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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geo-Environmental Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Qualitative Characteristics of Non-Regulated Organic Pollutants in Municipal Wastewater
Shin, Jinhwan ; Jeoung, Youngdo ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 8, issue 3, 2007, Pages 5~10
The paper presents results of qualitative analysis of non-regulated organic pollutants in municipal wastewater and treated municipal wastewater with flocculation, ozone and UV process using GC-MS. The majority of the pollutants in the influent of the municipal wastewater treatment facility were either food related or due to the diffuse discharge from products used both in households and in industry. In the case of biological treatment process removed some organic pollutants effectively. But some organic pollutants were not removed with biological treatment. Thus, additional steps to improve the quality of effluent municipal wastewater will require a more rigorous control of consumer products used in household and municipal wastewater process using advanced treatment processs. The obtained data contributed to the evaluation of pollutants discharges to the ecosystem as well as to the characterization of pollution sources in the basin.
Economic Analsys of Cooling-Heating System Using Ground Source Heat in Multi Family Apartment
Park, Yongboo ; Park, Jongbae ; Lim, Haesik ; Baek, Sungkoon ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 8, issue 3, 2007, Pages 11~18
This paper studied the economical efficiency of ground source heat pump system under various conditions in apartments which have important effects on the housing market. And this study analysed the initial cost increase, saved managing cost and recovery time of initial cost. Analysis result showed as time of heating-cooling and water heating increases, the amount of saved managing cost increased much than the initial construction cost, so recovery time shortened. And as the net area of apartment increases, the recovery time increased. The study of the relation between the installation type and recovery time of initial construction cost showed when heat-cooling system adapted ground source heat and water heating system adapted waste heat, the initial construction cost was recovered most quickly. When Ground Source Heating system was used for the heating-cooling and water heating system, ground source heating system was used for the heating-cooling and waste heat used for water heating, and ground source heating system was used for the heating-cooling and LNG used for water heating, the construction cost increased 72,000, 66,900 and 62,300 won each per
compared to the current system (package air-conditioner, heating and water heating using LNG).
Evaluation of the Influence Factor on the Settlement of Composition Ground
Kim, Bangsik ; Bae, Wooseok ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 8, issue 3, 2007, Pages 19~25
Stone columns is the ground improvement method which composed of compacted gravel or crushed stone inserted into the soft ground consisting of loose sand and clay. There are many difficulties in quantitative analysis of soil-pile interaction because settlement behavior of stone columns is affected by various parameters. In this study, various parameters of behavior of end-bearing group piles are investigated by load tests. Finally, the improved characteristics of soft ground and the influence of design parameters are investigated in this study using PR (performance ratio) value. From the PR value calculation and test results, we know that settlement behavior of stone columns is affected by area replacement ratio of composite ground, diameter of column rather than embedment ratio and mat.
Characteristics of the Smear Zone by Vertical Drain of Low Plasticity on Soft Ground
Kang, Yun ; Baek, Sungchul ; Kim, Hongtaek ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 8, issue 3, 2007, Pages 27~33
The vertical drain method recently being used in Korea is one of the popular soft ground improvement methods, and it is divided into the sand drain method, the pack drain method, the paper drain method, and the PBD method according to the drainage. However, these methods generate the disturbed zone called the smear zone when the drainage is penetrated into the in-situ ground. The characteristics of the smear zone generated cause the problems that the coefficient of permeability decreases, and then the consolidation time in the design becomes longer than expected. Even though the coefficient of horizontal consolidation and the coefficient of permeability in the smear zone are very important design factors directly influencing the degree of consolidation, in the existing studies, these coefficients have been empirically derived by the coefficient of vertical consolidation and used for the design. However, in case that these coefficients derived by the coefficient of vertical consolidation are applied to the actual design, a loss of the duration of construction and a loss of economical efficiency can be happened because of the inaccuracy of the coefficient of horizontal consolidation and the coefficient of permeability. Hence, in this study, in order to understand such influence, the laboratory test was carried out so as to reasonably determine the coefficient of permeability and the coefficient of consolidation in diverse ground conditions. Then, the range of smear effect on clay and silt was estimated with monitoring data through the laboratory test.
Evaluation of the Smear Zone by Numerical Analysis Method
Kang, Yun ; Nam, Yelwoo ; Lee, Seombeom ; Kim, Hongtaek ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 8, issue 3, 2007, Pages 35~40
The vertical drain method recently being used in Korea is divided into the sand drain method, the pack drain method, the paper drain method, and the PBD method according to the drainage. However, these methods generate the disturbed zone called the smear zone when the drainage is penetrated into the in-situ ground. The characteristics of the smear zone generated cause the problems that the coefficient of permeability decreases and the consolidation time becomes longer than expected in the design. Although the size of the smear zone is a very important factor directly influencing the degree of consolidation, in the existing studies, the general value for the size of the smear zone proposed has been used in the design. However, the size of the smear zone proposed by the existing studies cause a loss of economical efficiency because of the inaccuracy of the design. Hence, in this study, the characteristics on the size of the smear zone were analyzed by carrying out the three dimensional numerical analysis and the method to determine the conversion size of the smear zone considering the change of the coefficient of permeability was proposed in order to consider the change of the coefficient of permeability in the actual design.
The Evaluation of Stability for Hook-type Bonding Method of Pile Foundation and Cap
Lee, Heunggil ; Oh, Sewook ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 8, issue 3, 2007, Pages 41~49
The typical bonding methods which connect steel pipe pile and spread footing is bolted bonding method using +type cover plate for reinforcing a head of steel pipe pile. In this paper, stability of spread footing in pile foundation have been evaluated by loading test of +type cover plate for reinforcing a head of pile and hook type bonding method. The presents results from a series of pilot model test on vertically loaded piles foundation of bolted bonding method and hook type bonding method, pile foundation is identified to safety due to pile foundation exceed 8.5~21% which more than yield stress of steel pipe pile. As the results of horizontal loading tests, peak load of piles foundation of hook type bonding method has estimated in 41.1tonf and it was exceed about 33% which more than pile foundation of bolted bonding method.
Analytical Evaluation on Design Criteria for Cut Slopes
Hwang, Young-Cheol ; Lee, Hong-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 8, issue 3, 2007, Pages 51~57
In the design of slopes during rainfall, the groundwater level is assumed to be located at the ground surface, based on the change in characteristics of rainfall. In addition, stability investigations are performed for large cut slopes in the design of slopes while standard inclinations specified in the design criteria are applied for the slopes that stability investigations are not performed. In spite of the strengthened criteria of groundwater location, slope failures continuously occur during heavy rainfall, regardless of magnitude of slopes. In order to investigate the cause of the failures, stability investigations have been performed on standard inclination of slopes suggested in the design criteria for both dry and rainfall cases by ground condition in this research. Despite that standard inclination of slopes specified in the design criteria should be stable for both dry and rainfall cases, the results show that standard factor of safety has not been obtained in many cases; more than 50% of total cases for dry cases and more than 65% of total cases for rainfall case. Based on the results, this paper indicates the problems in the current design criteria and proposes the plans for establishment of countermeasure.
Numerical Analysis on Effect of Permeability and Reinforcement Length (Drainage Path) in Reinforced Soil
Lee, Hong-Sung ; Hwang, Young-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 8, issue 3, 2007, Pages 59~65
Excess pore pressures in low permeability soils may not dissipate quickly enough and decrease the effective stresses inside the soil, which in turn may cause a reduction of the shear strength at the interface between the soil and the reinforcement in MSE walls. For this condition the dissipation rate of pore pressures is most important and it varies depending on wall size, permeability of the backfill, and reinforcement length. In this paper, a series of numerical analysis has been performed to investigate the effect of those factors. The results show that for soils with a permeability lower than
, the consolidation time gradually increases. The increase in consolidation time indicates the decrease in effective stress thus it will result in decrease in pullout capacity of the reinforcement as verified by the numerical analyses. It is also observed that larger consolidation time is required for longer reinforcement length (longer drainage path).
Load Sharing Ratio of Raft in Piled Raft on Granular Soils by Model Test
Kwon, Ohkyun ;
Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society , volume 8, issue 3, 2007, Pages 67~75
This study was undertaken in order to investigate the load bearing capacity of raft in a piled raft through the laboratory model tests, the numerical and analytical analyses. The model tests were conducted about a piled raft, the free-standing pile group, a single pile, as well as a shallow foundation under equal conditions. The pile spacing and length, group type and soil conditions were varied in the laboratory model tests. The experimental results were compared with those by the commercial program, DEFPIG, conventional methods and Phung's method. According to this study, the behavior of piled raft was affected by pile spacing, length and soil conditions. Phung's method proved to be reliable for estimating the experimental results.