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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 12 - Dec 2012
Volume 13, Issue 11 - Nov 2012
Volume 13, Issue 10 - Oct 2012
Volume 13, Issue 9 - Sep 2012
Volume 13, Issue 8 - Aug 2012
Volume 13, Issue 7 - Jul 2012
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Jun 2012
Volume 13, Issue 5 - May 2012
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Apr 2012
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Mar 2012
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
Selecting the target year
Case Study of Remidation and Investigation of Closed Unsanitary Landfill for Prevention of Leachate
Kim, Sangkeun ; Lee, Yongsoo ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 1, 2012, Pages 5~13
For the last decade the amount of waste has rapidly been increased in South Korea and many waste landfills have been built according to government guidelines specifying required systems such as landfill liner, leachate collecting facilities, final cover system, etc. This effort has led the recently constructed landfills to be under well managed sanitary condition. In a meanwhile closed waste-landfill sites in the past before the adoption of the government guidelines exits under unsanitary condition. In these cases untreated leachate flew out to the surroundings due to the absence of liner and leachate collecting facilities and caused groundwater and soils to be contaminated. Waste generated odor and gas also brought civil complaints. Because environmental influences bring serious problems nearby sites, it is required to have unsanitary waste-landfills to be appropriately treated and managed. A study to evaluate environmental influence and contamination level of surroundings nearby and on the unsanitary landfills is necessary before the establishment of "Management guide of closed landfill site." This paper presents an environmental evaluation for the closed site, Doil-dong landfill, according to "Closed landfill management regulation" by Ministry of Environment. "D" landfill, located in Pyeongtaek city, has possobility to contaminate surrounding surfacewater and groundwater by leakage of leachate. The in-situ stabilization carried out to build the DMW(deep soil mixing cutoff wall) wall and drainage systems.
The Evaluation on the Type of Support Element by Field Test Data in 4-lane Wide Road Tunnel
Do, Jongnam ; Kim, Yeonjoong ; Lee, Chanbok ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 1, 2012, Pages 15~20
Field measurement is a very essential factor for economic aspect and estimation of stability of tunnels. In this paper, various types of support element based on field test data in 4-lane wide road tunnel were evaluated. And stability and economical efficiency were also estimated. The estimated value were compared with design value and the type of support element which is applicable to site condition was evaluated. The results show that most of support elements were modified under the standard value(30mm) and type of support element which is already constructed was overestimated. So, appropriate level of support element have to be presented to save the time and cost during construction.
Recompression Properties of Sand in Post-Liquefaction Process According to Relative Density and Cyclic Loading History
Kwon, Youngcheul ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 1, 2012, Pages 21~29
Ground failure by liquefaction can occur not only during shaking but also as the result of the post-liquefaction process after an earthquake. During the process of ground deformation and failure, excess pore water pressure in soil is redistributed, which can then lead to changes in the effective stress of soils. Therefore, in order to provide a further understanding of the phenomenon, we have to estimate the properties of effective stress during the recompression process in post-liquefaction as well, not only the total amount of pore water drained. The primary objectives of this study are to determine and compare the recompression properties in the post-liquefaction process in terms of the relationship between volumetric strains and mean effective stresses under the various conditions of relative density and shear stress history. In all experimental cases, the volumetric strains increase greatly in the low effective stress level, almost to the zero zone, and granite soil, which has fine grains, undergoes gradual changes in the relationship between volumetric strains and mean effective stresses compared with fine sand. And, we can also find that recompression properties in the post-liquefaction process by cyclic loading depend highly on the dissipation energy and maximum shear strain, and this fact can be obtained in all cases regardless of the existence of fine content, relative density, and loading history. Especially, granite soil having fine grains can be defined uniformly in the relationship between dissipation energy and maximum volumetric strain, while fine sand cannot be so uniformly defined.
A Study on the Compaction and Permeability According to the Mixture Ratio of Pond Ash and Bentonite for Liner Material
Lee, Jungsang ; Lee, Jonghwi ; Lee, Jinkyu ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 1, 2012, Pages 31~36
Recently, industrial by-products are exponentially growing because energy consumption is increasing due to rapid industrial development and improved living standards. The purpose of this study is to determine the proper mixing ratio to meet the liner conditions(must be less than
cm/sec), using pond ash and bentonite as liner. As the result of the compaction test, depending on the increase mixing ratio of bentonite, the maximum dry unit weight was decreased but the optimum moisture content was tended to be increased at the compaction curve. As the result of the permeability test, depending on the increase mixing ratio of bentonite, the coefficient of permeability showed tendency to be decreased in the form of index and the tendency was caused by the hydration reactions filling the void of the pond ash. When the mixing ratio of bentonite was approximately over 15%, it was satisfied with the land fill liner conditions. In other words, it is necessary to consider other mixtures containing the cement or another material in the economical aspect for application of the pond ash.
The Experimental Study on Reinforced Slope with Geocomb
Ahn, Won Sik ; Kim, Chul Moon ; Kim, Ug Ki ; Kim, Young Sub ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 1, 2012, Pages 37~43
Generally levee or revetment becomes weak by erosion (scour) due to saturation of ground with infiltration, flowing water. So when levee or revetment is constructed, slope reinforcement must be installed to prevent failure. In this study experimental test was performed for verifying shear resistance, horizontal permeability and rooting ability of Geocomb designed to address the shortcomings of 3-dimension Geocell. Geocomb is one of geosynthetics and the advanced system of geogrid. According to the results of shear test, internal friction angle of reinforced ground with Geocomb was increasing compared with existing material and horizontal permeability of ground with Geocomb was bigger than geocell, porous geocell reinforcing ground. Lastly rooting ability of geocomb is most excellent. These results determined for the inner surface of the cell is net structure.
Strength Characteristics of the Soil Mixed with a Natural Stabilizer
Kwon, Youngcheul ; Oh, Sewook ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 1, 2012, Pages 45~51
This article aims to find method to mix a harmless hardening agent and soil generated during construction to make paving materials. The main purpose of this research is to get rid of the harmfulness(Chromium (VI), etc.) of cement which has been generally and frequently used as a hardening agent and strengthen it so that it can be used for the general foundation solidification and stabilization of civil engineering/construction structures such as dredging soil treatment, marine structure foundation treatment, surface soil stabilization, and river bank erosion prevention. NSS(Natural Stabilizer Soil) used for this study takes as its chief ingredient the mixture of lime and staple fibers extracted from natural fibers. It increases the shearing strength of soil that it improves the support and durability of the foundation and prevents flooding and frost as well. The pH measured to know its eco-friendliness was 6.67~7.15, and according to the migration testing, only Pb and CN were lower than the standards, so it can be said that NSS has almost no harmful components in it. According to the result of uniaxial strength testing, when the mixture ratio of weathered soil to NSS was 6%, about 1,850kpa strength was expressed. And according to the result of CBR. testing to figure out its appropriateness as a paving material, the CBR of the foundation was 4%~6%. But when the mixture ratio of NSS is over 6%, the water immersion CBR. is over 100%; thus, it is expected that it will show great utility as a paving material.
Pullout Characteristics of MC Anchor in Shale Layer
Lee, Bongjik ; Kim, Josoon ; Lee, Jongkyu ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 1, 2012, Pages 53~61
In this study, the research on MC anchor has been developed as composite type has done. MC anchor exerts bearing pressure on pre-bored hole where the end fixing device is expanded. Therefore, the uplift capacity is to be increased and it has the characteristics that the anchor body is not eliminated from the ground even if the grouting is not carried out properly. Furthermore, it reduces the loss of tension and raises the construction availability by inserting the reinforced bar as well as the anchor cable, while it can improve the long-term stability because the nail is expected to play the role when the loss of the anchor cable is occurred in a long-term. However, because the resistance mechanism of the compound anchor such as MC anchor is different from friction anchor, the estimation method of the uplift capacity by the frictional force of the ground and the grout is not proper. Particularly, in domestic cases, the problem to overestimate or underestimate the uplift capacity is expected because the design method considering the soil characteristics about the compound anchor has not been developed. Therefore, in this study, in order to evaluate the characteristics of MC anchor and a kind of compound anchor, we measured the uplift, the tension and the creep by nine anchors tests in shale ground that the fluctuation of the strength is great. In addition, we analyzed the test result comparing to the result of the general friction anchor and evaluated the characteristics of MC anchor movement to gather the results. As a result of the test, we found the effect that the uplift capacity is increased in shale ground comparing to the general friction anchor.
A Study on the Field Application of Automatic Grouting System
Do, Jongnam ; Park, Junghwan ; Choi, Dongchan ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 1, 2012, Pages 63~74
In Korea, grouting has been mostly designed and constructed by experiences without expert knowledge and theoretical study. So there are a lot of problems related to the quality and safty of grouting. Therefor, in this paper the quality management skills and method were discussed through out by using the auto-grouting method and field test of grouting for the construction. Through the limit water injection test of the soil, it make the optimum injection pressure and injection speed of grouting, and through the lugeon test of the rock, it make assess the permeability of before and after grouting. In order to prevent the hydraulic fracture of soil and break away from the grouts if it apply four kinds of mode of grouting stop criteria, injection effects can be improved. From the above characteristcs designers evalute the fitness values of injection pressure(p), injection speed(q) and grouting penetration time(t). So far, to record and manage pressure(p) and speed(q) of grouting autographic devices such as intergation flow-meter usually record data in a roll of paper. Intergration flow-meter can record grouting flow quantity exactly, but the recorded pressures differ from the any basis such as intitial, intermediate and final point. Therefore, it has been argued that is a need of reliable method to describe the connection between the pressure recorded by an intergration flow-meter and the special properties of the grouting target ground. auto-grouting method can describe the reliable connection between the grouting pressure and the special properties of the grouting target ground. So, in this paper by using auto-grouting method, it is expected that to secure basis of quality control techniques construction.