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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
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Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 12 - Dec 2011
Volume 12, Issue 11 - Nov 2011
Volume 12, Issue 10 - Oct 2011
Volume 12, Issue 9 - Sep 2011
Volume 12, Issue 8 - Aug 2011
Volume 12, Issue 7 - Jul 2011
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Jun 2011
Volume 12, Issue 5 - May 2011
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Apr 2011
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Mar 2011
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Feb 2011
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jan 2011
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Centrifugal Model Test on Stress Concentration Behaviors of Composition Ground under Flexible/Stiff Surcharge Loadings
Song, Myung-Geun ; Bae, Woo-Seok ; Ahn, Sang-Ro ; Heo, Yol ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 6, 2011, Pages 5~15
In this study, centrifuge model tests were performed to investigate stress concentration ratio, stress characteristics of soft clay ground improved by granular compaction piles with changes of piles type, loading condition and area replacement ratio. From the results of rigid loading tests, while vertical stresses acting on clay ground is similar, vertical stresses acting on GCP is larger than those acting on SCP with same replacement ratio. Also, average stress concentration ratio is increased proportionally with increasing the area replacement ratio of GCP and SCP. It was evaluated that average stress concentration ratio of soft clay ground improved by GCP is larger than that of SCP. As a result of flexible loading tests, stress concentration ratio is the highest when replacement ratio of GCP and SCP is 40%. Average stress concentration ratio of soft clay ground improved by GCP is a little more higher than is improved by SCP.
Performance of Soil Flushing for Contaminated Soil Using Surfactant
Lee, Chae-Young ; Jang, Yeong-Su ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 6, 2011, Pages 17~23
In this study, a series of experiments were carried out to remove total petroleum hydrocarbon(TPH) and toluene by soil flushing. In batch experiments, Triton X-100 and SWA 1503 showed TPH removal efficiency of 79.0% and 69.0%, respectively. Although the TPH removal efficiency increased as the surfactant was increased in the concentration range 1-11mmol/L, the optimum concentration was 1mmol/L, considering the ratio of the removal efficiency to the amount of surfactant injected. In column experiment, the optimal velocity was 0.3mL/min. The physical aquifer model(PAM) result revealed that the soil flushing removed as much as 5.5% of the toluene under 3 pore volume(PV) conditions. To improve the soil flushing efficiency, it is necessary to find optimal condition through recirculation or reuse of surfactant.
Characteristics of the Segregation Sedimentation for Dredged Soil Depending on Fines Content
Park, Min-Chul ; Lee, Jong-Kyung ; Shin, Hyo-Hee ; Lee, Song ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 6, 2011, Pages 25~34
Dredged and reclaimed ground in progress at the West Coast has a high content of coarse particles. There will be different behaviors depending on the location of outlet and engineering properties of soil when its ground is dredged by a pump. Therefore, the experiments were conducted that were manufactured about the chamber equipment of length 2,650mm, width 770mm, height 735mm, experimented step filling method and water content about 300%, 500% and 700% respectively with SM and ML samples in order to realize segregating sediment characteristics of dredged ground with changing much fine. With results of analysis, ML sample by higher initial water content was reached to the period of complete sedimentation and coefficient of sedimentation consolidation increased with increases of diffusion distance. SM samples showed behavior of coarse soil with diffusion distance 120cm, diffusion distance of more than 120cm showed a similar tendency with ML sample under the influence of fines. In ML sample, it could be also found that lower depth and the more increasing diffusion distance increase in percentage of sieve #200 but water content decreases. In SM sample, it could be also found that coarse soil was piled at near the diffusion distance zone but fine soil was piled at the far diffusion distance zone and prominent difference showed between percentage of sieve #200 and water content(%) by boundary point 120cm~160cm of both samples. Also, shear strength was expressed ML-maximum 2.97kPa, SM-maximum 10.2kPa with diffusion distance.
Model Experiments on Prediction of Effluent Concentration of Suspended Solid in Containment of Dumping Dredged Soil
Lee, Dong-Won ; Jun, Sang-Hyun ; Yoo, Kun-Sun ; Yoo, Nam-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 6, 2011, Pages 35~42
In this paper, model experiments in the laboratory were carried out to predict the effluent concentrations of suspended solid in containment of dumping dredged soils and test results were compared with results estimated by the currently used design method. Model tests of simulating dumping the dredged soils with a pump dredger in field were performed with changing the influent concentration and the length of containment and effluent concentration of suspended solid with time were measured during tests. As results of comparing test results about effluent concentration with those estimated from the design method by US Army COE(1987), they were confirmed to be in relatively good agreements.
Consideration of Physical and Compression Characteristics among Western and Southern Coastal Marine Clays - Incheon.Mokpo.Gwangyang.Busan -
Kim, Sang-Kwi ; Yea, Geu-Guwen ; Kim, Kil-Su ; Kim, Hong-Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 6, 2011, Pages 43~51
Marine clays are widely distributed in Korean eastern, western and southern coastal areas. Understanding engineering characteristics of the soft ground is very important, whenever civil structures are constructed in those coastal areas. It is because the ground is composed of highly compressible marine clay. In this paper, the physical and compression characteristics of Incheon, Mokpo, Gwangyang and Busan marine clay were analyzed and the characteristics between western and southern coastal marine clays were compared. For this, test results of 1,471 samples from 114 sites were used. As a result, Incheon clay showed the lowest plasticity and the highest unit weight due to influx of silt from the Yellow River and the turn of the tide of Incheon area. However, Gwangyang clay showed highly compressible characteristic due to extensive reclamation. On the other hand, Mokpo and Busan clay showed partially similar levels of characteristics. The compression index of Mokpo and Busan clay was high more than twice in comparison with Incheon clay and that of Gwangyang clay was higher than seventy percents in comparison with Mokpo and Busan clay.
Evaluation for Fundamental Periods of Domestic Rockfill Dams with Micro-earthquake Records
Ha, Ik-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 6, 2011, Pages 53~60
The purpose of this study is to propose a method that can reliably evaluate the fundamental period of a rockfill dam using the micro-earthquake records, which were obtained at the domestic dam sites. For total 20 micro-earthquake records obtained at 7 domestic rockfill dam sites against 6 earthquake events which recently occurred, the fundamental periods of seven rockfill dams were evaluated by two kinds of methods; one is a method using acceleration amplification ratio and the other is a method using acceleration response spectrum ratio. Applicability of each method to evaluation of fundamental periods of domestic rockfill dams was examined. In the moderate seismicity region like our country, the method using acceleration response spectrum ratio, which could evaluate the fundamental period of the rockfill dam using the ratio between the response spectrum for acceleration observed at the dam crest and that observed at the dam base or abutment, proved to be reliable and was proposed in this study. From the results of analyses, it was found that the proposed method could consistently evaluate the fundamental period of the rockfill dam and the results obtained by the proposed method were very similar to the results by the existing method which was proposed from the analysis for the earthquake records observed at Japanese dam sites.