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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 2014
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 2014
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 2014
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 2014
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 2014
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 2014
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 2014
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 2014
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 2014
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 2014
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 2014
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 2014
Selecting the target year
Target Reliability Index of Single Gravel Compaction Piles for Limit State Design
You, Youngkwon ; Lim, Heuidae ; Park, Joonmo ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 2, 2014, Pages 5~15
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.2.5
Target reliability index in the limit state design indicated the safety margin and it is important to determine the partial factor. To determine the target reliability index which is needed in the limit state design, the six design and construction case histories of gravel compaction piles (GCP) were investigated. The limit state functions were defined by bulging failure for the major failure mode of GCP. The reliability analysis were performed using the first order reliability method (FORM) and the reliability index was calculated for each ultimate bearing capacity formulation. The reliability index of GCP tended to be penportional to the safety factor of allowable stress design and average value was
=2.30. Reliability level that was assessed by reliability analysis and target reliability index for existing structure foundations were compared and analyzed. As a result, The GCP was required a relatively low level of safety compared with deep and shallow foundations and the currd t reliability level were similar to the target reliability in the reinforced earth retaining-wall and soil-nailing. Therefore the target reliability index of GCP suggested as
=2.33 by various literatures together with the computed reliability level in this study.
Field Appliciability Evaluation of Eco-friendly Mixed Soil
Park, Kyungsik ; Oh, Sewook ; Bae, Wooseok ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 2, 2014, Pages 17~25
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.2.17
In the present study, it were performed an unconfined compression test and a field applicability test according to a mixed ratio of SS, soil type and curing period to analyze strength and deformation characteristic in order to evaluate engineering characteristics of soil mixed pavements using the eco-friendly soil stabilizer (SS). The test results revealed that SS mixed soil shows fast strength development at the initial curing time while 28-day strength amounted for 97% of the final strength. Furthermore, coarse-grained dredged sand (DS) and weathered granitic soil (WGS) have a larger ratio of deformation coefficient with respect to unconfined compressive strength than fine-grained dredged clay (DC) and organic soil (OS). Moreover, a comparison test between natural and forced drying conditions was conducted and test result showed 54% to 67% of strength degradation while having 55% to 63% of strength degradation in the freezing and thawing test result. Finally, a repeated loading test result showed that DS experiences up to 35% of strength reduction compared to initial strength under 10,000 times loading in maximum. Thus, it was validated that an appropriate amount of fine-grained sand is necessary to secure resistance capability to repeated loading.
An Experimental Study on the Creep Behavior of Frozen Sand
Chae, Deokho ; Kim, Youngseok ; Lee, Jangguen ; Cho, Wanjei ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 2, 2014, Pages 27~36
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.2.27
Due to the latitudinal location of Korea, the seasonally frozen ground has been focused on as research topics such as the frost heaving under the asphalt road rather than the permafrost ground. However, the recent construction of the second Korean Antarctic research station, the Jangbogo station and the participation on the development of the natural gas pipeline in Russia arouse the research interests on the behavior of the permafrost ground. At the design process of the geotechnical structures on the permafrost ground, the evaluation of the creep characteristics of the frozen soil is very crucial. Since the domestic specification on the frozen soil testing does not exist currently, it is necessary to evaluate the creep characteristics of frozen soils systematically with regard to the affecting factors. Therefore, the creep characteristics of the frozen specimens of dense Jumoonjin sand were evaluated under various loads at -5 and
. Based on the test results, as the load became close to the strength and the temperature became lower, the duration of the secondary creep became shorter and more distinct tertiary creep responses were observed.
Effect of Constrain Condition of Soil Nail Head on Slope Stability
Kim, Yongeung ; Ahn, Kwangkuk ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 2, 2014, Pages 37~43
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.2.37
Natural disasters such as earthquakes and tsunamis occur suddenly, so that they cause massive loss of lives and property. Especially earthquakes represent a particularly severe threat because of the extensive damage accompanied by them. In Korea, an earthquake-resistant design has been rarely applied to a design or construction of slope. However, in resent years, the researches for earthquake-resistance have been performed because the importance on the earthquake-resistance is perceived and highlighted. Soil nail method, one of the slope stability methods, is excellent for its constructability and cost effectiveness, as compared with other stability methods. Also, this method has been widely used for reinforced construction for slope stability. The studies of soil nail method have been performed on the interaction behavior between nails and slopes as well as the varied load condition such as static load, dynamic load and so on. Nevertheless, there has been minimal research regarding the constraint condition of nail head. In this study, the numerical analysis was performed for identifying effect on slope stability for the constrain condition of the soil nail. The result shows that the resistance of constrained the nail head on reinforced slope is larger compared to the one of unconstrained nail head.
A Study on Displacement of Tunnel in the Brittel Fracture Zone under Excavation Construction
Moon, Changyeul ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 2, 2014, Pages 45~52
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.2.45
The tunnel construction is increasing in order to secure a good driving performance of the car and train. A cases of tunnel collapse and the tunnel excessive displacement are increasing with the increase in tunnel construction. In terms of empirical construction methods using the strength characteristics of soil, it is important for tunnel construction to analyze causes of collapse and displacement. In the paper, it was analyzed the causes of collapse and excessive displacement of tunnel in the fractured ground condition. The results of analysis is that the increase of rainfall and lasting increase of displacement and large scale fractured ground are interconnected.
Predicting the Uniaxial Compressive Strength and Young's Modulus of Rocks using Ultrasonic Velocity
Choi, Gilhyun ; Baek, Seungcheol ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 2, 2014, Pages 53~58
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.2.53
The uniaxial compressive strength and Young's modulus of intact rocks are the most important analytical parameters for design of rock mass structures. But the preparation of the samples for uniaxial compressive test is a hard and time consuming task. By using ultrasonic test, engineers can predict the analytical parameters that is the uniaxial compressive strength and Young's modulus. The uniaxial compressive test and ultrasonic test were carried out 115 samples of igneous rocks, 74 samples of metamorphic rocks and 55 samples of sedimentary rocks and, after regression analysis of the test results, best fit equations for predicting the uniaxial compressive strength and Young's modulus are proposed. In order to obtain a better correlations coefficient between uniaxial compressive strength and P-wave velocity, the P-wave velocity were multiplied by density values. The proposed equations for predicting uniaxial compressive strength and Young's modulus using ultrasonic test provide reliable results.
A Study on the Side Shear Developed during Pullout of Suction Pile in Clays using 3D Numerical Analysis
Lee, Myungjae ; Youn, Heejung ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 2, 2014, Pages 59~66
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.2.59
This paper presents the pullout behavior of suction pile using finite difference method; and the commercial software, FLAC3D, was employed for the numerical analyses. The ultimate pullout capacity of suction pile was predicted using conventional equations, and the results were compared with the results from numerical analyses with varying pile diameter, pile length, and the undrained shear strength of clays. Based on the results from 24 analyses, it was found that the failure pattern depends not only on the drainage condition of suction pile, but also on the pile dimensions and the material properties of surrounding soils. The developed side shear (DSS) along the internal surface of the suction pile was collected from numerical analyses, which was used to classify the failure type between sliding failure and tensile failure. Regardless of the external DSS, the high internal DSS tends to result in sliding failure in the numerical analyses, which conforms well to the estimation from conventional equations.
Behavior Analysis of Fill Slope by Vehicle Collision on Guardrail
Park, Hyunseob ; Ahn, Kwangkuk ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 2, 2014, Pages 67~74
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.2.67
Recently, the number of road construction is increasing by industrial development. According to this industrial tendency, the number of traffic accidents are consistently increasing due to increasing number of vehicle on the road. This is mainly because traffic accidents are occurred by various parameter such as negligence of driver, vehicle defects, state of unstable road, natural environment etc. Lane department of vehicles from guardrail is occurring frequently. This type of accident is caused by vehicle performance improvement and shape of vehicle, weak guardrail installation and maintenance. Guardrail has the purpose on prevention such as prevention of traffic accident and prevention of deviating out of road, minimizing damage of driver and vehicle by collision as well as entry into the road through guardrail. Stability evaluation test of guardrail verifies the behavior of guardrail through the crash of truck. At this time, the crash condition has 100 km/h of velocity and
of impact angle. In the case of ground condition, filling slope condition has relatively high bearing capacity of infinite ground towards the test. Guardrail is generally installed on road of shoulder in fill slope in korea. It is possible for stability problem to deteriorate ground bearing capacity in Guardrail in fill slope. The existed study towards stability of guardrail has been carried out in the infinite ground. However, the study on the behavior of fill slope with guardrail is not performed by vehicle collision. Therefore, In this study, the numerical analysis using LS-DYNA was executed for verification on behavior of fill slope with guardrail through vehicle collision. This numerical analysis was carried out with change of embedded depth on installed guardrail post in shoulder of fill slope by vehicle collision and 8 tonf truck crash providing at NCAN (National Crash Analysis Center). As the result, displacement and stress on fill slope are decreased in accordance with the increase of embedded depth of guardrail post. Ground bearing capacity is deteriorated at depth of 450 mm form shoulder of road on fill slope.
A Study on the Ground Reinforcement of Jeju Scoria Layer by Chemical Grouting
Yang, Kiho ; Park, Jeongjun ; Kim, Younghun ; Byun, Yoseph ; Lee, Eunjong ; Chun, Byungsik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 15, issue 2, 2014, Pages 75~82
DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2014.15.2.75
Recently, public works becoming bigger in Jeju are implemented various kinds of ground reinforcement method including the chemical grouting method. In this study, we have been investigated on the proper material and the injection condition for the excellent injection effect and the excellent strength of injection material and the permanent waterproof and reinforcement through the experiment. The kind of injection material has been selected through the uniaxial compression test and the endurance test of injection material as the chamber test. An experiment was performed with model ground made of scoria, the injection performance of selected material has been identified through the evaluation test of injection range using the decision test of injection amount and the calibration chamber test. As a result of test, it has been analyzed that MSG appeared to have the excellent strength, durability and injection performance all compared with the ordinary cement, this result is judged to be possible as the ancillary data of design at time of design and construction with the chemical grouting method in the future.