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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 12 - Dec 2012
Volume 13, Issue 11 - Nov 2012
Volume 13, Issue 10 - Oct 2012
Volume 13, Issue 9 - Sep 2012
Volume 13, Issue 8 - Aug 2012
Volume 13, Issue 7 - Jul 2012
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Jun 2012
Volume 13, Issue 5 - May 2012
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Apr 2012
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Mar 2012
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
Selecting the target year
Experimental Investigation of Frost Heaving Susceptibility with Soils from Terra Nova Bay in Eastern Antarctica
Hong, Seungseo ; Park, Junghee ; Lee, Jongsub ; Lee, Jangguen ; Kang, Jaemo ; Kim, Youngseok ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 12, 2012, Pages 5~16
The second scientific antarctic station of South Korea is under construction at Terra Nova Bay located in eastern Antarctica. Ground condition in the Antarctica is frozen in general, but there are seasonal frozen grounds with active layers sporadically. When the active layer is frozen, frost heaving occurs that might cause the differential movement of frozen ground and the failure of structures. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the frost heaving susceptibility of soils at Terra Nova Bay before starting antarctic station construction. This study presents experimental investigation of the frost heaving susceptibility of soil samples with variation of particle sizes and unfrozen water contents. The soil samples were taken from five different locations at Terra Nova Bay and physical properties, unfrozen water content, and frost heaving tests were performed. For the frost heaving tests, soil specimens were frozen with constant freezing temperatures at the top and with drainage at the bottom in order to stimulate the frost heaving. The frost heaving tests provide volume expansion, volumetric strain, and heaving rate which can be used to analyze the relationship between the frost heaving vs. particle size and the frost heaving vs. unfrozen water content. Experimental results show that the more the fine contents exist in soils, the more frost heaving occurs. In addition, the frost heaving depends on unfrozen water content. Experimental data can be used to evaluate the frost heaving susceptibility of soils at the future construction site in the Antarctica.
A Study on Dielectrical Constant under Ground Conditions
Cho, Jinwoo ; Cho, Wonbeom ; Kim, Jinman ; Choi, Bonghyuck ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 12, 2012, Pages 17~25
In this study, dielectrical constant of the ground was measured using TDR method and correlated with water contents and density of ground. In order to evaluate the applicability as a cavity exploration, model experiments were carried out to analyze the effects of cavity size on the dielectrical constant. Test result indicated that dielectrical constant of the ground tended to linearly increase with the increase in water contents and density, which can be represented in a certain relational expression. Also, the dielectrical constant of ground varied sensitively with the cavity size of ground. The results conclude that the dielectrical constant, water contents and density of the ground proved to have a correlation among them, and the dielectrical constant is expected to be a basic data on cavity exploration.
A Field Evaluation of Calcium Carbonate Scale Prevention using Molecular Vibration in Subway Tunnels
Park, Eunhyung ; Chu, Ickchan ; Lee, Jonghwi ; Kim, Hyungi ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 12, 2012, Pages 27~33
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the field applicability of Quantum Stick in scale deposit prevention for subway tunnels in Seoul. This technology was installed into drainpipes and its performance was monitored through occasional site visits. SEM and EDS were also performed on scale collected from these drain pipes. Results showed a decrease in scale deposits due to Quantum Stick treatment. In the field test, the device was found to be effective in preventing scale formation in new pipes as well as reducing existing scale in previously installed pipes. However, further investigations are necessary to account for various environmental conditions. In conclusion, the results indicate that molecular Vibration technology is effective in suppressing scale formation.
A Study on the Applicability of Settlement Prediction Method Based on the Field Measurement in Gimpo Hangang Site
Lee, Jungsang ; Jeong, Jaewon ; Choi, Seungchul ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 12, 2012, Pages 35~42
There are many large-scale coastal region landfill and land development by loading to use territory efficiently, this regions are mostly soft clay ground. Constructing structures and road on the soft ground bring about engineering problems like ground shear fracture and a big amount of consolidation by bearing capacity. Improvement of soft soil is required to secure soil strength and settlement control. In improvement of soft soil, predict for the amount of settlement based on field surveyed reports are important element for estimating pre-loading banking height and the final point of consolidation. In this study, there is calculating theoretical settlement by analyzing field surveyed report and ground investigation to improvement of soft soil with pre-loading and vertical drain method. And present settlement prediction method reflect soil characteristics in Gimpo Hangang site by analysing prediction settlement and observational settlement during compaction using hyperbolic,
, Asaoka method.
A Study on the Noise Characteristics about Equipment Operating under Construction
Kim, Nagyoung ; Kang, Heeman ; Kim, Hongjong ; Shin, Yongsuk ; Kim, Changyong ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 12, 2012, Pages 43~49
Noise measurements were performed by distance for major construction equipment. especially, For construction equipment that large width of variations is depending on the type of work, noise measurements were performed by the detail type of work. For a time of quiescent and construction, "A" compensation equivalent noise level (Leq) were measured. Most of the construction equipment and the characteristics of the point source appears to be similar in analyzed noise measurement results.
Behavioral Characteristics of Improved Ground by Fully Penetrated and Partially Penetrated SCP according to Construction Stage
Park, Jongseo ; Ahn, Kwangkuk ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 12, 2012, Pages 51~57
In this study, numerical analysis was carried out for both partially penetrated SCP(sand compaction pile) and fully penetrated SCP constructed into the ground. Midas GTS was used as a FEM analysis program, which is widely used in geotechnical engineering. For the analysis, ground displacement, effective stress and pore water pressure at the time both just after embankment on the ground and 365days later were compared and analyzed. As the results, the effect regarding partially penetrated SCP was similar to the effect regarding fully penetrated SCP under the bottom of the center of embankment when considering the safety towards shear failure.
A Study on Isolation of Mixed Heavy Metal-Contaminated Soil and the Waste in Railroad Workshop
Son, Woohwa ; Lee, Seungho ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 12, 2012, Pages 59~66
In this study, it was sampling from heavy metal-contaminated soil with the waste in railroad workshop. And, the pollution concentration and analysis of particle-size distribution were conducted to design efficient purification process that it was aimed at high contaminated area, low contaminated area and samples containing waste foundry sand. But, it was the other signs of general soil contamination, as construction waste of waste concrete and waste wood, waste foundry sand, incinerator ash, etc is overall buried on the grounds. Thus, the common heavy metal purification technology has not decreased the pollution. However, heavy-metal contamination was reduced by magnetic separation utilizing the magnetic component of the mixed waste.
Active Earth Pressure Acting on Excavation Wall Located Near Existing Wall Face
Lee, Jin-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 12, 2012, Pages 67~74
The arching effect of the active earth pressure acting on an excavation wall subjected to close excavation reduces lateral earth pressure acting on excavation wall. In this paper, the arching effect was estimated for varying width to excavation depth ratio and wall friction angle by analytical and numerical methods verified with centrifuge test results. The arching effect is significant when the width to excavation depth ratio and wall friction angle is decreased and increased, respectively. The analytical solution derived from the classical arching theory suggested by Handy(1985) shows good agreement with the numerical solution than the other solutions.
The Environmental Analyzing Method of Mixed Coal Ash in Ash Pond to Recycle as a Construction Material
Koh, Yong-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 12, 2012, Pages 75~79
In the recycling of industrial waste unlike household waste, the legislation and the governmental systematic support, etc. were not also established due to an anxiety of hazard or harmfulness, etc. and a preconception. So the legislation and the system should be urgently established for the recycling of industrial waste. In this study, the environmental analyzing method of industrial waste-mixed coal ash in ash pond to recycle as a construction material is suggested by considering and analyzing test process and results about environmental impact factors of mixed coal ash. It is certified that there are not environmental problems in the recycling of mixed coal ash in ash pond as a construction material, according as its classification is general waste and each corresponding item of the leaching test result are satisfied with the 'environmental safety criteria' suggested in this study. And to build database, it is necessary to survey the environmental impact on surrounding areas with time after its recycling as a construction material.
Reinforcement of Shotcrete Lining on the Side Wall of Tunnel in Enlargement of Existing ASSM Road Tunnel
Kim, Donggyou ; Shin, Youngwan ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 12, 2012, Pages 81~89
The existing tunnel in urban area can be enlarged because of requirement of road-widening by traffic growth. The protector with rectangular cross section can be set up in the tunnel, which will be constructed for enlargement of width, to solve traffic jam around the tunnel. It is impossible to install the rockbolt in the lower area of tunnel due to a limited space between the protector and cutting surface. The objective of this study is to suggest the method of shotcrete thickness increase instead of rockbolt installation in the side wall of tunnel for the stability of tunnel. Numerical analysis was performed to evaluate displacement at the crown of tunnel, convergence of tunnel, and stress in shotcrete lining in 3-lane and 4-lane NATM tunnels enlarged from 2-lane conventional tunnel. There were three types of analysis condition, rockbolt installation, no rockbolt installation, and increase of shotcrete thickness without rockbolt in the side wall of tunnel. There was no difference on the displacement at the crown and the convergence of upper tunnel. In the lower tunnel, the convergence in case of no rockbolt installation was larger as maximum 1.3mm than that in case of rockbolt installation. The stress in shotcrete lining in case of no rockbolt installation was larger as maximum 1.3MPa than that in case of rockbolt installation. Numerical analysis was performed to compare the behavior of shotcrete with rockbolt with that of shotcrete, which its thickness was increased, without rockbolt. The shotcrete has an increase of 20%(250mm
300mm, 4-lane tunnel)~25%(200mm
250mm, 3-lane tunnel) in its thickness to reduce the stress in shotcrete lining. The behavior of shotcrete lining increased the shotcrete thickness by 20%~25% was similar to that of existing shotcrete lining with rockbolt.
Case Study on Reliability Analysis of Offshore Wind Turbine Foundation
Yoon, Gillim ; Kim, Hongyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 12, 2012, Pages 91~98
In this paper, the behavior of offshore wind turbine(OWT) foundation which is modeled by using existing design method and FEM is compared. When the same type of foundation is designed under the same sea and ground condition, the behavior characteristics with each model are compared. As a result, the member forces between apparent fixity and distributed spring type foundation which consider the ground stiffness are not different markedly, while fixed-base type foundation shows relatively lower member forces, which results in smaller safety margin. In other words, considering ground stiffness is reasonable because soil-pile interaction affects significantly on the analysis result. A case study with a monopile shows significant errors between p-y and FEM model at the head and tip of the pile. Also, it shows that the errors at the tip with diameter increase of the pile is larger. Thus, considering ground characteristics and engineering judgment are necessary in practice. A comparison of reliability analysis between tripod and monopile type foundation on the same condition shows larger probability of failure in monopile type and it indicates that the safety margin of monopile type can be lower.