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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 12 - Dec 2010
Volume 11, Issue 11 - Nov 2010
Volume 11, Issue 10 - Oct 2010
Volume 11, Issue 9 - Sep 2010
Volume 11, Issue 8 - Aug 2010
Volume 11, Issue 7 - Jul 2010
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Jun 2010
Volume 11, Issue 5 - May 2010
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Apr 2010
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Mar 2010
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Feb 2010
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
Trends of Groundwater Quality in the Areas with a High Possibility of Pollution
Kim, Gyoo-Bum ; Choi, Doo-Houng ; Yoon, Pil-Sun ; Kim, Ki-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 3, 2010, Pages 5~16
Groundwater quality monitoring wells, which is over 2,000 in South Korea, were managed to observe groundwater quality since the early 1990s. Groundwater was sampled and analyzed biannually from 781 monitoring wells located in the areas with a high possibility of pollution. The average concentrations of cyanide, mercury, phenols, hexavalent chromium, trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylen, and 1.1.1-trichloroethane for 12 years' data of detected cases were above the groundwater quality standard, but the average concentrations of the general quality items such as pH, electric conductivity, nitrate-nitrogen, and chloride, are below the standard. To compare a quality trend for each land-use type of the monitoring site, Sen's method is used for four quality items; chloride, nitrate-nitrogen, pH, and electric conductivity. The upward trend for these items is remarkable in urbideareas and industrial complexes and this trend continues still strongly after 2001. The deviation in a trend slopes of monitoring wells becomes bigger in the mid-2000s. In conclusion, trend analysis using existing monitoring data cidebe effective to forecast the future water quality condition and the solid action to protect groundwater quality should be done in advance using a result of trend analysis.
The Load Distribution Characteristics of Pile Group under Lateral Loading
Ahn, Byung-Chul ; Oh, Se-Wook ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 3, 2010, Pages 17~22
This paper analyzed the characteristics of p-multiplier and the load distribution of H-pile group installed in weathered soil under horizontal loading. The results of this study conducted in pile arrangement (2
3), the pile center to center spacing (2D, 4D, 6D), and soil density (relative density: 40%, 80%) were drawn as follows. As to the average horizontal loading applied to each pile in pile groups, the fewer number of piles was, the larger average horizontal resistance became. As the result of analysis on p-y curves of single piles and pile groups according to the pile distance and the soil density, as the pile spacing was increased from 2D to 6D, the interaction coefficients of pile group showed 0.85~0.94 (piles in the front row), 0.57~0.79 (piles in the middle row), and 0.60~0.71 (piles in the rear row) in the loose ground and showed 0.76~0.82 (piles in the front row), 0.58~0.73 (piles in the middle row), and 0.53~0.70 (piles in the rear row) in the dense ground. As above, the wider pile distance was, the larger interaction coefficient value was shown among piles. In addition, piles in the front row showed bigger interaction coefficients than that of piles in the middle and back row.
A Study on the Improvement Mechanical Properties of Geosynthetic Interface
Nam, Yong ; Kim, Gwang-Ho ; Kwon, Jeong-Geun ; Im, Jong-Chul ; Seo, Jeo-Chan ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 3, 2010, Pages 23~32
In this study, Generally sandbag was used to reinforce slope or restore levee by using the in-situ material. To increase shear strength of sandbag, the Velcro system was effective for geosynthetic interface and make up for the weakness of shear strength between sandbag to sandbag. In this study, shear properties of geosynthetic-geosynthetic and geosynthetic-soil were evaluated from large scale direct shear tests. The cohesion and the angle of internal friction of each interface was evaluated. And laboratory model tests were performed to compare strength of reinforcement with strength of none reinforcement. As a result of this study, the cohesion and the angle of internal friction of each interface was increased, especially the cohesion was increased more than the angle of internal friction. Also according to the result of model test, the bearing capacity was increased by 20%.
Characteristics on Shear Strength and Clogging Phenomenon of Bottom Ash and Rammed Aggregate Mixture Compaction Pile
Lee, Dong-Yeup ; Kang, Hyong-Nam ; Chun, Byung-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 3, 2010, Pages 33~41
The rammed aggregate compaction pile method is widely used as soft ground improvement method because of the installed piles improve not only overall composite capacity but also discharge capacity. But the discharge capacity is declined when the clogging is generated due to the clay penetration into voids of rammed aggregate compaction pile with the time elapsed. The purpose of this study is to reduce the clogging problem occurred in rammed aggregate compaction pile constructed in the soft ground and to minimize voids of rammed aggregate compaction pile. The proper mixing ratio was determined which is based on the results of the large scale direct shear tests conducted to get strength and permeability as optimum mixing ratio of crushed stone and bottom ash. The test results indicated that the highest internal friction angle was obtained at 80:20 mixing ratio of crushed stone and bottom ash. The internal friction angle was declined when the mixing ratio of the bottom ash increased over 20%. The results of the clogging tests, presented that the mixture of 80:20 crushed stone and bottom ash is highest effective of clogging than ratio of pure crushed stone.
A Study on Undrained Shear Strength Characteristic of Pusan Clay
Ryu, Woong-Ryul ; Byun, Yoseph ; Chun, Byung-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 3, 2010, Pages 43~51
In the downstream areas of the Nakdong river, Pusan clays are commonly found and thickness may reach to maximum of 100m. From geological point of view, Pusan clay are characterized as holocene clays, deposited for approximately 20,000 years ago. Recently, there have been many construction projects based on these soft ground areas. It is needed to know clearly soil properties of the areas for design and safety analysis, especially undrained shear strength of soft clays. However, Pusan clay have not been studied systematically because the clay layers are usually very deep, having high sensitivity characteristic. In this study, undisturbed UD samples obtained from the downstream areas of the Nakdong river were researched using laboratory tests (CthUE, CKcUC, CIUC, UU and UC) and in-situ tests (Field Vane, CPTu). The undrained shear strength characteristics of the samples were depicted using stress-strain relationship.
Characteristics of Soil-Nailing Applied to Extension-Grouting Method
Lee, Hyoung-Kyu ; Lee, In ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 3, 2010, Pages 53~62
In the early 1990s, it was first introduced the soil nailing method for the slope stability and ground excavation and widely used as method of reinforcement. Also the application of soil nailing has been improved and developed. Most recently used for grout soil nailing greatly improve the methods and techniques for self-improvement techniques are classified as soil nailing. As the representative for the grout pressure method to improve the join method pressure grouting and improved method for the self-drilled soil nailing, removable soil nailing, extension grout method. Three dimensional finite difference analysis was used to evaluate characteristics of pull-out behavior of extension grout method. In this paper, it was described a characteristics of pull-out behavior of soil nailing with extension grout method through the result of numerical method.
A Study on Estimation of Amount of Debris-Flow using Terrestrial LiDAR
Jun, Kye-Won ; Jun, Byong-Hee ; Ahn, Kwang-Kuk ; Jang, Chang-Deok ; Kim, Nam-Gyun ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 3, 2010, Pages 63~68
The purpose of this paper is estimating of the amount of debris flow in hazard area using terrestrial LiDAR surveying data. Jecheon area was selected for this study. Then, the surveyed LiDAR information of DEM and 1:5000 digital map of DEM have been compared with each other and the amount of debris flow has been estimated. The result of this study was shown that the amount of erosion was 24,150
and deposition was 14,296
. Well shape of channelized debris flow, hillslope debris and deposition at the bending reach of a channel can be found in the area. This study on estimation of the amount of debris flow was expected to provide more informations for debris flow of disaster mitigation and simulation work.