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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 12 - Dec 2012
Volume 13, Issue 11 - Nov 2012
Volume 13, Issue 10 - Oct 2012
Volume 13, Issue 9 - Sep 2012
Volume 13, Issue 8 - Aug 2012
Volume 13, Issue 7 - Jul 2012
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Jun 2012
Volume 13, Issue 5 - May 2012
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Apr 2012
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Mar 2012
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
Selecting the target year
An Experimental Study for the Effective Use Scheme of Snow Removal Materials on Road
Do, Jongnam ; Kim, Taesoo ; Lee, Chanbok ; Kim, Yeonjoong ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 2, 2012, Pages 5~17
The amount of snow due to global warming and climate change has recently increased. The effective management of snow removal materials will be required. First, on the basis of domestic winter temperature, it is not necessary to get a baseline to less than the freezing point of
for the calcium chloride(
) of 30%.. In terms of cost comparison between calcium chloride(
) and sodium chloride(
), the calcium chloride(
) is 2 to 3 times more expensive, and the supply of the calcium chloride(
) is not produced in domestic country and is in the conditions that have to imports all needed. Accordingly, the effective use scheme of snow removal materials should be considered to multifaceted ways. Thus, the objective of this study is to develop effective method and to replace from calcium choride(
) to sodium chloride(
) solution in the current snow removal operating system that uses a pre-wetted salt spreading method. The effective method that equals to the quality of the existing snow removal materials was developed in this study through performance tests for deicing chemicals, corrosion test of steel and freezing and thawing tests of concrete.
Settlement Analysis for Improvement Effect of Soft Ground Method in Incheon Cheongna Site
Kong, Jinyoung ; Kim, Heungnam ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 2, 2012, Pages 19~26
In this study, characteristics of consolidation settlement of soft grounds adapting preloading method and vertical drain method were compared. A real measurement settlement is compared with predicted one by the future settlement prediction method like the Asaoka's method, the Hyperbolic method and the Hoshino method. A accuracy of predicted future settlement by the Asaoka's method is relatively higher than the Hyperbolic method or the Hoshino method generally. But in the area conducted with the vertical drain method, settlement prediction accuracy of three methods is similar unlike popular beliefs; Asaoka's is the better method for prediction than others. The study area is also confirmed by investigation of the drainage system after applying the change through the N values, soil physical and mechanical properties were investigated, and physical properties are improved.
Numerical Analysis of Laterally Displacing Abutment in High Landfill Slope
Park, Min-Cheol ; Jang, Seo-Yong ; Shin, Baek-Chul ; Han, Heui-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 2, 2012, Pages 27~39
This research is to propose the reinforcing method and design code for the lateral behaviors of the abutment displacement induced from the rainfall infiltration on high landfill slope. First, to make the proper numerical analysis, in-situ soil (weathered granite soil) was taken, and the variance of strength parameters according to water content variance was examined by undrained direct shear test, furthermore, other soil parameters were calculated from the standard penetration test such as elastic modulus and Poisson's ratio etc,. Those parameters were used to calculate the lateral behavior of abutment by finite element method and the member force of pile in high landfill slope according to rainfall infiltration . From the results, the shoe displacement on abutment was calculated as 8.98cm, which is 3 times bigger than the allowable displacement, 3cm. To reinforce it, several reinforcing methods were selected and analyzed such as reinforced retaining wall, soil surcharge, pile reinforcing (5m enlargement, 3-line arrangement, 5m enlargement and 3-line arrangement). In case of 5m enlarged and 3-line arrangement piles, the lateral behavior of shoe showed lower value(2.26 cm) than allowable displacement.
Effects of Limiting Factors on Cultivation of Chlorella Sp. under Red Light Emitting Diode: Light Intensity, Blowing of Air or Carbon Dioxide
Choi, Boram ; Lee, Taeyoon ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 2, 2012, Pages 41~47
The purpose of this study was to determine optimum condition for the cultivation of Chlorella sp. FC-21 using red light emitting diodes (LED). Specific growth rate and cell concentration were measured for the reactors at the illuminations of different light intensity of red LED. Under the illumination of red LED, specific growth rate increased as light intensity increased but cell concentrations decreased. To determine beneficial effect of aeration to cell cultivation, micro-air bubbles were aerated at 0.7 vvm in the reactor at the illumination of red LED. Two and ten times greater specific growth rate and cell concentration were obtained when aeration was applied. In case of blowing of carbon dioxide, pH of culture medium decreased below to pH 3, which resulted in decreases of cell concentration. From this study, we found that red LED with aeration were the most appropriate light source for the cultivation of Chlorella sp. FC-21.
The Case Study of Effective Reinforcement Method to Trouble Occurred of Excavation Construction
Ki, Jungsu ; Jung, Kyoungsik ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 2, 2012, Pages 49~57
Large-scale collapse happened under excavation construction in the past. But, recently the trend that it is completed safely to minimize damages is growing because of increasing levels of design review and detecting signs of problems before the outbreak of large-scale collapse with proactive planning of measurement. In this paper, through studying case collapses over the past, it put the cause of the collapse in order. And then, after reviewing general information on management and utilization of measurement methods which importantly emerging recently, the type and cause of the problem during the excavation was reviewed. And the causes of problem were analyzed by targeting the site which unusual symptoms happened on measuring results under construction. In this study, the awareness that measurement management and subsurface investigation is highly important will increase for preventing large-scale collapse in advance.
Solidification/Stabilization of Arsenic Contaminated Soil Using Cement-Based Synthesized Materials
Kim, Ran ; YHong, Seong Hyeok ; Jung, Bahng Mi ; Chae, Hee Hun ; Park, Joo Yang ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 2, 2012, Pages 59~65
Solidification/Stabilization(S/S) is one of the remediation technologies that have been applied for treating inorganic hazardous wastes. This study investigated the reduction of arsenic concentration of arsenic-contaminated soil using by S/S. The binder plays a role in controlling the mobility and solubility of the contaminants in S/S process, so it is important to determine the optimum binder content. Therefore, this study evaluated the effectiveness of S/S using four different binders(cement, zero valent iron, and monosulfate and ettringite(cement-based synthesized materials) at the binder content ranged between 5%(wt.) and 20%(wt.). The leachability of arsenic in 1 N HCl was different depending on the types of binders: cement(71.41%) > monosulfate(47.45%) > ettringite(46.36%) > ZVI(33.08%) at the binder content of 20%. Additionally, three kinds of a mixture binder were prepared using cement and additives(monosulfate, ettringite, calcium sulfoaluminate(CSA)) and tested for arsenic reduction. The highest arsenic removal capacity was found at the mass ratio of cement to the additive, 4:1 in all experiments using a mixture binder, regardless of the additives types. A mixture binder(cement and additives) resulted in higher arsenic removal relative to the arsenic removal when cement was used alone.
A Study on the Field Application of Superior Recycled Pavement of the Waste Asphalt
Kim, Jiwon ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 2, 2012, Pages 67~73
Asphalt pavement waste can be recycled by crushing and heating methods with additional virgin materials and additives. In this study, a new additive using Sasol wax and Polyolefin elastomer was used for improving the quality of the Superior recycled asphalt pavement(SRP). Additive was added into the recycled mixture by 1.5% and 3% of binder content in order to have PG 70-22 and PG 76-22. Both mixtures were tested by Marshall apparatus, indirect strength testing methods, toughness testing methods, moisture susceptibility testing methods and wheel tracking testing methods. Test results met the standards of KS F 2349 and GR F 4005. Through research, it was found that these special recycled mixtures could be applied for the surface and base course of heavy traffic roads or equivalents. About 13,000 tons of the recycled mixture has been applied on Seoul Olympic road to provide new road to Hangang park for Seoul citizens.
The Formation of Reactive Species on the Nitrogen Oxide in the Ultraviolet Photolysis of N-Nitrosodimethylamine
Kwon, Joongkuen ; Kim, Jongoh ; Kwon, Bumgun ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 2, 2012, Pages 75~81
Because N-Nitrosodimethylamine(NDMA) is well-known as a potential carcinogen, extensive research has addressed its treatment by ultraviolet(UV) and its degradation pathway. However, the detailed mechanism by which NDMA is photolyzed to form oxidized products, i.e.,
, is still not understood. This study reveals a key reactive species during the photolysis of NDMA. The study on a key reactive species was indirectly performed with the formation of nitrogen oxidized products and reactions between methanol and an unknown reactive species formed during the photolysis of NDMA. The peroxynitrite(
) generated by the direct UV photolysis of NDMA would be identified as a key reactive species in oxidizing nitrogen intermediates to
Tensile Strength-Strain Relationship of Various Geogrids
Han, Sang-Hyun ; Yea, Geu-Guwen ; Lee, Kwang-Wu ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 2, 2012, Pages 83~93
Since reinforced soil walls were introduced in domestic civil engineering society in early 1980's, various reinforcing materials including metal strips, bar mats, and sheet-type reinforcement using geotextile, geogrid, and etc. have been developed for construction purpose. Especially, the geogrid has been mostly used as a reinforcement for reinforced earth structures. This paper describes the tensile behaviors of four types of domestic geogrids. Also, a series of the wide-width tensile tests on three types of geogrids were conducted to assess the reliability of the tensile strains in geogrid measured by strain gauge. The tensile strain by strain gauge is larger than real strain of the geogrid and a difference between strain gauge reading and real strain non-linearly increase with increasing the tensile strain. However, when the tensile strain is smaller than 3%, a difference between strain gauge reading and real strain is negligible.
Advanced C.I.P Method to Use the Steel-Casing with Inner Joint
Jang, Seoyong ; Choi, Jaesoon ; Song, Byungwoong ; Choi, Yoonyoung ; Yoon, Joongsan ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 2, 2012, Pages 95~102
In this study, practical verifications for an advanced C.I.P(Cast in Place Pile) construction method were carried out. The structural characteristics of the method is to attach an angular joint in the steel-casing. This joint plays an important role in boring vertically, connected pile to pile, and protects the permeation of the ground water. For verifications, experimental research and numerical analysis were performed. In the experimental research, two model-tests were set up with the real scale steel-casing. One is to examine the leakage in the joint of piles and the other is to compare earth pressures in the front and the joint, respectively. In addition, 3 point bending test and compressive loading test were carried out and numerical analysis was performed to simulate the loading test. As a result of model-tests, the leakage in the pile joints was not shown up to 300 KPa of water pressure and stress concentration in the joint is out of the question. From the results of bending and compressive test, it was found that the new advanced C.I.P method is more convenient and superior than the conventional method.
A Study on the Characteristic Behavior of the Lateral Load Piles using the Strain Wedge Model and Laboratory Model Test
Kim, HongTaek ; Han, YeonJin ; Kim HongLak ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 2, 2012, Pages 103~112
The most of original horizontal bearing capacity theory of the pile is not efficiently to consider interaction between soil and pile because it is only to consider the earth pressure theory and separately the ground form pile. In recent, in order to improve the pile technology, it is necessary to confirm the real behaviour characteristics of pile under lateral load. Hence, to evaluate the behaviour characteristics of the single and group pile under lateral loads using the strain wedge model that could consider the interaction between soil and piles. Primarily, laboratory scale down model tests was carried out to predict the behaviour characteristics on real size piles using the strain wedge model. The comparative analyses between model test and numerical analysis for the evaluation of whole behaviour were conducted.