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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
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Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 14, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 14, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 14, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 14, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 14, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 14, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of Shear Behavior on Sands According to Confinement Condition in Direct Shear Test
Byun, Yonghoon ; Kim, Youngho ; Song, Myungjun ; Lee, Jongsub ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 1, 2013, Pages 5~13
Soils around a pile are highly constrained when the vertical load is applied to the pile. However, the conventional direct shear test cannot evaluate the shear strength of the soils under the normal confinement condition. The goal of this study is to evaluate the shear behaviors according to the normal displacement confinement condition including free normal displacement (FND) and constrained normal displacement (CND) during direct shearing. Jumunjin sands were prepared at the different relative densities and loaded at the different normal stresses. The specimens were sheared according to the normal confinement conditions. Experimental results show that shear strengths obtained by the CND tests are higher than those obtained by the FND tests. In addition, for the constrained normal displacement condition, the increment of shear strength increases with the increase of relative density, while the increment of shear strength decreases with the initial normal stress. This study suggests that the effect of confinement condition on the shear strength should be considered when the stability of constrained soils is analyzed.
Characteristic Analysis of Dredging and Sedimentation Debris Control Facilities in Inje, Gangwon
Park, Byungsoo ; Jun, Sanghyun ; Um, Jaekyung ; Cho, Kwangjun ; Yoo, Namjae ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 1, 2013, Pages 15~22
5 each permeable and impermeable debris dams were selected to analyze the characteristics of dredging and sedimentation according to facility type in Inje, Gangwon. Field tests for the ground water table and sedimentation characteristics of the selected dams were performed. Furthermore, data of the dredging amount, storage capacity, and drainage area were analyzed for the 51 more debris control facilities. From the results of field tests, it was found that the storage capacity of impermeable debris dam could be not enough when the large debris flow is produced since sediments are accumulated even if large debris flow was not occurred. Drainage can be a problem since the ground water table of impermeable debris dam was reached to the surface of ground. However, it was found that the ground saturation should not occur at heavy rain since ground water table of permeable debris dam was located in lower part of buttress. Furthermore, from the analysis results of relation among the dredging amount, basin area, and capacity of debris control facility, it was found that size of debris control facility was not reflected by the basin area. Effective planning and construction should be accomplished for the future since the real sedimentation amount was not significant even though large debris dams were constructed.
Estimation of Application on the Site of SRC Method for the Ground Reinforcement in Marine Clay
Lee, Seungjun ; Lee, Seogyoung ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 1, 2013, Pages 23~32
Currently, the west coast has focused on large-scale investment and development, such as harbor construction work and land reclamation projects, with soft ground grouting issues being the major concern. In addition, grouting for soft ground reinforcement is definitely considered that construction purpose, soil condition, construction situation, and construction costs. The SRC method, which is a high pressure injection method, can easily produce well-distributed strength regardless of soil characteristics and is environmentally friendly. Therefore in this study, the SRC method was applied to marine clay on the west coast where located Jeongok-ri, Seosin-myeon, Hwaseong-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea as well as estimated of the ground reinforcement and the application on the site. The results of the application on the site by SRC method indicated age 28 day strength is
which is satisfied the criterion of unconfined compressive strength that more than
. Therefore the result that the SRC method constructed marine clay on the west coast indicated the outstanding strength as well as excellent durability.
Shear Strength of Intermediate Soils with Different Types of Fines and Sands
Kim, Ukgie ; Ahn, Taebong ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 1, 2013, Pages 33~42
In this paper, a series of monotonic undrained shear tests were carried out on four kinds of sand-fine mixtures with various fines content. Two kinds of sands (Silica sand V3, V6) and fines (Iwakuni natural clay, Tottori silt) were mixed together in various proportions, while paying attention to the void ratio expressed in terms of sand structure
. The undrained shear strength of mixtures below the threshold fines content was observed so that as the plastic fines content increases, maximum deviator stress ratio decrease for dense samples while an increase is noted for loose samples. For non-plastic fines, the increase in the amount of fines leads to an increase in density of the soil, which results in an increase in strength. Then, the monotonic shear strength of the mixtures was estimated using the concept of granular void ratio. It was found that the shear strength of mixtures is greatly dependent on the skeleton structure of sand particles.
A Numerical Study on the Prevention of Clogging in Granular Compaction Pile
Jeong, Jaewon ; Lee, Seungjun ; Park, Nowon ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 1, 2013, Pages 43~51
Recently, engineering problems such as long-term settlement, differential settlement, and the resultant structural damage, have been frequently reported at construction sites. Use of Sand Compaction Piles(SCP) and Granular Compaction Piles(GCP) are good at remedying existing problems, improving bearing capacity and promoting consolidation. However, such compaction piles have the potential for clogging, which would limit their usability. Investigations into the potential for clogging in SCP, GCP, and GCP mixed with sand has not been thoroughly conducted and is the objective of this current study. Large scale direct shear tests were performed on sections of SCP, GCP, and sand mixed GCP to evaluate bearing capacity. Discrete Element Method analyses were conducted with PFC3D and Finite Element Analyses were conducted with MIDAS GTS to propose an algorithm to help reduce clogging in the granular compaction piles. Results from the large scale direct shear test and multiple simulations suggest a 70% gravel and 30% sand mixing ratio to be optimal for bearing capacity and reducing clogging.
A Empirical Study on Durability and Waterproofing Characteristic of Space Multi-Injection Grouting Method
Shin, Hyohee ; Park, Minchul ; Park, Kyeonghan ; Suh, Jeeweon ; Lee, Song ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 1, 2013, Pages 53~60
On this study, engineering properties of SGR method and SMI method, which are typical sodium silicate methods, were compared through the laboratory test and durability, strength, waterproof characteristic and environmental effects were compared and analyzed with period and condition of curing on each case. As a result of durability test, volume change of SGR is approximately 23-times greater than SMI and the effects on environment are appeared safe on all method. In case of waterproof characteristic test, permeability coefficient is decreased about 24% on SMI, whereas on SGR permeability coefficient is showed to increase because rapid volume change make wider void. Strength characteristics of SMI are appeared higher about 11-times in case of homogel and 3.9-times in case of sandgel than SGR. Which is because volume change of SMI, caused by leaching, is smaller than SGR.
Environmental Characteristics of Waste Tire for Use as Soil Reinforcement
Cho, Jinwoo ; Lee, Yongsoo ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 1, 2013, Pages 61~68
This paper presents an experimental results on the environmental characteristics of waste tire. Experimental program includes a set of laboratory leaching tests and field pilot test for leachate analysis. Laboratory tests were conducted to illustrate how properties such as TOC, pH, turbidity and Zn change with tire sizes and drain conditions. In field pilot test, water samples were collected form a drainage system installed below the tire-reinforced retaining wall and analyzed for chemical quality. Laboratory leaching tests performed on various particle sizes of waste tire indicated that as tire size is increased, the concentration of leachate is decreased. In continuous flow column tests, the concentration of leachate decreased with the number of exposure periods or pore volumes flushed through the waste tire. However, during pause flow column tests, the concentration of leachates were increased with time. Field monitoring of effluent indicated that no significant adverse effects on ground water quality had occurred over a period of 12 months.
Unsaturated Effective Stress Based on Water Retention Characteristics for Triaxial Tests of Silty Sand
Lee, Younghuy ; Oh, Seboong ; Baek, Seungcheol ; Kim, Sangmin ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 1, 2013, Pages 69~75
Suction stress is evaluated from soil water retention curves in order to deduce effective stress in unsaturated soils.
consolidated triaxial tests were performed for silty sand to interpret effective stress in consolidation and shearing of unsaturated soils. Suction stresses from both consolidation stress and shear strength in triaxial tests were compared with those from soil water retention curves. The effective stresses on consolidation and shear strength are on each unique line, which are the same as that of the saturated case. It was found that the effective stress from soil water retention curves agrees with those from consolidation and shear strength in triaxial tests.