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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
Adsorptive Removal Properties of Heavy Metal Ions By Soils from the Upper Banbyun Stream
Kim, Younjung ; Hwang, Haeyeon ; Kim, Yunhoi ; Ryu, Sanghoon ; Baek, Seungcheol ; Seo, Eulwon ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 8, issue 2, 2007, Pages 5~9
This study carried out to investigate the removal capacity of heavy metals such as Cu (II), Zn (II) and Cd (II) dissolved in aqueous solution in the soils collected from Hyeon-Dong (HD), San-seong (SS), Keum-chon (KC) and Keum-Hac (KH) located in the upper Banbyun stream. The pH of all the soils was weak alkali such as 8.8 9.2. According to the analysis of chemical composition of the soils, the amount of
and CaO were similar in all tested soils. However, the amount of
and MgO were different from each soil. The XRD measurement with these soils showed that quartz and feldspar were presented in all tested soils, and the distribution of kaoline, illite, montmorillonite, vermiculite and calcite were different from each soil. The results of the removal capacity of heavy metals indicated that all the soils had more than 98% of the removal efficiency of Cu (II), Zn (II) and Cd (II), and among the heavy metals, Cu (II) was removed the most effectively. These results suggested that the soils collected from the upper Banbyun stream have the high removal capacity of heavy metals, and these soils could be used for the banking a river around the abandoned mine area, containing the higher concentrations of heavy metals than the usual stream.
Slope Stability Analysis under Rainfall Condition by Using Multiple Slip Surfaces
Kim, Minseok ; Sagong, Myung ; Kim, Soosam ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 8, issue 2, 2007, Pages 11~18
Slope failure triggered by rainfall produces severe effects on the serviceability and stability of railway, Therefore, slope stability problem is one of the major concerns on the operation of railway. In this study, the rainfall conditions triggering slopes failure adjacent to railroads are investigated and the numerical analysis approach in consideration of infiltration and limit equilibrium method based upon multiple slip surfaces are proposed. The rainfall conditions triggering slope failure are as follow: cumulative rainfall is in the range of 150~500 mm, and duration is from 3 to 24 hours. Base upon the rainfall conditions, infiltration analysis and limit equilibrium method for infinite slope condition are carried out. The depth of infinite slope is assumed as 2 m and the multiple slip surfaces modeled with 16.7 cm interval from the bottom slip surface located at the 2 m depth. The assumed bottom slip surface is the location at which factor of safety is converging. The proposed approach shows more reasonable results than the results from the general codes assuming water table at slope surface. In addition, three dimensional plot of cumulative rainfall, rainfall duration, and factor of safety shows that slope stability analysis in consideration of rainfalll must account for cumulative rainfall (rainfall duration).
Centrifuge Modeling on the Deformation Modes of Dredged Clay Slope
Ahn, Kwangkuk ; Kim, Jeongyeol ; Zheng, Zhaodian ; Lee, Cheokeun ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 8, issue 2, 2007, Pages 19~27
In this study, the centrifugal tests were performed with varying the angle of slope such as 1:3, 1:2.5, and 1:2 in order to analyze the deformation and failure type of dredged clay slope for a short term. The displacement mode, displacement vector and the variation of pore pressure with the different slope angle were measured. As a results, even though the displacement in the slope after 4 months were developed in the case of 1:3 for the dredged slope, there are little problems to obtain the stability of dredged slope because the original construction section maintains. Also, in the case of 1:2.5 after 4 months the local slope failure occurred and in the case of 1:2 after 2 months the circle failure starting from the point of the tensile crack occurred. After reviewing the results, the maximum vertical displacement occurred at the crest of slope and maximum horizontal displacement was about double of maximum vertical displacement.
Displacement Characteristics of Soft Ground by Embankment Construction
Ahn, Kwangkuk ; Bae, Wooseok ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 8, issue 2, 2007, Pages 29~39
In this study, the centrifugal tests were fulfilled to analyze the displacement characteristics caused by the embankment construction on soft ground. Embankment of height, undrained shear strength and with or without geotextile were selected to evaluate the displacement characteristics of soft ground by embankment. As a result, the replacement section without geotextile showed the parabola shape. The replacement section with geotextile showed the trapezoidal shape which represents the uniform settlements. The replacement angle is increasing nearly lineally with increasing the height of embankment and G-level. The position, where the maximum horizontal displacement occurred, was between
and was at
on the average. In the case of with and without geotextile, the relationship between the maximum settlement of ground(S) and maximum horizontal displacement(
= 0.54S, respectively.
Durability Extension of Fe(0) Column with Shewanella Algae BrY on TCE Treatment
Chae, Heehun ; Bae, Yeunook ; Park, Jae-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 8, issue 2, 2007, Pages 41~48
Zevo-valent iron (ZVI) has been widely used in permeable reactive barriers for reducing organic contaminants, such as trichloroethylene (TCE). The rapid reaction time, however, leads to decrease in reactivity and availability of ZVI. Shewanella algae BrY, a strain of dissimilatory iron reducing bacteria, can reduce the oxidized Fe (III) to Fe (II) and reduced Fe (II) can be reused to reduce the contaminant. The effect of Shewanella algae BrY on the reduction of the oxidized ZVI column and further TCE removal in the contaminated groundwater were studied at different flow rates and TCE input concentrations in this study. High input concentration of TCE and flow rate increase the amount of input contaminant and make to lower the effect of reduction by Shewanella algae BrY. Specially, the fast flow rate inhibits the direct contact and implantation on the surface of iron. The reduction of oxidized iron reactive barrier by Shewanella algae BrY can decrease the decreation of duration of PRBs by the precipitation of oxidized iron produced by dechlorination of TCE.
A Study on Consolidation Analysis Solution in Deep Soft Ground Improved by Plastic Board Drain Method
Park, Jung-Sub ; Kim, Byung-Hong ; Chun, Byung-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 8, issue 2, 2007, Pages 49~55
It is very important to determine the consolidation rate of ground, depending on the progress of time in applying this vertical drain method. Various consolidation analysis solutions capable of forecasting the consolidation rate are being proposed at the moment. However, the degree of consolidation measured from site, has a considerable different from the degree of consolidation which was obtained by the analysis of vertical drain consolidation. This study aims at assessing the applicability and verfication of each consolidation analysis solution by comparing and analyzing the degree of consolidation measured in the field and the degree of consolidation based on the theoretical equation for the analysis of the consolidation of Hansbo, Onoue, Zeng and Xie used as the consolidation analysis solution before the beginning of construction, on the basis of monitored field results and site investigation data as to the deep soft ground in Busan area applied by PBD method.
The Strength and Characteristic of PCC Bottom Ash
Shin, Sanguok ; Sanjeev, Kumar ; Jung, Teuok ; Shin, Bangwoong ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 8, issue 2, 2007, Pages 57~63
Coal combustion by-product (CCB) bottom ash, obtained from burning of pulverized coal, has physical properties which are similar to that of natural sand with particle sizes ranging from fine gravel to fine sand. Several studies have been completed to utilize pulverized coal combustion (PCC) bottom ash as a partial or full replacement of fine aggregate in cement concrete products. The objectives of this study were to develop air-entrained concrete composites using PCC bottom ash from burning of Illinois coal and to demonstrate the use of these composites on real-world projects. The results obtained show that the compressive, splitting-tensile, and flexural strengths of concrete composites is slightly lower than that of conventional concrete are early curing ages. However, after 60 days of curing, the strength of concrete composites is either equal to or slightly higher than that of an equivalent conventional concrete. The concrete composites showed lower resistance to chloride ion penetrability than that of an equivalent conventional concrete at early curing ages. However, after 28 days of curing, concrete composites showed better resistance to chloride ion penetrability compared to that of an equivalent conventional concrete.