatment. Methods We referred to PubMed by using searching keywords of chiropractic and the terms of pediatrics, such as child, children, juvenile, pediatric, infant. Twenty four papers were found. Results 1. We found twenty four papers about pediatric and chiropractic. 2. Chiropractic was used in various pediatric diseases and was shown to be effective. 3. There were several views on safety and effectiveness of pediatric chiropractic. Conclusions Applying of pediatric chiropractic was broad, and it was effectively cure for pediatric diseases.
A Study on the Growth, Skeletal Maturity of Chidren with Low Weight
Kim, Cho-Young ; Chang, Gyu-Tae ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 147~158
Objectives The study was designed to find out the relationships between low weight and growth, skeletal maturity among children by analyzing body composition and bone age. Methods Subjects were composed of 336 children from six years to seventeen years of age, without any other diseases related to growth, who visited the department of oriental pediatrics East West Neo Medical Center at Kyung Hee University and were measured their body composition and bone age. Results There were significant correlations between decreasing of RH-MPH(%) and low weight. 1. As obesity index decreased, the RH-MPH was also decreased. 2. The RH-MPH(%) of the low weight group according to the obesity index classification was significantly decreased than that of the normal weight group. 3. The skeletal maturity was more decreased in the low weight group. However, the differences between the two group was not significant. 4. The RH-MPH(%) was increased in children who developed secondary sexual character. Skeletal maturity was decreased in children who developed secondary sexual character. 5. The RH-MPH(%), and skeletal maturity was not significantly different between males and females. 6. Only in the case of children without development of secondary sexual character, low weight caused significant RH-MPH(%) decrease. Conclusions Low weight children might be smaller than what it supposed to be. Also, low weight could affect body development more to the children than to the teenager.
The Five Cases Report about Enuretic Children with Moxa Bucket Moxibustion on Gwanwon(CV4)
Kim, Jee-Young ; Lim, Hae-Won ; Kim, Ji-Hyon ; Kwon, Kang ; Kim, Jong-Hwa ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 159~168
Objectives This study to investigate the effect of oriental medical treatment including moxa bucket moxibustion on children with nocturnal enuresis. Methods We treated five cases of enuretic children with oriental medical treatment like moxa bucket moxibustion on Gwanwon(CV4) at every cases and acupuncture, TDP, herbal medicine at some cases. To investigate relapse, we followed up by telephone at least about 3 months after the end of the therapy. Results After the treatment, the number of enuresis before and after the treatment were compared. The number was decreased by 67% or more all cases. Conclusions According to the result, oriental medical treatment including moxa bucket moxibustion is considered to be effective on the nocturnal enuresis and further study is needed with more cases.