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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 12 - Dec 2011
Volume 12, Issue 11 - Nov 2011
Volume 12, Issue 10 - Oct 2011
Volume 12, Issue 9 - Sep 2011
Volume 12, Issue 8 - Aug 2011
Volume 12, Issue 7 - Jul 2011
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Jun 2011
Volume 12, Issue 5 - May 2011
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Apr 2011
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Mar 2011
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Feb 2011
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jan 2011
Selecting the target year
The Correlation Between RMR and Deformation Modulus by Rock masses using Pressuremeter
Ahn, Tae-Bong ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 5~12
In this study, correlation between measured deformation modulus using pressuremeter and RMR value conducted in 10 sites is analyzed, and applicability of the conventional empirical formulas to the rock masses in Korea are analyzed, It is found that if RMR is below 40, the correlation between deformation modulus and RMR accords Kim Gyo-won's formula and Aydan, Serafim and Pereira's one well, but if the RMR exceeds 40, the correlation was lower than those from the formula. Such results may be attribute to the fact that during classification of RMR, scores are weighed relatively more in joint conditions and apertures than such highly correlational items as uniaxial compression strength or RQD, and RMR would not be evaluated qualitatively due to different weathering degrees and rock mass types as well as engineers' personal errors. Sandstone among sedimentary rocks are quite well accord with suggested equation, but correlation of other rocks are due to large variance. In this study, correlation expressions of various rocks are proposed as the function of exponential based on the field test data.
Development of Environmentally Friendly Backfill Materials for Underground Power Cables Considering Thermal Resistivity
Kim, Dae-Hong ; Oh, Gi-Dae ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 13~26
Because the allowable current loading of buried electrical transmission cables is frequently limited by the maximum permissible temperature of the cable or of the surrounding ground, there is a need for cable backfill materials to be maintained at a low thermal resistivity during the service period. Temperatures greater than 50
may lead to breakdown of cable insulation and thermal runaway if the surrounding backfill material is unable to dissipate the heat as rapidly as it is generated. This paper describes the results of studies aimed at the development of backfill material to reduce the thermal resistivity. A large number of different additive materials were tested to determine their applicability as a substitute material. The results of Dong-rim river sand (relatively uniform) show that as water content level increases, thermal resistivity tends to decrease, whereas the thermal resistivity on dry condition is very high value(260
-cm/watt). In addition, other materials(such as Jinsan granite screenings, A-2(sand and gravel mixture), E-1(rubble and granite screenings mixture) and SGFC(sand, gravel, fly-ash and cement mixture)) are well-graded materials with low thermal resistivity(100
-cm/watt when dry). Based on this research, 4 types of improved materials were suggested as the environmentally friendly backfill materials with low thermal resistivity.
Stress-strain Behavior of Remolded Clay Using Different Shear Rate and Plastic Indices
Lee, Yong-Hee ; Kang, Kwon-Soo ; Jung, Sang-Guk ; Kang, Jin-Tae ; Kim, Dae-Hyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 27~33
In general, the shear strength of a clay specimen under the direct shear test and the triaxial compression test increases with an increase in the shear rate. This study investigates the effects of shear rate and silt content on the stress-strain behavior of remolded Gwangyang clay, by changing the shear rate and the silt content. Based on the results of the triaxial compression tests, the equi-strain line of remolded Gwangyang clay shows initially positive slope and then becomes flat at certain strain level. As the strain level where the equistrain becomes flat is different depending on the soil with different silt contents, this can be considered as the inherent property of soil.
Study on Solidification and Strength of Soft Soils by Using Waste Magnesia-Carbon Powder
Choi, Hun ; Song, Myong-Shin ; Kang, Hyung-Ju ; Jung, Eui-Dam ; Kim, Ju-Seng ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 35~40
Magnesia-carbon brick is used to refractory material in Converter and/or Ladle furnace for molten steel manufacturing. The rapid growth of steel making industry, molten steel industry is increased. Therefore, growth of molten steel industry lead to make waste magnesia-carbon brick by repair of Converter and/or Ladle furnace. These waste magnesia-carbon brick is abandoned all. Besides, as it is loosely composed of silt and clay including sand falling according to the type of gangue, rainwater inflows and outflows relatively easily, but silt or clay particles absorb water for a long period, weakening ground. This study tried to show that when colluvial soil is solidified using waste magnesia-carbon brick powder as a way to solidify strengthen the rigidity of colluvial soil.
A Study on the Behaviour of a Single Pile to Adjacent Tunnelling Conducted in the Lateral Direction of the Pile
Lee, Cheol-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 41~50
Three-dimensional(3D) numerical analyses have been conducted to study the behaviour of a single pile to adjacent tunnelling conducted in the lateral direction of the pile. In the numerical analyses, the interaction between the tunnel, the pile and the soil next to the pile has been analysed. The study includes the pile settlement, the relative shear displacement between the pile and the soil, the shear stresses at the soil next to the pile and the axial force on the pile. In particular, the shear stress transfer mechanism along the pile related to the tunnel advancement has been rigorously analysed. Due to changes in the relative shear displacement between the pile and the soil next to the pile during the tunnel advancement, the shear stress and the axial force distributions along the pile have been changed. Downward shear stress developed above the tunnel springline (Z/L=0.0-0.7~0.8), while upward shear stress is mobilised below the tunnel springline (Z/L=0.7~0.8-1.0) resulting in compressive force on the pile, where Z is the pile location and L is the pile length. Maximum compressive force of about
was developed on the pile after completion of tunnel advancement, where
is the allowable pile capacity. Some insights into the pile behaviour to tunnelling obtained from the numerical analyses will be reported and discussed.
Temperature-compensated Resistivity Probe - Development and Application
Jung, Soon-Hyuck ; Yoon, Hyung-Koo ; Lee, Jong-Sub ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 51~60
Electrical resistivity is applied for understanding details about layers and obtaining basic properties of soils to various measurement devices. The objective of this study is development of TRP(Temperature-compensated Resistivity Probe), analysis about effects of temperature changes during cone penetration test, and observation of characteristics of cone penetration. In order to observation of temperature changes according to a diameter difference of resistivity cone probe, the cone which has wedge type cone tip is made to two types, 2mm and 5mm. Temperature sensor is attached at 15mm below from cone tip because of an electrical interference with elecrical resistance probe. Delectrical connector is used to prevent electric disturbance between motor type penetrating machine and electrical resistivity cone probe. Application tests are carried out in acrylic cell whose diameter is 30cm with uniform Jumunjin sand according to densification caused by blows. The test results indicate that the temperature is increased uniformly during penetration and a tendency, characteristics of cone penetration, is discovered during altering state of soils. This study suggests that the temperature effects and characteristics of penetration should be considered in penetrating tests in order to conduct an accurate ground investigation using TRP(Temperature-compensated Resistivity Probe).
Centrifugal Test on Behavior of the Dolphin Structure under Ship Collision
Oh, Seung-Tak ; Bae, Woo-Seok ; Cho, Sung-Min ; Heo, Yol ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 61~70
The impact protection system consists of an arrangement of circular sheet pile cofferdams-denoted dolphin structuredeeply embedded in the seabed, filled with crushed rock and closed at the top with a robust concrete cap. Centrifuge model tests were performed to investigation the behaviors of dolphins in this study. Total 7 quasi-model tests and 11 dynamic model tests were performed. The main experimental results can be summarized as follows. Firstly, The experimental force-displacement results for quasi-static tests show a limited influence on the initial stiffness of the structure from the change in fill density and the related change in the stiffness of the fill. And by comparing the dissipation at the same dolphin displacement it was found that the denser fill increase the dissipation by 16% for the 20m dolphin and by 23% for the 30m dolphin. The larger sensitivity for the large dolphin is explained by a larger contribution to the dissipation from strain in the fill. In low level impacts the dynamic force-response is up to 26~58% larger than the quasi-static and the dissipation response is showed larger in small displacement. Hence, it is concluded conservative to use the quasi-static response characteristics in the approximation of the response, and it is further concluded that the dolphin resistance to low level impacts is demonstrated to be equivalent and even superior to the high level impacts.
A Study for Field Application of Environmental-friendly Waterproof Method for Riverbed
Park, Min-Chul ; Kim, Seong-Goo ; Kwak, No-Kyung ; Shin, Hyo-Hee ; Lee, Song ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 71~80
In period of rapid economic development, as doing river conservation work by using harmful materials environmental pollution has adversely effected humans, animals and plants frequently. For recovery of environmental pollution it needs a lot of time and cost. Therefore, in this study, in order to take an environment-friendly method which is also economical and durable both results of the laboratory model test and field test were compared and analyzed. According to the results of the laboratory model test, those methods such as concrete paving, asphalt paving, bentonite mat, stabilized soil method and mixed soil method have small amount of seepage, but on the other hand compaction soil, grassland and permeable materials have considerable amount of seepage. The results of field test show a similar tendency with laboratory test and have been satisfied to assess standard of domestic water permeability below
cm/sec and unconfined compressive strength is also than 1.0MPa so it has been satisfied about standard. In conclusion, as compaction rate increased, as unconfined compression strength increased and coefficient of permeability decreased.
Characteristics of Vertical/Horizontal Ratio of Response Spectrum from Domestic Ground Motions
Kim, Jun-Kyoung ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 81~87
The characteristics of vertical to horizontal ratio of response spectrum from 20 recent earthquakes were analysed. Response spectrum of 260 horizontal and 130 vertical ground motions were normalized by peak ground acceleration at each resonance frequency from 0.1 to 50Hz. It has been identified that the ratio of vertical to horizontal response spectrum has strong dependancy on epicentral distance and resonance frequency. The ratio of vertical to horizontal response spectrum for the 0-50km epicentral distance group are larger than 2/3 values, which is a standard engineering rule-of-thumb V/H=2/3, at resonance frequency above 7-8Hz. All the 3 groups such as 50-100, 100-150- and 150-200km epicentral distance have shown larger values of vertical to horizontal ratio than 2/3 at resonance frequency above 15Hz and also are larger than 2/3 at resonance frequency below 8-10Hz. Even though there are differences in specific resonance frequency values which depend on the epicentral distance group, we should be careful of seismic design of vertical component of the structures winch are located within the range of about 200km distance. form the potentially seismic causative faults.