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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 2014
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 2014
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 2014
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 2014
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 2014
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 2014
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 2014
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 2014
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 2014
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 2014
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 2014
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 2014
Selecting the target year
A Study for the Removal of Phosphorous Using Coated Exfoliated Vermiculite
Kim, Seogku ; Lee, Taeyoon ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 12, 2014, Pages 5~13
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.12.5
In this study, exfoliated vermiculite (EV) coated with glycerol was tested for its abiility to remove phosphorus in aqueous solution. The glycerol modified vermiculite (GS) was prepared with EV/glycerol ratio of 1/4 where glycerol contained 4 mol%
and heated until designated temperature. GS heated at
showed that the specific surface area was
and mass loss due to oxidation of carbon was maximum from TGA analysis. Removal of phosphorus using GS heated at
was well explained by Langmuir isotherm model and maximum sorption capacity of 714.3 mg/kg is comparable or greater than those of other clay orignated sorbents for phosphorus.
Removal Characteristics of Heavy Metals in Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) Using Porous Starfish Ceramics (I) - Treatment of AMD in a Batch Reactor System
Lee, Yonghwan ; Yim, Soobin ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 12, 2014, Pages 15~24
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.12.15
This study was performed to investigate the removal characteristics of heavy metals in Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) using pellet-type Zeolite-StarFish ceramics (ZSF ceramics), in which natural zeolite and starfish were mixed and calcined with wood flour. Kinetic experiment showed the removal reaction of heavy metals by ZSF ceramics reached the equilibrium status within 3 hours. The optimal calcination temperature range for removal of heavy metals was measured to be
. The calcination time had little effect on the removal of heavy metal in AMD. The adequate dose of ceramics was shown to be 1.0~1.2 % for removal of heavy metals in AMD. High removal efficiencies of heavy metals (Al, As, Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn) in AMD, more than 95 % except for Pb, were obtained under the condition of dose of ceramics more than 1.0 %. The removal efficiencies of heavy metals increased with increasing mixing concentration of wood flour. The adequate mixing concentration of wood flour was observed to be 10 %. The batch experimental results exhibited that the ZSF ceramics could act as an efficient ceramics for removal of heavy metals in AMD and the wood flour could provide porous ZSF ceramics with enhanced removal efficiency of heavy metals.
Removal Characteristics of Heavy Metals in Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) Using Porous Starfish Ceramics (II) - Treatment of AMD in a Column Reactor System
Lee, Yonghwan ; Yim, Soobin ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 12, 2014, Pages 25~34
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.12.25
The objective of this study was to investigate the removal characteristics and the elimination mechanism of heavy metals in Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) using spherical-type porous Zeolite-StarFish ceramics (porous ZSF ceramics) packed in a continuous column reactor system. The average removal efficiencies of heavy metals in AMD were Al 98.7, As 98.7, Cd 96.0, Cu 89.1, Fe 99.5, Mn 94.4, Pb 96.3 and Zn 80.8 % during 110 days of operation time. The average removal capacity of porous ZSF ceramics for heavy metals were measured to be Al 21.76, As 1.52, Cd 1.27, Cu 3.41, Fe 44.83, Mn 3.48, Pb 2.36 and Zn
. The analysis results of mechanism using SEM, EDS and XRD exhibited that the porous ZSF ceramics could act as a multi-functional ceramics for the removal of heavy metals in AMD through the reactions of precipitation, adsorption and ion-exchange. The experimental results of column reactor system displayed that the porous ZSF ceramics would be a consistently efficient agent for the removal of heavy metals in AMD for a long term.
Characteristics of Organic Polymer Soil Pavement Curing Condition
Hwang, Sungpil ; Jeoung, Jaehyeung ; Lee, Yongsoo ; Ryu, Sanghun ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 12, 2014, Pages 35~42
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.12.35
The efforts to reduce carbon emission have been made in many aspects and in road, the study to develop the construction method which will replace asphalt and cement is also underway. But given the low cost and high performance offered by cement, among many solidification agents, it's difficult to seek the competent alternative. Polymeric material has been used in various ways for its advantages including lightweight and easy process for complex function and generates less carbon emission, and thus it would possibly be efficient if it replaces soil pavement using cement. This study, using three different types of organic polymeric solidification agents with different solidification principle, is intended to identify the difference in strength depending on curing method, natural dry or oven dry. Applicability of organic polymeric solidification agents to walkway and bike lane was investigated and as a result of unconfined strength test, all of them satisfied the minimum strength requirements of bike lane. Furthermore, strength characteristics of soil pavement depending on variation of water content was evaluated to identify the relationship, thereby appropriate curing method using organic polymeric solidification agent is proposed.
A Study of Relationship Between Engineering and Germination Characteristics of Stabilized Soils with Various Organic Contents
Yun, Daeho ; Kim, Yuntae ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 12, 2014, Pages 43~51
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.12.43
Organic matter in dredged soil has a lot of engineering problem in ground including a large settlement, crack propagation, low bearing capacity and low friction angle. From an agricultural point of view, however, organic matter contributes greatly soil quality and plant health. This paper investigated the relationship between engineering and germination characteristics of stabilized mixture consisting of different ratios of organic content (0 %, 10 %, 20 %, 30 %) for recycling dredged soil including organic matter. Several series of laboratory tests such as flow test, unconfined compressive test and consolidation test were performed to find out engineering characteristics. pH, percent of germination and growth of plants were also measured to investigate the germination characteristics. The experimental results indicated that, as organic content increased, unconfined compressive stress decreased and compression and swelling indices increased. However, percent of germination and plant growth increases as organic content increases.
A Study on Efficient Design of Rockfall Prevention Netting
Lee, Jundae ; Park, Soobeom ; Bae, Wooseok ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 12, 2014, Pages 53~59
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.12.53
In order to obtain basic data for reasonable design of rockfall prevention net unreasonably being designed according to experiences, this paper determined a standard cross section and analyzed the effects of parameters such as inclination and height of slope faces, rockfall weight, separation distance on rockfall behaviors such as bounce height, kinetic energy and passage rate. The weight of rockfall changed from 400 kg to 700 kg and then to 1,000 kg. With the height of 20 m as the standard, the test was conducted with the inclination at
which may affect rockfall behaviors. Analysis was made while changing the fall height of rockfall from 3 m to 15 m and then to 20 m, thereby analyzing and evaluating changes in maximal kinetic energy occurring in the base of slope. According to the analysis result, in designing a rockfall prevention wire net, a design considering various conditions including inclination of the slope, expected size or weight of rockfall, situation of the slope and the shape of rockfall, and rockfall trace is judged necessary beyond the current uniform application.
Desorption Characteristics of Cobalt, Strontium, and Cesium in Natural Soil and Kaolin Using CMCD
Choi, Jeonghak ; Cheon, Kyeongho ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 12, 2014, Pages 61~69
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.12.61
-CMCD), as a biodegradable surfactant with hydrophobic and hydrophilic properties, has potential advantages of being applicable to the simultaneous treatment of multiple contaminated soils. In this study, the desorption behaviors of r adionuclides such as cobalt (Co), strontium (Sr), and cesium (Cs) from the soil contaminated with them were experimentally investigated and the effectiveness of CMCD as a desorbent was evaluated. The desorption equilibrium of used radionuclides could be achieved within 1~3 hr and the desorption ratio from kaolin was higher than that from natural soil. The addition of CMCD of 2 g/L increased the desorption ratio by 5~20 % and the desorption ratio of used r adionuclides was shown in the order of Co > Cs > Sr. The experimental desorption data were fitted successfully by pseudo-second order kinetic model and the desorption rate of the r adionuclides was shown in the order of Cs > Co > Sr. Hysteresis between adsorption and desorption of the r adionuclides, as shown in the order of Sr > Co > Cs, increased as the desorption rate decreased. Consequently, it could be considered that the desorption rate was one of the significant factors of the hysteresis. The addition of CMCD as desorbent increased the amount of desorbed radionuclides and decreased the hysteresis. However, the CMCD could not completely desorb the radionuclides from soils even though the excess of CMCD was added.
Development of Horizontal Displacement Sensor for Rainfall-simulated Centrifugal Model Test
Lee, Chungwon ; Park, Sungyong ; Kim, Yongseong ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 12, 2014, Pages 71~77
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.12.71
Heavy rainfall induces many disasters including slope failure and infrastructure collapse. In this point of view, rainfall-simulated centrifugal model test can be a reasonable tool to evaluate the stability of geotechnical structure. In order to obtain the displacements of a model in centrifugal model test, in general, LVDT and laser displacement sensor are used. However, when the rainfall is simulated, the LVDT has the problem of excessive infiltration into the model ground, and the laser displacement sensor provides the measuring result with inaccuracy due to the dispersion of the laser radiation. Hence, in this study, horizontal displacement sensor for rainfall-simulated centrifugal model test was developed. This sensor produced with a thin elastic steel plate and gave the accurate relationship between the displacement and the strain.
Landslide Susceptibility Analysis in Baekdu Mountain Area Using ANN and AHP Method
Quan, Hechun ; Moon, Hongduk ; Jin, Guangri ; Park, Sungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 12, 2014, Pages 79~85
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.12.79
To analyze the landslide susceptibility in Baekdu mountain area in china, we get two susceptibility maps using AcrView software through weighted overlay GIS (Geographic Information System) method in this paper. To assess the landslide susceptibility, five factors which affect the landslide occurrence were selected as: slope, aspect, soil type, geological type, and land use. The weight value and rating value of each factor were calculated by the two different methods of AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) and ANN (Artificial Neural Network). Then, the weight and rating value was used to obtain the susceptibility maps. Finally, the susceptibility map shows that the very dangerous areas (0.9 or higher) were mainly distributed in the mountainous areas around JiAnShi, LinJiangShi, and HeLongShi near the china-north Korea border and in the mountainous area between the WangQingXian and AnTuXian. From the contrast two susceptibility map, we also Knew that The accuracy of landslide susceptibility map drew by ANN method was better than AHP method.
Experimental Study for Load Distribution Characteristics of Existing and Reinforcing Piles
Cho, Seonghun ; Choi, Kisun ; Cho, Samdeok ; You, Youngchan ; Choi, Changho ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 12, 2014, Pages 87~95
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.12.87
Recently, there are increasing technical needs for foundation retrofit project such as vertical extension of apartment building. This paper focuses on the load distribution characteristics of existing and reinforcing piles when reinforcing pile is installed to the existing foundation. Allowable bearing load was initially applied on the foundation slab supported with four existing piles and then, one reinforcing pile was installed at the center of foundation slab and additional load was applied. The experimental results showed the Load Distribution Ratio (LDR) between existing and reinforcing piles converged after the applied load exceeded allowable bearing capacity of all piles. Laboratory tests were also performed for the cases of 60 %, 80 %, 100 % unloading level of allowable bearing load. After unloading step, one reinforcing pile was installed at the center of foundation slab and additional load was applied. The results showed that reloading load level at which LDR between existing and reinforcing piles converged decreased as the amount of unloading load increased.
Settlement Prediction for Staged Filling Construction Using SPSFC Method
Kang, Seonghyeon ; Kim, Taehyung ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 12, 2014, Pages 97~107
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.12.97
Settlement prediction has been conducted using Hyperbolic, Hoshino, and Monden methods, etc in the fields. These methods are only able to predict settlement after finishing the final filling stage. A new method is proposed to make up for such a weak point. This method was named as SPSFC (Settlement Prediction for Staged Filling Construction) method, which can be able to predict the settlement both the final filling stage and the staged filling from the initial filling stage in soft ground. To verify the applicability of the SPSFC method, firstly. The settlement predicted by the existed methods are compared with that obtained by the SPSFC method. The comparison results indicate the SPSFC has enough reliability to use for prediction of settlement. Secondly. by analyzing the settlement data measured during the initial filling stage, the soil parameters which need to predict the settlement are obtained by the SPSFC method. Then using the obtained soil parameters the time-settlement curve is predicted and compared. The predicted settlement is well matched with the measured one. From the study, the SPSFC method can be possible to predict settlement during the staged filling with only the initial settlement data.
The Study of Sediment Volume Concentration in Liquefied-Layer of Debris Flow
Kim, Sungduk ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 12, 2014, Pages 109~115
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.12.109
The purpose of this study is to estimate the sediment volume concentration of the liquified-solid mixture which is included fine sediment fractions, according to the variance of the channel slope and the water supply. The numerical model was performed by using the Finite Differential Element Method (FDM) based on the equation for the mass conservation, momentum conservation and the equation of coarse sediment an fine sediment. In comparison of varying the channel slope, the deeper the channel slope, the inflection point of the sediment concentration was occurred rapidly. In comparison of variance of the water supply, as the water supply increases fluctuation with high sediment concentration. In this situation, debris flow changes to the turbulent flow and the sediment becomes to be floated. In comparison varying the length paved saturated sediment, the longer the length, the high concentration of sediment occurred, for the safety of the slope it is needed to check the possibility of the erosion in the slope by debris flow. The results of this study will provide useful information in predicting of the disaster by the liquified-solid mixture and in prevention of the debris flow with various the slope in the mountain side.
Influence of the Existing Cavern on the Stability of Adjacent Tunnel Excavation by Small-Scale Model Tests
Jung, Minchul ; Hwang, Jungsoon ; Kim, Jongseob ; Kim, Seungwook ; Baek, Seungcheol ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 12, 2014, Pages 117~128
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.12.117
Generally, when constructing a tunnel close to existing structures, the tunnel must be built at a constant distance from the structures that is more than width of tunnel to minimize the impact of interference between an existing structures and new tunnel. Spacing of these closed tunnels should be designed considering soil state, size of tunnel and reinforcement method. Particularly when the ground is soft, a care should be taken with the tunnel plans because the closer the tunnel is to the existing structures, the greater the deformation becomes. As methods of reviewing the effect of cavities on the stability of a tunnel, field measurement, numerical analysis and scaled model test can be considered. In the methods, the scaled model test can reproduce the engineering characteristics of a rock in a field condition and the shape of structures using the scale factor even not all conditions cannot be considered. In this study, when construction of a tunnel close to existing structures, the method and considering factors of the scaled model test were studied to predict the actual tunnel behavior in planning stage. Furthermore, model test results were compared with the numerical analysis results for verifying the proposed model test procedure. Also, practical results were derived to verify the stability of a tunnel vis-a-vis cavities through the scaled model test, which assumed spacing distances of 0.25 D, 0.50 D, and 1.00 D between the cavities and tunnel as well as the network state distribution. The spacing distances of 1.0 D is evaluated as the critical distance by the results of model test and numerical analysis.