Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 12 - Dec 2010
Volume 11, Issue 11 - Nov 2010
Volume 11, Issue 10 - Oct 2010
Volume 11, Issue 9 - Sep 2010
Volume 11, Issue 8 - Aug 2010
Volume 11, Issue 7 - Jul 2010
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Jun 2010
Volume 11, Issue 5 - May 2010
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Apr 2010
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Mar 2010
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Feb 2010
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of Accuracy of Modified Equivalent Linear Method
Jeong, Chang-Gyun ; Kwak, Dong-Yeop ; Park, Du-Hee ; Kim, Kwang-Kyun ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 6, 2010, Pages 5~20
One-dimensional equivalent linear site response analysis is widely used in practice due to its simplicity, requiring only few input parameters, and low computational cost. The main limitation of the procedure is that it is essentially a linear method, in which the time dependent change in the soil properties cannot be modeled and constant values of shear modulus and damping is used throughout the duration of the analysis. Various forms of modified equivalent linear analyses have been developed to enhance the accuracy of the equivalent linear method by incorporating the dependence of the shear strain with the loading frequency. The methods are identical in that it uses the shear strain Fourier spectrum as the backbone of the analysis, but differ in the method in which the strain Fourier spectrum is smoothed. This study used two domestically measured soil profiles to perform a series of nonlinear, equivalent linear, and modified equivalent linear site response analyses to verify the accuracy of two modified procedures. The results of the analyses indicate that the modified equivalent linear analysis can highly overestimate the amplification of the high frequency components of the ground motion. The degree of overestimation is dependent on the characteristics of the input ground motion. Use of a motion rich in high frequency contents can result in unrealistic response.
Behavior Analysis of Noise & Vibration-Free Screw Concrete Piles by Means of Numerical Analysis
Kim, Young-Pil ; Choi, Yong-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 6, 2010, Pages 21~29
In this study, a new noise & vibration-free screw concrete pile method that was expected environmentally friendly method was introduced, also the numerical analyses of a conventional PHC pile and a new screw concrete pile were done. As a result, the bearing capacity behavior and the settlement behavior of 2 kinds of concrete pile were analyzed and compared.
Evaluation of Hybrid Thermal Oxidation(HTO) System for Removal of MEK(Methyl ethyl ketone) and Toluene
Jang, Du-Hun ; Bae, Woo-Keun ; Kim, Moon-Il ; Kim, Kyung-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 6, 2010, Pages 31~37
In this study, optimization of MEK and Toluene removal was conducted by HTO(Hybrid Thermal Oxidation) system. HTO system has a multi-bed reaction plate and the plate consisted of wasted heat regeneration part and catalysis part. VOCs removal by HTO system was estimated by changing inlet flow rates with different valve changing times. Under
of combustion temperature, VOCs was fully converted and the equivalent conversion was 100%. The thermal oxidation efficiency, related to the amount of injected fuel into HTO system and the valve change time, was revealed at the level of 93.0~96.3%. In case of MEK removal by HTO system, the efficiency was ranged from 91.1 to 97.1%. Also, Toluene removal efficiency(93.2~97.4%) was good and stable with respect to the operating conditions. Considering above results, it was proved that HTO system could be a stable and compact system for VOCs, especially MEK and Toluene with high removal efficiency.
Evaluation of Stability in reinforced Earth Retaining Wall by Vehicle Collision
Ahn, Kwang-Kuk ; Heo, Yol ; Hong, Ki-Nam ; Ahn, Min-Su ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 6, 2010, Pages 39~46
The past studies on reinforced earth retaining wall have been mostly focused on the internal and external failure of reinforced earth retaining wall, and the research for external impact was limited on earthquake. However, the potential external impact such as vehicle collision to reinforced earth retaining wall near the road are increasing with development of roads. Therefore, in this study, the reinforced earth retaining wall was modeled by using LS-DYNA, which is a general purpose finite element program recognized for its reliability. The behavior of reinforced earth retaining wall by vehicle speed was analyzed with Ford single unit truck offered by NCAC (National Crash Analysis Center), which is 8 tons weight. In addition, in order to obtain stability of reinforced earth retaining wall for vehicle collision, the gravity retaining wall was applied at the bottom of reinforced earth retaining wall. With varying the height of retaining wall (0.5m, 1.0m, 1.5m), the numerical study was performed to analyze the stability and behavior of reinforced earth retaining wall.
Characteristics of Shear Strength for Recycled Fine Aggregates Mixed Soil
Im, Weul-Sook ; Kwon, Jeung-Hoon ; Kim, Min-Wook ; Kim, Young-Muk ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 6, 2010, Pages 47~55
The recycled fine aggregates were mixed with weathered granite soils typically used for fill materials and tested engineering properties, physical properties, and compaction characteristics according to the mixing ratio of the mixed soils. The results of this study were as follows. For the results of A-type compaction test, the recycled fine aggregates showed low effects compared to the weathered soils, but the mixed soils which were mixed with the weathered granite soils and the recycled fine aggregates showed good compaction effects. Especially, the mixing ratio of 70:30 by weight showed for maximum compaction result. From the results of the direct shear test, the cohesion was ince csed according to proportion of the weathered granite soils. The weathered granite soils neared the optimum moisture content showed for maximum shear strength paramcoers, while the cohesion of the mixed soil was relatively ince csed in the wet side of the optimum moisture content. This trend was seemed to remained cence composition in the recycled fine aggregates. The internal friction angle of the recycled fine aggregates and the mixed soils showed maximum value near dry side of the optimum moisture contents. And the internal friction angles of the mixed soils were increased according to higher proportion of the recycled fine aggregates.
Estimation of Specific Yield Using Rainfall and Groundwater Levels at Shallow Groundwater Monitoring Sites
Kim, Gyoo-Bum ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 6, 2010, Pages 57~67
Specific yield is an essential parameter of the water table fluctuation method for recharge calculation. Specific yield is not easily estimated because of limited availability of aquifer test data and soil samples at National Groundwater Monitoring Stations in South Korea. The linear relationship between rainfall and water level rise was used to estimate the specific yields of aquifer for 34 shallow monitoring wells which were grouped into three clusters. In the case of Cluster-1 and Cluster-2, this method was not applicable because of low cross correlation between rainfall and water level rise and also a long lag time of water level rise to rainfall. However, the specific yields for 19 monitoring wells belonging to Cluster-3, which have relatively high cross correlation and short lag time, within 2 days after rainfall, range from 0.06 to 0.27 with mean value of 0.17. These values are within the general range for sand and gravel sediments and similar to those from aquifer test data. A detailed field survey is required to identify monitoring sites that are not greatly affected by pumping, stream flow, evapotranspiration, or delayed response of water levels to rainfall, because these factors may cause overestimation of specific yield estimates.
Characteristics of Stormwater Treatment in Construction Site
Choi, Young-Hoa ; Kim, Chang-Ryong ; Kim, Hyo-Sang ; Oh, Ji-Hyun ; Jeong, Soel-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 6, 2010, Pages 69~75
Total suspendid solid (TSS) of non point source pollutants in construction site are in higher concentration than others (BOD, COD etc). Also, the TSS concentration is very sensitive to the rainfall intensity in early stage of construction. There are two methods for treatment of non point source pollutants, which are temporary treatment facility and filtering one. But they have disadvantages. Temporary facility system has very low efficiency and filtering system consumes high energy and takes up large footprint. This study shows how prefabricated flocculation/coagulation system is developped to cover the above weakness and evaluation of the system performance in construction site. The prefabricated flocculation/coagulation system has very high treatment efficiency comparing with temporary and filtering system and takes small footprint. Therefore, it expects that the system leads to prevention of pollution near construction site and reduction of public grievance. Proper coagulant dosage and sludge circulation facility application, controlling the height of sludge interfacial are necessary to maximize the system efficiency.
Evaluation for Contents of Contaminants and Leaching Characteristics of Bottom Ash
Koh, Tae-Hoon ; Lee, Sung-Jin ; Shin, Min-Ho ; Kim, Byong-Suk ; Lee, Jea-Keun ; Lee, Tae-Yoon ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 6, 2010, Pages 77~83
In this study, we tried to determine any detrimental effects on water quality when bottom ash obtained from a coal-fired power plant intended to be used as a fill material in construction sites. Physical-chemical properties of bottom ash were determined using proximate analysis, elemental analysis, XRD, and XRF. Classification of bottom ash as a waste material and soil contamination due to the use of bottom ash were performed by Korea waste standard leaching test and soil toxicity test, respectively. Results of leaching tests were compared to the regulations for water quality and groundwater quality and no harmful effects on water quality were found. Most of heavy metals in leachate were below detection limits but trace amount of
was found. However, concentration of
was below the regulation criteria. Column leaching tests indicated that concentrations of Pb and Zn were slightly higher than regulations but below regulations within 1 PVE, but concentrations of sulfate were 10 times higher than regulation and thus, the required time to reach regulation was almost 8 PVE.
A Study on Self-Hardening Characteristics of Coal Ash by Mixing Ratio of Fly Ash and Bottom Ash
Shin, Woong-Gi ; Lim, Dae-Sung ; Chun, Byung-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 6, 2010, Pages 85~91
As enormous construction projects of land development are carried out around Korea, useful construction materials are needed to perform the construction projects. However, there are no more enough of fill and reclamation materials in our country. That is why the coal ash is expected to be utilized as an alternative material. Since the coal ash has the characteristics of a pozzolan and a selfhardening material, it is adjudged that coal ash has a great possibility to be used as a fill and reclamation material. In this study, grain size analysis, Atterberg limit test, and specific gravity test were performed to examine the physical characteristics of the coal ash about a self-hardening material before utilizing the coal ash in the construction. Compaction test, unconfined compression test, direct shear test, and flexible wall permeability test were conducted to investigate the engineering characteristics according to mixture ratios of fly ash and bottom ash. As a result of the tests, it was confirmed that the mixing ratio 1:1 of fly ash and bottom ash is the most effective to use as a fill and reclamation material. If the mixture of coal ash is used as a backfill material with light weight around structure, it is expected to play a significant role in reducing earth pressure on the back of the structure. As the age of the mixture of coal ash goes by, it intends to decrease the coefficient of permeability. As described above, the coal ash should be considered as an alternative material of fill and reclamation materials since the result of the tests indicates that the coal ash is suitable to a useful material on the construction design.