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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
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Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 14, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 14, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 14, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 14, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 14, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 14, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
A Comparison Study between Top-down Load Test and Bi-directional Load Test Analysis Method in Rock-socketed Small Size Drilled Shaft
Song, Myungjun ; Song, Younghun ; Jung, Minhyung ; Park, Youngho ; Park, Jaehyun ; Lee, Juhyung ; Chung, Moonkyung ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 9, 2013, Pages 5~12
In this study, each top-down load test and bi-directional load test has been performed on the 480mm diameter of two rock socketed drilled shafts, which are located next to each other, and the results have been compared. The result shows that the settlement from the equivalent load-settlement curve of bi-directional load test is smaller than one from top-down load test, because elastic is not considered in equivalent load-settlement curve of bi-directional load test. Therefore elastic shortening should be considered to obtain appropriate equivalent load-settlement curve. Three existing methods used to obtain equivalent load-settlement curve with consideration of elastic shortening has been compared with the result of top-down load test. The result shows that those existing methods are sufficiently applicable to the design. In addition, result of comparison between top-down load test and bi-directional load test shows that bi-directional load test was found to overestimate bearing capacity because it does not consider pile body failure.
A Long-term Monitoring of Water Quality at Chongok Cave
Jun, Byonghee ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 9, 2013, Pages 13~19
The Chongok karst cave which is located in Donghae-city, has high tourist and educational value due to existence of many doline(sink hole). Whereas this cave is easy to approach for the tourists, because this cave is located near the downtown, a high environmental riskiness such as sewage flowing has been also involved. In study, we observed the variation of water quality with long-term monitoring and investigated the possibility of existence of impact factor to water eco-system and determined the proper long-term monitoring factor among many monitoring criteria. The groundwater quality was maintained in the range of about
in temperature, over 10mg/l in dissolved oxygen and 7-8 in pH, so the impact factor in water eco-system was not observed. The guide line to make sure of tourist safety was determined to 60mm/d as daily rainfall. The conductivity was suggested to main factor for long-term monitoring main factor and pH/turbidity was suitable for the supplementary factor. For the seasonal variation monitoring, ORP was recommended.
A Study on the Noise and Vibration Characteristics during Construction of Screw Concrete Pile for Reduction of Noise and Vibration
Kim, Dongchul ; Choi, Yongkyu ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 9, 2013, Pages 21~30
Because the noise and vibration regulations in domestic areas are being tightened more and more, a more environmentfriendly method than the current low-noise & low-vibration methods is needed. In this study, the characteristics of screw concrete piles for reduction of noise and vibration were explained, and during pilot tests the noise and vibration were measured. The measured vibration value is satisfied with the vibration regulations at 7.5m distance from the source. The measured noise value is exceeded over about 2dB(A) at the 15.0m distance from the source but these values are about 5~20dB(A) less than the measured values of the current low-noise & low-vibration method.
Development of Improvement Effect Prediction System of C.G.S Method based on Artificial Neural Network
Kim, Jeonghoon ; Hong, Jongouk ; Byun, Yoseph ; Jung, Euiyoup ; Seo, Seokhyun ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 9, 2013, Pages 31~37
In this study installation diameter, interval, area replacement ratio and ground hardness of applicable ground in C.G.S method should be mastered through surrounding ground by conducting modeling. Optimum artificial neural network was selected through the study of the parameter of artificial neural network and prediction model was developed by the relationship with numerical analysis and artificial neural network. As this result, C.G.S pile settlement and ground settlement were found to be equal in terms of diameter, interval, area replacement ratio and ground hardness, presented in a single curve, which means that the behavior pattern of applied ground in C.G.S method was presented as some form, and based on such a result, learning the artificial neural network for 3D behavior was found to be possible. As the study results of artificial neural network internal factor, when using the number of neural in hidden layer 10, momentum constant 0.2 and learning rate 0.2, relationship between input and output was expressed properly. As a result of evaluating the ground behavior of C.G.S method which was applied to using such optimum structure of artificial neural network model, is that determination coefficient in case of C.G.S pile settlement was 0.8737, in case of ground settlement was 0.7339 and in case of ground heaving was 0.7212, sufficient reliability was known.
Shear Band Formation in Granular Materials with Different Particle Shapes behind a Retaining Wall
Zhuang, Li ; Kim, Ukgie ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 9, 2013, Pages 39~47
Local deformations in back filling materials of two sands and one glass bead with different particle shapes behind a rigid retaining wall were studied. Two kinds of boundary conditions were compared: active wall translation and active rotation of the wall about its toe. Effect of the speed of active wall translation was also investigated. The digital image correlation method was used to analyze local deformation developments inside the materials. Test results showed that particle shape and density mainly influence the inclination angle and width of the shear band. The general shear band pattern is strongly dependent on the wall movement mode, while it was little influenced by particle shape. Within a limited range of wall speed in this study, shear band became wider and local deformation became larger with increase of wall speed.
A Study on Construction and Utilization Plan of Underground Spatial Information DB for Earthquake Disaster Prevention
Kim, Soogyeom ; Jang, Yonggu ; Kim, Changkyu ; Kang, Injoon ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 9, 2013, Pages 49~56
Looking at the changes in the earthquake of 33 years of South Korea, earthquake in the magnitude of 3.0 or stronger have been conducted about nine times a year on average, and the epicenter of the earthquake is moving towards the inland from the coast. As the possibility of earthquakes increase, it is time to require utilization of underground space integrated information for earthquake disaster prevention. But, now the data related to the characterization of the ground and geology in the areas weak against earthquakes is insufficient, so we need to collect new geology and the ground survey data on nationwide scale and have to establish earthquake disaster prevention plans through the joint use of the existing underground space information. In this study, we determined the scope of construction of underground space DB information that is needed for earthquake disaster prevention, presented the construction plan of DB static and dynamic information of underground space. It also suggested the utilization of underground space scheme information for built earthquake disaster prevention. The underground space information for earthquake disaster prevention that was built through determining the scope and constructing, planning the utilization of underground space information is supposed to used as DB of the integrated management system of underground space and steep slopes information for steep slopes and earthquake prevention by Emergency Management Agency.
Behavior Analysis of Particle Crushing about Sabkha Layer under Hydrotest
Kim, Seokju ; Han, Heuisoo ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 14, issue 9, 2013, Pages 57~65
Carbonate sands can be crushed under low confining pressure to achieve high compressibility. So particle crushing has significant influence on characteristics of strength and deformation. Trial embankment and hydrotest are conducted on Sabkha layer, consisting of carbonate sand to build tank structure. In this paper the settlement behavior was analyzed from each test. Particle crushing happened from 80 to 170kPa stress under compression test, and calcium was detected from chemical test. The test result came out Sabkha soil was very weak and easy to be crushing. About trial embankment test, particle crushing was not happen, and then extinction of pore water pressure and settlements were finished just during 2 days. On the other hand, the long-term settlement was happened in hydrotest. So the two test results did not correspond to each other. If loading stress is higher than yielding stress, instant settlement and secondary compression settlement are happened as a result of the particle crushing.