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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Association of Korean Oriental Pediatrics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Nov 2015
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Aug 2015
Volume 29, Issue 2 - May 2015
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
A Study on Sleep Habits of Weak Children Groups
Kim, Min Joo ; Lee, Sun Haeng ; Lee, Jin Yong ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 29, issue 4, 2015, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.7778/jpkm.2015.29.4.001
Objectives The purpose of this study is to research on sleep habits of weak children groups using objective evaluation tools. Methods This study surveyed 108 children and adolescents of 4~10 years old who visited the department of Pediatrics of
Korean Medicine Hospital from June 19th, 2015 to August 28th, 2015. Weak Children Questionnaire and CSHQ (The Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire) were used to research on sleep habits of children. We analyzed the data by using PASW Statistics 18.0 with independent t-test. Results CSHQ Score of Weak Children Group was significantly higher than CSHQ Score of Normal Children Group (p<0.05). CSHQ Score (
) of Normal Children Group was
and CSHQ Score (
) of Weak Children Group was
. Conclusions Weak Children Group had more sleep habit problems than Normal Children Group.
The Efficacy and Safety of Periocular Acupoint Stimulation on Myopia Progression in Children: A Study Protocol
Cha, Ho yeol ; Jung, A Ram ; Cheon, Jin Hong ; Choi, Jun Yong ; Kim, Ki Bong ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 29, issue 4, 2015, Pages 12~22
DOI : 10.7778/jpkm.2015.29.4.012
Objectives Myopia has a higher prevalence rate in eastern countries, which also have a higher rate of educational fever compared to western countries. Considering this, social costs paid for myopia will increase rapidly in Korea. Although the development of myopia treatment is necessary, there has been a lack of relevant studies. Thus, this study aims to produce data to prevent unnecessary treatments and medical expenses. Methods The objective is to evaluate the effect of periocular acupressure exerted by a medical massager for myopia. This is an open-label, prospective, single-arm, and pre and post superiority study. The subjects are 7~12-year-old myopia patients with under 5 D (diopter) of spherical equivalent. A total of 56 subjects were enrolled. The selected subjects will wear the massager for 15 minutes twice a day for 24 weeks. The primary endpoint is the refraction change. The secondary endpoint is the axial length change. Statistical analysis was performed at a significant level of 0.05, using a two-tailed test. The criterion for significantly improved refraction was
D/6 months and that of axial length change was 0.126 mm. Results and Conclusions This study did not include a control group because children represent a vulnerable group. This objective study will bring some impact on Korean medical myopia treatment. A long-term confirmatory clinical study may be necessary in future.
Preliminary Study for the Development of PBL (Problem Based Learning) Module and the Evaluation of PBL on the Korean Medical Pediatrics Class
Yu, Sun Ae ; Lee, Seung Yeon ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 29, issue 4, 2015, Pages 23~28
DOI : 10.7778/jpkm.2015.29.4.023
Objectives The purpose of this study is to examine the development of PBL Module and the possibility of the evaluation on the Korean medical Pediatrics class. Methods In this study, we examined the 32 case reports (four teams for three years) which were made by the Korean medicine school
year students, who attended the discussion class. The student read the given materials and identified the purpose of the subjects and selected the learning issues, investigated them. After then they discussed the subjects and made the reports. Results The learning issues by students were similar, the students worked to study them with research papers, books, internet materials and personal subjects. After class, the students showed the change of their thoughts and they could accept the other one. Conclusions This study suggests it is possible that the development of PBL Module and the evaluation on the Korean medical Pediatrics Class.
Review of Low Level Laser Therapy on The Growth of Epiphyseal Plate
Choi, Ji Won ; Jang, In Soo ; Jeong, Min Jeong ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 29, issue 4, 2015, Pages 29~38
DOI : 10.7778/jpkm.2015.29.4.029
Objectives We aimed to identify the effectiveness of photobiomodulation using low level laser therapy (LLLT), light emitting diode (LED) and others on the growth of the length of the growth plate by reviewing literatures. Methods We searched literatures using PubMed, Science Direct, CINAHL, Korea Traditional Knowledge Portal (KTKP), Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System (OASIS), China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database (CNKI), Japan Science and Technology Information Aggregator, Electronic (J STAGE), and Japan National Institute of Informatics Scholarly and Academic Information Navigator (CiNii) using the keywords "Growth plate" "Epiphyseal growth" "Epiphyseal plate" and "Laser", "light emitting diode (LED)", "near-infrared light", and "photobiomodulation". Search range included only original article which provided English abstract were selected. The search strategy contained no language limitation. Results A total 556 studies were found. Then, 551 were excluded by scanning titles and abstracts and finally 5 articles were selected. Five articles were RCTs using rodents. Two of the 5 articles used InGaAlP Laser (630-685 nm), and the other 3 articles used GaAlAs Laser (780, 820, and 870 nm) to investigated the effects of LLLT on the growth of the length of the epiphyseal cartilage and the number of chondrocytes and thickness of each zone of the epiphyseal cartilage. Two articles concluded that LLLT had a beneficial effect on the longitudinal growth of the growth plate. In growth of the epiphyseal plate, there were no significant differences in others. Conclusions It is might that LLLT influenced on the growth of epiphyseal plate by positive affect. However, further rigorous RCTs are warranted.
Therapeutic Effects of Sesamum Indicum Extracts on Atopic Dermatitis-Like Skin Lesions of NC/Nga Mouce
Kim, Yun Hee ; Lee, Hye Lim ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 29, issue 4, 2015, Pages 39~66
DOI : 10.7778/jpkm.2015.29.4.039
Objectives The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of Sesamum indicum extracted (SEI) on atopic dermatitis in an in-vitro and in-vivo experiment using a MC/9 murine mast cells and a NC/Nga mouse. Methods In-vitro experiment, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-13, TNF-
and GM-CSF mRNA expression were evaluated by Real-time PCR, IL-13, MIP-
production by ELISA and manifestations of NFAT-1, NFAT-2, c-jun, c-fos, NF-
p65 transcription factors by western blotting. In-vivo experiment, we measured WBC, Eosinophil, Neutrophil, and serum IL-5, IL-13 in NC/Nga atopic dermatitis mouse, IL-5, IL-13, IFN-
, IL-4 in the spleenocyte culture supernatant by ELISA, the absolute cell numbers of CD4+, CD8+, +Gr-1+CD11b, B220+CD23+ in the axillary lymph node (ALN), peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and dorsal skin tissue, IL-5, IL-13 by Real-time PCR, the distribution of tissue inflammation and cellular infiltration by H&E and toluidine blue. Results SEI decreased IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-13, GM-CSF, TNF-
mRNA expression, IL-13, MIP-
production and the expression of transcription factors including NFAT-1, c-jun, NF-
p65 in MC/9 murine mast cells. SEI orally administration decreased cell number of WBC, Eosinophil, the level of serum IgE, total cell number of ALN and dorsal skin tissue, absolute cell number of CD4+, CD8+, B220+CD23+ in the ALN. SEI orally administration also increased absolute cell number of CD8+/CD3+ and decreased Gr-1+/CD11b+ in PBMCs, decreased CD4+ in dorsal skin tissue, inhibited IL-5, IL-13 mRNA expression. Infiltration levels of inflammatory immune cells, mast cells and thickness of epidermis decreased in dorsal skin tissue. Conclusions SEI can regulate allergic inflammatory response suppressed the gene expression and production of cytokines that mediate allergic reactions, and will be able to be effectively utilized in the treatment of atopic dermatitis future.
Domestic and Foreign Research Trend on the Pediatric Chuna Treatment
Lee, Jin Hwa ; Han, Jae Kyung ; Kim, Yun Hee ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 29, issue 4, 2015, Pages 67~76
DOI : 10.7778/jpkm.2015.29.4.067
Objectives The purpose of this review is to investigate the domestic and foreign studies of pediatric Chuna treatment and propose the directions of future studies and clinical applications. Methods We searched for the study at RISS, KISS, DBPIA, Pubmed, CNKI by keywords, '추나', 'Osteopathic', 'Chiropractic', 'Manipulation', '推拿', '導引', '按摩', After 2010. Results 1. Selected 3 domestic studies were categorized as 1 survey study and 2 case reports. Selected 41 foreign studies from Pubmed were categorized as 15 systemic reviews, 8 survey studies, 12 case reports and 6 control studies. Selected 82 foreign studies from CNKI were categorized as 10 systemic reviews, 22 case reports and 50 control studies. 2. 2 clinical domestic studies researched on idiopathic Scoliosis. The foreign clinical studies from Pubmed are 18 cases, and those studies were categorized into Premature baby care (3), Infant colic (2), ADHD (2), Congenital talipes equinovarus (1), Somatic dysfuntion (1), Nonsynostotic occipital plagiocephaly (1), Conversion disorder (1), Lower back pain (1), Chronic bilateral dorsal foot pain and stiffness (1), plantar fasciitis (1), Migraine headaches (1), Cyclic vomiting syndrome (1), Acute otitis media (1) and Cerebral palsy (1). The other 72 foreign clinical studies were from CNKI, and they studied 39 different diseases. Systematically, they studied about digestive diseases (25), respiratory diseases (20), fever (6), musculoskeletal diseases (5), nervous system diseases (5), dermatology diseases (2) and other disease states. The Chuna treatment was used in variety of studies. 3. 2 clinical domestic studies adopted techniques of Osteopathy Chuna. The foreign clinical studies from Pubmed adopted techniques of Osteopathic manipulation (10) and Chiropractic manipulation (8). The other foreign clinical studies from CNKI adopted techniques of Acupressure (69), Abdominal manipulation (23), Spinal manipulation (21), Thoracic manipulation (11), Traction manipulation (2), Muscular manipulation (2), Squeezing Sha manipulation (1), Spine correction (1), Joint manipulation (1) and Fascia manipulation (1). Conclusions In addition to musculoskeletal disorders, variety of pediatric diseases could be treated with Chuna treatment instead of acupuncture.
Review of Clinical Studies on Korean Medicine and Complementary and Alternative Medicine Treatment for Allergic Rhinitis in the Korean Literature
Koo, Eun Jin ; Han, Jae Kyung ; Kim, Yun Hee ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 29, issue 4, 2015, Pages 77~89
DOI : 10.7778/jpkm.2015.29.4.077
Objectives The purpose of this study is to analyze Korean clinical studies in Korean medicine and complementary and alternative medicine for allergic rhinitis and to propose for better methods of clinical studies and effective treatments on allergic rhinitis. Methods Electronic researches were performed with NDSL, RISS, KISTI, KISS, OASIS by keyword 'Allergic rhinitis'. Results The treatments used in 36 studies were herbal medicines, acupuncture, pharmacopuncture, moxibustion, cupping, inject medicine to nasal cavity, aroma therapy, ointment, nasal cleansing solution, laser treatment, infra-red therapy, oxygen nebulizer, diet treatment, moxa-pellet treatment, mindfulness meditation and space-spine manipulation techniques. The most common acupoints were LI4 and LI20 (Large Intestine Meridian). The most common methods of assessment is subjective nasal symptoms. All studies using subjective nasal symptoms and quality of life as assessment methods to show valid results on the improvement of allergic rhinitis. Conclusions This study shows that Korean medicine and complementary and alternative medicine on allergic rhinitis are effective. It will be expected to use that various methods for allergic rhinitis and more clinical studies for allergic rhinitis and pediatric patients needed in the future.
The Clinical Study of Night Crying and Night Terror in Children after Traffic Accidents
Kang, Kyung Ha ; Lee, Sun Jung ; Park, Eun Jung ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 29, issue 4, 2015, Pages 90~96
DOI : 10.7778/jpkm.2015.29.4.090
Objectives The purpose of this study was to report 35 children who had sleep disorder like night crying or night terror after traffic accidents. Methods This clinical study had been carried out with 35 infants and children, who visited to the department of Pediatrics,
Oriental Medical Hospital from January 2012 to June 2015. Results The study group had similar sex the ratio between boys and girls and the group had more of 1-3 year-old children. The number of patients who were diagnosed as night crying were 24, night terror were 7 and palpitation due to alarm were 4. All patients took herb medicine and 15 patients were treated by acupuncture. During the treatment, symptom of night crying and terror were disappeared. Conclusions This result showed that the oriental medical treatment was effective in children who suffered from night crying or night terror after traffic accidents.
The Effects of Hataedock on 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene Induced Atopic Dermatitis Like Skin Lesion in NC/Nga Mice
Cha, Ho Yeol ; Ahn, Sang Hyun ; Jeong, A Ram ; Cheon, Jin Hong ; Park, Sun Young ; Kim, Ki Bong ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 29, issue 4, 2015, Pages 97~107
DOI : 10.7778/jpkm.2015.29.4.097
Objectives Hataedock is the treatment that dispels toxic heat and meconium gathered at the fetus for the new born baby by orally administered herbal extracts. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether Hataedock alleviate inflammatory skin damages in AD-induced NC/Nga mice through regulating of skin barrier maintain and Th2 differentiation. Methods We established an AD model in the 3-week-old NC/Nga mice through the repeated application of DNFB (dinitrochlorobenzene) on days 28, 35, 42 after Hataedock treatment which was orally administered. We identified the changes of skin barrier and Th2 differentiation through the histological and immunohistochemical changes of protein kinase C (PKC), interleukin (IL)-4, degranulated mast cell, Substance P and MMP-9. Results Our results suggested that Hataedock treatment significantly down-regulated levels of PKC by 82% (p < 0.001), as well as IL-4 by 56% (p < 0.001). Hataedock also suppressed mast cell infiltration, ear edema formation. and Substance P in the tissue of NC/Nga mice were decreased by 57% (p < 0.001), and MMP-9 by 55% (p < 0.001). Conclusions These results suggest that Hataedock alleviates AD through the down-regulation of PKC and Th2 cytokines, which are involved in the initial steps of AD development. Hataedock have potential application for the treatment of AD.
A Literature Study on Acupuncture for Spastic Cerebral Palsy
Yu, Sun Ae ; Cho, Sung Woo ; Lee, Seung Yeon ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 29, issue 4, 2015, Pages 108~118
DOI : 10.7778/jpkm.2015.29.4.108
Objectives The purpose of this study is to look into the methods of acupuncture for spastic cerebral palsy. Methods 27 cases of the clinical literature were selected from 43 studies about cerebral palsy and spastics. Theses literature were published between the January 2010 to September 2015 by using the China Academic Journal (CAJ) of China National Knoweldge Infrastructure (CNKI). Results Most studies mentioned the effect of acupuncture (scalp, general) or acupoint-injection, derma needle, warm acupoint. It was more effective with other herbal complex rehabilitation therapy such as acupuncture, physical therapy occupational therapy, rehabilitation, and the complex speech therapy than just the herbal therapy alone. Acupuncture of acupoint-injection has overall 86~96% of rehabilitation rate. The acupuncture was often used with the general acupuncture and scalp acupuncture. Commonly used major acupuncture points were sishencong (四神總), bohui (百會), yundongqu (運動區), and pinghengqu (平衡區), Li11, Li04, Gb39, St41. The main acupoint-injection points were fengchi (Gb21) and jiexi (St41). For the injection, brain actiator, astragalus injection, cerebroprotein hydrolysate, Vit B1, Vit B2 were commonly used. Conclusion Acupuncture and acupoint-injection have been shown as an effective treatment on spastic cerebral palsy. The acupuncture was used often with the general acupuncture and scalp acupuncture all together.
Recent Clinical Research on Effect of Acupuncture for Autism Spectrum Disorder
Lee, Ji Na ; Lee, Sun Haeng ; Lee, Jin Yong ;
The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine, volume 29, issue 4, 2015, Pages 119~126
DOI : 10.7778/jpkm.2015.29.4.119
Objectives The purpose of this study is to investigate recent clinical studies on effect of acupuncture for Autism Spectrum Disorder in other countries. We have analyzed the studies on effect of acupuncture for Autism Spectrum Disorder within randomized controlled trail (RCT) for 6years (from 2010 to 2015). Methods The search database includes Medline, Embase, Cochrane library and CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure). To narrow the search, the following key search terms were used: 'autism or ASD or Asperger's Syndrome or pervasive developmental disorder, acupuncture'. The search was limited to the publication date from 2010 to 2015. 7 control studies in Medlin, Embase, Cochrane library and 5 control studies in CNKI were selected for analysis. Results and Conclusions 1. The acupuncture and rehabiliation treatment is more effective than only acupuncture treatment. Especially, Retention of needling is helpful. 2. It is necessary to set up standard scale in assessment of ASD patients and serum arginine-vasopressin (AVP) can be substitution. 3. Head acupuncture and tongue acupuncture is effective for ASD.