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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 7 - Dec 2009
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Oct 2009
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Aug 2009
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Jun 2009
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Apr 2009
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Feb 2009
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jan 2009
Selecting the target year
An Experimental Study on Improvement of the Effect for Runoff Reducing Facilities Using Infiltration
Im, Jang-Hyuk ; Song, Jai-Woo ; Park, Young-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 10, issue 4, 2009, Pages 5~13
The runoff-reducing facilities using infiltration was considered for the sustainable and sound water management. However, for practical utilization, many problems are attended and therefore effort on improvements are required. In this study, methods of improvement for infiltration facilities proposed by Infiltration-Storage System (ISS) and the effect of runoff reduction were analyzed by hydraulic experimental study. In order to analyze the infiltration characteristics of proposed runoff reduction facilities in this study, it was applied to various rainfall condition and surface material considering development and urbanization influences. As a results of hydraulic model experiment, Infiltration-Storage System (ISS) made addition to effect of reduction by lower layer of accumulative infiltration quantities. And then as rainfall-intensity was increased, accumulative infiltration rates were increased in this study. Thus, Infiltration-Storage system (ISS) was more efficient than existing runoff reduction facilities because of increasing infiltration rate. Such a result was guaranteed application of ISS as runoff-reducing facilities. Therefore, ISS is expected to be capable for practical application if subsequent research for improvements are followed. Additionally, results of this study are expected to provide fundamental research data on infiltration facilities.
The Relationship Between Freezing Index and Frost Penetration Depths in Korea National Road
Kim, Young-Chin ; Hong, Seung-Seo ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 10, issue 4, 2009, Pages 15~24
Korea is known to have seasonal frost during winter and the effect of low temperatures and water may cause a weakening of pavements. For that reason, frost protection layers have been constructed in pavements to avoid damage caused by frost action. The practies established in USA and Japan have been adopted as anti-frost design methods in Korea. However, the characteristics of Korean soils are different. Additionally, there is no formulation of a reasonable equation for frost penetration depth and the criterion to identify potentially frost-susceptible soils in present pavement design manuals in Korea. Therefore, adequate pavement design procedures in seasonal frost areas, as well as construction and maintenance practices are required. In this paper, frost penetration depths along national roads in Korea were measured and analyzed over several years. The frost penetration depth was analyzed with respect to the provinces of Korea and sunny/ shaded areas. Additionally, measurement results were compared to the formula of the US Army Corps of Engineers and Ifukube in Japan.
A Study on Environmentally Friendly Soil Pavement Materials Using Weathered Soil and Inorganic Binder
Jung, Hyuk-Sang ; Jang, Cheol-Ho ; An, Byung-Jae ; Chun, Byung-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 10, issue 4, 2009, Pages 25~31
In this study, the problem of existing soil pavement is a long-term durability lack and crack occurrence. It complements in order to develop the environmental soil pavement material which composites readily blended mineral binder of liquid and decomposed granite soils. It was estimated optimal mixture proportion for unconfined compressive strength, permeability,
detection test, SEM test with age, freezing and thawing test. It resulted mixture proportion of powder types mineral binder for rates of cement : fly ash : plaster was optimal rates of 50 : 33 : 7, and
detection test as a result was a slight production. SEM test with 3days as a result was made Ettringite. It was found that this material was early development of early-strength for chemical. This study indicated that it will execute field appliciability Evaluation test, examination of soil pavement method with decomposed granite soils and mineral binder.
An Experimental Study for Estimation of Compression Settlement on Embankment Material Under Self-weight
Kwon, Jeong-Geun ; Noh, Il-Kwon ; Jung, Ju-Young ; Im, Jong-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 10, issue 4, 2009, Pages 33~40
In earthwork projects, the designer considers cut and fill balance for minimizing earthwork which may significantly decrease construction costs. Despite carrying out considerable earthwork design, the decrease in volume of earth occurs in construction sites because of embankment settlement under self-weight, consolidation settlement of soft ground, cavity filling and soil loss due to rainfall-runoff. To reflect the decrease in volume of earth, the specifications for road construction just give shrinkage factors in embankment for soils without consideration of embankment settlement under self-weight. In this study, the computational method is used to estimate the amount of embankment settlement under self-weight developed by Iseda (1972) and Ishii (1976). This research shows that the total compression settlements are between 3 to 10 percent of embankment height according to the property of embankment material and embankment height. As a result, the designer should consider the compression settlement on embankment material under selt-weight.
Behavior of Underground Flexible Pipe According to Ground Characteristics
Chang, Yong-Chai ; Kim, Yong-Hyu ; Lee, Seung-Eun ; Park, Ki-Chul ; No, Jin-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 10, issue 4, 2009, Pages 41~48
A flexible pipe was buried 10cm below the ground formed with standard sand to observe changes in the shape of the pipe according to the behavior of ground at each relative density. Changes in the shape of the pipe in each ground were observed to examine the behavior of the pipe under the state of reinforced ground after installing geogrid under the pipe. Ground reinforced using geogrid formed tensile force on the reinforcement material with increase in the vertical load and showed reduction in settlement under identical vertical load with existence of reinforcement. Distributions of ground deformation of 100% relative density and 70% relative density had clear difference. Reinforced ground with 70% density converged to the ground reaction of final settlement of non-reinforced ground with 100% density at final settlement of 100 mm. Because the shape of lower part strain of the buried pipe is similar to that of un-reinforced ground with relative density of 100%, reinforcement effect by geogrid in soft ground can be anticipated.
A Study on the Properties comparison of the PVC Net and Expanded Metal Using Rockfall Protection Net Pullout Test Equipment
Cheon, Seong-Yeol ; Lee, Seung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 10, issue 4, 2009, Pages 49~57
The governmental investment to SOC facilities currently has increasedthe construction of new roads and the consistent extension of already-existing roads or the line-shape revision of those roads. As a result, the road cut slopes have been increasingrapidly. Unfortunately, human-life damages and property damages frequently occur due to the rockfall and the landslide every year. To reduce those damages, many studies have been performed. The present regulation regarding rockfall protection facilities follows the "Guide for Installation and Management of Road Safety Facilities" issued by MLTM (the Ministry of Land, Transport, and Maritime Affairs) that indicates the standard size of facilities and energy absorbing efficiencies. Most domestic road slopes use standardized rockfall protection facilities based on the regulation. However, there have been doubted about the effectiveness of rockfall protection facilities and the damages caused by rockfalls havebeen increasedevery year. Thus, it seems that relevant studies are necessary on the rockfall protection net being capable of supporting rockfall energies. Accordingly, this study reviews previous literature to investigate the function and the feature of rockfall protection nets and analyzetheir limitations by each type. After that, by using the pullout test device for a rockfall protection net, an experiment on the PVC coating net and the expanded metal is performed under the exact same condition. Finally, the features of the Expended metal is explained with the comparison analysises of load-variation and the confirmation of damaged forms. As a result, there have been founded the problemsof net breaking down and not being able to support due to PVC coating net's material property of disintegration. On the other hand, the Expanded Metal might be expected as a substituteof rockfall protection net according to its capability of support and integration.
Characteristics on Electroosmosis Ground Improvement Using Nano-geosynthetics
Ahn, Kwang-Kuk ; Jeong, Ku-Sic ; Lee, Jun-Dae ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 10, issue 4, 2009, Pages 59~63
In this study, Nano-geosynthetics with electroosmosis method was used and tried to verify the possibility of usage for soft ground improvement. Electroosmosis tests were performed with increasing the voltage level and changing distance between electrodes. The electrokinetic cell was assembled and a Nano-geosynthetics was inserted into the plastic drain board. And electroosmosis was applied to the disturbed kaolin clay. In order to study the effects of ground improvement, ground settlement, water content, collected pore water and shear strength were compared and analyzed with non-applied kaolin clay. Also, the electroosmosis tests were performed with changing the distance between electrodes and the voltage size. As a results of changing the distance and voltage between electrodes, the more voltage size was increased, the more the settlement of ground, shear strength and collected pore water were increased. As the distance between electrodes were increased, the settlement of ground, shear strength, water content and collected pore water were decreased. Finally, Nano-geosynthetics as a material of electrode have the sufficient potential to improve soft ground.
Verification of Numerical Technique for Hydraulic Fracturing Stimulation - by Comparison with Analytical Solutions -
Sim, Young-Jong ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 10, issue 4, 2009, Pages 65~71
Hydraulic fracturing technology has been widely applied in the industry for the recovery of the natural resources such as gas, oil and geothermal heat from hot dry rock. During hydraulic fracturing stimulation, multiple cracks are created resulting in mechanical interaction between cracks. Such an interaction influences obtaining hydraulic fracturing key parameters (crack opening, length, and borehole net pressure). The boundary collocation method (BCM) has been proved to be very effective in considering mechanical interaction. However, for better confidence, it needs to be verified by comparison with analytical solutions such as stress intensity factors. In this paper, three cases, single fracture in remote uniaxial tension, single fracture in remote shear stress field and two arbitrary segments in an infinite plane loaded at infinity are considered. As a result, the BCM is proved to be valid technique to consider mechanical interaction between cracks and can be used to estimate the hydraulic fracturing parameters such as opening of the fracture, and so on.