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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
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Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 14, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 14, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 14, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 14, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 14, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 14, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of Performance Simulation for Bridge Substructure Due to Types of Scour
Jung, Wooyoung ; Yune, Chanyoung ; Lee, Ilhwa ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 3, 2013, Pages 5~11
The primary objective of this research is to evaluate the behavior of a bridge substructure subjected to scouring during flood. A finite element (FE) study was carried out on a substructure modeled using the standard section specified for highway bridges. The three-dimensional FE model consists of non-linear springs with tri-axial load capacities at the base in order to consider the loss of bearing capacity of the substructure by local scour phenomenon. Various time varying loading conditions and scouring patterns were considered in the analysis. The results indicate a change in the structural behavior of substructure depending on the eroded area and pattern. The outcome of this research will be useful to suggest basic design guidelines for ground sills of the bridge substructure.
A Study on Correlations for Void Ratio, Coefficient of Uniformity and Coefficient of Curvature for Determination of Relative Density for Sands
Im, Soyeong ; Jin, Yongguo ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 3, 2013, Pages 13~17
Determination of geotechnical characteristics of soil is either to use the field samples to measure the characteristics of soil through laboratory test or measuring the characteristics directly in the field. Field test can be derived similar value by considering characteristics of site and laboratory test can be confirmed the characteristic of soil by testing with field samples. This article describes relative density as the measure of compaction for cohesionless soils and presents several simple and mathematical relationships to help engineers estimate needed parameters for relative density calculations. The main purpose of this research is to investigate possible correlations between coefficient of uniformity, coefficient of curvature, maximum and minimum void ratio, mean grain size. Results show a linear relationship between the minimum and maximum void ratios and a power function relationship between coefficient of uniformity and the limiting void ratios. Void ratio range, which is the difference between the maximum and minimum void ratios, appeared to be log normally distributed but showed no simple mathematical fit to the data. these results were shown to help engineers estimate needed parameters for relative density calculations.
The Development of End-expanded Soil Nailing Method for Ground Reinforcement and its Behavior Characteristics
Moon, Hongduk ; Jung, Youndug ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 3, 2013, Pages 19~27
Recently, the natural and man-made slope collapses occur frequently because of sudden heavy rains. So, a variety of slope reinforcement methods have been developed and applied to failure slopes. Soil nailing method usage has been increased because of its workability and economic aspects. This method has been applied in combination with other slope stability methods. Soil nailing method is a kind of combinational structure of steel bar and cement grouting. This method uses skin friction between adjacent ground and cement grouting to stabilize the slope. In this study, End-expanded soil nailing method was developed. This method consists of steel bar and anchor body attached at the tip of the nail. During construction, the anchor body at steel bar tip is settled to the ground through the expanding action. In this study, field pull-out tests were performed for un-grouting soil nailing and grouting soil nailing. From the test results, a wedge force of End-expanded soil nailing method was analyzed. And the behavior characteristics of End-expanded soil nailing were studied.
A Study on Piled Raft Constructed on Soft Ground through Numerical Analysis
Kim, Jeonghoon ; Kim, Sunkon ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 3, 2013, Pages 29~34
In this paper, numerical analyses were conducted on piled raft foundation settlement and pile bearing characteristics in soft ground. Results obviously showed longer and larger piles developed end bearing capacity values, but also showed the load of the central pile is larger than the surrounding piles in a group formation. Additionally, after pile yielding, the load carrying capacity exists as a raft. Moreover, results showed no transverse displacement according to embedment depth for the single pile case, but larger transverse displacements for deeper embedment depths.
Maintenance Characteristics of Geotechnical Structures in Cold Region for Freeze Damage Analysis
Hwang, Youngcheol ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 3, 2013, Pages 35~40
In most cases, Geotechnical Structures installed in freezing areas require extra countermeasures for reducing freeze damage. However, in terms of domestic tunnels, studies and case reports for geotechnical structures such as tunnels and retaining walls are not fluently carried out, causing lack of research about ways to decrease freeze damage. For these causes, domestic design criteria about structures does not specifically institutionalization for geotechnical structures. This research have done on-site investigation about tunnels, cut slopes and retaining walls. Also, this research includes the process of analyzing the histories of maintenance for class 1 and class 2 structures that happened in the past 40 years, studying characteristics of structure's maintenance and reinforcement in different areas with different climate. As the result, it was analyzed that domestic geotechnical structures showed need for longer maintenance and reinforcement that are located in Gangwon mountain area, Gangwon north region and Gyeonggi north region where the temperature is relatively low. This research can be concluded in need for revision of design criteria for structures located in freeze damage area.
Behavior Characteristics of Helical Pile in Granite Residual Soil
Cho, Chunhee ; Heo, Yol ; Bae, Wooseok ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 3, 2013, Pages 41~49
The rotate penetration pile is a type of displacement pile: the surrounding soil is displaced when installing the pile, and the pile can exert a large bearing power and pullout force. In addition, it uses displaced soil method that does not generate slime, and its applications are increasing in foreign countries owing to the environmentally friendly characteristics such as small noise and vibration. However, mostly driven piles-which are directly driven to the ground, and bored pile- pre-fabricated piles are buried to prebored underground, are used; however, rotate penetration piles still have limited use. Most of the laboratory tests have been carried out until now to identify the support behavior after installation of piles and ground construction, the evaluating the support behavior is lacking due to the rotation intrusive process of the rotate penetration piles. Therefore, this study used indoor experiments simulating rotation intrusive process in weathered soil, to evaluate the bearing power behavior for the weathered soil, varying the diameter of the helical bearing plates, helical bearing plate spacing, number of the helical bearing plates, and helical bearing plate specifications. As the outcome of this study, the helical pile bearing power evaluation results, change in bearing power in accordance with main specifications, and review on the comparative analysis with the existing theories were provided.
Research of MEMS INS Based 3D Positioning Technologies for Workers in Construction Field
Jang, Yonggu ; Kim, Hyunsoo ; Do, Seungbok ; Jeon, Heungsoo ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 3, 2013, Pages 51~60
It is proposed the new method to calculate the absolute altitude and horizontal position of worker in construction field. For this research, we used a pressure sensor, MEMS INS sensor to acquire 3D position of worker. The easiest way to show the result of this research is to use smart phone which equipped various digital sensors in this hardware. So we made two softwares: Data acquisition software in Android smart phone and Data monitoring software in PC. During this research, we encountered several kind of problems which have to be overcame. This paper shows these processes and the results of 3D positioning technologies we suggested newly.