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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 12 - Dec 2010
Volume 11, Issue 11 - Nov 2010
Volume 11, Issue 10 - Oct 2010
Volume 11, Issue 9 - Sep 2010
Volume 11, Issue 8 - Aug 2010
Volume 11, Issue 7 - Jul 2010
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Jun 2010
Volume 11, Issue 5 - May 2010
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Apr 2010
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Mar 2010
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Feb 2010
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
Shear Strength of Weathered Granite Soil Considering Change of Saturation
Kim, Min-Wook ; Kim, Young-Muk ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 9, 2010, Pages 5~14
This study was aimed to suggest reliable information of shear strength characteristics due to change of saturation in the landfills or slopes during rainfall infiltration. According to the Mohr-Coulomb failure criteria, the characteristics of shear strength due to change of saturation were analyzed for the weathered residual soils which were sampled in the road construction site of Daejeon city. From the direct shear strength tests, the cohesions and the shear resistance angles were showed maximum values in the condition of optimum moisture content, and then decreased in the condition of wet side compaction. In this study, the cohesions were decreased more than 50% according to increasing saturation by infiltration for the compaction soils. But the reductions of the shear resistance angles were about
which was small value, and thus the changes of the saturation were not nearly influenced the shear resistance angle. The influences of the saturation were seemed to very small for the residual strength parameters according to Mohr-Coulomb failure criteria.
A Study on Long-Term Seepage Behaviour of Fill Dam by the Monitoring Data Analysis
Chung, Kyu-Jung ; Lee, Song ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 9, 2010, Pages 15~25
The main objective of this study was to offer informations about long-term seepage behavioral characteristics and to find a leakage safety management method for Juam Dam and Imha Dam, a central cored rockfill dams in Korea by the evaluating the automatically monitored leakage data. In the water leakage monitoring of fill dam, the generation of abnormal water leakage is difficult to directly detect due to the effect of outside factors such as the component of rainfall inherent in the observation value. Therefore, conventionally estimation methods of water leakage quantity were applied by multiple regression analysis considering reservoir water level, rainfall, etc.. However, the estimated error of rainfall component is relatively big in these method. This paper identifies the seepage characteristic of each dams which is not directly affected by rainfall through the hydrograph separation analysis and 3 dimensional analytical method, and thinks a leakage management method. It was noticed that two dams had site specific seepage behaviour features and were in stable state with the decreasing leakage quantity. It was also found that hydrograph separation method might be applicable to leakage safety management method.
Lateral Earth Pressures on Buried Pipes due to Lateral Flow of Soft Grounds
Hong, Won-Pyo ; Kim, Jae-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 9, 2010, Pages 27~38
A series of model test as well as numerical analysis by FEM was performed to investigate lateral earth pressure acting on a buried pipe in soft ground undergoing horizontal soil movement. A model test apparatus was manufactured so as to simulate horizontal soil movement in model soft ground, in which a model rigid buried pipe was installed. The velocity of soil deformation could be controlled as wanted during testing. The model test was performed on buried pipes with various diameters and shapes to investigate major factors affected the lateral earth pressure. The result of model tests showed that the larger lateral earth pressure acted on the buried pipes under the faster velocity of soil movement. The result of numerical analysis, which was performed under immediate loading condition, showed a similar behavior with the result of model tests under 0.3mm/min to 1.0mm/min velocity of soil deformation. Most of model tests showed the soil deformation-lateral load behavior, in which the first yielding load developed at small soil deformation and elastic behavior was observed by the yielding load. Then, lateral load was kept constant by the second yielding load, in which plastic behavior was observed between the first yielding load and the second yielding one. Beyond the second yielding load, the compression behavior zone was observed. When the velocity was too fast, however, the lateral load was increased with soil deformation beyond the first yielding load without showing the second yielding load. The buried pipes with the larger diameter was subjected to the larger lateral load and the larger increasing rate of lateral load. At small soil deformation, the influence of diameter and shape of buried pipes on lateral load was small. However, when soil deformation was increased considerably, the influence became more and more.
A Study on the pH Reduction of Controlled Low Strength Material with Coal Ash
Kim, Youn-Gil ; Jee, Sung-Hyun ; Chun, Byung-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 9, 2010, Pages 39~45
Controlled low strength material(CLSM) is produced by mixing portland cement, fine aggregates, water and chemical admixtures. Sand is the most commonly used as the fine aggregates in the conventional CLSM. It is getting more and more difficult to obtain sand in Korea so it is required that the alternative materials be developed as the replacement of sand. Since the engineering characteristics of coal ash are similar to the sand, it becomes necessary to examine the application of the coal ash as the alternative material for CLSM and as the environment-friendly material. When the results meet the optimum pH level that plants can live, it can be expanded the scale of application of the study on the plant as the important field. This study was subjected to present the method to reduce the pH range of CLSM to a suitable condition that plants can survive. To verify this method, the care of neutralization was conducted by immersing the specimen to Ammonium monohydrogen phosphate. Before curing and neutralization, the maximum pH of developmental CLSM is approximately 11. However, the pH value of developmental CLSM has under 9.5 after peaceful curing and neutralization management.
Characteristics Strength of Silicasol-cement Grout Material for Ground Reinforcement
Kim, Hyun-Ki ; Kim, Young-Hun ; Chun, Byung-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 9, 2010, Pages 47~53
This study was made on the fact that the compressive strength characteristic of the recently developed alkali silica-sol chemical grout material was examined, whose grout material used for this study was designed to understand its strength property through the uniaxial compressive strength test(homo-gel, sand-gel), permeability test, deflection strength test, etc. In order to compare with the engineering characteristics regarding alkali silica-sol grout material and sodium silicate grout material. The uniaxial compressive strength of silica-sol grout material was identified to be increased more than 3~5 times than sodium silicate grout material at the early stage(within 72 hours). When comparing with the uniaxial compressive strengths of Sand-gel and Homo-gel at the material age of 28 days in case of silica-sol grouting material the strength of Sand-gel was measured to be about 1.3 times higher than Homo-gel. In case of silica-sol, it is assumed to have the property to exert high strength when it is actually grouted into the ground. As a result of permeability test it is judged that it is possible to apply the silica-sol to the site in the place requiring the water cut-off as the silica-sol. As a result of testing the strength at the material age of 28 days of grouting-use silica-sol showed more than 3 times' difference than the sodium silicate grouting material.
The Effects of Improvement in Clay with High Moisture Contents Using the Filter Type Vacuum Consolidation Method
Oh, Se-Wook ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 11, issue 9, 2010, Pages 55~60
This study are carried out to an lab model tests to develop a construction method that solidifies high-water content cohesive soil by using filter type drain and vacuum pressure, and that stabilizes the ground by accelerating horizontal drain at incline or in tunnel. The calibration chamber was designed within length of 1.5m and height of 50cm, and a drainage hole for preconsolidation, a switchgear and a piezometer were installed at the bottom part of the chamber. Also, a settlement gage was installed at the top part so that it can measure the settlement by time. The calibration ground basis was made in a form of thin layer from kaolinite and bentonite in 9:1 ratio stirred at 130% water content condition. A filter type drain was installed at chamber center and a vacuum pressure of 0.8MPa was applied through a hose linked to the cap at the top part, then, the settlement was measured in every 1 hour interval. After experiment, the moisture contents were measured by position, then, verified the increase of solidity of the ground through a triaxial compression test on undisturbed profile. After 11 days from the effective date, it was observed that the settlement decreased by maximum 35mm and the water content ratio was reduced by 38% at most while the solidity of the ground increased by 5~8 times greater than before preconsolidation.