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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
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Korean Geo-Environmental Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 7 - Dec 2009
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Oct 2009
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Aug 2009
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Jun 2009
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Apr 2009
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Feb 2009
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jan 2009
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A Numerical Study on Characteristics of Solute Transport in a Rough Single Fracture with Spatial Correlation Length and Effect of Effective Normal Stress
Jeong, Woo-Chang ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 10, issue 1, 2009, Pages 5~14
This study is to analyze numerically the spatial behaviors of the solute transport in a spatially correlated variable-aperture fracture under the effective normal stress conditions. Numerical results show that the solute transport in a fracture is strongly affected by the spatial correlation length of apertures and applied effective normal stress. According to increasing spatial correlation length, the mean residence time of solute is decreased and the tortuosity and Peclet number (is a dimensionless number relating the rate of advection of a flow to its rate of diffusion) is also decreased. These results mean that the geometry of the aperture distribution is favorable to the solute transport as the spatial correlation length is increased. However, according to the applied effective normal stress is increased, the mean residence time and tortuosity have a tendency to increase but the Peclet number is decreased. The main reason that the Peclet number is decreased, is that the solute is displaced by one or two channels with relatively higher local flow rate due to the increment of contact areas by increasing effective normal stress. Moreover, based on numerical results of the solute transport in this study, the exponential-type correlation formulae between the mean residence time and the effective normal stress are proposed.
Reclamation of Closed Non-Sanitary Landfills by Sorting Transfer Control
Kim, Dong-Oh ; Kim, Tae-Kyoung ; Kim, Mi-Hwa ; Kim, Moon-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 10, issue 1, 2009, Pages 15~23
The aim of this study was an evaluation of closed non-sanitary landfill's stabilization degree and a determination of its an optimal reclamation method. In order to evaluate the stabilization degree, physical compositions of landfill wastes in 21 closed non-sanitary landfills were analyzed. There were 4 major items such as cover soils, organics, combustibles and incombustibles. With respect to the results of physical compositions, it was determined that the waste in 9 sampling sites of closed non-sanitary landfills after 10years of the relief time was not fully stabilized. The closed non-sanitary landfills must be reclaimed as soon as possible. The main material in closed non-sanitary landfills was cover soils and the highest content was 89.96%. Otherwise, the contents in sanitary landfills was small and 9.89~11.12%. Therefore, it was evaluated that the recovered soil by sorting transfer treatment could be reused as on-site cover soils of the reclamating non-sanitary landfills and/or constructing materials.
Comparison of Shear Strength of Coarse Materials Measured in Large Direct Shear and Large Triaxial Shear Tests
Seo, Min-Woo ; Kim, Bum-Joo ; Ha, Ik-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 10, issue 1, 2009, Pages 25~34
Since the particle sizes of the coarse materials used in dam or harbor constructions are much larger than those of typical soils, it is desirable that large shear testing apparatuses are used when performing shear tests on the coarse materials to obtain as accurate results as possible. Two large-scale shear testing apparatuses, large direct shear testing apparatus and large triaxial shear testing apparatus, are commonly used. Currently in Korea, however, there have not been many cases in which shear tests were done using the large apparatus due to mainly difficulties in manufacturing, diffusing, and operating them. In present study, both large direct shear tests and large triaxial shear tests were performed on the coarse materials, which are used as dam fill materials, for 6 test cases in which particle sizes, specimen sizes, vertical pressure (confining pressure) conditions were little different, and then, the shear strength characteristics of the materials were compared with the two different shear tests. The test results showed that, by the Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion, overall the shear strength obtained by the large direct shear tests was larger than that by the large triaxial shear tests. Moreover, the shear strength under the normal stress of 1,000 kPa was about 10 to 70% larger for the large direct shear tests than for the large triaxial shear tests, revealing the larger differences in the coarse materials, compared to typical soils.
Case Study of Dynamic Amplification Characteristics of the Seismic Stations Using Observed Seismic Waves
Lee, Jun-Dae ; Kim, Jun-Kyoung ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 10, issue 1, 2009, Pages 35~41
It is necessary to consider the site amplification for estimating SSI (soil structure interaction) and seismic source with more confidence. The horizontal to vertical (H/V) ratio technique in spectral domain is one of several techniques to estimate empirical site transfer function. The technique, originally proposed by Nakamura (1989), is applied to analyze the surface waves in the microtremor records. However, the application of this technique has been widened to the shear wave energy of strong motions for estimating site amplification. The purpose of this paper is to estimate spectral ratio using observed data at the seismic stations distributed within Southern Korean Peninsula from the Fukuoka earthquake including 11 aftershocks. The results show that each station has the its own characteristics of the specific resonance, high-band, and low-band frequency. The characteristics of the resonance frequency is more important because the quality of the seismic records are dependent on the resonance frequency. The result can be used for the study of site classification and removal of the site amplification effects from observed records can give us more reliable seismic source parameters.
Characteristics of Nutrient Removal with Variation of the Anoxic-Oxic Phase Repetition in Sequencing Batch Reactor Process
Lee, Jae-Kune ; Yim, Soo-Bin ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 10, issue 1, 2009, Pages 43~48
This study was performed to investigate the characteristics of nutrient removal by Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) system, which could achieve high removal efficiencies of nitrogen and phosphorus and make it possible convenient management and operation. In this study, dissolved oxygen (DO), chemical oxygen demand (COD), nitrogen, and phosphorus in SBR system were examined by variation of anoxic-oxic phase repetition in order to optimize an operational method. The 1~4 times of anoxic-oxic phases (Run 1~4) were repeated during 1 cycle operation period. As the repetition frequency increased, it was more difficult to maintain DO condition enough for denitrification. The SBR system showed high COD removal efficiency more than 91% regardless of operational condition. About 68% of nitrogen removal rate was obtained in conditions of 2 or 3 times repetition of anoxic phases, in which NOx-N among discharged total nitrogen account for more than 99%. Approximately 40% of phosphorus was eliminated in the conditions of 1~3 times of anoxic phase repetition.
Development of Novel Method of Seismic Slope Stability Analysis
Yun, Se-Ung ; Park, Du-Hee ; Lee, Seung-Ho ; Hwang, Young-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 10, issue 1, 2009, Pages 49~54
The seismic slope stability is most often evaluated by the pseudo-static limit analysis, in which the earthquake loading is simplified as static inertial loads acting in horizontal and/or vertical directions. The transient loading is represented by constant acceleration via the pseudostatic coefficients. The result of a pseudostatic analysis is governed by the selection of the value of the pseudostatic coefficient. However, selection of the value is very difficult and often done in an ad hoc manner without a sound physical reasoning. In addition, the maximum acceleration is commonly estimated from the design guideline, which cannot accurately estimate the dynamic response of a slope. There is a need to perform a 2D dynamic analysis to properly define the dynamic response characteristics. This paper develops a new hybrid pseudostatic method that links the modified one-dimensional seismic site response analysis and the pseudostatic algorithm. The modified site response analysis adjusts the density of the layers to simulate the change in mass and weight of the layers of the slope with depth. Multiple analyses were performed at various locations within the slope to estimate the change in seismic response of the slope. The calculated peak acceleration profiles with depth from the developed procedure were compared to those by the two-dimensional analyses. Comparisons show that the two methods result in remarkable match. The calculated profiles are used to perform pseudostatic analysis. The results show that use of peak or a fraction of acceleration at the surface can seriously underestimate or overestimate the factor of safety, and that the proposed procedure significantly enhances the reliability of a standard procedure.
A Study on the Pattern of Tunnel Collapse in Weathered Rockmass
Kim, Nag-Young ; Park, Young-Ho ; Shim, Jae-Won ; Park, Yong-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 10, issue 1, 2009, Pages 55~61
Recently, highway tunnel construction has rapidly been increased due to the limited ground usage and geographical characteristic in Korea, i.e. Korea consists of 70% mountains. In this paper, it was analyzed tunnel collapse patterns in the weathered rockmass. Recent tunnel collapse pattern is quite different from that of past ten years. Tunnels in past years have been collapsed at shallow valley area because of shear strength decrease after heavy rain. Tunnels, which have been constructed recently, were collapsed at even the deeper ground position after primary support. Also in the case that proper reinforcement was not applied, it caused excessive crack at shotcrete and local collapse near tunnel face. In this paper, it was analysed the cause of the recent tunnel collapses and proper reinforcement for the collapsed tunnels.