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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 12 - Dec 2012
Volume 13, Issue 11 - Nov 2012
Volume 13, Issue 10 - Oct 2012
Volume 13, Issue 9 - Sep 2012
Volume 13, Issue 8 - Aug 2012
Volume 13, Issue 7 - Jul 2012
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Jun 2012
Volume 13, Issue 5 - May 2012
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Apr 2012
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Mar 2012
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
Selecting the target year
Experimental Study for the Development of the Mixing Ratio as a Compaction Pile
Leem, Hansoo ; Kim, Sunkon ; Lee, Jooho ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 9, 2012, Pages 5~16
In the case of using the soil materials created by cutting in-situ ground directly without adjusting particle size, it is recommendable to seek the compaction property or material constant required for filling design or density control through indoor test, and many studies on this subject have been carried out during that time. The researches conducted during that time, however, were focused on the mixed materials with different diameters that exist in a natural condition. There has been no study conducted using coal fly ash that is by-product of the thermal power plant that is actively considered as the building materials. Therefore, this study was aimed at implementing compaction test and examining the basic engineering property in order to explore the influence of crushing the particles through compacting the admixture of crushed stone and coal fly ash produced from thermal power plant on its engineering property, and then the impact of the admixture volume of each material on compaction property and material property by conducting the One-Dimensional Compression Test. As result of compaction test, the optimum moisture ratio of coal fly ash was shown to be approx. 23%. As result of compaction test in accordance with the mixed ratio of coal fly ash and crushed stone under the same compaction energy and moisture ratio, dry unit weight tended to drop when the mixed ratio of coal fly ash exceeded 30%, while it reached approx.
when the mixed ratio was 30%. As result of One-Dimensional Compression Test in accordance with the mixed ratio of crushed stone and coal fly ash, the change in void ratio by particle crushing was at the highest level in the case of coal fly ash 100%, while the lowest level in the case of crushed stone 100%. In the case of mixed materials of crushed stone and coal fly ash, compression index was at the lowest level in case of coal fly ash 30%, and therefore this ratio of mixed material was judged to be the most stable from an engineering aspect.
A Study on Lateral Flow in Soft Grounds under Embankments for Road Constructions
Kim, Junghoon ; Hong, Wonpyo ; Lee, Choongmin ; Lee, Junwoo ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 9, 2012, Pages 17~29
To investigate the characteristics of shear strength and soil deformation in soft grounds, in which various vertical drains were placed, two hundreds field monitoring data of embankments performed in thirteen road construction sites at west and south coastal areas of the Korean Peninsula were collected. At first, the relationship between settlement and lateral displacement was investigated into three stages, in which embankment construction works were divided into initial filling stage, final filling stage and stage after complete filling. And then, the relationship of surcharge pressures and embankment heights with undrained shear strength of soft grounds were investigated. The investigation on settlement and lateral displacement illustrated that the increment of lateral flow to the increment of settlement was low during initial filling stage, but increased gradually with filling and showed largest during final filling stage. After complete filling, the lateral displacement was converged, even though the settlement was increased continuously. Therefore, most of lateral flow was occurred during embankment filling. The ratio of the lateral displacement increment to the settlement increment was 20% for initial filling stage, which coincided with the one presented by Tavenas et al.(1979), but became 50% for final filling stage, which was half of the one presented by Tavenas et al.(1979). However, the ratio reduced to 1% to 9%, which was quite lower than the one presented by Tavenas et al.(1979). Shear deformations, even shear failures, were predicted in soft grounds under initial undrained shear strength, since the design heights of embankments were higher than the yield height in all the sites. However, embankment construction would be possible since the yield height became higher than the design height due to improvement of shear strength of soft grounds with application of the vertical drains. In order to perform safely embankments for road constructions, the embankment loads should be designed not to be exceed 5.14 times the initial undrained shear strength of soft grounds and to be less than 3.0 times the undrained shear strength improved with application of vertical drains in soft grounds.
Geochemical Characteristics of Groundwater for Dry and Rainy Seasons in Ddan-sum Island
Kim, Gyoobum ; Jeon, Hangtak ; Shin, Seonho ; Park, Joonhyeong ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 9, 2012, Pages 31~44
Seasonal changes in groundwater geochemistry exist in Ddan-sum island. In the farming season of April, the spatial distribution of ions explains that
are high in the center of the island, but
are relatively low and these high anions indicates the effect of fertilizer used for strawberry cultivation. Spatial variation of ion concentration is smaller in August than April because of low agricultural activity and heavy rainfall. Geochemical type of groundwater shows that the center of island has the characteristics of recharge zone but the rim area corresponds to a mixing zone between groundwater and stream water. According to the analysis of saturation index for Fe and Mn ions, hematite, goethite, and rhodochrosite under supersaturation have a possibility of additional mineral deposition, and siderite,
, manganite, pyrolusite, and pyrochroite under unsaturation may exist as a type of dissolved ion.
Field Applicability of Scale Prevention Technologies for Drainage Holes
Chu, Ickchan ; Lee, Jonghwi ; Kim, Hyungi ; Kim, Kyungmin ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 9, 2012, Pages 45~51
The calcium hydroxide
which is the cement hydrate flowed into the tunnel by groundwater is reacted with microorganism in the soil, carbon dioxide
and the vehicle's exhaust gas
. So its by-products are precipitated at the drainage pipe and these cause the drainage clogging. By this phenomenon, Degradation of water flow at the drainage system of the tunnel occurred and also pore water pressure is increased. Hence the acceleration of seepage and degradation of lining is occurred. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the field applicability of the Quantum Stick and Magnetic treatment in prevention of scale deposits at the Namsan
tunnel and the Zone
of subway. These technologies were installed into drainpipes with their performance monitored through occasional site visits. SEM and XRD were also performed on scale collected from these drainpipes. As a result, in case which factor technology is applied, scale creation is remarkably decreased and especially Quantum Stick treatment performing better than Magnetic treatment. Therefore, additional application of Quantum Stick or Magnetic treatment to the existing drainage is expected to decrease the drainage clogging of the drainage.
The Study of TCE Dechlorination using Geobacter lovleyi with Slow Release Substrate Applied
Cha, Jae Hun ; An, Sang Woo ; Park, Jae Woo ; Chang, Soon Woong ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 9, 2012, Pages 53~59
This study investigated characteristics of decomposition of tetrabutoxysilane (TBOS) as a slow release substrate (SRS) and on effect of TBOS decompostion compounds (acetate and butylate) for anaerobic dechlorination of trichloroethylene (TCE). In the batch experiment, TCE, cis-dichloroethene (cis-DCE), 1-butanol and TBOS were analysed by GC/FID and acetate and butylate were measured by HPLC. 1M of TBOS transferred and accumulated 4M of 1-butanol by abiotically hydrolysis reaction. The hydrolysis rate was in a range of 0.186
. On other hand, 1-butanol fermented to butyrate and acetate with indigenous culture from natural sediments. This results showed that TBOS could be used a slow release substrate in the natural sites. The dechlorinated potential of TCE with acetate and butyrate was increased with a decreasing initial TCE concentrations. In addition, first order coefficients of dechlorination with acetate as electron donor was higher then that with butyrate. It is because that dechlorination of Geobacter lovleyi was affected by substrate affinity, biodegradability and microbial acclimation on various substrates. However, dechlorinated potential of Geobacter lovleyi was decreased with accumulation cis-DCE in the anaerobic decholoronation process. The overall results indicated that SRS with Geobacter lovleyi might be a promising material for enhancing dechlorination of TCE on natural site and cis-DCE should be treated by ZVI as reductive material or by coexisting other dechlorinated bacteria.
Analytical Study on Resilient Modulus Model of Expanded Polystyrene(EPS) Geofoam as a Subgrade Material in Flexible Pavement
Park, Ki-Chul ; Chang, Yong-Chai ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 9, 2012, Pages 61~68
The main objective of this study is to develop an analytical model for the resilient modulus of EPS geofoam when it is applied for flexible pavement as a subgrade material. This analytical model has been developed based on the results from triaxial compression tests. And this model can be used to analyze the flexible pavement structure using the finite element method by developing a program or modifying an existing program for any desired purposes. The results of this study show that the EPS geofoam as a replacement material for subgrade in flexible pavement is a feasible alternative to natural weak soils.
2, 4, 6-Trinitrotoluene(TNT) Treatment by the Alkaline Hydrolysis
Kwon, Bumgun ; Kim, Jongoh ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 9, 2012, Pages 69~74
This study investigated the TNT decomposition by the treatment of alkaline hydrolysis. To obtain this objecitive, spectrum shift characteristics, pH effect, kinetics, and product analysis were examined during the alkaline hydrolysis by means of hydroxide ions. At pH = 12, an aqueous solution of TNT was changed into yellow-brown coloring, in which its absorbances were newly increased in a range of wavelength 400-600 nm. From the kinetic data, pseudo-first-order rate constant in a excess of hydroxide ion, in contrast to TNT concentration, was
, which means that the reaction rate between TNT and hydroxide ion can be very slow, and that 1,047 min is necessary to achieve a 90% reduction of the initial TNT. In products analyses, nitrite ions and formic acid were mainly produced by the alkaline hydrolysis, nitrate ions and oxalic acid as minor products were generated.
Analysis of Rainfall Characteristics and Landslides at the West Side Area of Gangwon Province
Yoo, Namjae ; Yoon, Daehee ; Um, Jaekyung ; Kim, Donggun ; Park, Byungsoo ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 9, 2012, Pages 75~82
This paper is the results of analysis for the causes and characteristics of landslide according to heavy rain occurred in west area of Gangwon province which is affected by typhoon such as Ewiniar and Bilis in 2006. West side of Gangwon province is topographically weak for the landslide and debris flow since it is covered by soil of weathered rock such as Gneiss and Granite. From the results of analysis for the rainfall characteristics, it was found that landslide occurrence is closely related to the accumulated rainfall amount less than 3 days. Furthermore, it was found that regional difference of occurrence frequency is effected by 1-hour maximum rainfall intensity. From the results of analysis for the landslide data of 860 locations occurred in west side, it was shown that failure mode was changed from transition slide to liquidity slide. Occurrence frequency was high at the slope angle of
slope length of 11~20, and slope width of 6~10. Landslide of west side is the typical landslide of Gneiss and Granite and the type of small scale which has narrow slope width.
Pullout Characteristics of Pressure Reinjection-Grouted Reinforcements in Clay
Seo, Jungwon ; Kim, Nara ; Lee, Bongjik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 9, 2012, Pages 83~89
Anchor, soil nail and micropile have been widely used for slope reinforcement and foundation. These all methods need grouting work after placing reinforcing member. The pressure injection-grouting techniques helps to increase the bearing capacity of reinforcing member by enhancing larger effective pile diameter and increasing the radial stresses acting on the grout body and causing irregular surface. However, the pressure reinjection-grouting techniques is not commonly used because grouting equipment and practical application example are short and the verification of reinforcing effect is difficult. In this study, the laboratory test was performed to evaluate the reinforcing effect with variation of grouting methods in clay. As a result of the test, the pressure reinjection-grouting techniques showed that the pullout capacity of reinforcing member increased up to 1.22~2.61 times comparing to the gravity fill techniques.
Behavior of Soft Ground Improved with Fully-Partly Penetrated Sand Compaction Piles
Jeong, Geunchae ; Heo, Yol ; Bae, Wooseok ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 13, issue 9, 2012, Pages 91~99
This study describes the investigation based on centrifuge model tests for the clay ground improved by sand compaction pile. In order to clarify the failure behavior of composite ground improved by partly and fully penetrated SCPs. And, in order to compare the effect of the penetration ratio and the replacement area ratio, nine of the centrifuge tests were carried out. From the test results, settlement reduce ratio in the fully penetrated SCPs ground is bigger than that in the partly penetrated SCPs ground. It is also evaluated that angle of the failure of composite ground improved by SCP are 26, 25,
for As=10%, 22,
for As=30%. And as a result of rigid loading tests, surface displacement decreases linearly with the partly penetration ratio increased.