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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 12 - Dec 2011
Volume 12, Issue 11 - Nov 2011
Volume 12, Issue 10 - Oct 2011
Volume 12, Issue 9 - Sep 2011
Volume 12, Issue 8 - Aug 2011
Volume 12, Issue 7 - Jul 2011
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Jun 2011
Volume 12, Issue 5 - May 2011
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Apr 2011
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Mar 2011
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Feb 2011
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jan 2011
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of the Standard Support Pattern in Large Section Tunnel by Numerical Analysis and Field Measurement
Byun, Yoseph ; Chung, Sung-Rae ; Song, Si-Myung ; Chun, Byung-Sik ; Park, Du-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 7, 2011, Pages 5~12
When choosing the support pattern of tunnel, the characteristics of rock are identified from the result of the surface geologic survey, boring, and geophysical prospecting and laboratory test. And a rock mass rating is classified and excavation method and standard support pattern are designed considering rock classification, domestic and international construction practices, numerical analysis. According to the revised design standard for tunnel, it was recommended to classify the rock mass rating for the design of tunnel into a rating based on RMR. If necessary, it proposed a flexible standard allowed applying more atomized the rock mass rating and Q-System. Also, the resonable verification of the support pattern must be accompanied because the factors affecting the structure and behavior of ground during the construction of tunnel are the main factors of uncertainty factors such as the nature of ground, ground water and the characteristics of structural materials. These days, such verification method is getting more specialized and diversified. In this study, the empirical method, numerical analysis and comparative analysis of in situ measurements were used to prove the reasonableness in the support pattern by RMR and Q-value on the Imha Dam emergency spillway.
Reduction of Shear Strength of Railway Roadbed Materials with Freezing-thawing Cycle
Choi, Chan-Yong ; Shin, Eun-Chul ; Kang, Hyoun-Hoi ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 7, 2011, Pages 13~21
In seasonal frozen areas with climatic features, which have a temperature difference in the winter and thawing season, changes of mechanical properties of the soil in the zone could be seen between the freezing and thawing surface. In particular, in soil with many fine particles, a softening of the roadbed usually occurs from frost and thawing actions. The lower bearing capacity is a rapidly progressive the softening of roadbed, and occurred a mud-pumping by repeated loading. In this study, the three kind of sandy soil with contents of fine particles were conducted by directly shear box test with the number of cyclic in freeze-thawing and the water content of soil. Subsequently, the relationship between the shear strength and freeze-thaw cycling time was obtained. The shear strength was decreased with the increase of the freeze-thaw cycling time. A shear stress deterioration of the soil with power function modal is proposal.
Environmental Effect of the Reduced Slag in the Electric Furnace
Na, Hyun-Su ; Yoon, Yeo-Won ; Yoon, Gill-Im ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 7, 2011, Pages 23~29
The oxidation slag has been widely used in civil engineering project, whereas the reduced slag from electric furnace has yet to be applied. Consequently in order to find out the recycling method in civil engineering field, the mineral compositions of the reduced slag were analyzed and some tests on water quality were performed to estimate the potential release of toxic compounds. Slag-soil mixtures of 0, 10, 20 and 30%(dry weight) soil were prepared in lysimeter columns and the effluents were collected with the period of one, two and four week options in closed system, respectively. The result from qualitative and quantitative analysis using X-ray Diffraction(XRD) and X-ray Fluorescence(XRF) indicates that the main mineral of the reduced slag is
, a kind of calcium silicate. Also, the leaching medium analyzed by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy(ICP-OES) showed that main heavy metals such as Al, Fe and Mn are included in the reduced slag due to the effect of steel production process. It can be seen that the leachate does not violate the regulation guide line of waste material of heavy metal. Also the pH levels were increased from pH 6.9 for 0% soil to pH 10 for 30% soil. However the influence on leachate circulation period of one through four weeks was negligible.
Geotechnical Characteristics of Reduced Slag-soil Mixtures in Electric Furnace
Shin, Jae-Won ; Yoon, Yeo-Won ; Yoon, Gil-Lim ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 7, 2011, Pages 31~37
Only a few studies have been conducted using reduced slag as recycled material. The reduced slag in electric furnace is produced as a by-product in making a steel and a few applications of the reduced slag as expensive additives and bonding materials or as the stabilized soils was reported. The purpose of this study is to present the feasibility of the reduced slag as recycled material, especially, in a field of civil engineering. In order to achieve the purpose experiments such as SEM and XRF analysis was conducted for the reduced slag in electric furnace. Based on the results various geotechnical experiments were conducted to know engineering properties of slag-soil mixtures. Weathered soils and clay are mixed with reduced slag for various ratios. As the ratio of reduced slag to weathered soil increases, the maximum dry unit weight of the mixture decreased with increasing optimum moisture content. The results indicates that there is no effect on a reduced slag by compaction efforts. The shear strengths of the weathered soil-slag mixtures are slightly higher or similar to those of weathered soils. The permeability of the weathered soil-slag mixtures is similar to that of silty or sandy soils. Therefore, it is possible to use the mixtures as embankment or backfill materials in the fields. The unconfined strength of the mixtures of reduced slag and clay is higher than that of clay and it tends to increase with the curing time. Therefore it can be used to improve the soft ground.
Removal Characteristics of Cd and Pb by Adsorption on Red Mud
Yim, Soo-Bin ; Kim, Jae-Gon ; Song, Ho-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 7, 2011, Pages 39~47
The objective of this study is to investigate the removal characteristics of cadmium(Cd) and lead(Pb) by adsorption on red mud and to study the adsorption characteristics of Cd and Pb using red mud activated by acid treatment and calcination. The adsorption of Cd and Pb on red mud was significantly achieved within 1hour and equilibrated after 5 hours. The adsorption capacity of Cd and Pb on red mud increased with increasing pH. The neutralization of red mud by distilled water or acid and the activation of red mud by acid treatment or calcination decreased the adsorption capacity of Cd and Pb on red mud, suggesting that Cd and Pb could be effectively eliminated by adsorption on red mud without any pretreatment or modification. Both Langmuir and Freundlich models were successfully applied to describe the adsorption behavior of Cd and Pb on red mud. The
of Langmuir adsorption model and
of Freundlich adsorption model were 5.230mg/g and 1.118mg/g for Cd and 22.222mg/g and 7.241mg/g for Pb, respectively.
The Durability of Environmentally Friendly Inorganic Grouting Material(NDS)
Lee, Hye-Jin ; Lee, Jong-Hwi ; Jung, Kyoung-Sik ; Chun, Byung-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 7, 2011, Pages 49~56
Recently, the ground injection method using water glass as one of the components of the main resources and the products of the construction has some basic problems for permanent reinforcement of foundation and stopping leakage of water because it has some serious problems such as durability reduction, compression strength reduction and eluviation. This study was to evaluate the environmental impact and durability of the developed friendliness of Natural and Durable Stabilizer(NDS) of inorganic injection and Space Grouting Roket(SGR) with typical water glass type material. Two materials, NDS and SGR, were compared with each other by unconfined compressive strength test, fish poison test, durability test and triaxial permeability test. The results of the durability test indicated that the 28-day strength of the NDS was 1.5 times higher than that of the SGR. The fish poison test proved that the survival rate in the SGR and NDS is 50~70%, and 100%, respectively. Therefore, the NDS has higher survival rate than that of the existing SGR. The NDS will be considered by an environmentally friendly product and moreover it has a few problems for soil and groundwater pollution.
Scale Effects of Initial Model and Material on 3-Dimensional Distinct Element Simulation
Jeon, Je-Sung ; Shin, Dong-Hoon ; Ha, Ik-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 7, 2011, Pages 57~65
Numerical simulations by three-dimensional Particle Flow Code(
, Itasca) considering distinct element method (DEM) were carried out for prediction of triaxial compression test with sand material. The effect of scale conditions for numerical model and distinct material on final prediction results was analyzed by numerical models under various scale conditions, and following observations were made from the numerical experiments. It is very useful to model the initial material condition without any porosity conversion from 2-D to 3-D DEM. Numerical experiments have shown that in all cases considered, 3D distinct element modeling could provide good agreement on stress-strain behavior, volume change and strength properties with laboratory testing results. It was important thing to assess reasonable scale ratio of numerical model and distinct elements for saving calculation time and securing calculation efficiency under condition with accuracy and appropriateness as numerical laboratory. As results of DEM simulations under various scale conditions, most of results show that shear strength properties as cohesion and internal friction angle are similar in condition of
< 10. It shows that 3-D distinct element method could be used as efficient tool to assess strength properties by numerical laboratory technique.
A Study on the Behaviour Characteristics of the Saemanguem Sea Dyke Coastal Covering Stones by Sea Waves
Baek, Seung-Chul ; Lee, So-Yeol ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 12, issue 7, 2011, Pages 67~76
In this present study, to evaluate a behavior characteristics of the sea dyke coastal covering stone by sea waves. sea waves act on coastal structures as an impact load. During impact loading, erosion and bluff slumping occur in the coastal structures. Also, the covering stone are worn down by wave impact. The sea dyke has been used near coastal region for protection of infra-structure since 1970s in Korea. The sea dyke consist of dredged sand and covering stone mainly. The damage type of covering stone has been reported since 1970s. However, the interaction of impact load by sea wave with the covering stone has not been investigated yet properly. Mainly damage type of covering stone is an abrasion. But the study of covering stone abrasion is not sufficient. Hence, In this study, it was analyzed the interaction of impact load by sea wave and the covering stone during sea wave action on coastal structures. In order to analyze the behavior characteristics of coastal covering stone considering the magnitude and period of impact loading and to evaluate the displacement increment of covering stone during impact load, numerical analysis was carried out considering impact loading by sea wave.