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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
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Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 12 - Dec 2010
Volume 11, Issue 11 - Nov 2010
Volume 11, Issue 10 - Oct 2010
Volume 11, Issue 9 - Sep 2010
Volume 11, Issue 8 - Aug 2010
Volume 11, Issue 7 - Jul 2010
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Jun 2010
Volume 11, Issue 5 - May 2010
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Apr 2010
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Mar 2010
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Feb 2010
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
Analysis Model of Corrugated Steel Plates for Soil-Metal Box Culverts
Choi, Dong-Ho ; Lee, Jong-Sun ; Na, Ho-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 11, 2010, Pages 5~18
In this paper, a 3-dimensional stiffened plate model for soil-metal box structures is proposed. 3-dimensional stiffened plate model is enable to model corrugated steel plates of soil metal box culverts considering section modulus and section properties of longitudinal and horizontal direction from a corrugated steel plate. Loading conditions which causes maximum displacement and maximum moment according to the step construction stages(a back filling to the top of the plate, a back filling to the maximum depth of cover, and loading of live loads) was applied and the behaviors of the soil metal box culverts was analyzed. Analysis results of 3-dimensional stiffened model were compared with those of 2-dimensional model, 3-dimensional equivalent plate model and 3-dimensional corrugated plate model. As results, the behaviors of 2-dimensional model and 3 dimensional equivalent model are different from 3-dimensional corrugated plate model but the result of 3-dimensional stiffened model has good agreement with that of 3-dimensional corrugated plate model.
Numerical Analysis for Integrity Evaluation of River Bank
Jung, Hyuk-Sang ; Byun, Yoseph ; Chun, Byung-Sik ; Choi, Bong-Hyuck ; Kim, Jin-Man ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 11, 2010, Pages 19~26
An influence factors for soundness evaluation of river levee include consisting embankment in case piping, permeability coefficient of ground, height of embankment, the width of crest, material characteristics of embankment and foundation ground, shape of embankment slope, an influence for penetration of rainfall or river water in case slope stability. In this study, it was operated a feasibility investigation of existing design result, stability evaluation for permeability coefficient use and permeability coefficient change of foundation ground to investigate an influence in line with permeability coefficient change for result of river levee penetration analysis. The evaluation results of influence factors, the permeability coefficient was used in design and it was evaluated influence in safety factor of piping. After the evaluation of influence factors, the permeability coefficient used in the design appears with the fact that differs in a design report about same soil.
Physicochemical Effect on Ultra Thermophilic Aerobic Composting Process
Park, Se-Yong ; Yoo, Eui-Sang ; Chung, Dai-Hyuck ; Lee, Jin ; Kim, Moon-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 11, 2010, Pages 27~36
This study was conducted to evaluate physicochemical parameters; temperature, pH, C/N ratio, water content, organic contents and volume in a pilot-scale(capacity :
) ultra thermophilic aerobic composting. There were three types input: municipal wasted sludge, livestock manure and slurry, and food waste produced in Jung-Eb city. Each target material was carried out by the first fermentation(organic waste + seed culture) and the second one(organic waste + seed culture + recycle compost), respectively. During composting, only with supply of air and mixing, the temperature increased 90~
after every mixing in both periods. The changes of pH,
represented typical organic decomposition pattern by microorganisms. Also, all other physicochemical parameters of ultra thermophilic aerobic composting process showed similar or better performance than these of general aerobic composting. Heavy metal concentration of fermented compost adapted to compost fertilizer regulation standard in the heavy metal and hazardous analysis.
Characteristics for Horizontal Displacement of Temporary Earth Retaining Wall on Marine Sediments
Kim, Young-Hun ; Kim, Chan-Ki ; Choi, Sung-Yeol ; Chun, Byung-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 11, 2010, Pages 37~45
In this study, the value of numerical analysis was compared to the measured value of horizontal displacement during construction. And also, the value was reviewed by comparing with numbers calculated by SUNEX program and EXCAV program. When comparing to suggested values of the maximum horizontal displacement in clayey layer, the displacement caused by the IPS system is larger than one by the Strut girder type system. When comparing the result of SUNEX program to that of EXCAV program, the SUNEX program interprets larger value. It could be concluded the result of SUNEX program is closer to the suggested value, 0.5%H, in clayey layer. The result also shows that the internal friction angle(
) is the key factor of developing horizontal displacement rather than type of supporting systems or materials. That means small horizontal displacement occurs in sandy layer having large value of the internal friction angle, whereas vice versa in clayey layer having small value of the internal friction angle. Therefore, the result of EXCAV program is larger in sandy layer and vice versa in clayey layer. When comparing the measured result during construction to the value of 0.5%H , the measured result is 1.4 times greater than the value of 0.5%H. In contrast, the result of SUNEX program is only 78.1% of the value of 0.5%H and the one of EXCAV program is just 18.1% of that. This result shows the calculated value by SUNEX or EXCAV program is smaller than the observed value by measuring during construction. In result, more careful attention is needed to determine the behavior of the ground. To better analyze the behavior of the ground, more precise finite element method is required.
The Characteristics of Dynamic Behaviors for Geosynthetic-soil Interface Considering Chemical Influence Factors
Park, Inn-Joon ; Kwak, Chang-Won ; Kim, Jae-Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 11, 2010, Pages 47~54
Nowadays, geosynthetics for reinforcement and protection are widely applied to the waste landfill site. Current research indicates the potential for progressive failure in geosynthetic-soil system depends on the interface shear strength governed by several intrinsic factors such as moisture, normal stress, chemical, etc. In particular, the effect of the acidity and basicity from the leachate is intensively reviewed to assess the chemical reaction mechanism of interface shear strength under the cyclic loading condition. New multi-purpose interface apparatus(M-PIA) has been manufactured and the cyclic direct shear tests using submerged geosynthetics and soils under the different chemical conditions have been performed, consequently, the thickness of interface and shear stress degradation are verified. The basic schematic of the Disturbed State Concept(DSC) is employed to estimate the shear stress degradation in the interface, then, normalized disturbed function is obtained and analyzed to describe the shear stress degradation of geosynthetic-soil interface with chemical influence factors under dynamic condition.
Effect of Residual Shear Strain on the Relationship between Volumetric Strain and Effective Stress after Liquefaction
Kwon, Young-Cheul ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 11, 2010, Pages 55~62
The settlements by liquefaction seldom occur uniformly because of soil homogeneity, however differential settlements are major cause of the damages to structures. From the past researches, author paid attention to the fact that stress history during undrained cyclic shear process affects greatly on the volumetric strains of the post-liquefaction. Therefore, the effect of the residual shear strain in cyclic shear process was examined in this study. The experiment apparatus based on strain control with volumetric strain control device was used for the study to investigate the effect of the residual strain on the relationship between volumetric strain and effective stress of clean and granite sandy soil. It could be seen an insignificant difference in the volumetric strain after liquefaction under various residual shear strain conditions in the case of clean sand. On the other hand, in granite sandy soil, the volumetric strain after liquefaction was small when the lower level of the residual shear strain was applied. And, the residual shear strain during cyclic shear affected the shape of the relation curve between effective stress and volumetric strain as well.
Applicability Test of Various Stabilizers for Heavy Metals Contaminated Soil from Smelter Area
Jeon, Jon-Won ; Bae, Bum-Han ; Kim, Young-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 11, 2010, Pages 63~75
There are several remediation technologies for heavy metal contaminated soils but increasing cost limits the application of the technology if the contaminated area is large. Therefore, stabilization, which blocks the release of heavy metals or makes slow the release, is one of the applicable technology for the heavy metal contaminated soil. Current study is an applicability test for a smelter area with various stabilizer such as magnetite, hematite, zeolite-A, zeolite-X, zeolite-Y, zinc oxide, calcium oxide, carbon trioxide, manganese oxide, manganese dioxide, fish bone, sodium phosphate. The soil contaminated with arsenic, lead, copper, nickel, and zinc could not be stabilized only one stabilizer which is known to have stability for certain metal. Many of the stabilizer works for a few metal but not all of the heavy metal. In several cases, stabilizers increase the release of the other metals while they stabilize some metals. In general, the stabilizing efficiency was increased with time. For Ni, Pb, calcium oxide, carbon trioxide, manganese oxide had good stabilizing effect in water extractable portion. For Cu, manganese oxide, zeolite showed good results especially in the exchangeable portion of the sequential extraction. For As, magnetite had good ability but most of the metal oxide which showed good result for other heavy metals increased with the release of As. Current study suggest that multiple stabilizers are needed for the contaminated soil and dose of the stabilizer and stabilizing time should be carefully considered for the soil contaminated with various metals.
Curing Characteristics of Controlled Low Strength Material Made with Coal Ashes
Kim, Ju-Hyong ; Cho, Sam-Deok ; Kong, Jin-Young ; Jung, Hyuk-Sang ; Chun, Byung-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 11, 2010, Pages 77~85
Unconfined compressive strength tests were performed to evaluate curing characteristics of controlled low strength material(CLSM) made with coal ashes. It is found that unconfined compressive strength normalized by curing times, increases as decreasing the water contents of CLSM particularly during first three days. Dynamic cone penetrometer tests were also carried out to evaluate cost-effective CLSM lump strength characteristics with time. It takes around 10 days to reach target strength, 500kPa (penetration rate, 20mm/blow). Curing rate significantly decreases after 10 days elapsed regardless of CLSM formulation.