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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 12 - Dec 2012
Volume 13, Issue 11 - Nov 2012
Volume 13, Issue 10 - Oct 2012
Volume 13, Issue 9 - Sep 2012
Volume 13, Issue 8 - Aug 2012
Volume 13, Issue 7 - Jul 2012
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Jun 2012
Volume 13, Issue 5 - May 2012
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Apr 2012
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Mar 2012
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
Selecting the target year
Inhibition of Growth and Activity of Iron Oxidizing Bacteria for the Prevention of Acid Mine Drainage Production
Park, Youngtae ; Yang, Jungseok ; Kwon, Manjae ; Yun, Hyunshik ; Ji, Minkyu ; Jee, Eundo ; Lee, Wooram ; Ji, Wonhyun ; Kwon, Hyunho ; Choi, Jaeyoung ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 4, 2012, Pages 5~11
Acid mine drainage (AMD) is one of the most severe environmental problem that results from the oxidation of pyrite
and various other metal sulfides. In this study, the influence of microorganism was tested on the process where AMD was released and the method to inhibit AMD generated by microorganisms at abandoned mine area. The activity and growth rate of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans and Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans, common microorganisms affecting AMD occurrence, were measured. Chlorine dioxide
, NaCl, or surfactant (ASOR-770) was used as an inhibitor for working on activity and growth of microorganism. Among the three inhibitors, 10ppm of chlorine dioxide was the most effective inhibitor for AMD control due to the reduced the activity and growth of microorganisms by 20%.
Analysis of Co-relationship between Rock Mass Grade by RMR and Estimation Method of Rock Deformation Modulus by Suggested Formulas
Do, Jongnam ; Lee, Jinkyu ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 4, 2012, Pages 13~26
The deformation modulus of rock masses is a very important design factor for the computation of stability of tunnels and their support systems. Several empirical formulas to estimate the deformation modulus using simple rock classification methods such as RQD or RMR are widely used because field tests to evaluate the deformation modulus are very expensive and time consuming work. However, these formulas can be depended on experiences from the characteristics of local sites in each country. So it is possible that there might be limitations to estimate appropriate deformation modulus in South Korea using the empirical formulas. Therefore, in this study, the applicability of empirical formulas was analyzed by comparing estimated value with the measured value from eight sites in South Korea. The results show that the estimated value based on the empirical formulas partially have tendency to overestimate. Especially, in case of sedimentary rocks, it was too difficult to apply to the empirical formulas because there was no relation ship between estimated value and measured value. For these reasons, additional data from many tests and accurate analyses are necessary to evaluate the estimation method for the deformation modulus considering the local characteristics of rock masses.
Characteristics of Elastic Waves in Sand-Silt Mixtures due to Freezing
Park, Junghee ; Hong, Seungseo ; Kim, Youngseok ; Lee, Jongsub ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 4, 2012, Pages 27~36
The water in surface of the earth is frozen under freezing point. The freezing phenomenon, which causes the volume change of soils, affects on the behavior of soils and causes the significant damage on the geotechnical structures. The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics of elastic waves in sand-silt mixtures using small size freezing cells, which reflect the frozen ground condition due to temperature change. Experiments are carried out in a nylon cell designed to freeze soils from top to bottom. Bender elements and piezo disk elements are used as the shear and compressional wave transducers. Three pairs of bender elements and piezo disk elements are placed on three locations along the depth. The specimen, which is prepared by mixing sand and silt, is frozen in the refrigerator. The temperature of soils changes from
. The velocities, resonant frequencies and amplitudes of the shear and compressional waves are continuously measured. Experimental results show that the shear and compressional wave velocities and resonant frequencies increase dramatically near the freezing points. The amplitudes of shear and compressional waves show the different tendency. The dominant factors that affect on the shear wave velocity change from the effective stress to the ice bonding due to freezing. This study provides basic information about the characteristics of elastic waves due to the soil freezing.
The Sorption Kinetic Studies and Development of Mixed Culture for Removal of Nonpoint Pollution Source
Chung, Woojin ; Lee, Sijin ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 4, 2012, Pages 37~44
This study investigated on the adsorption of nonpoint pollution source using the Sand, hydroxyapatite(HAP), Zeolite and mixed culture. The adsorption of nonpoint pollution source on Sand, hydroxyapatite(HAP), Zeolite and mixed culture was investigated during a series of batch adsorption experiments. After the batch absorption experiments analysed COD, T-N, T-P on adsorption water. The experimental data was analysed using the pseudo-first-order adsorption kinetic models. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models were tested for their applicability. The maximum adsorbed amount
of COD were found to be sand 0.0511mg/g, HAP 0.1905mg/g, Zeolite 1.0366mg/g and Mixed media 0.7444mg/g. The maximum adsorbed amount
of T-N were found to be sand 0.0159mg/g, HAP 0.0537mg/g, Zeolite 0.5496mg/g and Mixed media 0.1374mg/g. The maximum adsorbed amount
of T-P were found to be sand 0.0202mg/g, HAP 0.1342mg/g, Zeolite 0.0462mg/g and Mixed media 0.1180mg/g. As a result, the mixed media was effective to remove nonpoint pollution source.
The Relationship Between Effective Stress and Shear Strength of Weathered Granite Soils Based on Matric Suctions
Lee, Younghuy ; Oh, Seboong ; Kim, Kwanghyun ; Seong, Yulho ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 4, 2012, Pages 45~51
The shear strength of weathered granite soils under unsaturated condition was evaluated by
consolidated triaxial tests. Various matric suctions in the unsaturated triaxial tests were applied using suction-controlled triaxial test apparatus for weathered granite soils obtained in Daegu. Soil water characteristic curve (SWCC) laboratory tests for drying and wetting procedure were performed and van Genuchten curves were fitted by experimental results. The contribution of matric suction in unsaturated soils is directly correlated to effective stress and evaluated from SWCCs. The effective stresses were estimated from these SWCCs and the relationship between effective stress and unsaturated shear strength was determined. In the effective stress description, the unsaturated shear strength with respect to various suctions indicates unique relationship and almost the same as that of the saturated envelope.
Strength Characteristics of Geo-polymer Grout
Lee, Jonghwi ; Kim, Seonju ; Cha, Kyungsub ; Kim, Sunkon ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 4, 2012, Pages 53~59
In this study, strength and durability of a geo-polymer grout material(HIT) was investigated through unconfined compression strength tests(UCS)), scanning electron microscope(SEM), elution tests, and surface observations. UCS tests showed high initial strength and rapid continuous strength increments when compared to labile wasser glass(LW) and space grouting rocket system (SGR) grout materials, which showed strength reduction after 28 days. The higher strength was also reflected in SEM results which showed calcium silicate hydroxide(C-S-H) gels of the dense hydrate range, indicating higher strength and durability. Additionally, elution tests and grout surface observations showed HIT was in good condition and the decrease in weight was minor when under water for six months. LW and SGR showed the grout surface to be constricted and lower durability due to higher weight increase. These results and observations show HIT to be better suited for coastal structural applications than LW and SGR in long terms of strength and durability.
The Settlement Behavior of Dynamically Compacted High Rock Embankment
Jie, Hong-Keun ; Bae, Kyung-Tae ; Noh, Jeong-Huyn ; You, Kwang-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 4, 2012, Pages 61~69
A high rock embankment by means of phased dynamic compaction has hardly carried out in Korea. Settlement of each layer is measured in order to verify the settlement behavior of dynamically compacted high rock embankment. A high rock embankment is generally constructed by dividing into several sub-embankments. Such a sub-embankment and dynamic compaction may induce an increase of pressure at the lower part of embankment and cause a different behavior of ground from initial status. In this study, settlement of a high rock embankment is estimated using a hyperbolic model taking into construction history. The results from prediction are compared with those obtained from field measurements. And second creep settlement is predicted using pre-loading test.
A Study on Shear Strength of Granular Due to The Various Particle Size
Lee, Seungho ; Seo, Hyungil ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 4, 2012, Pages 71~76
Shear strength of soil is power that resists failure and sliding according to any face in soils and one of the most important factors during engineering properties of soil. Shear strength is used for engineering science problems as bearing capacity methods of foundation or piles, slope stability after dam or Cutting Embankment and stability problem analysis of soils as lateral earth pressure of soil structures, ets. This study has analyzed shear strength change of samples classified 2.00mm(10sieve)와 0.85mm(20sieve), 0.475mm(40sieve) using direct shear tester after removing and drying cohesive soil ingredient of Weathered granite soil Therefore, this study would help studies about shear strength properties by particle size.
A Study on the Long-term Settlements Characterlistics and Settlement Prediction of Soft Ground in West-South Region
Lee, Seungho ; Jung, Jisu ; Ji, Younghwan ; Kim, Sungmun ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 4, 2012, Pages 77~91
Recently, construction of housing sites, complexes, roads, ports and airports is increasing for high-intensity use of the country and balanced development between regions. Presently, constructions are being conducted at soft ground. Consequently, engineering problems as long-term settlement of the ground, differential settlement, local structural damage have been reported consistently at construction site. In particular, long-term subsidence of the ground as various constructions and loads by the load will necessarily occur in the soft ground of west-south coast and inland coast. Therefore, in this study, regional proper analysis methods of the Hyperbole method, Hosino method,
method, Asaoka method etc as existing long-term settlement prediction methods have been examined and a study on new prediction method was conducted through deduction of a generalized equation. Correlation coefficients of soil properties and construction conditions has been analyzed and a matching coefficient of long-term settlement characteristics has been deducted. Comparison and analysis of monitoring data and numerical analysis results of 16 local area have been conducted.
Estimation of Over Consolidation Ratio in Southern Coasts
Kang, Seokbeom ; Heo, Yol ; Bae, Wooseok ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 4, 2012, Pages 93~104
Efforts to understand and develop reasonable analysis methods for the uncertainty of ground have been made since the 20th century, and the concept of safety factor has been used. However, this concept has limitation in measuring the relative reliability of ground structures because the representative values of the actually used factors have uncertainty. Nevertheless, there is no method to completely remove uncertainty. In most cases, the ground investigation results in Korea are not enough for applying such statistical methods. Furthermore, performing a design without accurate investigation of consolidation state even though consolidation characteristics such as settlement and consolidation velocity vary greatly by the consolidation history can lead to many problems. Therefore, in this paper, as part of the effort to reduce the uncertainty of design around over consolidation ratio among the consolidation factors, the consolidation state was assessed on the basis of the results of high-quality laboratory tests that were performed in Gwangyang and Busan in the southern coast of Korea. Furthermore, consolidation characteristics such as over consolidation ratio by depth were proposed for different regions through statistical processes such as the test of normality and the removal of abnormal values to reduce the uncertainty of design parameters.